Chouf (also spelled Shouf, Shuf or Chuf, in Arabic جبل الشوف Jebel ash-Shouf) is a historic region of Lebanon, as well as an administrative district in the governorate (mohafazat) of Mount Lebanon. Located south-east of Beirut, the region comprises a narrow coastal strip notable for the Christian town of Damour, and the valleys and mountains of the western slopes of Jabal Barouk, the name of the local Mount Lebanon massif. Chouf is the heartland of the Lebanese Druze community, with Druze leader Walid Jumblatt residing at the Jumblatt palace in the town of Moukhtara. The Emirs of Lebanon used to have their residence in Chouf, most notably Bachir Chehab II, who built the magnificent palace of Beiteddine during the first half of the 19th century. Another historical town, just facing Beiteddi

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  • الشوف هو أحد أقضية محافظة جبل لبنان الستة، يشكل مجرى نهر الدامور حدوده الشمالية، ومجرى نهر الأولي حدوده الجنوبية، ويمتد من شواطئ البحر الأبيض في الغرب صعودا نحو قمم جبل الباروك على ارتفاع ألفي متر لتشكل حدوده الشرقية، حيث تبلغ مساحته 495 كيلومترا مربعا أي 4.7 % من المساحة الاجمالية. يحده من الشمال قضاء عاليه ومن الشرق قضاء البقاع الغربي ومن الجنوب قضائي جزين وصيدا - الزهراني ومركزه مدينة بيت الدين عاصمة امارة جبل لبنان ، النواة التاريخية للجمهورية اللبنانية بشكليها السياسي والجغرافي. يبلغ عدد سكان القضاء القاطنين فيه 174000 نسمة يتوزعون على 97 بلدة فيها 72 مجلس بلدي منتخب. يضم قضاء الشوف عددا من المدن التي لعبت دورا أساسيا في الحياة السياسية والاجتماعية والدينية والسياحية والتنموية والاقتصادية مثل شحيم وبعقلين ودير القمر وبيت الدين والباروك و المختارة ومعاصر الشوف ونيحا ومرستي وبعذران ومجدل المعوش والدامور وعين زحلتا ووادي بنحليه (ar)
  • Chouf (also spelled Shouf, Shuf or Chuf, in Arabic جبل الشوف Jebel ash-Shouf) is a historic region of Lebanon, as well as an administrative district in the governorate (mohafazat) of Mount Lebanon. Located south-east of Beirut, the region comprises a narrow coastal strip notable for the Christian town of Damour, and the valleys and mountains of the western slopes of Jabal Barouk, the name of the local Mount Lebanon massif. Chouf is the heartland of the Lebanese Druze community, with Druze leader Walid Jumblatt residing at the Jumblatt palace in the town of Moukhtara. The Emirs of Lebanon used to have their residence in Chouf, most notably Bachir Chehab II, who built the magnificent palace of Beiteddine during the first half of the 19th century. Another historical town, just facing Beiteddine, is Deir al Qamar (the monastery of the Moon). Baakline, a historic and one of the largest towns in the Chouf, used to be the capital of old Mountain of Lebanon, where Druze Amir Fakhreddine II was born. He was well liked by both Christians and Druze and is probably the best leader who has ever ruled Lebanon. He switched his residence to Deir al Qamar due of a water shortage in Baakline. Deir al Qamar became then the capital of the Mount Lebanon Emirate. The Chouf is living proof of the harmony between Maronite Christians and Druze, although several violent clashes have occurred between the two groups in 1848, 1860 and most recently in 1983-1984, during the Lebanese Civil War (Mountain War, Arabic: Harb el-Jabal). This saw the Progressive Socialist Party (PSP), a traditionally Druze oriented party, beat the Lebanese Forces (LF), comprising Maronite Christians. Reconciliation between the Druze and Christian communities came to fruition on August 8, 2001, when the Maronite Patriarch of Antioch, Cardinal Mar Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir made a historic visit to the Chouf and met with the Druze and Chouf leader, Walid Jumblatt. Despite a bloody history, the Chouf is one of the best-preserved Lebanese districts and its nature has been generally spared from the intense building frenzy that has spoiled neighbouring Metn and Kesrouan. The biggest forest of Cedars of Lebanon is found on the flanks of Jabal Barouk. (en)
