Braj Bhāshā (Devanagari: ब्रज भाषा; Gurmukhi: ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ), also called Brij Bhāshā (बृज भाषा, ਬ੍ਰਿਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾਾ), Braj Bhākhā (ब्रज भाखा, ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਖ), or Dehaatī Zabaan (देहाती ज़बान, ਦੇਹਾਤੀ ਜ਼ਬਾਨ, 'country tongue'), is a Western Hindi language closely related to Hindustani. In fact, it is usually considered to be a dialect of Hindi, and along with Awadhi (a variety of Eastern Hindi) was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Hindustani (Khariboli) in the 19th century.

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dbo:abstract
  • البرجية، بفتح الراء أو كسرها (برج بھاشا)، هي لغة من اللغات الهندية الغربية يتكلم بها قرابة خمسين ألف نسمة في الهند. (ar)
  • Braj-Bhakha oder Braj Bhasha ist eine indoarische Sprache im Norden Indiens. Sie wird zumeist als eine westliche Mundart des Hindi gesehen und ist Volkssprache in einem Teil des nordwestindischen Bundesstaates Uttar Pradesh (der Landschaft Braj) und der Städte Agra, Mathura, Aligarh und Delhi. Sie leitet sich von den mittelindischen Sprachen (Prakrit) her, genauer aus Shauraseni. Als Sprache der mogulischen Hauptstadt Agra hat sie das Urdu mit beeinflusst, denn indische Namen erscheinen im Urdu meist in ihrer Braj-Bhasha-Form (z.B. Bisn für Vishnu). Vor der Standardisierung des Hindi im späten 19. Jh. war Braj Bhasha eine Literatursprache und ein wichtiges Medium für die Bhakti-Religiosität im Westen Indiens. Vor allem Themen wie die Radha-Krishna-Mystik wurden in Gedichten auf Braj Bhasha behandelt, denn Krishna soll in Braj aufgewachsen sein. Daneben gibt es auch Gedichte zu islamischer Mystik. Surdas und Amir Khusro sind berühmte Dichter der Brajsprache. Die Sprecherzahl beträgt heute etwa 44.000. (de)
  • Braj Bhāshā (Devanagari: ब्रज भाषा; Gurmukhi: ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ), also called Brij Bhāshā (बृज भाषा, ਬ੍ਰਿਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾਾ), Braj Bhākhā (ब्रज भाखा, ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਖ), or Dehaatī Zabaan (देहाती ज़बान, ਦੇਹਾਤੀ ਜ਼ਬਾਨ, 'country tongue'), is a Western Hindi language closely related to Hindustani. In fact, it is usually considered to be a dialect of Hindi, and along with Awadhi (a variety of Eastern Hindi) was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Hindustani (Khariboli) in the 19th century. Brij Bhasha is spoken by people in the nebulously defined region of Vraja Bhoomi, which was a political state in the era of the Mahabharata wars. According to ancient Hindu texts such as the Bhagavata Purana, the kingdom of King Kamsa is described as spreading through the Brij (also known as Vrija or Vraja), where the incarnation of Krishna was born and spent his childhood days. This region lies in the Agra-Mathura-Aligarh area, and stretches as far as the environs of Delhi. In modern India, this area lies mostly in northwestern Uttar Pradesh, the eastern extremities of Rajasthan i.e. Bharatpur & Dholpur and the southern extremities of Haryana. Northern regions of Madhya Pradesh like Morena are also included. Today Braj Bhoomi can be seen as a cultural-geographical entity rather than a proper state. It is the vernacular of the region and boasts a rich culture and literature by famous poets like Surdas, Bhai Gurdas and Amir Khusro. Brij Bhasha is very close to Avadhi, spoken in neighbouring Avadh region. Much of the Hindi literature was developed in Braj in the medieval period. However, today Khariboli dialect has taken its place as the predominant standard dialect of Hindi. In modern India, Braj Bhasha exists as an unofficial dialect spoken colloquially by natives of the region of Braj Bhoomi, with great cultural and religious significance. Much of Hindi poetry, especially that of 'Bhakti' or devotional poetry is in this language. Some devotional poems for Krishna are also composed in Braj Bhasha. The pioneering Hindi poet Aamir Khusro, also spoke and composed poetry in this language. Famous Braj Bhasha folk songs or poems include Chhaap Tilak Sab Chheeni by Amir Khusro, and the popular devotional song, Main Naahin Maakhan Khaayo by Surdas. Braj Bhasha is also the main language of Hindustani classical music compositions. Braj Bhasha is not to be confused with Brajabuli, an artificial literary language developed by Bengali medieval poets under the influence of Maithili love poems of Radha and Krishna by the poet Vidyapati. Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first substantial poems titled Bhanusimha Thakurer Padabali in Brajabuli under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha ("Sun Lion") at age sixteen. Similarly, Braj Bhasha is distinct from the Brajavali dialect of Assamese which is also related to Maithili. (en)
  • Le braj bhasha, (devanagari : ब्रज भाषा), appelé aussi brij bhasha, (बॄज भाषा), brak bhakha, (ब्रज भाखा), ou dehaati zabaan, (देहाती ज़बान), est une langue indo-aryenne parlée par environ 40 000 personnes dans la région de Mathura dans l'Uttar Pradesh. C'était la langue littéraire prédominante jusqu'au XIXe siècle dans une partie de l'Inde. Le braj basha est proche de l'awadhi parlé dans la région voisine de l'Awadh. La mythologie hindoue fait naître Krishna à Mathura, et par suite le braj bhasha a été employé aux XVIe et XVIIe siècles dans la littérature de dévotion consacrée à cet avatar de Vishnu. La poésie de l'Inde a ainsi été marquée par le braj basha; Krhsina, ayant inspiré de nombreux conteurs. C'est également une langue importante dans le sikhisme; elle a pesé dans les écrits de Guru Amar Das et Guru Arjan, deux des gourous fondateurs de cette religion. Un bhagat du sikhisme, Bhai Surdas, l'utilisait régulièrement. (fr)
  • La lingua braj bhasha, (devanagari : ब्रज भाषा), anche denominata brij bhasha, (बॄज भाषा), brak bhakha, (ब्रज भाखा) o dehaati zabaan, (देहाती ज़बान), è una langue indo-aryenne parlata da più di mezzo milione di persone nella regione di Mathura nell'Uttar Pradesh. Si tratta della lingua letteraria predominante fino al XIX° secolo, in buona parte dell'India. Il braj basha è simile all'awadhi parlato nella vicina regione dell'Awadh. La Mitologia indiana fa nascere Krishna a Mathura, e quindi il braj bhasha venne impiegato dal XVI° al XVII° secolo nella letteratura devozionale consacrata a questo avatar di Viṣṇu. La poesia dell'India è stata perciò contrassegnata dal Braj Basha avendo Krhisna ispirato molti autori. Si tratta anche di una lingua molto importante nel Sikhismo; in quanto si tratta del linguaggio utilizzato dal Guru Amar Das e dal Guru Arjan, due dei guru fondatori di questa religione. Un bhagat (divulgatore) del sikhismo, Bhai Surdas, la utilizzava regolarmente. (it)
  • ブラジュ・バーシャー語(Braj Bhasha (デーヴァナーガリー: बॄज भाषा)、Brij Bhasha(ब्रज भाषा)、Braj Bhakha(ब्रज भाखा)、Dehaati Zabaan)はインド語派に属する言語である。ブラジュ地方(マトゥラーやアーグラ)を中心に話者がいる。 (ja)
  • Język bradź, bradź bhasza (hi . ब्रज भाषा), bradź wandal – język w środkowych Indiach, jeden z głównych dialektów literackich języka hindi używany w tzw. "regionie bradź" (bradź bhumi) w obszarze hindi zachodniego (paścim hindi). (pl)
  • Брадж (дев.: ब्रज), также называемый брадж бхаша (дев. ब्रज भाषा), брадж бхакха (дев. ब्रज भाखा), бридж бхаша (дев. बॄज भाषा), дехати забан (дев.: देहाती ज़बान, ‘язык страны’), антарведи, — индоарийский язык, часто считающийся диалектом хинди. На брадже говорят в штате Уттар-Прадеш (округ Агра) и некоторых районах Раджастхана (округа Бхаратпур, Савай Мадхопур), Харьяны (округ Гургаон), Бихара, в Дели. Область распространения языка включает исторический регион Враджабхуми или Врадж (область, где согласно «Бхагавата-пуране» родился и провёл своё детство Кришна). Наряду с авадхи брадж был одним из двух доминирующих литературных языков северной и центральной Индии до того, как в XIX веке не пришёл кхари боли.В XV—XVIII веках он стал основным диалектом вишнуитской лирики. На нём писали Сурдас, Бхаи Гурдас и Амир Хосров. В настоящее время брадж вытеснен из литературной сферы литературными хинди и урду. Оценки числа носителей сильно варьируются: (ru)
dbo:iso6392Code
  • bri
dbo:iso6393Code
  • bri
