Birmingham (/ˈbɜːrmɪŋhæm/ BUR-ming-ham) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. The city's population was 212,237 in the 2010 United States Census. The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one quarter of Alabama's population.

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dbo:abstract
  • Birmingham (/ˈbɜːrmɪŋhæm/ BUR-ming-ham) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. The city's population was 212,237 in the 2010 United States Census. The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one quarter of Alabama's population. Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period, through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, former Elyton. It grew from there, annexing many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and railroad transportation center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry, and railroading. Birmingham was named for Birmingham, England, one of the UK's major industrial cities. Most of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry. In one writer's view, the city was planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast. From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the southern United States. The pace of Birmingham's growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames The Magic City and The Pittsburgh of the South. Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham's major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham. In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day. The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature. Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies. In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine (formerly the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947. Since that time it has also obtained a campus of the University of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham (founded circa 1969), one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System. It is also home to three private institutions: Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College, and Miles College. Between these colleges and universities, the Birmingham area has major colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, physical therapy, pharmacy, law, engineering, and nursing. The city has three of the state's five law schools: Cumberland School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, and Miles Law School. Birmingham is also the headquarters of the Southwestern Athletic Conference, and Southeastern Conference, one of the major U.S. collegiate athletic conferences. (en)
  • 25بك هذه المقالة تحتاج للمزيد من الوصلات للمقالات الأخرى للمساعدة في ترابط مقالات الموسوعة. فضلًا ساعد في تحسين هذه المقالة بإضافة وصلات إلى المقالات المتعلقة بها الموجودة في النص الحالي. (أغسطس 2016) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) برمنغهام هي مدينة في ولاية ألاباما في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. (ar)
  • Birmingham ist eine Stadt im Jefferson County im US-Bundesstaat Alabama, Vereinigte Staaten und mit 212.237 Einwohnern (Stand: Volkszählung 2010) die größte Stadt Alabamas. Die Stadtfläche beträgt 393,5 km². Birmingham ist eine Industriestadt, hauptsächlich ist die Baumwoll-, Elektro-, Zement- und chemische Industrie vertreten. (de)