  • Le Caza du Chouf (en langue Arabeقضاء الشوف Caza' el-Chouf) est un caza de la Mohafaza du Mont Liban. C'est aussi le cœur du Chouf, une région montagneuse qui porte le même nom. Le chef-lieu du caza du chouf est Beiteddine. La région du Chouf est au sud-est de la capitale libanaise, Beyrouth. La région montagneuse du Chouf comporte la réserve naturelle du Chouf (fr)
  • Der Distrikt el Chouf (arabisch قضاء الشوف Qaḍāʾ aš-Šūf) ist ein Verwaltungsdistrikt (Qaḍāʾ) im libanesischen Gouvernement Libanonberg. Der Distrikt bildet auch das Herz des Chouf, einer Bergregion. Hauptort des Distrikts ist Beit ed-Din. (de)
  • Shūf (arabo جبل الشوف, "Jabal al-Shūf") è una regione storica del Libano e un suo distretto amministrativo del governatorato del Monte Libano. Il capoluogo è Beiteddine. Sito a SE di Beirut, questa storica regione comprende una stretta striscia costiera con l'importante città cristiana di Damour e le vallate e le montagne che si ergono a ovest del Jabal Barūk ( Monte Benedetto ), il nome locale del massiccio della Montagna Libanese. Lo Shūf è il cuore della comunità libanese drusa, e il leader druso Walīd Jumblatt vi ha la propria residenza, nello storico Palazzo della famiglia Jumblatt (lett. Janbulāṭ), nella cittadina di al-Mukhtāra ( La Prescelta ).Gli Emiri del Libano erano adusi ad eleggere la propria residenza ufficiale nello Shūf. Il più importante di loro, Bashir Shehab II costruì il magnifico palazzo di Bayt al-Dīn (Beiteddine, Casa della religione ) nel corso della prima metà del XIX secolo. Un'altra storica cittadina è Dayr al-Qamar ( Il Monastero della Luna ). Un altro ampio centro abitato dello Shūf si chiama Baʿaqlīn. La maggioranza della popolazione è drusa, salvo una famiglia cristiana. Quelle dei Ḥamādeh, Ḥarfūsh, Khodor, Ghussaynī sono le più grandi famiglie. Ci sono più di 7 scuole a Baʿaqlīn, la più importante delle quali è il College Nazionale dello Shūf. Vi è un castello a Baʿaqlīn, chiamato "ʾAsr el-Ḥamādeh" (Castello di Ḥamādeh). Lo Shūf ha conosciuto nel corso dell'età contemporanea violenti scontri all'interno della sua popolazione drusa e cristiana (per lo più maronita), nel 1848, 1860 e, più pesantemente, nel corso della guerra civile libanese nel 1983-1984 (Guerra della Montagna, ossia Ḥarb al-Jabal ). Numerosi residenti cristiani sono stati costretti ad abbandonare la regione in seguito a tali eventi e non sono ancora ritornati, malgrado alcuni di loro siano tornati e abbiano ricostruito le loro abitazioni nei vari villaggi, distrutti dalle milizie del Partito Socialista Progressista. Solo il villaggio di Kfar Matta rimane senza i suoi abitanti cristiani. La riconciliazione fra le comunità druse e cristiane (artefici, si ricordi, dei processi indipendentistici nel corso del XIX secolo) ha mosso i suoi primi passi l'8 agosto 2001, allorché il Patriarca maronita di Antiochia, il Cardinal Mar Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir ha effettuato una storica visita nello Shūf e si è incontrato col leader druso Walīd Jumblatt. Oggi, i cristiani e i drusi del Libano si sono uniti e alleati per fronteggiare le interferenze esterne nel loro Paese, specialmente quelle della Siria e dell'Iran. Malgrado una storia sanguinosa, lo Shūf è uno dei distretti libanesi meglio conservati e i suoi aspetti naturalistici sono stati in genere risparmiati dalla frenetica opera di edificazione e di cementificazione conosciuta invece dalle confinanti regioni del Metn e del Kesrouan |Qasrawān). La più estesa foresta di cedri del Libano si trova sulle pendici del Monte Barūk. (it)
  • Chouf is een district in het gouvernement Libanongebergte in Libanon. De hoofdstad is de stad Beiteddine. Chouf heeft een oppervlakte van 481 vierkante kilometer en een bevolkingsaantal van 120.473. (nl)
