The canonization of the Romanovs was the elevation to sainthood of the last Imperial Family of Russia – Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra, and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei – by the Russian Orthodox Church. The family was killed by the Bolsheviks on 17 July 1918 at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg; the site of their execution is now beneath the altar of the Church on Blood. They are variously designated as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and as passion bearers by the church inside Russia.

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dbo:abstract
  • Cet article traite de la canonisation des Romanov, famille impériale russe. Cette famille fut assassinée dans les caves de la villa Ipatiev, à Ekaterinbourg, dans la nuit du 16 au 17 juillet 1918, par les bolchéviques. À la suite de ces événements, elle fut considérée comme martyr par l’Église orthodoxe. En 1981 (dès les années 1920 dans le martyrologe) ont été canonisés par le Saint-Synode de l’Église russe hors-frontières l’empereur Nicolas II de Russie, l’impératrice Alexandra Fedorovna et leurs cinq enfants : * Olga, * Tatiana, * Maria, * Anastasia * et Alexis. Leurs suivants connurent le même sort : * le médecin de la famille, Ievgueni Botkine ; * le valet de chambre, Alekseï Egorovitch Trupp ; * le cuisinier, Ivan Kharitonov ; * la femme de chambre de la tsarine, Anna Stepanovna Demidova. Furent également canonisées deux servantes qui furent assassinées en septembre 1918, Anastasia Hendrikova et Catherine Adolphovna Schneider. La sœur d’Alexandra, la grande-duchesse Élisabeth Fedorovna, qui se fit assassiner par les bolchéviques le 18 juillet 1918, fut canonisée également comme sainte-martyre Élisabeth, par le Saint-Synode de l’Église russe hors-frontières, avec le prince Ivan Constantinovitch de Russie, le prince Igor Constantinovitch de Russie, le prince Constantin Constantinovitch de Russie, le grand-duc Sergeï Mikhaïlovitch de Russie, le prince Vladimir Pavlovitch Paley, Fyodor Remez, le secrétaire du grand-duc Sergeï, et une amie de la grande-duchesse Élisabeth, sœur Barvara Yakovleva, qui ont été tués avec elle. Ils furent, tout comme la famille impériale, déclarés victimes de l’oppression soviétique. En l’an 2000, après de nombreux débats, la famille impériale fut canonisée comme mort-martyr par le Patriarcat de Moscou (Église orthodoxe russe). À noter que deux des servants n’ont pas été canonisés à cette occasion : Alexei Trupp car il était catholique, et Adolphovna Schneider, qui faisait partie de l’Église luthérienne. Trois ans plus tard s'achevait la construction de l'église de Tous-les-Saints d'Ekaterinbourg commémorant cette canonisation. (fr)
  • Lo zar Nicola II, sua moglie Alessandra e i loro cinque figli Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia e Alexei sono santi della Chiesa ortodossa russa fuori dalla Russia e "portatori di passione" della Chiesa ortodossa russa. La famiglia fu assassinata il 17 luglio 1918 a Ekaterinburg dai bolscevichi. La famiglia fu canonizzata nel 1981 come nuovo martire dalla Chiesa ortodossa russa fuori dalla Russia. Furono canonizzati insieme alla servitù che fu uccisa insieme a loro: il medico di corte Yevgeny Botkin, il garzone Alexei Trupp, il cuoco Ivan Kharitonov, la domestica della zarina Anna Demidova, due servi uccisi nel settembre 1918, la dama di compagnia Anastasia Hendrikova e l'insegnante privata Catherine Adolphovna Schneider. Tutti furono canonizzati come vittime dell'oppressione dall'Unione Sovietica. Anche la sorella di Alessandra, la granduchessa Elizaveta Fëdorovna, assassinata dai bolscevichi il 18 luglio 1918, fu canonizzata come martire dalla Chiesa ortodossa russa fuori dalla Russia, con i suoi compagni di martirio il principe Ivan Konstantinovič, il principe Igor Konstantinovič, il principe Konstantin Konstantinovič, il granduca Sergej Michajlovič e il principe Vladimir Pavlovič Paley, Fyodor Remez, segretario personale del granduca Sergio e suor Varvara Jakovleva. Furono anch'essi dichiarati martiri dell'oppressione dell'Unione Sovietica. Nel 1992 la granduchessa Elizaveta Fëdorovna e Varvara Yakovleva furono canonizzate come martiri dalla Chiesa ortodossa russa; i principi e gli altri uccisi con loro non furono canonizzati. Nel 2000, dopo molti dibattiti, la famiglia dell'ultimo zar fu canonizzata come "portatori di passione" dalla Chiesa ortodossa russa, che però non comprese la servitù, due membri della quale non erano ortodossi (Alexei Trupp era cattolico e Catherine Adolphovna Schneider luterana). (it)
