Calais (/ˈkæleɪ/ CAL-ay, traditionally /ˈkælᵻs/; French pronunciation: ​[kaˈlɛ]; Picard: Calés; Dutch: Kales) is a town and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's prefecture is its third-largest city of Arras. The population of the metropolitan area at the 2010 census was 126,395. Calais overlooks the Strait of Dover, the narrowest point in the English Channel, which is only 34 km (21 mi) wide here, and is the closest French town to England. The White Cliffs of Dover can easily be seen on a clear day from Calais. Calais is a major port for ferries between France and England, and since 1994, the Channel Tunnel has linked nearby Coquelles to Folkesto

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  • Calais (/ˈkæleɪ/ CAL-ay, traditionally /ˈkælᵻs/; French pronunciation: ​[kaˈlɛ]; Picard: Calés; Dutch: Kales) is a town and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's prefecture is its third-largest city of Arras. The population of the metropolitan area at the 2010 census was 126,395. Calais overlooks the Strait of Dover, the narrowest point in the English Channel, which is only 34 km (21 mi) wide here, and is the closest French town to England. The White Cliffs of Dover can easily be seen on a clear day from Calais. Calais is a major port for ferries between France and England, and since 1994, the Channel Tunnel has linked nearby Coquelles to Folkestone by rail. Due to its position, Calais since the Middle Ages has been a major port and a very important centre for transport and trading with England. It was annexed by Edward III of England in 1347 and grew into a thriving centre for wool production. The town came to be called the "brightest jewel in the English crown" owing to its great importance as the gateway for the tin, lead, lace and wool trades (or "staples"). Calais was a territorial possession of England until its capture by France in 1558. In 1805 it was a staging area for Napoleon's troops for several months during his planned invasion of the United Kingdom. The town was virtually razed to the ground during World War II, when in May 1940, it was a strategic bombing target of the invading German forces who took the town during the Siege of Calais. During World War II, the Germans built massive bunkers along the coast in preparation for launching missiles on England. The old part of the town, Calais proper (known as Calais-Nord), is situated on an artificial island surrounded by canals and harbours. The modern part of the town, St-Pierre, lies to the south and south-east. In the centre of the old town is the Place d'Armes, in which stands the Tour du Guet, or watch-tower, a structure built in the 13th century, which was used as a lighthouse until 1848 when a new lighthouse was built by the port. South east of the Place is the church of Notre-Dame, built during the English occupancy of Calais. It is arguably the only church built in the English perpendicular style in all of France. In this church former French President Charles de Gaulle married his wife Yvonne Vendroux. South of the Place and opposite the Parc St Pierre is the Hôtel-de-ville (the town hall), and the belfry from the 16th and early 17th centuries. Today, Calais is visited by more than 10 million annually. Aside from being a key transport hub, Calais is also a notable fishing port and a centre for fish marketing, and some 3,000 people are still employed in the lace industry for which the town is also famed. (en)
  • كاليه (بالفرنسية: Calais) هي بلدة في شمال فرنسا في إقليم باد كاليه وهي إحدى ولايات الإقليم. على الرغم من أن مدينة كاليه هي الأكبر في الإقليم إلا أن مدينة أراس هي عاصمة باد كاليه وهي ثالث أكبر مدن الإقليم. (ar)
  • Calais [kaˈlɛ] (niederländisch veraltet Kales; deutsch veraltet Kalen) ist eine Hafenstadt im Norden Frankreichs mit 72.520 Einwohnern (Stand 1. Januar 2013). (de)