  • Шуф (араб. قضاء الشوف‎) — один из 25 районов Ливана, входит в состав провинции Горный Ливан.Административный центр района — город Байт-эд-Дин. (ru)
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  • Le Caza du Chouf (en langue Arabeقضاء الشوف Caza' el-Chouf) est un caza de la Mohafaza du Mont Liban. C'est aussi le cœur du Chouf, une région montagneuse qui porte le même nom. Le chef-lieu du caza du chouf est Beiteddine. La région du Chouf est au sud-est de la capitale libanaise, Beyrouth. La région montagneuse du Chouf comporte la réserve naturelle du Chouf (fr)
  • Der Distrikt el Chouf (arabisch قضاء الشوف Qaḍāʾ aš-Šūf) ist ein Verwaltungsdistrikt (Qaḍāʾ) im libanesischen Gouvernement Libanonberg. Der Distrikt bildet auch das Herz des Chouf, einer Bergregion. Hauptort des Distrikts ist Beit ed-Din. (de)
  • Chouf is een district in het gouvernement Libanongebergte in Libanon. De hoofdstad is de stad Beiteddine. Chouf heeft een oppervlakte van 481 vierkante kilometer en een bevolkingsaantal van 120.473. (nl)
  • Шуф (араб. قضاء الشوف‎) — один из 25 районов Ливана, входит в состав провинции Горный Ливан.Административный центр района — город Байт-эд-Дин. (ru)
  • Chouf (also spelled Shouf, Shuf or Chuf, in Arabic جبل الشوف Jebel ash-Shouf) is a historic region of Lebanon, as well as an administrative district in the governorate (mohafazat) of Mount Lebanon. Located south-east of Beirut, the region comprises a narrow coastal strip notable for the Christian town of Damour, and the valleys and mountains of the western slopes of Jabal Barouk, the name of the local Mount Lebanon massif. Chouf is the heartland of the Lebanese Druze community, with Druze leader Walid Jumblatt residing at the Jumblatt palace in the town of Moukhtara. The Emirs of Lebanon used to have their residence in Chouf, most notably Bachir Chehab II, who built the magnificent palace of Beiteddine during the first half of the 19th century. Another historical town, just facing Beiteddi (en)
  • الشوف هو أحد أقضية محافظة جبل لبنان الستة، يشكل مجرى نهر الدامور حدوده الشمالية، ومجرى نهر الأولي حدوده الجنوبية، ويمتد من شواطئ البحر الأبيض في الغرب صعودا نحو قمم جبل الباروك على ارتفاع ألفي متر لتشكل حدوده الشرقية، حيث تبلغ مساحته 495 كيلومترا مربعا أي 4.7 % من المساحة الاجمالية. يحده من الشمال قضاء عاليه ومن الشرق قضاء البقاع الغربي ومن الجنوب قضائي جزين وصيدا - الزهراني ومركزه مدينة بيت الدين عاصمة امارة جبل لبنان ، النواة التاريخية للجمهورية اللبنانية بشكليها السياسي والجغرافي. يبلغ عدد سكان القضاء القاطنين فيه 174000 نسمة يتوزعون على 97 بلدة فيها 72 مجلس بلدي منتخب. (ar)
  • Shūf (arabo جبل الشوف, "Jabal al-Shūf") è una regione storica del Libano e un suo distretto amministrativo del governatorato del Monte Libano. Il capoluogo è Beiteddine. Sito a SE di Beirut, questa storica regione comprende una stretta striscia costiera con l'importante città cristiana di Damour e le vallate e le montagne che si ergono a ovest del Jabal Barūk ( Monte Benedetto ), il nome locale del massiccio della Montagna Libanese. Lo Shūf è il cuore della comunità libanese drusa, e il leader druso Walīd Jumblatt vi ha la propria residenza, nello storico Palazzo della famiglia Jumblatt (lett. Janbulāṭ), nella cittadina di al-Mukhtāra ( La Prescelta ).Gli Emiri del Libano erano adusi ad eleggere la propria residenza ufficiale nello Shūf. Il più importante di loro, Bashir Shehab II costruì (it)
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  • Chouf District (en)
  • قضاء الشوف (ar)
  • Chouf (Distrikt) (de)
  • Distretto dello Shuf (it)
  • District du Chouf (fr)
  • Chouf (nl)
  • Шуф (район) (ru)
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  • جبل الشوف (en)
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