  • Birmingham es la ciudad más grande del estado de Alabama en los Estados Unidos. La población de la propia ciudad es de 242.820 habitantes, pero hay más de 1.100.000 habitantes en el área metropolitana. La ciudad es relativamente joven, ya que fue fundada en 1871. Birmingham empezó como un centro industrial de los Estados Unidos donde se fabricaba acero. La región tenía todo lo que era necesario para fabricarlo, y por eso la ciudad creció muy rápidamente. Tanto que se la llegó a denominar "La Ciudad Mágica". También se la llamó muchas veces "El Pittsburgh del Sur", a causa de las historias similares de los dos ciudades industriales. Actualmente Birmingham está reconocida como una de las ciudades más importantes del sur estadounidense junto a Atlanta, Charlotte, Nashville, y Miami. Hoy en día hay cinco industrias predominantes en Birmingham: el acero, la banca, la medicina, el seguro, y la biotecnología. También Birmingham es la primera ciudad en el sur y la séptima de los Estados Unidos en cuanto a mejores oportunidades para ganar y ahorrar dinero. (es)
  • Birmingham (en anglais américain [ˈbɜrmɪŋhæm]) est la plus grande ville de l'État de l'Alabama, aux États-Unis. Elle est le siège du comté de Jefferson, mais des portions de la ville sont aussi situées dans le comté de Shelby. Fondée en 1871 après la guerre de Sécession, en tant qu'entreprise industrielle, son nom provient de Birmingham, la ville industrielle principale d'Angleterre. La commune de Birmingham avait une population de 212 237 habitants au recensement de 2010, une baisse de 12,6 % par rapport au recensement de 2000. Cependant, Birmingham est le noyau d'une aire urbaine connue sous le nom de Grand Birmingham (Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Metropolitan Statistical Area) comprenant 1 212 848 habitants, ce qui en fait la 48e aire urbaine des États-Unis. De nombreux groupes[Qui ?] ont qualifié ces dernières années la ville comme étant l'une des plus agréables à vivre dans le pays. (fr)
  • Birmingham è la città più grande dello Stato dell'Alabama ed è il capoluogo della Contea di Jefferson. Al censimento del 2010 la popolazione arrivava a 212.237 abitanti. La città costituisce il nucleo di un'area metropolitana nota come Greater Birmingham (Grande Birmingham) abitata da 1.128.047 persone, vale a dire circa un quarto dell'intera popolazione dello Stato. (it)
  • バーミングハム(Birmingham、発音:[ˈbɜːmɪŋˌhæm])はアメリカ合衆国アラバマ州の最大都市でありジェファーソン郡の郡庁所在地である。人口は2009年の推計で230,650人であるが、都市圏人口は1,212,848人に上り、全米で47番目の規模である。市名はイギリスのバーミンガム市にちなんで名付けられた。なお、バーミンハムと呼ばれることも多い。 今日、バーミングハムはアメリカ南東部における最も重要なビジネスセンターの一つであり、同時にアメリカ最大の銀行業の中心地のひとつとして発展している。 (ja)
  • Birmingham is met 228.798 (2008) inwoners de grootste stad in de Amerikaanse staat Alabama. Het is hiermee de 71e stad in de Verenigde Staten (2000). De oppervlakte bedraagt 388,1 km², waarmee het de 37e stad is. Het is echter niet de hoofdstad van Alabama, dat is Montgomery. (nl)
  • Birmingham – miasto w południowo-wschodniej części Stanów Zjednoczonych, największe miasto stanu Alabama. (pl)
  • Birmingham é a maior cidade do estado americano do Alabama. A cidade, fundada em 1871, foi palco de violentos conflitos raciais durante a década de 1960. Segundo o censo nacional de 2010, a sua população é de 212 237 habitantes, com 1,2 milhão de habitantes em sua região metropolitana. A cidade possui cerca de 108 981 residências, que resultam em uma densidade de 288,07 residências/km². Birmingham foi fundada em 1871, durante o período pós-Guerra Civil, por meio da fusão de três vilas. A cidade cresceu a partir daí, anexando muitos mais dos seus vizinhos menores e se tornando um centro de transporte industrial. Birmingham foi nomeada assim em homenagem à cidade homônima que, é localizada no Reino Unido, é uma das principais cidades industriais inglesas. Muitos — se não a maioria — dos colonos que fundaram Birmingham eram de ascendência Inglesa. Na visão de um escritor, a cidade foi planejada como um lugar onde mão de obra barata, não sindicalizados, com Afro-americanos do Alabama rural poderiam ser empregados em usinas siderúrgicas da cidade e altos-fornos, dando-lhe uma vantagem competitiva sobre cidades industriais no Centro-Oeste e Nordeste. Desde sua fundação até o