Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo with an estimated urban population of 430,000 people. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the 20 kilometres of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the city of Neum.

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  • La Bosnie-Herzégovine ou Bosnie-et-Herzégovine, en bosnien, serbe, croate, serbo-croate Bosna i Hercegovina, dans l'alphabet cyrillique serbe Босна и Херцеговина, est un État d'Europe du Sud situé dans la péninsule des Balkans. Elle est entourée de la Croatie, de la Serbie et du Monténégro, et a une petite ouverture sur la mer Adriatique.
  • La Bosnia ed Erzegovina (comunemente indicata anche come Bosnia-Erzegovina) è uno stato situato nei Balcani occidentali, che fino ad aprile 1992 faceva parte della Jugoslavia. La sua capitale è Sarajevo. Il nome Bosnia deriva dal nome del fiume Bosna; mentre il nome di Erzegovina deriva dal titolo di "herceg", e il nome della regione significa letteralmente la "terra di erzeg" (Hercegova zemlja, Hercegovina; nome della regione che si riscontra per la prima volta nei documenti storici del 1448).
  • ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナは、東ヨーロッパのバルカン半島北西部に位置する共和制国家、地域。首都はサラエヴォ。ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ連邦とスルプスカ共和国(セルビア人共和国)のふたつの構成体からなる連邦国家である。 ほぼ三角形の国土を持ち、国境のうち北側2辺をクロアチア、南側1辺をセルビア、モンテネグロと接する。ユーゴスラビアからの独立時、独立の可否や国のあり方をめぐってボシュニャク人、クロアチア人、セルビア人がそれぞれ民族ごとに分かれてボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ紛争で戦った。
  • Bósnia e Herzegovina (ou de forma abreviada Bósnia; em servo-croata Bosna i Hercegovina ou Босна и Херцеговина) é uma república federal dos Balcãs, resultante da dissolução da Jugoslávia, limitada a norte e oeste pela Croácia, a leste e a sul pela Sérvia, e a sul pelo Montenegro, dispondo ainda de uma minúscula extensão de litoral, no Mar Adriático. Sua capital é a cidade de Sarajevo. É composta por duas entidades politicamente autónomas, a Federação da Bósnia e Herzegovina (federação croato-bosníaca) e a República Sérvia (também conhecida como República Sprska, que não deve ser confundida com a Sérvia propriamente dita).
  • Bosnien und Herzegowina ist eine Bundesrepublik in Südosteuropa. Hauptstadt und zugleich größte Stadt des Landes ist Sarajevo. Das Land grenzt im Osten an Serbien, im Südosten an Montenegro, im Norden, Westen und Südwesten an Kroatien sowie auf ca. 20 Kilometern bei Neum an das Mittelmeer. Der Staat ging aus der Republik Bosnien und Herzegowina hervor, die unmittelbar nach einem Referendum anfangs 1992 gegründet wurde und besteht seit dem Abkommen von Dayton (1995) aus zwei Entitäten, der Föderation Bosnien und Herzegowina und der Republika Srpska sowie dem Sonderverwaltungsgebiet Distrikt Brčko. Bosnien und Herzegowina ist Mitglied der CEFTA, Vereinten Nationen, der Organisation für Islamische Zusammenarbeit (Beobachterstatus), des Europarates, Teilnehmer der OSZE und des Kooperationsrates für Südosteuropa. Des Weiteren ist das Land seit 2010 offizieller Beitrittskandidat für eine NATO-Mitgliedschaft und potentieller Beitrittskandidat der EU.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo with an estimated urban population of 430,000 people. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the 20 kilometres of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the city of Neum. In the central and southern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age, during and after which it was populated by several Illyrian and Celtic civilizations. Culturally, politically, and socially, the country has one of the richest histories in the region, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries AD. They then established the first independent banate in the region, known as the Banate of Bosnia, in the early 12th century upon the arrival and convergence of peoples that would eventually come to call themselves Dobri Bošnjani ("Good Bosnians"). This evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it would remain from the mid 15th to the late 19th centuries. The Ottomans brought Islam to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country. This was followed by annexation into the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, which lasted up until World War I. In the interwar period, the country became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes - later renamed Yugoslavia. After World War II, the country was granted full republic status in a newly formed Yugoslav Federation. Following the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the country proclaimed independence in 1992, which was followed by the Bosnian War, lasting until late 1995. Today, the country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education levels and is one of the most frequently-visited countries in the region. Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural beauty and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture and the Sarajevo Film Festival and Sarajevo Jazz Festival, both the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe. The country is home to three ethnic groups or, officially, constituent peoples, a term unique for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, with Serbs second and Croats third. Regardless of ethnicity, a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina is often identified in English as a Bosnian. The terms Herzegovinian and Bosnian are maintained as a regional rather than ethnic distinction, and the region of Herzegovina has no precisely defined borders of its own. Moreover, the country was simply called "Bosnia" until the Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the nineteenth century. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is itself complex and consists of 10 federal units - cantons. The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union and has been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan at the summit in Tallinn. Additionally, the country has been a member of the Council of Europe since April 2002 and a founding member of the Mediterranean Union upon its establishment in July 2008.