  • Calais (en neerlandés, Kales) es una ciudad del norte de Francia, en el departamento del Paso de Calais, del cual es una subprefectura y la ciudad más poblada. La población de la ciudad, según el censo de 2013 era de 72 520 habitantes, aunque la totalidad del área metropolitana tiene 126 774 habitantes. Situada sobre el estrecho que separa el canal de la Mancha del mar del Norte, a 20 km del cabo Gris-Nez que es el lugar francés más próximo de Inglaterra (30 km), la ciudad es conocida por su puerto de pasajeros (el más importante de Francia) con sus barcos hacia Inglaterra y el Eurotúnel. (es)
  • Calais est une commune française, sous-préfecture du département du Pas-de-Calais en région Hauts-de-France. Ses habitants sont appelés les Calaisiens. La ville de Calais est la ville la plus peuplée du département, bien qu'elle n'en soit pas le chef-lieu, cette fonction revenant à Arras. Située face au sud-est de l'Angleterre, son port (premier de France pour le transport de passagers) et le tunnel sous la Manche en font la principale ville française de liaison avec la Grande-Bretagne. (fr)
  • Calais (/ka'lɛ/; in piccardo: Calés o Calé, in olandese: Kales, in fiammingo: Cales) è una città del nord della Francia, nel dipartimento del Passo di Calais, di cui è una sottoprefettura. (it)
  • Calais (Nederlands: Kales) is een stad en gemeente in het Franse departement Pas-de-Calais. Calais ligt aan de Opaalkust, op de kortste afstand tussen Frankrijk en het Verenigd Koninkrijk (zie Dover) aan het Nauw van Calais. De stad telt ongeveer 80.000 inwoners. (nl)
  • カレー(フランス語: Calais、オランダ語: Kales、西フラマン語: Cales)は、フランス北部パ=ド=カレー県の都市。ドーバー海峡(カレー海峡)の海底を英仏海峡トンネルが通りイギリスのフォークストンと結んでいる。 前近代からグレートブリテン島と大陸ヨーロッパを結ぶ玄関口として重要視され、フェリー港や貿易港として栄えてきた。しかし、最近では40 km離れた位置にあるダンケルクにその役割を奪われつつある。 (ja)
  • Calais – miasto i gmina we Francji, w regionie Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Pikardia, w departamencie Pas-de-Calais. (pl)
  • Calais ( /ˈkæleɪ/, /ˈkælɪs/; Pronúncia francesa: [ka'lɛ]; em neerlandês: Kales) é uma cidade do norte da França localizada no departamento de Pas-de-Calais. A população da cidade no censo de 1999 era de 77333 habitantes na cidade e 125584 habitantes na área metropolitana. Calais está localizada no Estreito de Dover, no ponto mais estreito do Canal da Mancha com apenas 34 km de largura, sendo a cidade francesa mais próxima da Inglaterra. A parte velha da cidade, Calais-Nord, está situada em uma ilha artificial rodeada por canais e portos. A parte moderna da cidade, St-Pierre, fica na parte sul e sudeste da cidade. A origem da cidade é obscura. Ela foi fundada como uma vila de pescadores antes do século X. No ano 997, o povoado foi remodelado pelo Conde de Flandres e mais tarde, em 1224, fortificado pelo Conde de Bolonha. O povoado rendeu-se a Eduardo III de Inglaterra em 1347, após o longo cerco (devido à fome). O povoado foi recuperado aos Ingleses a partir de 1558. Foi ocupado pelos espanhóis entre 1596 e 1598, sendo restituído à França pelo Tratado de Versalhes. As circunstâncias dramáticas são comemoradas pela famosa estátua de bronze dos "Seis Cidadãos de Calais", no exterior da Câmara Municipal. (pt)
  • Кале́ (фр. Calais [kaˈlɛ]) — город во Франции, порт у пролива Па-де-Кале, крупнейший по численности населения город департамента Па-де-Кале. Кале является ближайшим к Англии населенным пунктом Франции, расстояние по прямой до Англии составляет 34 километра. Между Кале и английским Дувром курсирует паром, в 1994 году открыто движение по железнодорожному туннелю от пригорода Кале Кокеля до английского Фолкстона. Население — 72 915 жителей (2011). (ru)
  • 加来(法语:Calais),是法国加来海峡省的城市,人口约七万两千(2013年統計)。英吉利海峡中最狭窄的临多夫-加来海峡只有34公里宽,离加来最近的英国城市是多佛尔,加来與多佛是法國與英國最近的渡口。加来旧城(又叫北加来)在人工岛上,四周环绕着运河及港口。加来新城圣比尔在东南。 (zh)
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  • كاليه (بالفرنسية: Calais) هي بلدة في شمال فرنسا في إقليم باد كاليه وهي إحدى ولايات الإقليم. على الرغم من أن مدينة كاليه هي الأكبر في الإقليم إلا أن مدينة أراس هي عاصمة باد كاليه وهي ثالث أكبر مدن الإقليم. (ar)
  • Calais [kaˈlɛ] (niederländisch veraltet Kales; deutsch veraltet Kalen) ist eine Hafenstadt im Norden Frankreichs mit 72.520 Einwohnern (Stand 1. Januar 2013). (de)
