Camille Guérin was born in Poitiers to a family of modest means. His father died of tuberculosis in 1882 (as well as his wife, in 1918). He studied veterinary medicine at the Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort from 1892 to 1896, working, while a student, as an assistant to pathologist Edmond Nocard (1850–1903). At Lille, he was promoted to Head of Laboratory in 1900. Thereafter, from 1905 to 1915, and from 1918 to 1928 he devoted himself to the research on a vaccine against tuberculosis, in close association with Calmette, until his death in 1933.

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dbo:abstract
  • Camille Guérin was born in Poitiers to a family of modest means. His father died of tuberculosis in 1882 (as well as his wife, in 1918). He studied veterinary medicine at the Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort from 1892 to 1896, working, while a student, as an assistant to pathologist Edmond Nocard (1850–1903). In 1897, he joined the Institut Pasteur de Lille (Lille, France) and started to work with its director, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist Albert Calmette (1863–1933). He started as a technician in charge of preparing Calmette's serum (antivenom against snake bites) and the vaccine against smallpox. He improved considerably the production techniques of the later, by using rabbits as intermediate hosts, and developed also a method to quantify the remaining virulence of these vaccines. At Lille, he was promoted to Head of Laboratory in 1900. Thereafter, from 1905 to 1915, and from 1918 to 1928 he devoted himself to the research on a vaccine against tuberculosis, in close association with Calmette, until his death in 1933. He discovered in 1905 that the bovine tuberculosis bacillum, the Mycobacterium bovis, could immunize the animals without causing the disease. Henceforth, he and Calmette developed ways of attenuate the pathogenic activity of Mycobacterium, using successive transferrals of culture. In 1908, after successfully obtaining an immunologically active preparation that could be used to produce a vaccine, he published with Calmette the results of what was named the BCG. In 1919 he was promoted again, this time to Head of Services. Finally, in 1921, after 230 passages of the BCG culture, they obtained an effective vaccine that could be used in humans. In 1928 he moved to Paris to become the director of the Tuberculosis Service at the Pasteur Institute. In 1939 he became vice-president of the "Comité National de Défense contre la Tuberculose" (National Defense Committee against Tuberculosis). In 1948 Guérin was chairman of the First International Congress on BCG. He was also President of the Veterinary Academy of France (1949), and President of the Academy of Medicine (1951). In 1955, the French Academy of Sciences awarded him the Scientific Grand Prix. He died aged 89, in the Hôpital Pasteur in Paris. (en)
  • Camille Guérin est un vétérinaire et biologiste français, né le 22 décembre 1872 à Poitiers et mort le 9 juin 1961 à Paris. Avec le docteur Calmette, il est l'inventeur du BCG, vaccin antituberculeux. (fr)
  • Jean-Marie Camille Guérin (* 22. Dezember 1872 in Poitiers; † 9. Juni 1961 in Paris) war ein französischer Veterinär, Bakteriologe und Immunologe. Unter anderem nach ihm ist der Bazillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) benannt. Guérin wuchs in bescheidenen Verhältnissen auf. Sein Vater starb 1882 an Tuberkulose. Die Heirat seiner Mutter mit einem Veterinär beeinflusste seine Berufswahl. Nachdem er 1891 sein Baccalauréat erhalten hatte, besuchte er die angesehene Ecole Vétérinaire in Maisons-Alfort. In seiner Studienzeit wurde er nachhaltig durch den Tierpathologen und Bakteriologen Edmond Nocard (1850–1903) beeinflusst. Nach einer ersten Entscheidung für die Veterinärmedizin schloss er sich 1897 Albert Calmette am Institut Pasteur in Lille an. Danach widmete er sich der Impfstoffforschung. 1919 wechselte er mit Calmette zum Institut Pasteur in Paris, wo 1921 der BCG-Impfstoff für menschliche Nutzung entwickelt wurde. (de)
  • Camille Guérin, (n. 22 de diciembre de 1872, Poitiers (Francia)- 9 de junio de 1961, París), fue un veterinario y biólogo francés. Desarrolló, junto con el doctor Calmette la vacuna contra la tuberculosis llamada BCG o Bacilo Calmette-Guérin, en 1921, en el Instituto Pasteur de Lille. Camille Guérin precedía de una familia modesta. Su padre murió de tuberculosis en 1882. Estudió medicina desde 1892 a 1896 en la Escuela Nacional Veterinaria de Alfort, siendo profesor ayudante del patólogo Edmond Nocard (1850-1903). (es)
