Britishness is the state or quality of being British, or of embodying British characteristics, and is used to refer to that which binds and distinguishes the British people and forms the basis of their unity and identity, or to explain expressions of British culture—such as habits, behaviours, or symbols—that have a common, familiar or iconic quality readily identifiable with the United Kingdom. Dialogue about the legitimacy and authenticity of Britishness is intrinsically tied with power relations and politics; in terms of nationhood and belonging, expressing or recognising one's Britishness provokes a range of responses and attitudes, such as advocacy, indifference, or rejection.

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  • Britishness is the state or quality of being British, or of embodying British characteristics, and is used to refer to that which binds and distinguishes the British people and forms the basis of their unity and identity, or to explain expressions of British culture—such as habits, behaviours, or symbols—that have a common, familiar or iconic quality readily identifiable with the United Kingdom. Dialogue about the legitimacy and authenticity of Britishness is intrinsically tied with power relations and politics; in terms of nationhood and belonging, expressing or recognising one's Britishness provokes a range of responses and attitudes, such as advocacy, indifference, or rejection. Although the term 'Britishness' only widely "sprung into political and academic prominence" in the late 20th century, its origins lie with the formation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. Although Britishness was used to refer to Britons collectively as early as 1682, historian Linda Colley asserts that it was after the Acts of Union 1707 that the citizens of Great Britain began to assume a "layered" identity—to think of themselves as simultaneously British but also Scottish, English, and/or Welsh. In this formative period, Britishness was "closely bound up with Protestantism". The Oxford English Dictionary Online dates the first known use of the term Britishness to refer to the state of being British to a June 1857 issue of Putnam's Monthly Magazine. Since the late 20th century, the exploration and proliferation of Britishness became directly associated with a desire to define, sustain or restore a homogeneous British identity or allegiance to Britain, prompting debate. For instance, the Life in the United Kingdom test—reported as a test of one's Britishness—has been described as controversial. The UK Independence Party have asserted that Britishness is tied with inclusive civic nationalism, whereas the Commission for Racial Equality reported that Scots, Welsh, Irish and ethnic minorities may feel quite divorced from Britishness because of white English dominance; Gwynfor Evans, a Welsh nationalist politician, said that "Britishness is a political synonym for Englishness which extends English culture over the Scots, Welsh, and the Irish". Historians Graham Macphee and Prem Poddar state that Britishness and Englishness are invariably conflated as they are both tied to the identity of the British Empire and UK; slippage between the two words is common.With regards to a proposed oath of allegiance for school leavers, historian David Starkey argued that it is impossible to teach Britishness because "a British nation doesn't exist". (en)
  • L’identité britannique se définit comme l’état ou la qualité d’appartenance britannique, ou le fait de posséder des caractéristiques britanniques. Le terme anglais de britishness (que l’on pourrait traduire en français par britannicité) est utilisé pour qualifier ce qui distingue le peuple britannique des autres peuples européens et forme la base de son unité et de son identité ou encore pour expliquer des modes d’expression de la culture britannique - habitudes, comportement et symboles - ayant une qualité commune familière ou iconique immédiatement identifiable au Royaume-Uni. Le discours sur la légitimité et l’authenticité de la britishness est indissociable des relations de pouvoir et de politique; en termes de nationalité et d’appartenance, le fait d’exprimer ou de reconnaître son identité britannique provoque une gamme de réponses et d’attitudes allant de la revendication à l’indifférence ou au rejet. Macphee et Poddar estiment que bien que la définition des deux termes anglais différents britishness et englishness ne soit pas simple car ils sont invariablement en conflit, ils sont tous les deux attachés à l’identité de la nation et de l’empire britannique, et de même que ces deux notions sont en cours de transformation, les identités britannique et anglaise se modifient également. C’est ainsi que le glissement d’un mot à l’autre peut être vu comme le reflet de ces dynamiques changeantes. (fr)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Britishness is the state or quality of being British, or of embodying British characteristics, and is used to refer to that which binds and distinguishes the British people and forms the basis of their unity and identity, or to explain expressions of British culture—such as habits, behaviours, or symbols—that have a common, familiar or iconic quality readily identifiable with the United Kingdom. Dialogue about the legitimacy and authenticity of Britishness is intrinsically tied with power relations and politics; in terms of nationhood and belonging, expressing or recognising one's Britishness provokes a range of responses and attitudes, such as advocacy, indifference, or rejection. (en)
  • L’identité britannique se définit comme l’état ou la qualité d’appartenance britannique, ou le fait de posséder des caractéristiques britanniques. Le terme anglais de britishness (que l’on pourrait traduire en français par britannicité) est utilisé pour qualifier ce qui distingue le peuple britannique des autres peuples européens et forme la base de son unité et de son identité ou encore pour expliquer des modes d’expression de la culture britannique - habitudes, comportement et symboles - ayant une qualité commune familière ou iconique immédiatement identifiable au Royaume-Uni. (fr)
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  • Britishness (en)
  • Identité britannique (fr)
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