In the practice of Christianity, canonical hours mark the divisions of the day in terms of periods of fixed prayer at regular intervals. A Book of Hours normally contains a version of, or selection from, such prayers.

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  • In the practice of Christianity, canonical hours mark the divisions of the day in terms of periods of fixed prayer at regular intervals. A Book of Hours normally contains a version of, or selection from, such prayers. The practice of daily prayers grew from the Jewish practice of reciting prayers at set times of the day: for example, in the Book of Acts, Peter and John visit the temple for the afternoon prayers (Acts 3:1). Psalm 119:164 states: "Seven times a day I praise you for your righteous laws" (of this, Saint Symeon of Thessaloniki writes that "the times of prayer and the services are seven in number, like the number of gifts of the Spirit, since the holy prayers are from the Spirit"). This practice is believed to have been passed down through the centuries from the Apostles, with different practices developing in different places. As monasticism spread, the practice of specified hours and liturgical formats began to develop and become standardized. Around the year 484, the Greek-Cappadocian monk Sabbas began the process of recording the liturgical practices around Jerusalem while the cathedral and parish rites in the Patriarchate of Constantinople evolved in an entirely different manner; the two were synthesized commencing in the eighth century to yield an office of great complexity. In 525, Benedict of Nursia set out one of the earliest schemes for the recitation of the Psalter at the Office. With the Cluniac reforms of the 11th century there was a new emphasis on liturgy and the canonical hours in the reformed Benedictine priories with the Abbey of Cluny at their head. In western Catholicism, canonical hours may also be called offices, since they refer to the official set of prayer of the Roman Catholic Church that is known variously as the divine office (from the Latin officium divinum meaning "divine service" or "divine duty"), and the opus Dei (meaning in Latin, "work of God"). The current official version of the hours in the Roman rite of the Roman Catholic Church is called the liturgy of the hours (Latin: liturgia horarum) in North America or divine office in Ireland and Britain. In the Anglican tradition, they are often known as the daily office (or divine office), to distinguish them from the other 'offices' of the Church, i.e. holy communion, baptism, etc. In the Orthodox Church, the canonical hours may be referred to as the divine services, and the book of hours is called the horologion (Greek: ῾Ωρολόγιον). There are numerous small differences in practice according to local custom; but the overall order is the same among Byzantine Rite monasteries, although parish and cathedral customs vary rather more so by locale. The usage among the Oriental Orthodox Churches and the Assyrian Church of the East and of their Eastern Catholic counterparts all differ from each other and from other rites. Already well-established by the ninth century in the West, these canonical offices consisted of eight daily prayer events: lauds, prime, terce, sext, none, vespers and compline, and the night office, sometimes referred to as vigils, consisting of a number of sections called 'nocturnes'. Building on the recitation of psalms and canticles from scripture, the Church has added (and, at times, subtracted) hymns, hagiographical readings, and other prayers. (en)
  • Las horas canónicas son una división del tiempo empleada durante la Edad Media en la mayoría de las regiones cristianas de Europa, y que seguía el ritmo de los rezos religiosos de los monasterios. Cada una de las horas indica una parte del Oficio divino (hoy denominado liturgia de las horas), es decir, el conjunto de oraciones pertinente a esa parte del día. (es)
