Bihar (/bɨˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) and 3rd largest by population. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east.

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  • بيهار أو بِهَار (بالهندية: बिहार) هي واحدة من ولايات الهند. تقع في الجزء الشرقي من البلاد، وعاصمتها باتنا. تقع شمالها جمهورية النيبال. وتحيط بها ولايات الهند الأخرى: أوتار برادش من الغرب، وجهاركاند من الجنوب، وغرب البنغال شرقاً. ثقافياً تعتبر جزء من المنطقة المتحدثة باللغة الهندية في بلاد الهند. بيهار هي أيضاً المكان الذي ولد فيه أول رئيس للهند وهو ريجندرا براساد. عدد سكانها 82878796 نسمة (ثالث أكبر ولايات الهند)، ومساحتها 94164 كم2.
  • Bihar (/bɨˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) and 3rd largest by population. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east. Bihar has forest area of 6,764.14 km2, which is 7.2% of its geographical area. In 2000, Bihar was subdivided, the southern part becoming the state of Jharkhand. Close to 85% of the population lives in villages. Almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, which is the highest proportion in India.Ancient Bihar was a centre of power, learning and culture in ancient and classical India. From Magadha arose India's first and greatest empire, the Maurya empire as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Its capital Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important centre of Indian civilization. Close to Patna, Nalanda and Vikramshila were centres of learning established in the 5th and 8th century respectively in Bihar, and are counted as one of the oldest international universities of the time.Since the late 1970s, Bihar lagged behind other Indian states in social and economic development terms. Economists and social scientists claimed that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the Freight equalization policy, its apathy towards Bihar, lack of Bihari sub-nationalism (resulting in no spokesperson for the state), and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. The state government has however made significant strides in developing the state. The improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a diminution in crime and corruption. Indian Global business and economic leaders feel that Bihar now has good opportunity to sustain its growth and thus they have shown interest in investing in the state. Additionally, for the period 2011–2012, Bihar was also India's fastest growing state, with a growth rate of 13.1% for the year 2011–12, which had followed a growth rate of 14.8% for the previous year. Bihar has managed to record 11.95% annual growth rate, the highest among all the states, during the 11th Plan period.Indians of Bihari origins are commonly found in the Indian Diaspora, most notably in Mauritius where 64% of the population is of Bihari origins due to the massive influx of Indentured Labourers brought to the island by the British Administration at the end of the 19th Century
  • Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Bihār [bɪˈhɑːr]) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 94.163 km² und rund 104 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Seine Hauptstadt ist Patna, das antike Pataliputra. Bihar gilt als ärmster und zugleich einer der instabilsten Bundesstaaten Indiens.
  • Bihar es un estado situado en la zona este de la India. Su capital y ciudad más importante es Patna. El nombre Bihar es una corrupción de vihāra que significa ‘refugio’ o 'morada' , y por extensión ‘monasterio budista’.Al Norte tiene frontera con la República de Nepal.Limita al Oeste, al Sur y al Este con los estados indios de Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand y Bengala Occidental respectivamente.Bihar está situada en las fértiles llanuras del Ganges y es parte del corazón de habla hindi.
  • Le Bihar (bengali : বিহার, hindi : बिहार) est un État du nord de l'Inde. Situé dans l'est de la plaine indo-gangétique, le Bihar est un État très densément peuplé (104 millions d'habitants sur 94 163 km2) et encore peu développé sur le plan économique. Région d'origine du bouddhisme, son nom provient de vihara.
  • Bihar (hindi: बिहार, bihār, pronuncia [bɪˈhɑːr]), è uno stato dell'India nord-orientale.
  • ビハール州(英語:Bihār 、ヒンディー語:बिहार、ウルドゥー語:بہار)は、インドを構成する州の一つ。州都はパトナ(古都パータリプトラ)。
  • Bihar (बिहार) is een deelstaat van India. De staat ligt in het oostelijke deel van het land. De hoofdstad van Bihar is Patna en de staat heeft 82.998.509 (2001) inwoners. .
  • Bihar ou Biar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار ) é um estado da Índia localizado a leste do país. Bihar é o 12º maior estado em termos de área geográfica, com 99.200 km² e o 3º em população. Perto de 85% da população vive no campo rural. Cerca de 58% dos biharis têm menos de 25 anos, sendo a maior precentagem do país. Além da fronteira com o Nepal, a norte, tem limites com os Estados de Bengala Ocidental a leste, Jharkhand a sul e Uttar Pradesh a oeste. Sua capital é Patna. É uma província da Índia desde 15 de Agosto de 1947, tendo sido elevado a estado em 26 de Janeiro de 1950.Culturalmente, é uma parte do coração Hindu da Índia. Bihar é também o berço do primeiro presidente da Índia, Rajendra Prasad, e de alguns lendários líderes independentistas tais como swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Nitin Varma, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan , sri Krishna Sinha e Maulana Mazharul Haque.== Referências ==
  • Bihar (hindi बिहार, trb.: Bihar, trl.: Bihār; ang. Bihar) – stan w północno-wschodnich Indiach ze stolicą w Patnie.Bihar graniczy na północy z Nepalem. Na zachodzie ze stanem Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand na południu i z Bengalem Zachodnim na wschodzie. Stan jest położony na żyznej równinie Gangesu. Jest to trzeci pod względem liczby ludności stan indyjski.