  • «Bosnia» redirige aquí. Para otros usos, véase Bosnia (desambiguación). Босна и ХерцеговинаBosna i HercegovinaBosnia y Herzegovina 125x100pxBandera 100x95pxEscudo Himno: Sin nombre. Conocido como Intermeco 250x250px Capital(y ciudad más poblada) Sarajevo Idiomas oficiales Bosnio, croata y serbio ‎Gentilicio Bosnio, bosnioherzegovino Forma de gobierno República federal parlamentaria  • Alto Representante • Miembros de la presidencia •  - Miembro bosníaco •  - Miembro croata •  - Miembro serbio • Presidente del Consejo de Ministros Valentin InzkoBakir IzetbegovićŽeljko KomšićNebojša Radmanović Vjekoslav Bevanda Independencia Fecha De Yugoslavia5 de abril de 1992 Superficie Puesto 124. º  • Total 51.129 km² Fronteras 1.459 km Población total Puesto 118. º  • Total 4.025.476  • Densidad 78 hab/km² PIB Puesto 125. º  • Total US$ 31.656 millones IDH (2010) 0,710 – Alto Moneda Marco convertible Huso horario CET  • en verano CEST Código ISO 070 / BIH / BA Dominio Internet . ba Prefijo telefónico +387 Prefijo radiofónico Miembro de: ONU, OSCE, COE y CEFTA ↑ Actualmente presidente. Bosnia-Herzegovina, es un Estado soberano europeo, con capital en Sarajevo, situado en la encrucijada de Europa Central y del Sudeste Europeo, y cuyas fronteras están delimitadas con Croacia, al norte, oeste y sur; con Serbia al este; con Montenegro al este y al sur, y con el Mar Adriático al que asoma por el sur en una pequeña punta que no llega a 30 km. En 1992 la antigua República Socialista de Bosnia y Herzegovina obtuvo su independencia como República de Bosnia y Herzegovina, como una de las seis unidades federales constituyentes de la antigua Yugoslavia surgida al final de la Primera Guerra Mundial, y quedó constituida como república federal según los términos de los acuerdos de Dayton, que preveían su administración tutelada por un alto representante elegido por el Consejo de la Unión Europea. Su estructura es descentralizada y dividida en dos entidades: la Federación de Bosnia y Herzegovina y la Republika Srpska.
  • Bosnië en Herzegovina is een republiek in het zuidoosten van Europa. Het land bestaat uit de landstreken Bosnië en Herzegovina en is ontstaan bij het uiteenvallen van het voormalige Joegoslavië (sinds 5 april 1992). Het land bevindt zich op het Balkanschiereiland en grenst in het noorden en westen aan Republiek Kroatië, en in het oosten aan Servië en Montenegro. Bosnië en Herzegovina telt 4.377.033  inwoners en heeft een oppervlakte van 51.209 km². Het land wordt bijna geheel door land omgeven, behalve bij de kustplaats Neum, waar circa 21 km kustlijn is met de Adriatische Zee. De hoofdstad en de grootste stad van Bosnië en Herzegovina is Sarajevo met een inwonertal van circa 430.000. De nationale munteenheid is de Bosnische mark.
