The Chinese Independent Churches are a major category of churches of Chinese people. During Missionary Council Meetings in the mid to late 19th century several Western missionaries started advocating for the Chinese Christians to become independent instead of relying on outside support and funds. This idea was supported and accelerated after the disastrous Boxer Rebellion. During the incident, 48 Catholic missionaries and 18000 members were martyred while 182 Protestant missionaries and 500 Chinese Christians were martyred.

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  • Als Unabhängige Kirchen in China werden die christlichen Kirchen in der Volksrepublik China bezeichnet, die nicht staatlich registriert sind, also nicht zur kirchlichen Drei-Selbst-Bewegung gehören. Teilweise handelt es sich dabei um Kirchen aus der Kaiserzeit wie die 1867 gegründete Minnan-Kirche, teilweise um mehr oder weniger vernetzte Hauskirchenbewegungen, darunter die Gruppe der Wiedergeburt. Die chinesischen unabhängigen Kirchen sind eine wichtige Kategorie von Kirchen des chinesischen Volkes. Die Mehrzahl der Christen in der Volksrepublik China gehört einer unabhängigen Kirche an, die Mitgliederzahlen können jedoch nur geschätzt werden. Die Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker gibt 70 Millionen an (2004), die Evangelische Nachrichtenagentur Idea (idea) gibt „mindestens 60 Millionen“ an (2002). (de)
  • The Chinese Independent Churches are a major category of churches of Chinese people. During Missionary Council Meetings in the mid to late 19th century several Western missionaries started advocating for the Chinese Christians to become independent instead of relying on outside support and funds. This idea was supported and accelerated after the disastrous Boxer Rebellion. During the incident, 48 Catholic missionaries and 18000 members were martyred while 182 Protestant missionaries and 500 Chinese Christians were martyred. Although this incident led to the downfall of the Qing Dynasty, Western missionaries encouraged Chinese Christians to be self-sufficient economically, self-preaching, and self-pastoring even if it meant breaking away from their original Protestant denominations.The earliest known Independent Church existed in 1862 with the title, "Minnan Church". Little is known about this church since most of the records were recorded in the local Minnan dialect rather than in Mandarin. Information regarding this church is slowly being ‘discovered’ and translated. (en)
  • 中國自立教會與三自教會不同,是指中國自主及獨立的教會,不受外國教會及勢力的控制,不同的是自立教會,因為不接受教會須服從中國共產黨及中華人民共和國政府的領導,而要選擇流亡至其他地區,不少自立教會,選擇移至香港、台灣等地。 中國存在著試圖擺脫官方直接控制的民間獨立教會,被統稱為“家庭教會”或者“地下教會”,有观点认为家庭教会的參加人數大大超過三自教會。家庭教會因改革開放後迅速發展而受到中共政府打壓。 (zh)
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  • 中國自立教會與三自教會不同,是指中國自主及獨立的教會,不受外國教會及勢力的控制,不同的是自立教會,因為不接受教會須服從中國共產黨及中華人民共和國政府的領導,而要選擇流亡至其他地區,不少自立教會,選擇移至香港、台灣等地。 中國存在著試圖擺脫官方直接控制的民間獨立教會,被統稱為“家庭教會”或者“地下教會”,有观点认为家庭教会的參加人數大大超過三自教會。家庭教會因改革開放後迅速發展而受到中共政府打壓。 (zh)
  • The Chinese Independent Churches are a major category of churches of Chinese people. During Missionary Council Meetings in the mid to late 19th century several Western missionaries started advocating for the Chinese Christians to become independent instead of relying on outside support and funds. This idea was supported and accelerated after the disastrous Boxer Rebellion. During the incident, 48 Catholic missionaries and 18000 members were martyred while 182 Protestant missionaries and 500 Chinese Christians were martyred. (en)
  • Als Unabhängige Kirchen in China werden die christlichen Kirchen in der Volksrepublik China bezeichnet, die nicht staatlich registriert sind, also nicht zur kirchlichen Drei-Selbst-Bewegung gehören. Teilweise handelt es sich dabei um Kirchen aus der Kaiserzeit wie die 1867 gegründete Minnan-Kirche, teilweise um mehr oder weniger vernetzte Hauskirchenbewegungen, darunter die Gruppe der Wiedergeburt. (de)
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  • Chinese Independent Churches (en)
  • Unabhängige Kirchen in China (de)
  • 中國自立教會 (zh)
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