  • 比哈尔邦(印地语:बिहार,乌尔都语:بہار‎,拉丁字母转写:Bihar)是印度东北的一个邦,传说是佛教的起源地。在该邦的官方语言中,使用的比哈尔语种类有印度斯坦语(即印地语和乌尔都语)、昂加语(Angika)、博杰普尔语、摩揭陀語以及迈蒂利语。華氏城與王舍城,菩提伽耶是印度佛教的重要地方。值得一提的是,這裡是全印度婆羅門與賤民互鬥最嚴重的地方。恆河橫貫比哈爾邦邦境。南部為拉杰默哈爾丘陵。邦議會為325名議員組成。為主要礦產地,產雲母、煤、銅。農業產品有稻米、甘蔗、油籽、黃麻、玉蜀黍及小麥。工業產品有鋼鐵、機床工具、水泥、電機、化學肥料及紙張。
  • Биха́р (хинди बिहार; англ. Bihar) — штат на востоке Индии. Столица и крупнейший город — Патна. Граничит с Непалом (на севере), штатами: Джаркханд (на юге), Уттар-Прадеш (на западе) и Западная Бенгалия (на востоке).
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  • بيهار أو بِهَار (بالهندية: बिहार) هي واحدة من ولايات الهند. تقع في الجزء الشرقي من البلاد، وعاصمتها باتنا. تقع شمالها جمهورية النيبال. وتحيط بها ولايات الهند الأخرى: أوتار برادش من الغرب، وجهاركاند من الجنوب، وغرب البنغال شرقاً. ثقافياً تعتبر جزء من المنطقة المتحدثة باللغة الهندية في بلاد الهند. بيهار هي أيضاً المكان الذي ولد فيه أول رئيس للهند وهو ريجندرا براساد. عدد سكانها 82878796 نسمة (ثالث أكبر ولايات الهند)، ومساحتها 94164 كم2.
  • Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Bihār [bɪˈhɑːr]) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 94.163 km² und rund 104 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Seine Hauptstadt ist Patna, das antike Pataliputra. Bihar gilt als ärmster und zugleich einer der instabilsten Bundesstaaten Indiens.
  • Bihar es un estado situado en la zona este de la India. Su capital y ciudad más importante es Patna. El nombre Bihar es una corrupción de vihāra que significa ‘refugio’ o 'morada' , y por extensión ‘monasterio budista’.Al Norte tiene frontera con la República de Nepal.Limita al Oeste, al Sur y al Este con los estados indios de Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand y Bengala Occidental respectivamente.Bihar está situada en las fértiles llanuras del Ganges y es parte del corazón de habla hindi.
  • Le Bihar (bengali : বিহার, hindi : बिहार) est un État du nord de l'Inde. Situé dans l'est de la plaine indo-gangétique, le Bihar est un État très densément peuplé (104 millions d'habitants sur 94 163 km2) et encore peu développé sur le plan économique. Région d'origine du bouddhisme, son nom provient de vihara.
  • Bihar (hindi: बिहार, bihār, pronuncia [bɪˈhɑːr]), è uno stato dell'India nord-orientale.
  • ビハール州(英語:Bihār 、ヒンディー語:बिहार、ウルドゥー語:بہار)は、インドを構成する州の一つ。州都はパトナ(古都パータリプトラ)。
  • Bihar (बिहार) is een deelstaat van India. De staat ligt in het oostelijke deel van het land. De hoofdstad van Bihar is Patna en de staat heeft 82.998.509 (2001) inwoners. .
  • Bihar (hindi बिहार, trb.: Bihar, trl.: Bihār; ang. Bihar) – stan w północno-wschodnich Indiach ze stolicą w Patnie.Bihar graniczy na północy z Nepalem. Na zachodzie ze stanem Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand na południu i z Bengalem Zachodnim na wschodzie. Stan jest położony na żyznej równinie Gangesu. Jest to trzeci pod względem liczby ludności stan indyjski.
  • 比哈尔邦(印地语:बिहार,乌尔都语:بہار‎,拉丁字母转写:Bihar)是印度东北的一个邦,传说是佛教的起源地。在该邦的官方语言中,使用的比哈尔语种类有印度斯坦语(即印地语和乌尔都语)、昂加语(Angika)、博杰普尔语、摩揭陀語以及迈蒂利语。華氏城與王舍城,菩提伽耶是印度佛教的重要地方。值得一提的是,這裡是全印度婆羅門與賤民互鬥最嚴重的地方。恆河橫貫比哈爾邦邦境。南部為拉杰默哈爾丘陵。邦議會為325名議員組成。為主要礦產地,產雲母、煤、銅。農業產品有稻米、甘蔗、油籽、黃麻、玉蜀黍及小麥。工業產品有鋼鐵、機床工具、水泥、電機、化學肥料及紙張。
  • Биха́р (хинди बिहार; англ. Bihar) — штат на востоке Индии. Столица и крупнейший город — Патна. Граничит с Непалом (на севере), штатами: Джаркханд (на юге), Уттар-Прадеш (на западе) и Западная Бенгалия (на востоке).
  • Bihar (/bɨˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) and 3rd largest by population. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east.
  • Bihar ou Biar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار ) é um estado da Índia localizado a leste do país. Bihar é o 12º maior estado em termos de área geográfica, com 99.200 km² e o 3º em população. Perto de 85% da população vive no campo rural. Cerca de 58% dos biharis têm menos de 25 anos, sendo a maior precentagem do país. Além da fronteira com o Nepal, a norte, tem limites com os Estados de Bengala Ocidental a leste, Jharkhand a sul e Uttar Pradesh a oeste. Sua capital é Patna.
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