  • Pour le catholicisme, les heures canoniales sont des offices liturgiques qui sont consacrés à la prière, en plus de la messe quotidienne, au sein des ordres religieux aussi bien que pour le clergé séculier. Elle correspondent à une division du temps où la journée et la nuit sont divisées en quatre parties alors que les heures du monde romain dont elles sont issues se basaient sur une division en douze de la journée de lumière et également en douze de la nuit. Au Moyen Âge, le temps et la vie sociale sont essentiellement rythmés par la sonnerie des cloches dans les clochers qui marquent les différentes heures canoniales. Traditionnellement, la journée comporte sept heures canoniales et la nuit une : * Matines ou vigiles : milieu de la nuit (minuit) * Laudes : à l'aurore * Prime : première heure du jour * Tierce : troisième heure du jour * Sexte : sixième heure du jour * None : neuvième heure du jour * Vêpres : le soir * Complies : avant le coucher Différentes réformes liturgiques modifient la répartition de ces heures au long de la journée, ainsi du XIe au XIVe siècle les heures canoniales se sont décalées progressivement vers le matin, none se retrouvant à midi. (fr)
  • Questa pratica liturgica deriva dall'uso di recitare preghiere, in modo particolare i salmi del salterio, ad ore prestabilite: ad esempio nel libro degli Atti si riporta che Pietro e Giovanni andavano al tempio per la preghiera pomeridiana. Il salmo 119 dice: Sette volte al giorno ti lodo per la tua giusta legge. La pratica delle ore canoniche è osservata da molte chiese, fra cui la Chiesa cattolica, le Chiese ortodosse e la Comunione anglicana. In particolare nella Chiesa cattolica di rito latino si riferisce anche ad un ordine di preghiere chiamato liturgia delle ore (liturgia horarum), ufficio divino (divinum officium), opus Dei (opera di Dio). Questo ordine di preghiere è contenuto nel "libro delle ore". La suddivisione oraria è approssimativa, variando nell'antichità la lunghezza delle ore del giorno secondo le stagioni. * Nella notte, prima dell'alba: mattutino o vigilie in diverse comunità religiose - chiamato "orthros" nelle chiese orientali * All'alba: lodi, in occidente separato dal mattutino; detto anche "preghiera del mattino" * Alle 6.00: Prima * Alle 9.00: Terza * Alle 12.00: Sesta * Alle 15.00: Nona * Al tramonto: Vespri * Prima di coricarsi: Compieta (it)
  • 時課(じか、ギリシア語: ὧραι, ラテン語: Divinum Officium, ロシア語: Часы , 英語: Hours)とは、キリスト教(正教会・カトリック教会)における特定の奉神礼・典礼を指す用語。 * 狭義 - 「時課」の名を持つ奉事である一時課・三時課・六時課・九時課(1時課・3時課・6時課・9時課) * 広義- 時を定めて行われる日々の祈りの全て 本記事では広義の時課全体について詳述する。 「聖書日課」および「聖務日課」も参照 (ja)
  • As Horas Canônicas (português brasileiro) ou Horas Canónicas (português europeu) (em latim: Divinum Officium) são antigas divisões do tempo, desenvolvidas pelo Cristianismo, que serviam como diretrizes para as orações a serem feitas durante o dia. Um Livro das horas continha as horas canônicas. A versão atual das horas na Igreja Católica de Rito Latino é chamada Liturgia das Horas (Latim: Liturgia horarum). Na Igreja Cristã Ortodoxa e entre os Católicos Orientais, as horas canônicas podem ser chamadas de Serviço Divino (ou ainda, Ofício Divino) e o Livro das horas é chamado de Horologion. A prática das orações diárias surgiu da prática judaica de recitar orações em horas fixas do dia. Essa prática foi passada para os Apóstolos, com diferentes práticas surgindo em diferentes lugares. Quando a vida monástica se espalhou pela Europa, a prática de horas de oração específicas e formatos litúrgicos especiais se tornou padronizada. Já bem estabelecidas no século IX, essas práticas diárias consistiam de oito preces diurnas e três (ou quatro preces noturnas (vigílias). A prática ainda é observada por muitas Igrejas, incluindo a Católica, a Ortodoxa e a Igreja Anglicana. São Bento determina na Regra para os seus monges sete horas canônicas, seguindo o que diz o Salmista: "Louvei-vos sete vezes por dia" (Sl 118.164). Essas horas canônicas são as Matinas, Prima (hoje, Laudes), Terça, Sexta, Noa, Vésperas e Completas. Terça (9h), Sexta (12h) e Noa (15h) evocam cada uma um acontecimento do Evangelho ou dos Atos dos Apóstolos. (pt)