  • Jean-Marie Camille Guérin (ur. 22 grudnia 1872 w Poitiers, zm. 9 czerwca 1961 w Paryżu) – francuski bakteriolog, współtwórca (wraz z Albertem Calmette) BCG, szczepionki przeciw gruźlicy. (pl)
  • Jean-Marie Camille Guérin (Poitiers, 22 de dezembro de 1872 — Paris, 9 de junho de 1961) foi um veterinário, bacteriologista e imunologista que se notabilizou por ter desenvolvido, em colaboração com Albert Calmette, o bacilo Calmette-Guérin (BCG), uma vacina para imunização contra a tuberculose. (pt)
  • Жан-Мари Камиль Герен (фр. Jean-Marie Camille Guérin, 22 декабря 1872, Пуатье — 9 июня 1961, Париж) — французский учёный, ветеринарный врач, бактериолог и иммунолог, который в начале 1920-х годов вместе с Альбером Кальметом создал противотуберкулёзную вакцину ВСG (БЦЖ). (ru)
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  • 1872-12-22 (xsd:date)
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  • 1961-6-9
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  • Camille Guérin, a portrait of Albert Calmette is seen to the right
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  • --06-09
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  • French veterinarian and scientist (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Camille Guérin est un vétérinaire et biologiste français, né le 22 décembre 1872 à Poitiers et mort le 9 juin 1961 à Paris. Avec le docteur Calmette, il est l'inventeur du BCG, vaccin antituberculeux. (fr)
  • Camille Guérin, (n. 22 de diciembre de 1872, Poitiers (Francia)- 9 de junio de 1961, París), fue un veterinario y biólogo francés. Desarrolló, junto con el doctor Calmette la vacuna contra la tuberculosis llamada BCG o Bacilo Calmette-Guérin, en 1921, en el Instituto Pasteur de Lille. Camille Guérin precedía de una familia modesta. Su padre murió de tuberculosis en 1882. Estudió medicina desde 1892 a 1896 en la Escuela Nacional Veterinaria de Alfort, siendo profesor ayudante del patólogo Edmond Nocard (1850-1903). (es)
  • Jean-Marie Camille Guérin (ur. 22 grudnia 1872 w Poitiers, zm. 9 czerwca 1961 w Paryżu) – francuski bakteriolog, współtwórca (wraz z Albertem Calmette) BCG, szczepionki przeciw gruźlicy. (pl)
  • Jean-Marie Camille Guérin (Poitiers, 22 de dezembro de 1872 — Paris, 9 de junho de 1961) foi um veterinário, bacteriologista e imunologista que se notabilizou por ter desenvolvido, em colaboração com Albert Calmette, o bacilo Calmette-Guérin (BCG), uma vacina para imunização contra a tuberculose. (pt)
  • Жан-Мари Камиль Герен (фр. Jean-Marie Camille Guérin, 22 декабря 1872, Пуатье — 9 июня 1961, Париж) — французский учёный, ветеринарный врач, бактериолог и иммунолог, который в начале 1920-х годов вместе с Альбером Кальметом создал противотуберкулёзную вакцину ВСG (БЦЖ). (ru)
  • Camille Guérin was born in Poitiers to a family of modest means. His father died of tuberculosis in 1882 (as well as his wife, in 1918). He studied veterinary medicine at the Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort from 1892 to 1896, working, while a student, as an assistant to pathologist Edmond Nocard (1850–1903). At Lille, he was promoted to Head of Laboratory in 1900. Thereafter, from 1905 to 1915, and from 1918 to 1928 he devoted himself to the research on a vaccine against tuberculosis, in close association with Calmette, until his death in 1933. (en)
  • Jean-Marie Camille Guérin (* 22. Dezember 1872 in Poitiers; † 9. Juni 1961 in Paris) war ein französischer Veterinär, Bakteriologe und Immunologe. Unter anderem nach ihm ist der Bazillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) benannt. Nach einer ersten Entscheidung für die Veterinärmedizin schloss er sich 1897 Albert Calmette am Institut Pasteur in Lille an. Danach widmete er sich der Impfstoffforschung. 1919 wechselte er mit Calmette zum Institut Pasteur in Paris, wo 1921 der BCG-Impfstoff für menschliche Nutzung entwickelt wurde. (de)
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  • Camille Guérin (en)
  • Camille Guérin (de)
  • Camille Guérin (es)
  • Camille Guérin (fr)
  • Camille Guérin (it)
  • Camille Guérin (pl)
  • Camille Guérin (pt)
  • Герен, Камиль (ru)
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