  • The canonization of the Romanovs was the elevation to sainthood of the last Imperial Family of Russia – Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra, and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei – by the Russian Orthodox Church. The family was killed by the Bolsheviks on 17 July 1918 at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg; the site of their execution is now beneath the altar of the Church on Blood. They are variously designated as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and as passion bearers by the church inside Russia. The family was canonized on 1 November 1981 as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. They were canonized along with their servants, who had been killed along with them. The canonized servants were their court physician, Yevgeny Botkin; their footman Alexei Trupp; their cook, Ivan Kharitonov; and Alexandra's maid, Anna Demidova. Also canonized were two servants killed in September 1918, lady in waiting Anastasia Hendrikova and tutor Catherine Adolphovna Schneider. All were canonized as victims of oppression by the Bolsheviks. The Russian Orthodox Church did not canonize the servants, two of whom were not Russian Orthodox: Trupp was Roman Catholic, and Schneider was Lutheran. Alexandra's sister, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna, who was murdered by the Bolsheviks on 18 July 1918, was canonized on 1 November 1981 as New-Martyr Elizabeth by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, along with Prince Ioann Konstantinovich of Russia, Prince Igor Konstantinovich of Russia, Prince Konstantine Konstantinovich of Russia, Grand Duke Sergey Mikhaylovich of Russia, and Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley, and Elizabeth's faithful companion, Sister Varvara Yakovleva, who were all killed with her. Fyodor Remez, Grand Duke Sergei's personal secretary, who was killed as well, was not canonized. They are known as the Martyrs of Alapaevsk. In 1992, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna and Varvara Yakovleva were canonized as New-Martyr Elizabeth and New-Martyr Barbara by the Moscow Patriarchate. The grand dukes and others killed with them were not canonized. On 20 August 2000, after much debate, the Romanov family was canonized as passion bearers by the Moscow Patriarchate. (en)
  • Nicolau II da Rússia, sua esposa Alexandra, e seus cinco filhos Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia e Alexei são santos da Igreja Ortodoxa (designados como neomártires pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa no Exterior e Portadores da Paixão pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa). A família foi assassinada em 17 de julho de 1918 pelos bolcheviques na Casa Ipatiev em Ecaterimburgo, Rússia; o local de sua execução está agora sob o altar da Igreja do Sangue. A família foi canonizada em 1981 como neomártir pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa no Exterior. Eles foram canonizados junto com seus servos, que foram assassinados junto com eles. Os servos canonizados foram: o médico da corte Yevgeny Botkin; seu criado Alexei Trupp; seu cozinheiro, Ivan Kharitonov; e a dama-de-companhia de Alexandra Anna Demidova. Também canonizados foram dois servos mortos em Setembro de 1918, a criada Anastasia Hendrikova e a tutora Catherine Adolphovna Schneider. Todos foram canonizados como vítimas de opressão pelos bolcheviques. A Igreja Ortodoxa Russa não canonizou os servos, dois dos quais não eram russos ortodoxos: Alexei Trupp era católico e Catherine Schneider era luterana. A irmã de Alexandra, Isabel Feodorovna, que foi morta pelos bolcheviques em 18 de Julho de 1918, foi canonizada como neomártir pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa no Exterior, junto com João Constantinovich, Igor Constantinovich, Constantino Constantinovich, Sérgio Mikhailovich, e Vladimir Pavlovich Paley, Fyodor Remez, secretário pessoal de Sérgio, e a leal companheira de Isabel, Irmã Bárbara Yakovleva, que também foram todos mortos com ela. Todos foram declarados mártires como vítimas de opressão pelos bolcheviques. Em 1992, Isabel Feodorovna e Irmã Bárbara foram canonizadas como neomártires pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa. Os príncipes e outros acompanhantes não foram canonizados. Em 2000, depois de muito debate, a família Romanov foi canonizada como Portadores da Paixão pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa. (pt)
  • Канонизация царской семьи — прославление в лике православных святых последнего российского императора Николая II, который отрёкся от престола 2 марта 1917 года, его жены и пятерых детей, расстрелянных в подвале дома Ипатьева в Екатеринбурге в ночь с 16 на 17 июля 1918 года. В 1981 году были причислены к лику мучеников Русской Православной Церковью Заграницей, а в 2000 году, после продолжительных споров, вызвавших значительный резонанс в России, были канонизированы Русской Православной Церковью, и в настоящий момент почитаются ею как «Царственные страстотерпцы». (ru)