  • Bośnia i Hercegowina – państwo federacyjne w południowo-wschodniej Europie, na Półwyspie Bałkańskim, powstałe po rozpadzie Jugosławii. Graniczy od północy i południowego zachodu z Chorwacją, a z Serbią i Czarnogórą od wschodu. Składa się z dwóch organizmów: Bośniacko-Chorwackiej Federacji Bośni i Hercegowiny oraz Republiki Serbskiej.
  • У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Федерация Боснии и Герцеговины и Республика Босния и Герцеговина. Босния и ГерцеговинаBosna i HercegovinaБосна и Херцеговина Герб Боснии и Герцеговины Флаг Боснии и Герцеговины Герб Боснии и Герцеговины Координаты: 44°06′00″ с.  ш. 17°58′00″ в.  д.  / 44.1° с.  ш. 17.966667° в.  д.   44.1, 17.966667 Гимн: «Интермецо» 300px Дата независимости 5 апреля 1992 Официальные языки боснийский, хорватский, сербский Столица Сараево Крупнейшие города Сараево, Баня-Лука, Зеница, Тузла, Мостар Форма правления Мягкая Федерация Верховный представительЧлены ПрезидиумаПредседатель Совета министровПредседатель Конст. Суда Валентин ИнцкоНебойша РадмановичБакир ИзетбеговичЖелько КомшичВекослав БевандаСеада Палаврич Территория • Всего • % водной поверхн. 128-я в мире51 197 км²10 Население • Оценка• Перепись • Плотность ▼ 3 839 737 чел.4 377 033 чел.90 чел. /км² ВВП  • Итого  • На душу населения 32,59 млрд $ 7,064 $ Валюта Конвертируемая марка Интернет-домен . ba Код ISO {{#property:p297}} Телефонный код +387 Часовой пояс +1 Бо́сния и Герцегови́на (босн. и хорв. Bosna i Hercegovina, BiH, серб. Босна и Херцеговина, БиХ), полная официальная форма — Бо́сния и Герцегови́на (босн. и хорв. Bosna i Hercegovina, BiH, серб. Босна и Херцеговина, БиХ) — государство в центральной части Балканского полуострова. Фактически не существует как единое государство, а является конгломератом двух автономных административных единиц (фактически, государств) Федерации Боснии и Герцеговины и Республики Сербской, а также из округа Брчко, который не принадлежит обеим. Название страны происходит от названия реки Босна и немецкого титула «герцог», который в XV веке носил воевода Стефан Вукшич Косача. Граничит на западе и севере с Хорватией, на востоке — с Сербией, на юго-востоке — с Черногорией. Имеет небольшой выход к Адриатическому морю — около 24,5 км береговой линии.
  • Bosnien och Hercegovina eller Bosnien-Hercegovina är en förbundsrepublik i Sydeuropa på Balkanhalvön som gränsar till Kroatien, Serbien och Montenegro och som utgörs av regionerna Bosnien och Hercegovina. Landet har lite mer än 3,8 miljoner invånare, och dess huvudstad är Sarajevo. Landet befolkas av tre konstitutionella folkgrupper: bosniaker, serber och kroater. Den första bosniska statsbildningen kom till i slutet av 1100-talet under banen Kulin Ban (1180–1204) och varade fram till 1463, då osmanerna erövrade större delen av det medeltida bosniska kungariket och gjorde det till en provins i sitt imperium. 1878 ockuperade Österrike-Ungern provinsen och annekterade den 30 år senare. Efter första världskriget hamnade landet i kungariket Jugoslavien och efter andra världskriget i Socialistiska federationen Jugoslavien. Bosnien och Hercegovina förklarade sig självständigt från Jugoslavien 1992, men efter Bosnienkriget som följde på självständighetsförklaringen är landet sedan fredsavtalet i Dayton 1995 uppdelat i två administrativa entiteter och ett distrikt: Federationen Bosnien och Hercegovina, Republika Srpska och Brčko-distriktet. Enligt data från 2000 från CIA World Factbook är landets etniska uppdelning 48 % bosniaker, 37,1 % serber, 14,3 % kroater och 0,6 % övriga. Federationen BiH befolkas av cirka 73 % bosniaker, 23 % kroater och cirka 4 % serber, den andra entiteten Republika Srpska befolkas av 88 % serber, 8 % bosniaker och 2 % kroater och Brčko-distriktet av 40 % serber, 39 % bosniaker och 20 % kroater. Landet är potentiell kandidat till medlemskap i Europeiska unionen (EU) och fick i april 2010 en så kallad MAP (Membership Action Plan) av Nato, som är det sista steget innan fullvärdigt medlemskap i försvarsalliansen.
