Charlotte Dacre (1771 or 1772 – 7 November 1825), born Charlotte King, was an English author of Gothic novels. Most references to her today are under the name Charlotte Dacre, but she first wrote under the pseudonym Rosa Matilda, and later adopted a second pseudonym to tease and confuse her critics. She later became Charlotte Byrne upon her marriage to Nicholas Byrne. Far be't from me unkindly to upbraidThe lovely Rosa's prose in masquerade,Whose strains, the faithful echoes of her mind,Leave wondering comprehension far behind.

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  • Charlotte Dacre (1771 or 1772 – 7 November 1825), born Charlotte King, was an English author of Gothic novels. Most references to her today are under the name Charlotte Dacre, but she first wrote under the pseudonym Rosa Matilda, and later adopted a second pseudonym to tease and confuse her critics. She later became Charlotte Byrne upon her marriage to Nicholas Byrne. She was the daughter of John King, born Jacob Rey (c.1753–1824), a moneylender and radical writer well known in London society. Her father divorced her mother, Sara, née Lara, under Jewish law in 1784 before setting up home with the dowager countess of Lanesborough. She had a sister named Sophia. Charlotte Dacre married Nicholas Byrne, a widower, on 1 July 1815. She already had three children with him: William Pitt Byrne (born 1806), Charles (born 1807) and Mary (born 1809). He was an editor and future partner of London's The Morning Post newspaper where the author Mary Robinson was the poetry editor and an influence on a young Charlotte Dacre who began her writing career by contributing poems to the Morning Post under the pseudonym "Rosa Matilda." As a romance novelist, Dacre cast heroines in a way quite different from the norm of the early 19th century that called for ladies of decorum and good taste. Her style was more like that of the male authors of her era, creating aggressive and often physically violent female characters who demonstrate powerful sexual desires and ambition. Dacre usually constructed this behaviour in a way that can be at least in part justified by the actions of others. Of her four major novels, Zofloya is the best known today, and sold well on its release in 1806; it was translated into both German and French. In this story, a female character stalks, brutally attacks, and then murders a girl whom she sees as a sexual rival. Yet, despite the brutality, the story relates an underlying moral message that young women should beware the dangers of lust. In the literary world, Charlotte Dacre has remained in virtual obscurity for nearly two centuries. However, her work was admired by some of the literary giants of her day and her novels influenced Percy Shelley who thought highly of her style and creative skills. She is believed to be one of the numerous targets of Lord Byron's satirical poem English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, mentioned in the lines: Far be't from me unkindly to upbraidThe lovely Rosa's prose in masquerade,Whose strains, the faithful echoes of her mind,Leave wondering comprehension far behind. (en)
  • Charlotte Dacre (* 1771 oder 1772 als Charlotte King; † 7. November 1825 in London als Charlotte Byrne) war eine britische Schriftstellerin. Sie schrieb auch unter dem Namen Rosa Matilda. Bekannt wurde sie durch ihre Gothic Novels. Charlotte Dacre war die Tochter des Geldverleihers Jonathan King (ursprünglich Jacob Rey). Zusammen mit ihrer Schwester Sophia veröffentlichte Charlotte Dacre 1798 die Gedichtsammlung Trifles from Helicon. Die darin enthaltenen Gedichte Dacres wurden 1805 zusammen mit weiteren auch im Band Hours of Solitude herausgebracht. Im selben Jahr erschien Dacres erste Gothic Novel, Confessions of the Nun of St. Omer. 1806 folgte Zofloya; or, the Moor: A Romance of the Fifteenth Century. Vor allem Zoflaya war sehr erfolgreich und wurde 1812 ins Französische übersetzt. Im Laufe des Jahres 1807 wurde The Libertine in dreifacher Auflage herausgebracht; 1816 kam das Werk in französischer Sprache heraus. Ihr letzter Roman war The Passions aus dem Jahr 1811. Charlotte Dacre war mit dem Morning-Post-Redakteur Nicholas Byrne verheiratet und hatte drei Kinder. Sie starb 1825 nach langer Krankheit. (de)