  • Часы́ (греч. ὧραι) — христианские общественные богослужения, молитвенно освящающие определённое время суток (с 6 часов утра до 6 часов вечера); состоят из трёх псалмов, нескольких стихов и молитв, подобранных соответственно к каждой четверти дня и к особенным обстоятельствам страданий Спасителя. Входят в суточный богослужебный круг (совершаются один раз каждый день). * Первый час (соответствует нашим 7 часам утра) — освящает молитвой наступивший день, вспоминается множество событий: непрестанное славословие ангелов, изгнание из рая Адама и Евы, ночную молитву Господа Иисуса Христа, Его страдания на суде Каиафы, Страшный суд. Эта служба возникла позже других трёх, которые были известны ещё в апостольские времена. * Третий час (9 часов утра) — воспоминаются произошедшие в это время суток Суд Пилата и, позднее, сошествие Святого Духа на апостолов. * Шесты́й час (12 часов — полдень) — воспоминается грехопадение прародителей и пригвождение Иисуса Христа ко кресту. * Девятый час (3 часа дня) — вспоминается Крестная смерть Господа Иисуса Христа. (ru)
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  • Las horas canónicas son una división del tiempo empleada durante la Edad Media en la mayoría de las regiones cristianas de Europa, y que seguía el ritmo de los rezos religiosos de los monasterios. Cada una de las horas indica una parte del Oficio divino (hoy denominado liturgia de las horas), es decir, el conjunto de oraciones pertinente a esa parte del día. (es)
  • 時課(じか、ギリシア語: ὧραι, ラテン語: Divinum Officium, ロシア語: Часы , 英語: Hours)とは、キリスト教(正教会・カトリック教会)における特定の奉神礼・典礼を指す用語。 * 狭義 - 「時課」の名を持つ奉事である一時課・三時課・六時課・九時課(1時課・3時課・6時課・9時課) * 広義- 時を定めて行われる日々の祈りの全て 本記事では広義の時課全体について詳述する。 「聖書日課」および「聖務日課」も参照 (ja)
  • In the practice of Christianity, canonical hours mark the divisions of the day in terms of periods of fixed prayer at regular intervals. A Book of Hours normally contains a version of, or selection from, such prayers. (en)
  • Pour le catholicisme, les heures canoniales sont des offices liturgiques qui sont consacrés à la prière, en plus de la messe quotidienne, au sein des ordres religieux aussi bien que pour le clergé séculier. Elle correspondent à une division du temps où la journée et la nuit sont divisées en quatre parties alors que les heures du monde romain dont elles sont issues se basaient sur une division en douze de la journée de lumière et également en douze de la nuit. Au Moyen Âge, le temps et la vie sociale sont essentiellement rythmés par la sonnerie des cloches dans les clochers qui marquent les différentes heures canoniales. (fr)
  • Questa pratica liturgica deriva dall'uso di recitare preghiere, in modo particolare i salmi del salterio, ad ore prestabilite: ad esempio nel libro degli Atti si riporta che Pietro e Giovanni andavano al tempio per la preghiera pomeridiana. Il salmo 119 dice: Sette volte al giorno ti lodo per la tua giusta legge. (it)
  • As Horas Canônicas (português brasileiro) ou Horas Canónicas (português europeu) (em latim: Divinum Officium) são antigas divisões do tempo, desenvolvidas pelo Cristianismo, que serviam como diretrizes para as orações a serem feitas durante o dia. Um Livro das horas continha as horas canônicas. A versão atual das horas na Igreja Católica de Rito Latino é chamada Liturgia das Horas (Latim: Liturgia horarum). Na Igreja Cristã Ortodoxa e entre os Católicos Orientais, as horas canônicas podem ser chamadas de Serviço Divino (ou ainda, Ofício Divino) e o Livro das horas é chamado de Horologion. (pt)
  • Часы́ (греч. ὧραι) — христианские общественные богослужения, молитвенно освящающие определённое время суток (с 6 часов утра до 6 часов вечера); состоят из трёх псалмов, нескольких стихов и молитв, подобранных соответственно к каждой четверти дня и к особенным обстоятельствам страданий Спасителя. Входят в суточный богослужебный круг (совершаются один раз каждый день). (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Canonical hours (en)
  • Horas canónicas (es)
  • Heures canoniales (fr)
  • Ore canoniche (it)
  • 時課 (ja)
  • Horas Canônicas (pt)
  • Часы (церковная служба) (ru)
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