  • 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那(Bosna i Hercegovina/Босна и Херцеговина,简称波黑),是欧洲南部巴爾幹半島西部的多山國家,首都萨拉热窝。 波黑為組成原南斯拉夫的六個聯邦單位之一,于1990年代,南斯拉夫戰爭时期獨立,並且根據《岱頓協定》,它目前是國際社會的受保护地区,由歐洲議會所選出的高級代表所管理。該國在行政及管理上被分成三個實體,其一為波黑联邦(又称穆克联邦),另一為塞族共和國,2000年處於國際監護的布爾奇科市設立了特區,為波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納境內第三個政治實體——布爾奇科特區,雖然布爾奇科特區在名義上是屬於波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納的兩個政治實體——波赫聯邦以及塞族共和國——所共同治理,但是事實上該區的地位卻等同於第三個政治實體,因為該區具有等同於其他兩個政治實體的相同權力,並且直屬於波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納政府主權所管轄。 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那本身僅為歷史學上兩個地理區域名稱,時至今日在該國仍然沒有直接使用這兩個地理區域名稱所代表的政治實體存在,僅有使用種族名稱波士尼亞人跟克羅地亞人(波赫聯邦)、及塞爾維亞人(塞族共和國)所代表的政治實體存在而已。
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  • Various tourist attractions: Sarajevo, the capital and the largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Marian shrine of Međugorje; general view of Mostar ; Trebinje town and river; and the Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad.
  • Various parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina: The coast of Neum; Igman mountain with the Olympic ski jumping hills covered in snow; some landscape near Treskavica mountain and Mountain Prenj.
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  • La Bosnie-Herzégovine ou Bosnie-et-Herzégovine, en bosnien, serbe, croate, serbo-croate Bosna i Hercegovina, dans l'alphabet cyrillique serbe Босна и Херцеговина, est un État d'Europe du Sud situé dans la péninsule des Balkans. Elle est entourée de la Croatie, de la Serbie et du Monténégro, et a une petite ouverture sur la mer Adriatique.
  • La Bosnia ed Erzegovina (comunemente indicata anche come Bosnia-Erzegovina) è uno stato situato nei Balcani occidentali, che fino ad aprile 1992 faceva parte della Jugoslavia. La sua capitale è Sarajevo. Il nome Bosnia deriva dal nome del fiume Bosna; mentre il nome di Erzegovina deriva dal titolo di "herceg", e il nome della regione significa letteralmente la "terra di erzeg" (Hercegova zemlja, Hercegovina; nome della regione che si riscontra per la prima volta nei documenti storici del 1448).
  • Bósnia e Herzegovina (ou de forma abreviada Bósnia; em servo-croata Bosna i Hercegovina ou Босна и Херцеговина) é uma república federal dos Balcãs, resultante da dissolução da Jugoslávia, limitada a norte e oeste pela Croácia, a leste e a sul pela Sérvia, e a sul pelo Montenegro, dispondo ainda de uma minúscula extensão de litoral, no Mar Adriático. Sua capital é a cidade de Sarajevo.
  • ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナは、東ヨーロッパのバルカン半島北西部に位置する共和制国家、地域。首都はサラエヴォ。ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ連邦とスルプスカ共和国(セルビア人共和国)のふたつの構成体からなる連邦国家である。 ほぼ三角形の国土を持ち、国境のうち北側2辺をクロアチア、南側1辺をセルビア、モンテネグロと接する。ユーゴスラビアからの独立時、独立の可否や国のあり方をめぐってボシュニャク人、クロアチア人、セルビア人がそれぞれ民族ごとに分かれてボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ紛争で戦った。
  • Bosnien und Herzegowina ist eine Bundesrepublik in Südosteuropa. Hauptstadt und zugleich größte Stadt des Landes ist Sarajevo. Das Land grenzt im Osten an Serbien, im Südosten an Montenegro, im Norden, Westen und Südwesten an Kroatien sowie auf ca. 20 Kilometern bei Neum an das Mittelmeer.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo with an estimated urban population of 430,000 people. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the 20 kilometres of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the city of Neum.
