A central government is the government of a nation-state and is a characteristic of a unitary state. This is the same thing as a federal government which may have distinct powers at various levels authorized or delegated to it by its member states, though the adjective 'central' is sometimes used to describe it. The structure of central governments varies. Many countries have created autonomous regions by delegating powers from the central government to governments at a subnational level, such as a regional, state or local level. Based on a broad definition of a basic political system, there are two or more levels of government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution or other law.

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  • A central government is the government of a nation-state and is a characteristic of a unitary state. This is the same thing as a federal government which may have distinct powers at various levels authorized or delegated to it by its member states, though the adjective 'central' is sometimes used to describe it. The structure of central governments varies. Many countries have created autonomous regions by delegating powers from the central government to governments at a subnational level, such as a regional, state or local level. Based on a broad definition of a basic political system, there are two or more levels of government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution or other law. Usual responsibilities of this level of government which are not granted to lower levels are maintaining national security and exercising international diplomacy, including the right to sign binding treaties. Basically, the central government has the power to make laws for the whole country, in contrast with local governments. For definition of levels of government see also general government (in economics). Generally, the difference between a central government and a federal government is that the autonomous status of self-governing regions exists by the sufferance of the central government and are often created through a process of devolution. As such they may be unilaterally revoked with a simple change in the law. An example of this was done in 1973 when the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 abolished the government of Northern Ireland which had been created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. It is common for a federal government to be brought into being by agreement between a number of formally independent states and therefore its powers to affect the status of the balance of powers is significantly smaller (i.e. the United States). Thus federal governments are often established voluntarily from 'below' whereas devolution grants self-government from 'above'. (en)
  • L'expression administration centrale peut désigner : * au sens large, les administrations publiques centrales qui dépendent de l’État ou du gouvernement, par opposition à l'administration territoriale ; * au sens étroit, les services centraux d'un ministère (ou d'un service public fédéral en Belgique), dont la compétence s'étend à l'ensemble du territoire, par opposition aux services déconcentrés. Les services déconcentrés sont considérés comme relevant de l'administration centrale au sens large, mais s'opposent à l'administration centrale dans son sens restrictif ; en France, les administrations centrales ont pour mission le pilotagedes services déconcentrés. (fr)
  • 中央政府(ちゅうおうせいふ)は、国家を階層別に分けたとき、国家そのものに対応する行政府(政府)である。主に国全体を対象とする法律を施行する。 (ja)
  • Governo central, governo nacional ou ainda governo federal (no caso de um Estado federal) é o governo ao nível do estado-nação. Geralmente são responsabilidades deste nível de governo a manutenção da segurança nacional, o exercício da diplomacia internacional e inclusive o direito vinculativo de assinar tratados. Basicamente, o governo central tem o poder de criar, editar ou revogar leis para toda a nação. Governo central, dentro dessa estrutura são os ministérios e departamentos governamentais e agências para que os ministros do governo são atribuídos. (pt)
  • 中央政府或國家政府是管理一个国家全国事务的国家机构总称,联邦制国家的中央政府,即称“联邦政府”。中央政府通常的作用负责全国事务,如起草国家宪法和适用全国的法律、负责国防、外交以及代表本国和其他国家签署条约等。汉语中,中央政府常簡稱為「中央」,相对中央政府而言即有地方政府,简称“地方”。 (zh)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • 中央政府(ちゅうおうせいふ)は、国家を階層別に分けたとき、国家そのものに対応する行政府(政府)である。主に国全体を対象とする法律を施行する。 (ja)
  • Governo central, governo nacional ou ainda governo federal (no caso de um Estado federal) é o governo ao nível do estado-nação. Geralmente são responsabilidades deste nível de governo a manutenção da segurança nacional, o exercício da diplomacia internacional e inclusive o direito vinculativo de assinar tratados. Basicamente, o governo central tem o poder de criar, editar ou revogar leis para toda a nação. Governo central, dentro dessa estrutura são os ministérios e departamentos governamentais e agências para que os ministros do governo são atribuídos. (pt)
  • 中央政府或國家政府是管理一个国家全国事务的国家机构总称,联邦制国家的中央政府,即称“联邦政府”。中央政府通常的作用负责全国事务,如起草国家宪法和适用全国的法律、负责国防、外交以及代表本国和其他国家签署条约等。汉语中,中央政府常簡稱為「中央」,相对中央政府而言即有地方政府,简称“地方”。 (zh)
  • A central government is the government of a nation-state and is a characteristic of a unitary state. This is the same thing as a federal government which may have distinct powers at various levels authorized or delegated to it by its member states, though the adjective 'central' is sometimes used to describe it. The structure of central governments varies. Many countries have created autonomous regions by delegating powers from the central government to governments at a subnational level, such as a regional, state or local level. Based on a broad definition of a basic political system, there are two or more levels of government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution or other law. (en)
  • L'expression administration centrale peut désigner : * au sens large, les administrations publiques centrales qui dépendent de l’État ou du gouvernement, par opposition à l'administration territoriale ; * au sens étroit, les services centraux d'un ministère (ou d'un service public fédéral en Belgique), dont la compétence s'étend à l'ensemble du territoire, par opposition aux services déconcentrés. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Central government (en)
  • Administration centrale (fr)
  • 中央政府 (ja)
  • Governo central (pt)
  • 中央政府 (zh)
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