final da década de 1960 , Birmingham foi um grande centro industrial. O ritmo de crescimento de Birmingham , durante o período de 1881 até 1920 garantiu à cidade os apelidos como "The Magic City" ("A Cidade Mágica") e "The Pittsburgh Of The South" ("A Pittsburg do sul"). Bem como Pittsburgh, grandes indústrias de Birmingham eram de ferro e produção de aço, além de um componente importante da indústria de ferrovias, onde trilhos e vagões foram ambos fabricados em Birmingham. Os dois centros principais de ferrovias no sul são Atlanta e Birmingham, começando na década de 1860 e continuando até aos dias de hoje. Embora a indústria de transformação mantenha uma forte presença em Birmingham, outras empresas e indústrias — telecomunicações, transporte, de energia elétrica, assistência médica, educação universitária, seguro, etc. — aumentaram em estatura. A mineração na área de Birmingham não é mais uma grande indústria, com exceção da mineração de carvão. Birmingham se classifica como um dos centros de negócios mais importantes do sudeste dos Estados Unidos e é também um dos maiores centros bancários americanos . Além disso, a área de Birmingham serve como sede para uma empresa da Fortune 500 : Regions Financial, juntamente com outras cinco empresas da Fortune 1000. Birmingham é a sede da Orquestra Sinfônica do Alabama. São naturais de Birmingham Carl Lewis e Courteney Cox Arquette, a Mônica do seriado Friends. (pt)
  • Би́рмингем (англ. Birmingham [ˈbɜrmɪŋhæm]) — крупнейший город американского штата Алабама. На 2010 год население города составляло 212 237 человека, а население агломерации — более миллиона человек. Бирмингем был основан в 1871 году, сразу после окончания Гражданской войны в США. Назван в честь британского Бирмингема, одного из главных промышленных центров Соединённого Королевства. Бирмингем находится в числе важнейших индустриальных центров американского юга. Основу промышленности Бирмингема традиционно составляет металлургия, за что город получил прозвище «Южный Питтсбург» (англ. The Pittsburgh of the South). Другое прозвище Бирмингема — «Магический город» (англ. The Magic City). (ru)
  • 伯明翰(英语:Birmingham,英语发音:/ˈbɜrmɪŋhæm/,BUR-ming-ham)是美国阿拉巴马州最大的城市,也是杰斐逊县的县治所在,其中有一部分位于谢尔比县。根据2010年的人口调查,伯明翰都会区人口为大约1,128,047,约占亚拉巴马州总人口的四分之一。伯明翰建于1871年,当时是以工业城市来建设的,有一部分参与建设伯明翰市的原住居民是英格兰裔,因此它的名字也正源自于英国主要的工业城市伯明翰。如今,伯明翰与亚特兰大、迈阿密和新奥尔良一起,都是美国东南部重要的商业中心。在内战后的重建时期,以Elyton镇为首的三个由农场组成的镇合并成了现在的伯明翰市。从Elyton镇开始,逐渐兼并了附近的几个小城镇,形成了一个以采矿业、钢铁业和铁路建设为主要行业的工业和铁路运输中心。以一个作家的观点,这个城市为了与中西部和东北部的城市竞争,它当初被设计成一个生活成本低,没有工会组织,并且来自亚拉巴马州农村的非裔美国人能够被钢厂雇佣的城市。 (zh)
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  • 25بك هذه المقالة تحتاج للمزيد من الوصلات للمقالات الأخرى للمساعدة في ترابط مقالات الموسوعة. فضلًا ساعد في تحسين هذه المقالة بإضافة وصلات إلى المقالات المتعلقة بها الموجودة في النص الحالي. (أغسطس 2016) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) برمنغهام هي مدينة في ولاية ألاباما في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. (ar)
  • Birmingham ist eine Stadt im Jefferson County im US-Bundesstaat Alabama, Vereinigte Staaten und mit 212.237 Einwohnern (Stand: Volkszählung 2010) die größte Stadt Alabamas. Die Stadtfläche beträgt 393,5 km². Birmingham ist eine Industriestadt, hauptsächlich ist die Baumwoll-, Elektro-, Zement- und chemische Industrie vertreten. (de)
  • Birmingham è la città più grande dello Stato dell'Alabama ed è il capoluogo della Contea di Jefferson. Al censimento del 2010 la popolazione arrivava a 212.237 abitanti. La città costituisce il nucleo di un'area metropolitana nota come Greater Birmingham (Grande Birmingham) abitata da 1.128.047 persone, vale a dire circa un quarto dell'intera popolazione dello Stato. (it)