  • Calais (en neerlandés, Kales) es una ciudad del norte de Francia, en el departamento del Paso de Calais, del cual es una subprefectura y la ciudad más poblada. La población de la ciudad, según el censo de 2013 era de 72 520 habitantes, aunque la totalidad del área metropolitana tiene 126 774 habitantes. Situada sobre el estrecho que separa el canal de la Mancha del mar del Norte, a 20 km del cabo Gris-Nez que es el lugar francés más próximo de Inglaterra (30 km), la ciudad es conocida por su puerto de pasajeros (el más importante de Francia) con sus barcos hacia Inglaterra y el Eurotúnel. (es)
  • Calais est une commune française, sous-préfecture du département du Pas-de-Calais en région Hauts-de-France. Ses habitants sont appelés les Calaisiens. La ville de Calais est la ville la plus peuplée du département, bien qu'elle n'en soit pas le chef-lieu, cette fonction revenant à Arras. Située face au sud-est de l'Angleterre, son port (premier de France pour le transport de passagers) et le tunnel sous la Manche en font la principale ville française de liaison avec la Grande-Bretagne. (fr)
  • Calais (/ka'lɛ/; in piccardo: Calés o Calé, in olandese: Kales, in fiammingo: Cales) è una città del nord della Francia, nel dipartimento del Passo di Calais, di cui è una sottoprefettura. (it)
  • Calais (Nederlands: Kales) is een stad en gemeente in het Franse departement Pas-de-Calais. Calais ligt aan de Opaalkust, op de kortste afstand tussen Frankrijk en het Verenigd Koninkrijk (zie Dover) aan het Nauw van Calais. De stad telt ongeveer 80.000 inwoners. (nl)
  • カレー(フランス語: Calais、オランダ語: Kales、西フラマン語: Cales)は、フランス北部パ=ド=カレー県の都市。ドーバー海峡(カレー海峡)の海底を英仏海峡トンネルが通りイギリスのフォークストンと結んでいる。 前近代からグレートブリテン島と大陸ヨーロッパを結ぶ玄関口として重要視され、フェリー港や貿易港として栄えてきた。しかし、最近では40 km離れた位置にあるダンケルクにその役割を奪われつつある。 (ja)
  • Calais – miasto i gmina we Francji, w regionie Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Pikardia, w departamencie Pas-de-Calais. (pl)
  • Кале́ (фр. Calais [kaˈlɛ]) — город во Франции, порт у пролива Па-де-Кале, крупнейший по численности населения город департамента Па-де-Кале. Кале является ближайшим к Англии населенным пунктом Франции, расстояние по прямой до Англии составляет 34 километра. Между Кале и английским Дувром курсирует паром, в 1994 году открыто движение по железнодорожному туннелю от пригорода Кале Кокеля до английского Фолкстона. Население — 72 915 жителей (2011). (ru)
  • 加来(法语:Calais),是法国加来海峡省的城市,人口约七万两千(2013年統計)。英吉利海峡中最狭窄的临多夫-加来海峡只有34公里宽,离加来最近的英国城市是多佛尔,加来與多佛是法國與英國最近的渡口。加来旧城(又叫北加来)在人工岛上,四周环绕着运河及港口。加来新城圣比尔在东南。 (zh)
  • Calais (/ˈkæleɪ/ CAL-ay, traditionally /ˈkælᵻs/; French pronunciation: ​[kaˈlɛ]; Picard: Calés; Dutch: Kales) is a town and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's prefecture is its third-largest city of Arras. The population of the metropolitan area at the 2010 census was 126,395. Calais overlooks the Strait of Dover, the narrowest point in the English Channel, which is only 34 km (21 mi) wide here, and is the closest French town to England. The White Cliffs of Dover can easily be seen on a clear day from Calais. Calais is a major port for ferries between France and England, and since 1994, the Channel Tunnel has linked nearby Coquelles to Folkesto (en)
  • Calais ( /ˈkæleɪ/, /ˈkælɪs/; Pronúncia francesa: [ka'lɛ]; em neerlandês: Kales) é uma cidade do norte da França localizada no departamento de Pas-de-Calais. A população da cidade no censo de 1999 era de 77333 habitantes na cidade e 125584 habitantes na área metropolitana. Calais está localizada no Estreito de Dover, no ponto mais estreito do Canal da Mancha com apenas 34 km de largura, sendo a cidade francesa mais próxima da Inglaterra. A origem da cidade é obscura. Ela foi fundada como uma vila de pescadores antes do século X. (pt)
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  • Calais (de)
  • Calais (es)
  • Calais (fr)
  • Calais (it)
  • カレー (フランス) (ja)
  • Calais (nl)
  • Calais (pl)
  • Calais (pt)
  • Кале (ru)
  • 加来 (zh)
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