Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British Conservative politician, writer and aristocrat who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad outreach.

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  • Benjamin Disraeli (* 21. Dezember 1804 in London; † 19. April 1881 in Mayfair), 1. Earl of Beaconsfield seit 1876, war ein konservativer britischer Staatsmann und erfolgreicher Romanschriftsteller. Zwei Mal, 1868 und 1874 bis 1880 bekleidete er das Amt des britischen Premierministers.
  • Benjamin Disraeli (21 décembre 1804 - 19 avril 1881) est un homme politique et auteur britannique, nommé deux fois premier ministre du Royaume-Uni. Il joue un rôle central dans la création du parti conservateur moderne dont il formalise la doctrine. Par sa grande influence sur la politique étrangère, il a associé les conservateurs à la gloire et à la puissance de l'Empire britannique.Né à Londres dans une famille juive, Benjamin Disraeli est élevé dans la foi anglicane car son père est en conflit avec sa synagogue. Il entame une carrière d'avocat mais se tourne vers la politique dans les années 1830 et est élu à la chambre des Communes comme député de Maidstone en 1837. Lorsque les conservateurs prennent le pouvoir en 1841, Disraeli n'intégre pas le gouvernement du premier ministre Robert Peel. Cinq ans plus tard, Peel divise le parti en demandant l'abrogation des Corn Laws qui limitaient les importations de céréales : il est violemment attaqué par Disraeli. Peu de notables conservateurs rompent avec Peel, et Disraeli devient alors une figure importante du parti même si beaucoup se méfient de lui. Il est trois fois chancelier de l'Échiquier et leader de la chambre des Communes au sein des cabinets de Lord Derby dans les années 1850 et 1860. Il développe à cette période une forte rivalité avec le libéral William Ewart Gladstone.Lorsque Derby démissionne pour des raisons de santé en février 1868, Disraeli devient premier ministre mais perd les élections à la fin de l'année. Il représente alors l'Opposition avant de mener son parti à la victoire en 1874. Il développe une forte amitié avec la reine Victoria qui le fait comte de Beaconsfield en 1876. Le second mandat de Disraeli est dominé par la Question d'Orient, désignant le déclin de l'Empire ottoman et les actions des autres pays européens, notamment la Russie, pour en profiter. Il pousse ainsi les intérêts britanniques à prendre des parts dans la compagnie du canal de Suez en Égypte ottomane. En 1878, devant les victoires russes contre les Ottomans, Disraeli mène la délégation britannique au congrès de Berlin et négocie des termes favorables au Royaume-Uni.Même si Disraeli est félicité pour ses actions à Berlin, d'autres événements affectent le soutien à son gouvernement : les guerres en Afghanistan et en Afrique du Sud sont critiquées, et il irrite les agriculteurs britanniques en refusant de rétablir les Corn Laws. Gladstone mène une campagne efficace et le parti libéral remporte les élections de 1880.Auteur de plusieurs romans depuis 1826, Benjamin Disraeli publie sa dernière œuvre, Endymion, peu avant sa mort à l'âge de 76 ans.
  • بينجامين دزرائيلي (بالإنجليزية: Benjamin Disraeli) سياسي بريطاني (21 ديسمبر 1804-19 أبريل 1881). تولى رئاسة الوزارة في بريطانيا مرتين: من 27 فبراير إلى 1 ديسمبر 1868. من 20 فبراير 1874 إلى 21 أبريل 1880.بنجامين دزرائيلي Benjamin Disraeli (و.(1881 - 1804 هو لورد بيكونسفيلد السياسي البريطاني، وزعيم حزب المحافظين، ورئيس وزراء بريطانيا.
