The California Alien Land Law of 1913 prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years. It affected the Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Korean immigrant farmers in California. Implicitly, the law was primarily directed at the Japanese. It passed thirty-five to two in the Senate and seventy-two to three in the Assembly and was co-written by attorney Francis J.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • カリフォルニア州外国人土地法( - しゅうがいこくじんとちほう、排日土地法、ウェッブ法案、英:California Alien Land Law)は、米カリフォルニア州議会で1913年に可決された、市民権獲得資格の無い外国人(主に日系人らアジア系移民)の土地所有および3年以上の賃借を禁止した法律。 法律の条文は日系人を特定する言葉は無いが、日系移民の数が増加し経済進出が著しかった背景、および当時アジア系移民に市民権獲得資格が無かったことから、日系人を閉め出す目的が明白であったため「排日土地法」とも呼ばれる。また、法案起草者のウェッブ・ヘニーは、「この法案は、農業において日本人がこれ以上発展するのを防ぐのではなく、カルフォルニア州から日本人を追い払うことを目的としている……」と述べている。後にアリゾナ州などでも同様な法案が通過された。
  • The California Alien Land Law of 1913 prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years. It affected the Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Korean immigrant farmers in California. Implicitly, the law was primarily directed at the Japanese. It passed thirty-five to two in the Senate and seventy-two to three in the Assembly and was co-written by attorney Francis J. Heney and California state attorney general Ulysses S. Webb at the behest of Governor Hiram Johnson. Japan's Consul General Kametaro Iijima and lawyer Juichi Soyeda lobbied against the law. In a letter to the United States Secretary of State, the Japanese government via the Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs called the law “essentially unfair and inconsistent… with the sentiments of amity and good neighborhood which have presided over the relations between the two countries,” and noted that Japan felt it was “in disregard of the spirit of the existing treaty between Japan and the United States. ” The law was meant to discourage immigration, primarily of Japanese immigrants, and to create an inhospitable climate for immigrants already living in California.
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  • The California Alien Land Law of 1913 prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years. It affected the Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Korean immigrant farmers in California. Implicitly, the law was primarily directed at the Japanese. It passed thirty-five to two in the Senate and seventy-two to three in the Assembly and was co-written by attorney Francis J.
  • カリフォルニア州外国人土地法( - しゅうがいこくじんとちほう、排日土地法、ウェッブ法案、英:California Alien Land Law)は、米カリフォルニア州議会で1913年に可決された、市民権獲得資格の無い外国人(主に日系人らアジア系移民)の土地所有および3年以上の賃借を禁止した法律。 法律の条文は日系人を特定する言葉は無いが、日系移民の数が増加し経済進出が著しかった背景、および当時アジア系移民に市民権獲得資格が無かったことから、日系人を閉め出す目的が明白であったため「排日土地法」とも呼ばれる。また、法案起草者のウェッブ・ヘニーは、「この法案は、農業において日本人がこれ以上発展するのを防ぐのではなく、カルフォルニア州から日本人を追い払うことを目的としている……」と述べている。後にアリゾナ州などでも同様な法案が通過された。
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  • California Alien Land Law of 1913
  • カリフォルニア州外国人土地法
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