Cosa was a Latin colony founded in southwestern Tuscany in 273 BC, on land confiscated from the Etruscans, to solidify the control of the Romans and offer the Republic a protected port.The Etruscan site (called Cusi or Cosia) may have been where modern Orbetello stands; a fortification wall in polygonal masonry at Orbetello's lagoon may be in phase with the walls of Cosa. The position of Cosa is distinct, rising some 113 metres above sea level and is sited 140 km northwest of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea coast, on a hill near the small town of Ansedonia. The town experienced a hard life and was never truly a prosperous Roman city, although it has assumed a position of prominence in Roman archaeology owing to the circumstances of its excavation (cf. Dyson 2005, below). After the foundation, w

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dbo:abstract
  • Cosa was a Latin colony founded in southwestern Tuscany in 273 BC, on land confiscated from the Etruscans, to solidify the control of the Romans and offer the Republic a protected port.The Etruscan site (called Cusi or Cosia) may have been where modern Orbetello stands; a fortification wall in polygonal masonry at Orbetello's lagoon may be in phase with the walls of Cosa. The position of Cosa is distinct, rising some 113 metres above sea level and is sited 140 km northwest of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea coast, on a hill near the small town of Ansedonia. The town experienced a hard life and was never truly a prosperous Roman city, although it has assumed a position of prominence in Roman archaeology owing to the circumstances of its excavation (cf. Dyson 2005, below). After the foundation, wars of the 3rd century BC affected the town. New colonists arrived in 197 BC. Cosa seems to have prospered until it was sacked in the 60s BC, perhaps by pirates - although an earthquake and unrest related to the Catilinarian Conspiracy have also been cited as reasons. This led to a re-foundation under Augustus and then life continued until the 3rd century. One of the last textual references to Cosa comes from the work of Rutilius Claudius Namatianus in his De reditu suo. In the passage 1.285-90, Rutilius remarks that by AD 416 the site of Cosa was deserted and could be seen to be in ruins. He further suggests that a plague of mice had driven the people of Cosa away. (en)
  • Cosa war eine römische Kolonie an der Küste Etruriens, in der heutigen südlichen Toskana, beim Stadtteil Ansedonia von Orbetello. Die Reste der Stadt liegen 113 Meter über dem Meeresspiegel und ungefähr 139 km von Rom entfernt. Cosa wurde nach einem orthogonalen Plan auf einer Anhöhe errichtet. Die Stadt hatte ein Forum, ein Capitolium, eine Kurie und Stadtmauern. Die um 150 v. Chr. errichtete Basilika gehört zu den frühesten bekannten römischen Bauten dieses Types. Von besonderer Wichtigkeit für die Forschung sind die zahlreichen Wohnbauten. Die Stadt erlebte vor allem in der republikanischen Zeit um 200 bis 70 v. Chr. ihre Blüte, wurde dann aber zerstört. Der Ort wurde mehrmals neu besiedelt, aber immer wieder verlassen und konnte nie wieder an die alte Bedeutung anknüpfen. Große Teile der Stadt blieben für immer unbesiedelt. Cosa wurde deshalb auch als sporadische Stadt bezeichnet. Diese besondere Situation bewahrte der Forschung die gut erhaltenen Reste einer republikanischen Kolonie. Cosa gehört deshalb zu den wichtigsten archäologischen Stätten Italiens. (de)
  • Il template {{Coord}} ha riscontrato degli errori (istruzioni):Modulo:Wikidata:398: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value) Cosa era una città, fondata nel 273 a.C. come colonia di diritto latino dai Romani. Sorgeva sul roccioso promontorio di Ansedonia, nel comune di Orbetello, da cui si dominava la costa tirrenica verso il Lazio, poco distante dalla via Aurelia. Il colle, nella sua parte più alta, era formato da due cime, una orientale, l'altra meridionale, separate da un'ampia sella, quasi a voler ricordare, in piccolo, il colle del Campidoglio a Roma. Il nome sembra che derivi da quello di una vicina città etrusca, Cusi o Cosia, che doveva sorgere vicino alla spiaggia che oggi si chiama Lido del venerabile nella vicina laguna di Orbetello. (it)
  • Cosa est une cité antique d'Étrurie, qui fut colonie romaine (aujourd'hui Ansedonia au sud-est d'Orbetello) sur la mer Tyrrhénienne. (fr)
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  • after AD 1329
dbp:archaeologists
  • Frank E. Brown, Lisa Fentress
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  • 273 (xsd:integer)
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  • Vulci's coast, seen from Cosa
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  • ruined
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  • 2010.0
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  • Comune di Ansedonia, Italy
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  • E
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  • Italy Tuscany
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  • Cosa
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  • Settlement
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  • Ansedonia - Città di Cosa; Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Cosa
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Cosa est une cité antique d'Étrurie, qui fut colonie romaine (aujourd'hui Ansedonia au sud-est d'Orbetello) sur la mer Tyrrhénienne. (fr)
  • Cosa was a Latin colony founded in southwestern Tuscany in 273 BC, on land confiscated from the Etruscans, to solidify the control of the Romans and offer the Republic a protected port.The Etruscan site (called Cusi or Cosia) may have been where modern Orbetello stands; a fortification wall in polygonal masonry at Orbetello's lagoon may be in phase with the walls of Cosa. The position of Cosa is distinct, rising some 113 metres above sea level and is sited 140 km northwest of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea coast, on a hill near the small town of Ansedonia. The town experienced a hard life and was never truly a prosperous Roman city, although it has assumed a position of prominence in Roman archaeology owing to the circumstances of its excavation (cf. Dyson 2005, below). After the foundation, w (en)
  • Cosa war eine römische Kolonie an der Küste Etruriens, in der heutigen südlichen Toskana, beim Stadtteil Ansedonia von Orbetello. Die Reste der Stadt liegen 113 Meter über dem Meeresspiegel und ungefähr 139 km von Rom entfernt. Cosa wurde nach einem orthogonalen Plan auf einer Anhöhe errichtet. Die Stadt hatte ein Forum, ein Capitolium, eine Kurie und Stadtmauern. Die um 150 v. Chr. errichtete Basilika gehört zu den frühesten bekannten römischen Bauten dieses Types. Von besonderer Wichtigkeit für die Forschung sind die zahlreichen Wohnbauten. Die Stadt erlebte vor allem in der republikanischen Zeit um 200 bis 70 v. Chr. ihre Blüte, wurde dann aber zerstört. Der Ort wurde mehrmals neu besiedelt, aber immer wieder verlassen und konnte nie wieder an die alte Bedeutung anknüpfen. Große Teile d (de)
  • Il template {{Coord}} ha riscontrato degli errori (istruzioni):Modulo:Wikidata:398: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value) Cosa era una città, fondata nel 273 a.C. come colonia di diritto latino dai Romani. Sorgeva sul roccioso promontorio di Ansedonia, nel comune di Orbetello, da cui si dominava la costa tirrenica verso il Lazio, poco distante dalla via Aurelia. Il colle, nella sua parte più alta, era formato da due cime, una orientale, l'altra meridionale, separate da un'ampia sella, quasi a voler ricordare, in piccolo, il colle del Campidoglio a Roma. (it)
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  • Cosa (en)
  • Cosa (Ansedonia) (de)
  • Cosa (colonia romana) (it)
  • Colonie romaine de Cosa (fr)
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