  • «Bosnia» redirige aquí. Para otros usos, véase Bosnia (desambiguación). Босна и ХерцеговинаBosna i HercegovinaBosnia y Herzegovina 125x100pxBandera 100x95pxEscudo Himno: Sin nombre.
  • Bosnië en Herzegovina is een republiek in het zuidoosten van Europa. Het land bestaat uit de landstreken Bosnië en Herzegovina en is ontstaan bij het uiteenvallen van het voormalige Joegoslavië (sinds 5 april 1992). Het land bevindt zich op het Balkanschiereiland en grenst in het noorden en westen aan Republiek Kroatië, en in het oosten aan Servië en Montenegro. Bosnië en Herzegovina telt 4.377.033  inwoners en heeft een oppervlakte van 51.209 km².
  • Bośnia i Hercegowina – państwo federacyjne w południowo-wschodniej Europie, na Półwyspie Bałkańskim, powstałe po rozpadzie Jugosławii. Graniczy od północy i południowego zachodu z Chorwacją, a z Serbią i Czarnogórą od wschodu. Składa się z dwóch organizmów: Bośniacko-Chorwackiej Federacji Bośni i Hercegowiny oraz Republiki Serbskiej.
  • У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Федерация Боснии и Герцеговины и Республика Босния и Герцеговина. Босния и ГерцеговинаBosna i HercegovinaБосна и Херцеговина Герб Боснии и Герцеговины Флаг Боснии и Герцеговины Герб Боснии и Герцеговины Координаты: 44°06′00″ с.  ш. 17°58′00″ в.  д.  / 44.1° с.  ш. 17.966667° в.  д.
  • Bosnien och Hercegovina eller Bosnien-Hercegovina är en förbundsrepublik i Sydeuropa på Balkanhalvön som gränsar till Kroatien, Serbien och Montenegro och som utgörs av regionerna Bosnien och Hercegovina. Landet har lite mer än 3,8 miljoner invånare, och dess huvudstad är Sarajevo. Landet befolkas av tre konstitutionella folkgrupper: bosniaker, serber och kroater.
  • 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那(Bosna i Hercegovina/Босна и Херцеговина,简称波黑),是欧洲南部巴爾幹半島西部的多山國家,首都萨拉热窝。 波黑為組成原南斯拉夫的六個聯邦單位之一,于1990年代,南斯拉夫戰爭时期獨立,並且根據《岱頓協定》,它目前是國際社會的受保护地区,由歐洲議會所選出的高級代表所管理。該國在行政及管理上被分成三個實體,其一為波黑联邦(又称穆克联邦),另一為塞族共和國,2000年處於國際監護的布爾奇科市設立了特區,為波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納境內第三個政治實體——布爾奇科特區,雖然布爾奇科特區在名義上是屬於波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納的兩個政治實體——波赫聯邦以及塞族共和國——所共同治理,但是事實上該區的地位卻等同於第三個政治實體,因為該區具有等同於其他兩個政治實體的相同權力,並且直屬於波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納政府主權所管轄。 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那本身僅為歷史學上兩個地理區域名稱,時至今日在該國仍然沒有直接使用這兩個地理區域名稱所代表的政治實體存在,僅有使用種族名稱波士尼亞人跟克羅地亞人(波赫聯邦)、及塞爾維亞人(塞族共和國)所代表的政治實體存在而已。
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  • 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那
  • Bosnien und Herzegowina
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bośnia i Hercegowina
  • Босния и Герцеговина
  • ボスニア・ヘルツェゴビナ
  • Bosnie-Herzégovine
  • Bosnië en Herzegovina
  • Bósnia e Herzegovina
  • Bosnien och Hercegovina
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Bosnia ed Erzegovina
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