  • Alla nascita Charlotte King, figlia di John King, uno scrittore radicale ben conosciuto a Londra, Charlotte Dacre scrisse inizialmente con lo pseudonimo Rosa Matilda, e più tardi ne adottò un secondo per confondere i suoi critici. Dopo aver divorziato dalla madre, il padre si sistemò con la contessa di Lanesborough. Nel 1806, alla morte della moglie del padre, si sposò con Nicholas Byrne, da cui aveva già avuto tre figli, un editore che sarebbe poi diventato un socio fondatore del quotidiano londinese The Morning Post, sulle cui pagine furono pubblicate le poesie della Dacre. Come autrice di romanzi, Charlotte Dacre rappresenta le sue eroine in maniera piuttosto diversa da quanto fatto dai suoi contemporanei, che consideravano signore di buon gusto e decoro. Il suo stile era più vicino a quello di autori maschili, creando eroine femminili aggressive e spesso fisicamente violente, caratterizzate da forti desideri sessuali e ambizione. Tra i suoi quattro romanzi principali, oggigiorno Zofloya è quello più conosciuto. Il romanzo vendette bene quando apparve nel 1806, e venne tradotto in tedesco e francese. In esso, un personaggio femminile segue, attacca brutalmente e infine uccide una ragazza che considera sua rivale sessuale. Nonostante la sua brutalità, la storia presenta la morale che le giovani donne devono essere in guardia contro i pericoli della lussuria. Nel mondo letterario il nome di Charlotte Dacre è rimasto nell'oscurità per quasi due secoli. Ciò nonostante, le sue opere erano state ammirate da alcuni dei grandi nomi della letteratura del tempo, e i suoi romanzi influenzarono Percy Bysshe Shelley, il quale ne stimava lo stile e le capacità creative. (it)
  • Charlotte Dacre (1771 ou 1772 – 7 novembre 1825) est une femme de lettres anglaise, auteur de romans gothiques. La plupart des références que l'on fait aujourd'hui à elle le sont sous le nom de Charlotte Dacre, mais elle écrit tout d'abord sous le pseudonyme de Rosa Matilda, pour adopter ensuite un second pseudonyme pour désorienter ses critiques. Charlotte Dacre reçoit à sa naissance le nom de Charlotte King, et devient plus tard Mrs Byrne, après son mariage avec Nicholas Byrne. (fr)
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  • 1771-1-1
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  • 1771-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1825-11-07 (xsd:date)
  • 1825-11-7
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  • 1825-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • British writer (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Charlotte Dacre (1771 ou 1772 – 7 novembre 1825) est une femme de lettres anglaise, auteur de romans gothiques. La plupart des références que l'on fait aujourd'hui à elle le sont sous le nom de Charlotte Dacre, mais elle écrit tout d'abord sous le pseudonyme de Rosa Matilda, pour adopter ensuite un second pseudonyme pour désorienter ses critiques. Charlotte Dacre reçoit à sa naissance le nom de Charlotte King, et devient plus tard Mrs Byrne, après son mariage avec Nicholas Byrne. (fr)
  • Charlotte Dacre (1771 or 1772 – 7 November 1825), born Charlotte King, was an English author of Gothic novels. Most references to her today are under the name Charlotte Dacre, but she first wrote under the pseudonym Rosa Matilda, and later adopted a second pseudonym to tease and confuse her critics. She later became Charlotte Byrne upon her marriage to Nicholas Byrne. Far be't from me unkindly to upbraidThe lovely Rosa's prose in masquerade,Whose strains, the faithful echoes of her mind,Leave wondering comprehension far behind. (en)
  • Charlotte Dacre (* 1771 oder 1772 als Charlotte King; † 7. November 1825 in London als Charlotte Byrne) war eine britische Schriftstellerin. Sie schrieb auch unter dem Namen Rosa Matilda. Bekannt wurde sie durch ihre Gothic Novels. Charlotte Dacre war mit dem Morning-Post-Redakteur Nicholas Byrne verheiratet und hatte drei Kinder. Sie starb 1825 nach langer Krankheit. (de)
  • Alla nascita Charlotte King, figlia di John King, uno scrittore radicale ben conosciuto a Londra, Charlotte Dacre scrisse inizialmente con lo pseudonimo Rosa Matilda, e più tardi ne adottò un secondo per confondere i suoi critici. Dopo aver divorziato dalla madre, il padre si sistemò con la contessa di Lanesborough. Nel 1806, alla morte della moglie del padre, si sposò con Nicholas Byrne, da cui aveva già avuto tre figli, un editore che sarebbe poi diventato un socio fondatore del quotidiano londinese The Morning Post, sulle cui pagine furono pubblicate le poesie della Dacre. (it)
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  • Charlotte Dacre (en)
  • Charlotte Dacre (de)
  • Charlotte Dacre (it)
  • Charlotte Dacre (fr)
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  • Charlotte (en)
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  • Charlotte Dacre (en)
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  • Dacre (en)
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