  • Ha fatto parte del Partito Conservatore ed è stato Primo ministro del Regno Unito due volte: dal 27 febbraio al 3 dicembre 1868 e dal 20 febbraio 1874 al 23 aprile 1880.Pur distinguendosi per essere uno dei principali protezionisti del partito conservatore dopo il 1844, le relazioni di Disraeli con altre importanti figure del suo partito, in particolare con lord Derby, furono il frutto particolare che lo portò a tanta fama. Dal 1852, inoltre, la carriera di Disraeli venne contraddistinta dalla sua marcata rivalità con William Ewart Gladstone per la guida del Partito Liberale. In questa faida, Disraeli venne supportato dalla sua grande amicizia con la regina Vittoria. Nel 1876 Disraeli venne elevato al rango di conte di Beaconsfield dopo quarant'anni di onorato servizio alla Camera dei Comuni.Prima e durante la sua carriera politica, Disraeli era ben conosciuto per essere una figura sociale e letteraria di fama anche se generalmente le sue novelle non sono riconosciute come una grande opera del periodo vittoriano. Egli scrisse prevalentemente romanzi dei quali "Sybil" e "Vivian Grey" sono ancora oggi i più conosciuti.
  • 初代ビーコンズフィールド伯爵、ベンジャミン・ディズレーリ(英: Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS、1804年12月21日 - 1881年4月19日)はイギリスの政治家、小説家、貴族。ユダヤ人でありながら保守党内で上り詰めることに成功し、ダービー伯爵退任後に代わって保守党首となり、二期にわたって首相(在任:1868年、1874年 - 1880年)を務めた。庶民院の過半数を得られていなかった第一次内閣は短命の選挙管理内閣に終わったが、庶民院の過半数を制していた第二次内閣は「トーリー・デモクラシー(Tory democracy)」と呼ばれる一連の社会政策の内政と帝国主義の外交を行って活躍した。自由党のウィリアム・グラッドストンと並んでヴィクトリア朝の政党政治を代表する人物である。また、小説家としても活躍した。野党期の1881年に死去し、以降ソールズベリー侯爵が代わって保守党を指導していく。
  • Benjamin Disraeli (Londen, 21 december 1804 – Mayfair, 19 april 1881) was een Britse staatsman van conservatieven huize en de belangrijkste politieke rivaal van William Ewart Gladstone. Hij was tweemaal premier, in 1868 en van 1874-1880. Vóór zijn politieke carrière schreef hij een aantal romans, waarvan er enkele aanzienlijke populariteit bereikten, onder meer de autobiografische roman Vivian Grey (1826), de politieke sleutelroman Coningsby (1844), en de tendensroman Sybil, or The Two Nations (1845) over de slechte sociale omstandigheden van de werkende klasse in Engeland.Benjamin Disraeli werd in 1876 tot graaf van Beaconsfield en burggraaf Hughenden (Earl of Beaconsfield and Viscount Hughenden) verheven. In 1878 werd hij tot ridder in de Orde van de Kousenband benoemd.Hij was het tweede kind van de letterkundige Isaac D'Israeli. Hij redigeerde een heruitgave in zes banden van een groot deel van de werken van zijn vader.
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1. hrabia Beaconsfield KG (ur. 21 grudnia 1804 w Londynie jako Benjamin D'Israeli, zm. 19 kwietnia 1881 tamże) – brytyjski polityk należący do Partii Konserwatywnej, premier Wielkiej Brytanii (w latach 1868 i 1874-1880). Jego pierwsza kadencja była krótka, natomiast podczas drugiej kadencji znacznie umocnił swoją pozycję i wprowadził wiele znaczących reform. Prowadził imperialistyczną politykę zagraniczną, wykupując większość udziałów w Kanale Sueskim i doprowadzając do objęcia bezpośredniej władzy nad Indiami przez królową Wiktorię. W 1876 r. za swoje zasługi otrzymał tytuł 1. hrabiego Beaconsfield.Był pierwszym i, jak do tej pory, jedynym premierem Wielkiej Brytanii pochodzenia żydowskiego. Zyskał rozgłos także jako autor wielu powieści, m.in. Vivian Grey (1827) i Sybilla (1845).
  • Бе́нджамин Дизраэ́ли (с 1876 года граф Би́консфилд; англ. Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield,; 21 декабря 1804, Лондон — 19 апреля 1881, там же) — английский государственный деятель Консервативной партии Великобритании, 40-й и 42-й премьер-министр Великобритании в 1868, и с 1874 по 1880 гг., член палаты лордов с 1876 года, писатель, один из представителей «социального романа».