  • バーミングハム(Birmingham、発音:[ˈbɜːmɪŋˌhæm])はアメリカ合衆国アラバマ州の最大都市でありジェファーソン郡の郡庁所在地である。人口は2009年の推計で230,650人であるが、都市圏人口は1,212,848人に上り、全米で47番目の規模である。市名はイギリスのバーミンガム市にちなんで名付けられた。なお、バーミンハムと呼ばれることも多い。 今日、バーミングハムはアメリカ南東部における最も重要なビジネスセンターの一つであり、同時にアメリカ最大の銀行業の中心地のひとつとして発展している。 (ja)
  • Birmingham is met 228.798 (2008) inwoners de grootste stad in de Amerikaanse staat Alabama. Het is hiermee de 71e stad in de Verenigde Staten (2000). De oppervlakte bedraagt 388,1 km², waarmee het de 37e stad is. Het is echter niet de hoofdstad van Alabama, dat is Montgomery. (nl)
  • Birmingham – miasto w południowo-wschodniej części Stanów Zjednoczonych, największe miasto stanu Alabama. (pl)
  • Би́рмингем (англ. Birmingham [ˈbɜrmɪŋhæm]) — крупнейший город американского штата Алабама. На 2010 год население города составляло 212 237 человека, а население агломерации — более миллиона человек. Бирмингем был основан в 1871 году, сразу после окончания Гражданской войны в США. Назван в честь британского Бирмингема, одного из главных промышленных центров Соединённого Королевства. Бирмингем находится в числе важнейших индустриальных центров американского юга. Основу промышленности Бирмингема традиционно составляет металлургия, за что город получил прозвище «Южный Питтсбург» (англ. The Pittsburgh of the South). Другое прозвище Бирмингема — «Магический город» (англ. The Magic City). (ru)
  • 伯明翰(英语:Birmingham,英语发音:/ˈbɜrmɪŋhæm/,BUR-ming-ham)是美国阿拉巴马州最大的城市,也是杰斐逊县的县治所在,其中有一部分位于谢尔比县。根据2010年的人口调查,伯明翰都会区人口为大约1,128,047,约占亚拉巴马州总人口的四分之一。伯明翰建于1871年,当时是以工业城市来建设的,有一部分参与建设伯明翰市的原住居民是英格兰裔,因此它的名字也正源自于英国主要的工业城市伯明翰。如今,伯明翰与亚特兰大、迈阿密和新奥尔良一起,都是美国东南部重要的商业中心。在内战后的重建时期,以Elyton镇为首的三个由农场组成的镇合并成了现在的伯明翰市。从Elyton镇开始,逐渐兼并了附近的几个小城镇,形成了一个以采矿业、钢铁业和铁路建设为主要行业的工业和铁路运输中心。以一个作家的观点,这个城市为了与中西部和东北部的城市竞争,它当初被设计成一个生活成本低,没有工会组织,并且来自亚拉巴马州农村的非裔美国人能够被钢厂雇佣的城市。 (zh)
  • Birmingham (/ˈbɜːrmɪŋhæm/ BUR-ming-ham) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. The city's population was 212,237 in the 2010 United States Census. The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one quarter of Alabama's population. (en)
  • Birmingham es la ciudad más grande del estado de Alabama en los Estados Unidos. La población de la propia ciudad es de 242.820 habitantes, pero hay más de 1.100.000 habitantes en el área metropolitana. La ciudad es relativamente joven, ya que fue fundada en 1871. (es)
  • Birmingham (en anglais américain [ˈbɜrmɪŋhæm]) est la plus grande ville de l'État de l'Alabama, aux États-Unis. Elle est le siège du comté de Jefferson, mais des portions de la ville sont aussi situées dans le comté de Shelby. Fondée en 1871 après la guerre de Sécession, en tant qu'entreprise industrielle, son nom provient de Birmingham, la ville industrielle principale d'Angleterre. (fr)
  • Birmingham é a maior cidade do estado americano do Alabama. A cidade, fundada em 1871, foi palco de violentos conflitos raciais durante a década de 1960. Segundo o censo nacional de 2010, a sua população é de 212 237 habitantes, com 1,2 milhão de habitantes em sua região metropolitana. A cidade possui cerca de 108 981 residências, que resultam em uma densidade de 288,07 residências/km². Birmingham é a sede da Orquestra Sinfônica do Alabama. São naturais de Birmingham Carl Lewis e Courteney Cox Arquette, a Mônica do seriado Friends. (pt)
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  • Birmingham, Alabama (en)
  • برمنغهام (ألاباما) (ar)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (de)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (es)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (fr)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (it)
  • バーミングハム (アラバマ州) (ja)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (nl)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (pl)
  • Birmingham (Alabama) (pt)
  • Бирмингем (Алабама) (ru)
  • 伯明翰 (阿拉巴马州) (zh)
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