Blessed Christina of Stommeln (24 July 1242 – 6 November 1312), also known as Christina Bruso and Christina Bruzo, was a Roman Catholic mystic, ecstatic, and stigmatic. Christina is believed to have been born on July 24, 1242, to farmers Heinrich and Hilla Bruso in the village of Stumbeln (now Stommeln), northwest of Cologne. At the age of five, she began to experience religious visions. When she was twelve her parents wished to arrange her marriage, but she left home without their permission and joined a Beguine community in Cologne. At the age of fifteen, she manifested stigmata on her hands, feet, and head. This, combined with other mystic experiences, convinced others in the community that she was insane and she was treated with contempt, leading her to return to her home village in 12

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dbo:abstract
  • Christina wurde 1242 als Tochter des freien Bauern Heinrich Bruso und seiner Frau Hilla in Stommeln, heute ein Ortsteil von Pulheim, geboren. Sie hatte vier Geschwister: Hilla, Gertrud, Heinrich und Sigwin. Die Familie war recht wohlhabend. Im Alter von zehn Jahren hatte sie eine Vision von Jesus Christus, in der dieser sie aufforderte ihr Leben allein ihm zu widmen und ihr weissagte, dass sie bei den Beginen leben werde. Im Alter von 13 Jahren ging Christina ohne Erlaubnis der Eltern nach Köln, um einem Beginenkonvent beizutreten. Um welches der zahlreichen Konvente es sich handelte, ist umstritten. Von ihren Mitschwestern im Konvent wurde Christina aufgrund ihrer rigiden Askese und Entrückungszustände während ihrer Visionen abgelehnt. 1259 kehrte sie nach Stommeln zurück, wo sie in wechselnden Haushalten bis an ihr Lebensende blieb. Im Jahr 1267 lernte sie den schwedischen Dominikaner Petrus von Dacien kennen, der sich seit 1266 zum Studium generale im Dominikanerkonvent in Köln aufhielt. Diese Begegnung sollte ihr Leben prägen, da der Mönch zu ihrem spirituellen Mentor, lebenslangen Freund und Biographen wurde. Er besuchte sie bis zu seinem Tod 1289 noch 15 Mal. Mehrfach schlug Christina Einladungen nach Schweden zu gehen aus. Nach dem Tod des Vaters 1278 bewirtschaftete sie gemeinsam mit ihrem Bruder Sigwin den elterlichen Hof, der in den 1270er Jahren in finanzielle Schwierigkeiten geraten war. Nach dem Ruin des Hofes im Jahr 1280 war Christina auf die Unterstützung durch ihr persönliches Umfeld in Stommeln angewiesen. Ihr Bruder fand nach Fürsprache Petrus' von Dacien Aufnahme im Dominikanerkloster in Västerås in Schweden. Nach 1288 gibt es keine weiteren Informationen über ihr Leben, gesichert aber ist ihr Tod am 6. November 1312 in Stommeln . (de)
  • Blessed Christina of Stommeln (24 July 1242 – 6 November 1312), also known as Christina Bruso and Christina Bruzo, was a Roman Catholic mystic, ecstatic, and stigmatic. Christina is believed to have been born on July 24, 1242, to farmers Heinrich and Hilla Bruso in the village of Stumbeln (now Stommeln), northwest of Cologne. At the age of five, she began to experience religious visions. When she was twelve her parents wished to arrange her marriage, but she left home without their permission and joined a Beguine community in Cologne. At the age of fifteen, she manifested stigmata on her hands, feet, and head. This, combined with other mystic experiences, convinced others in the community that she was insane and she was treated with contempt, leading her to return to her home village in 1267. On her return to Stommeln, she was taken in by the parish priest, Johannes. While in his care, Christina met Peter of Dacia, a Dominican, who became a lifelong friend. Following Peter's death in 1288, Christine's mystic experiences ceased. She left the priest's household and moved into a small cloister, where she lived a quiet life until her death at the age of 70 on November 6, 1312. She was first buried in the Stommeln churchyard, but her remains have been moved several times: first into the church, then in 1342 to Nideggen, and finally in 1569 to the Propsteikirche (Provost's Church) in Jülich, where a monument to Christine still exists. Her relics survived the destruction of the Provost's Church during the Allies' air raid on Jülich on November 16, 1944. Pope Pius X beatified her on 8 November 1908 and her liturgical feast was affixed to the date of her death. (en)
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  • 1908-11-08 (xsd:date)
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  • 1242-07-24 (xsd:date)
  • 1242-7-24
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  • 1242-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1312-11-06 (xsd:date)
  • 1312-11-6
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dbo:deathYear
  • 1312-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • Religious; Mystic (en)
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  • Religious habit
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  • --11-06
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  • Roman Catholic mystic (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Christina wurde 1242 als Tochter des freien Bauern Heinrich Bruso und seiner Frau Hilla in Stommeln, heute ein Ortsteil von Pulheim, geboren. Sie hatte vier Geschwister: Hilla, Gertrud, Heinrich und Sigwin. Die Familie war recht wohlhabend. (de)
  • Blessed Christina of Stommeln (24 July 1242 – 6 November 1312), also known as Christina Bruso and Christina Bruzo, was a Roman Catholic mystic, ecstatic, and stigmatic. Christina is believed to have been born on July 24, 1242, to farmers Heinrich and Hilla Bruso in the village of Stumbeln (now Stommeln), northwest of Cologne. At the age of five, she began to experience religious visions. When she was twelve her parents wished to arrange her marriage, but she left home without their permission and joined a Beguine community in Cologne. At the age of fifteen, she manifested stigmata on her hands, feet, and head. This, combined with other mystic experiences, convinced others in the community that she was insane and she was treated with contempt, leading her to return to her home village in 12 (en)
rdfs:label
  • Christina von Stommeln (de)
  • Christina von Stommeln (en)
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  • female (en)
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  • Christina (en)
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  • Blessed (en)
  • Christina von Stommeln (en)
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