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1.º Conde de Beaconsfield KG, PC, FRS (Londres, 21 de dezembro de 1804 – Londres, 19 de abril de 1881) foi um político Conservador britânico, escritor, aristocrata e Primeiro-Ministro do Reino Unido em duas ocasiões. Ele teve papel central na criação do Partido Conservador moderno, definindo suas políticas e ampla divulgação. Disraeli é mais lembrado por sua influência em assuntos internacionais, suas batalhas políticas com William Ewart Gladstone, líder do Partido Liberal, e seu conservadorismo. Ele fez com que seu partido ficasse mais identificado com a glória e poder do Império Britânico.Disraeli nasceu em Londres. Seu pai deixou o judaísmo depois de uma disputa com a sinagoga e o jovem Disraeli converteu-se ao anglicanismo com 12 anos. Depois de várias tentativas mal-sucedidas, ele entrou na Câmara dos Comuns em 1837. Quando os Conservadores chegaram ao poder em 1841, o primeiro-ministro Sir Robert Peel não deu a Disraeli um cargo. Peel brigou com o partido em 1846 sobre sua proposta para repelir as Leis dos Grãos, que colocava um imposto nos grãos importados. Disraeli atacou Peel pesadamente nos comuns. Os Conservadores que brigaram com Peel eram importantes no parlamento e Disraeli tornou-se uma figura importante no partido, apesar de muitos não serem a favor dele. Quando Edward Smith-Stanley, 14.º Conde de Derby, líder do partido, formou três governos nas décadas de 1850 e 1860, Disraeli serviu como Chanceler do Tesouro e Líder da Câmara dos Comuns. Ele também criou uma rivalidade com William Ewart Gladstone, líder do Partido Liberal.Depois de Derby se aposentar em 1868 por motivos de saúde, Disraeli brevemente foi primeiro-ministro antes de perder as eleições daquele ano. Ele voltou para a oposição antes de levar o partido a uma grande vitória nas eleições de 1874. Manteve uma relação próxima com a rainha Vitória, que lhe criou em 1876 o título de Conde de Beaconsfield. Seu segundo mandato foi dominado pela Questão Oriental – o lento declínio do Império Otomano e o desejo de certos países, como a Rússia, de ganhar as custas. Disraeli negociou a compra britânica de parte da Companhia do Canal de Suez. Com vitórias russas sobre os otomanos em 1878, ele trabalhou no Congresso de Berlim para manter a paz nos Balcãs e criar termos favoráveis ao Reino Unido enfraquecendo a Rússia. Sua vitória diplomática o estabeleceu como um dos maiores estadistas da Europa.Eventos mundiais conspiraram contra os conservadores. Guerras no Afeganistão e na África do Sul minaram seu apoio público. Ele enfureceu fazendeiros britânicos ao reinstituir a Lei dos Grãos em respostas às colheitas ruins e os grãos americanos baratos. Com Gladstone realizando uma grande campanha de discursos, com seus liberais ganhando dos conservadores de Disraeli na eleição de 1880. Ele liderou os conservadores em sua oposição durante seus últimos anos. Ele escreveu romances durante toda sua carreira começando em 1826, com seu último, Endymion, sendo publicado pouco antes de sua morte.