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dbo:spokenIn
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  • 2360872 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 743161725 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2001 (xsd:integer)
dbp:fam
  • Braj Bhasha–Kannauji
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  • Indo-European
dbp:glotto
  • braj1242
dbp:glottorefname
  • Braj
dbp:ref
  • e18
dbp:script
dbp:speakers
  • Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • البرجية، بفتح الراء أو كسرها (برج بھاشا)، هي لغة من اللغات الهندية الغربية يتكلم بها قرابة خمسين ألف نسمة في الهند. (ar)
  • ブラジュ・バーシャー語(Braj Bhasha (デーヴァナーガリー: बॄज भाषा)、Brij Bhasha(ब्रज भाषा)、Braj Bhakha(ब्रज भाखा)、Dehaati Zabaan)はインド語派に属する言語である。ブラジュ地方(マトゥラーやアーグラ)を中心に話者がいる。 (ja)
  • Język bradź, bradź bhasza (hi . ब्रज भाषा), bradź wandal – język w środkowych Indiach, jeden z głównych dialektów literackich języka hindi używany w tzw. "regionie bradź" (bradź bhumi) w obszarze hindi zachodniego (paścim hindi). (pl)
  • Braj Bhāshā (Devanagari: ब्रज भाषा; Gurmukhi: ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ), also called Brij Bhāshā (बृज भाषा, ਬ੍ਰਿਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾਾ), Braj Bhākhā (ब्रज भाखा, ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਖ), or Dehaatī Zabaan (देहाती ज़बान, ਦੇਹਾਤੀ ਜ਼ਬਾਨ, 'country tongue'), is a Western Hindi language closely related to Hindustani. In fact, it is usually considered to be a dialect of Hindi, and along with Awadhi (a variety of Eastern Hindi) was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Hindustani (Khariboli) in the 19th century. (en)
  • Braj-Bhakha oder Braj Bhasha ist eine indoarische Sprache im Norden Indiens. Sie wird zumeist als eine westliche Mundart des Hindi gesehen und ist Volkssprache in einem Teil des nordwestindischen Bundesstaates Uttar Pradesh (der Landschaft Braj) und der Städte Agra, Mathura, Aligarh und Delhi. Sie leitet sich von den mittelindischen Sprachen (Prakrit) her, genauer aus Shauraseni. Als Sprache der mogulischen Hauptstadt Agra hat sie das Urdu mit beeinflusst, denn indische Namen erscheinen im Urdu meist in ihrer Braj-Bhasha-Form (z.B. Bisn für Vishnu). Die Sprecherzahl beträgt heute etwa 44.000. (de)
  • La lingua braj bhasha, (devanagari : ब्रज भाषा), anche denominata brij bhasha, (बॄज भाषा), brak bhakha, (ब्रज भाखा) o dehaati zabaan, (देहाती ज़बान), è una langue indo-aryenne parlata da più di mezzo milione di persone nella regione di Mathura nell'Uttar Pradesh. Si tratta della lingua letteraria predominante fino al XIX° secolo, in buona parte dell'India. Il braj basha è simile all'awadhi parlato nella vicina regione dell'Awadh. (it)
  • Le braj bhasha, (devanagari : ब्रज भाषा), appelé aussi brij bhasha, (बॄज भाषा), brak bhakha, (ब्रज भाखा), ou dehaati zabaan, (देहाती ज़बान), est une langue indo-aryenne parlée par environ 40 000 personnes dans la région de Mathura dans l'Uttar Pradesh. C'était la langue littéraire prédominante jusqu'au XIXe siècle dans une partie de l'Inde. Le braj basha est proche de l'awadhi parlé dans la région voisine de l'Awadh. (fr)
  • Брадж (дев.: ब्रज), также называемый брадж бхаша (дев. ब्रज भाषा), брадж бхакха (дев. ब्रज भाखा), бридж бхаша (дев. बॄज भाषा), дехати забан (дев.: देहाती ज़बान, ‘язык страны’), антарведи, — индоарийский язык, часто считающийся диалектом хинди. На брадже говорят в штате Уттар-Прадеш (округ Агра) и некоторых районах Раджастхана (округа Бхаратпур, Савай Мадхопур), Харьяны (округ Гургаон), Бихара, в Дели. Область распространения языка включает исторический регион Враджабхуми или Врадж (область, где согласно «Бхагавата-пуране» родился и провёл своё детство Кришна). (ru)
rdfs:label
  • لغة برجية (ar)
  • Braj-Bhakha (de)
  • Braj Bhasha (en)
  • Braj bhasha (fr)
  • Lingua braj bhasha (it)
  • ブラジュ・バーシャー語 (ja)
  • Język bradź (pl)
  • Брадж (язык) (ru)
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  • Brijbhasha (en)
  • बृज भाषा • ਬ੍ਰਜ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ (en)
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