  • Kult Mikołaja II i jego rodziny funkcjonuje oficjalnie w Rosyjskim Kościele Prawosławnym od momentu kanonizacji ostatniego cara, jego żony Aleksandry Fiodorowny, syna Aleksego oraz córek Olgi, Tatiany, Marii i Anastazji. Miała ona miejsce w 2000. Wszyscy członkowie rodziny carskiej zostali uznani za świętych cierpiętników carskich (ros. Царственные страстотерпцы) i włączeni do Soboru Świętych Nowomęczenników i Wyznawców Rosyjskich. Nieformalne formy czci ostatniego cara i jego bliskich były odnotowywane jeszcze przed tą datą. Kanonizacja wzbudziła jednak żywe kontrowersje i była szeroko dyskutowana przez teologów prawosławnych. Kult Mikołaja II przybiera, obok form typowych dla prawosławnego oddawania czci świętym (pisanie i kult ikon, publiczne nabożeństwa), także formy krytykowane przez prawosławną hierarchię – nadawanie carowi niekanonicznych tytułów oraz wezwanie do pokuty całego narodu rosyjskiego za jego zabójstwo. W 1981 Mikołaja II, jego rodzinę i służących kanonizował niekanoniczny Rosyjski Kościół Prawosławny poza granicami Rosji, sankcjonując tym samym kult powszechny wśród rosyjskiej białej emigracji. (pl)
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  • 1868-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1918-07-17 (xsd:date)
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  • Royal Passion-Bearers, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Family (Moscow Patriarchate) (en)
  • Royal Martyrs, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Family (ROCOR) (en)
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  • 1981 (xsd:integer)
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  • Канонизация царской семьи — прославление в лике православных святых последнего российского императора Николая II, который отрёкся от престола 2 марта 1917 года, его жены и пятерых детей, расстрелянных в подвале дома Ипатьева в Екатеринбурге в ночь с 16 на 17 июля 1918 года. В 1981 году были причислены к лику мучеников Русской Православной Церковью Заграницей, а в 2000 году, после продолжительных споров, вызвавших значительный резонанс в России, были канонизированы Русской Православной Церковью, и в настоящий момент почитаются ею как «Царственные страстотерпцы». (ru)
  • The canonization of the Romanovs was the elevation to sainthood of the last Imperial Family of Russia – Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra, and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei – by the Russian Orthodox Church. The family was killed by the Bolsheviks on 17 July 1918 at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg; the site of their execution is now beneath the altar of the Church on Blood. They are variously designated as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and as passion bearers by the church inside Russia. (en)
  • Lo zar Nicola II, sua moglie Alessandra e i loro cinque figli Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia e Alexei sono santi della Chiesa ortodossa russa fuori dalla Russia e "portatori di passione" della Chiesa ortodossa russa. La famiglia fu assassinata il 17 luglio 1918 a Ekaterinburg dai bolscevichi. Nel 1992 la granduchessa Elizaveta Fëdorovna e Varvara Yakovleva furono canonizzate come martiri dalla Chiesa ortodossa russa; i principi e gli altri uccisi con loro non furono canonizzati. (it)
  • Cet article traite de la canonisation des Romanov, famille impériale russe. Cette famille fut assassinée dans les caves de la villa Ipatiev, à Ekaterinbourg, dans la nuit du 16 au 17 juillet 1918, par les bolchéviques. À la suite de ces événements, elle fut considérée comme martyr par l’Église orthodoxe. En 1981 (dès les années 1920 dans le martyrologe) ont été canonisés par le Saint-Synode de l’Église russe hors-frontières l’empereur Nicolas II de Russie, l’impératrice Alexandra Fedorovna et leurs cinq enfants : * Olga, * Tatiana, * Maria, * Anastasia * et Alexis. (fr)
  • Kult Mikołaja II i jego rodziny funkcjonuje oficjalnie w Rosyjskim Kościele Prawosławnym od momentu kanonizacji ostatniego cara, jego żony Aleksandry Fiodorowny, syna Aleksego oraz córek Olgi, Tatiany, Marii i Anastazji. Miała ona miejsce w 2000. Wszyscy członkowie rodziny carskiej zostali uznani za świętych cierpiętników carskich (ros. Царственные страстотерпцы) i włączeni do Soboru Świętych Nowomęczenników i Wyznawców Rosyjskich. Nieformalne formy czci ostatniego cara i jego bliskich były odnotowywane jeszcze przed tą datą. Kanonizacja wzbudziła jednak żywe kontrowersje i była szeroko dyskutowana przez teologów prawosławnych. (pl)
  • Nicolau II da Rússia, sua esposa Alexandra, e seus cinco filhos Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia e Alexei são santos da Igreja Ortodoxa (designados como neomártires pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa no Exterior e Portadores da Paixão pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa). A família foi assassinada em 17 de julho de 1918 pelos bolcheviques na Casa Ipatiev em Ecaterimburgo, Rússia; o local de sua execução está agora sob o altar da Igreja do Sangue. Em 1992, Isabel Feodorovna e Irmã Bárbara foram canonizadas como neomártires pela Igreja Ortodoxa Russa. Os príncipes e outros acompanhantes não foram canonizados. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Canonisation des Romanov (fr)
  • Canonization of the Romanovs (en)
  • Canonizzazione dei Romanov (it)
  • Kult cara Mikołaja II i jego rodziny (pl)
  • Канонизация царской семьи (ru)
  • Canonização dos Romanovs (pt)
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