The Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) was incorporated by Charles R. Flint on June 16, 1911, as the merger of four companies. CTR was the forerunner of IBM. It was initially located in Endicott, New York a few miles west of Binghamton. Since the 1960s or earlier, IBM has described its formation as a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company (with origins in Washington, D.C.

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  • The Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) was incorporated by Charles R. Flint on June 16, 1911, as the merger of four companies. CTR was the forerunner of IBM. It was initially located in Endicott, New York a few miles west of Binghamton. Since the 1960s or earlier, IBM has described its formation as a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company (with origins in Washington, D.C. in the 1880s), the International Time Recording Company (ITRC) (founded 1900 in Endicott), and the Computing Scale Company (founded 1901 in Dayton, Ohio, USA). However the 1911 CTR stock prospectus states that four companies were merged; the three described by IBM and the Bundy Manufacturing Company (founded in 1889, of which ITRC was the selling agent, accounting for the confusion over predecessors). The new company was called the Computing Tabulating Recording (CTR) Company. CTR was incorporated on June 16, 1911 in Endicott, New York, U.S.A.. The companies that merged to form CTR manufactured a wide range of products, including employee time-keeping systems, weighing scales, automatic meat slicers and, most importantly for the development of computers, punched card equipment. CTR was a holding company; the individual companies continued to operate using their established names until the holding company was eliminated in 1933.
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  • The Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) was incorporated by Charles R. Flint on June 16, 1911, as the merger of four companies. CTR was the forerunner of IBM. It was initially located in Endicott, New York a few miles west of Binghamton. Since the 1960s or earlier, IBM has described its formation as a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company (with origins in Washington, D.C.
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