  • 第一代比肯斯菲爾德伯爵本傑明·迪斯雷利,KG,PC,FRS(英语:Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield,1804年12月21日-1881年4月19日),英国保守党政治家、作家和贵族,曾两次担任首相。他在保守党的现代化过程之中扮演了中心角色,因为他确立了它的政策,建立了它和民众之间广阔的接触范围。迪斯雷利为人铭记,不但是因为他的声音在国际事务中极具分量,也是因为他曾经和自由党代表人威廉·尤尔特·格莱斯顿展开政治斗争、提出了一国保守主义或“托利党民主主义”。因为他的政策,世人将保守党和大英帝国的荣誉与力量联系在一起。时至今日,他仍然是唯一一位犹太裔英国首相。迪斯雷利生于伦敦。他的父亲和教友发生争执后脱离犹太教。迪斯雷利也在12岁时受洗为圣公宗教徒。1837年,迪斯雷利在遭遇多次失败后,成功入选下议院。1841年,保守党上台执政,但是,新任首相罗伯特·皮尔爵士没有赋予迪斯雷利任何职位。1846年,皮尔提出废除谷物法,取消针对入口谷物的关税,遭到部分保守党党员反对,他因此带领追随者与保守党决裂。迪斯雷利在下议院猛烈批评皮尔。皮尔派脱离保守党后,保守党在议会内只余下几个有资历的党员,因此,迪斯雷利成为了保守党的重要人物,不过,不少人仍然厌恶迪斯雷利。德比勋爵在19世纪50、60年代曾三次组成政府,在他执政期间,迪斯雷利曾经担任财政大臣和下议院领袖。他也在这段时间里,和自由党的威廉·尤尔特·格莱斯顿结为仇敌。1868年,德比因病退休,迪斯雷利继任为首相,不过很快就因为败选下台。他此后一直充任反对党成员,直到保守党在1874年取得多数议席为止。他是维多利亚女王的好友,1876年获女王册封为比肯斯菲爾德伯爵。迪斯雷利在第二个任期内,将集中力放在由于奥斯曼帝国缓慢衰落而引起的近东问题上面。迪斯雷利设法大量购入苏伊士运河公司的股票。1878年,他带领英国代表团在俄国战胜奥斯曼后参与柏林会议,成功制造了有利于英国的局面。他的对俄外交胜利使他跻身欧洲出色政治家的行列。虽然,公众欣赏迪斯雷利在柏林展现出的外交手腕,但是,往后的形势逐渐变得不利于保守党。阿富汗和南非的战事令他失去不少公众支持。他不愿在农业歉收、廉价美国谷物入侵的情况下恢复谷物法,触怒了英国农民。而格莱斯顿则发起了大规模的宣传,最终带领自由党在1880年大选中击败了保守党。迪斯雷利在此后的几个月里,一直带领保守党充任反对党。他在1826年以后都有创作小说。他在出版了最后一部已完成小说《恩迪弥翁》之后,就以76岁之龄病逝。
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British Conservative politician, writer and aristocrat who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad outreach. Disraeli is remembered for his influential voice in world affairs, his political battles with the Liberal leader William Ewart Gladstone, and his one-nation conservatism or "Tory democracy". He made the Conservatives the party most identified with the glory and power of the British Empire. He is, at 2015, the only British Prime Minister of Jewish birth.Disraeli was born in London. His father left Judaism after a dispute at his synagogue; young Benjamin became an Anglican at age 12. After several unsuccessful attempts, Disraeli entered the House of Commons in 1837. When the Conservatives gained power in 1841, Disraeli was given no office by the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel. In 1846, Peel split the party over his proposal to repeal the Corn Laws, which imposed a tariff on imported grain. Disraeli clashed with Peel in the Commons. The Conservatives who split from Peel had few who were adept in Parliament, and Disraeli became a major figure in the party, though many in it did not favour him. When Lord Derby, the party leader, thrice formed governments in the 1850s and 1860s, Disraeli served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons. He also forged a bitter rivalry with the Liberal Party's William Ewart Gladstone.Upon Derby's retirement due to ill health in 1868, Disraeli became Prime Minister briefly before losing that year's election. He returned to opposition, before leading the party to a majority in the 1874 election. He maintained a close friendship with Queen Victoria, who in 1876 created him Earl of Beaconsfield. Disraeli's second term was dominated by the Eastern Question—the slow decay of the Ottoman Empire and the desire of other countries, such as Russia, to gain at its expense. Disraeli arranged for the British to purchase a major interest in the Suez Canal Company (in Ottoman-controlled Egypt). In 1878, faced with Russian victories against the Ottomans, he worked at the Congress of Berlin to maintain peace in the Balkans and made terms favourable to Britain which weakened Russia, its longstanding enemy. This diplomatic victory over Russia established Disraeli as one of Europe's leading statesmen.World events thereafter moved against the Conservatives. Controversial wars in Afghanistan and South Africa undermined his public support. He angered British farmers by refusing to reinstitute the Corn Laws in response to poor harvests and cheap American grain. With Gladstone conducting a massive speaking campaign, his Liberals bested Disraeli's Conservatives in the 1880 election. In his final months, Disraeli led the Conservatives in opposition. He had throughout his career written novels, beginning in 1826, and he published his last completed novel, Endymion, shortly before he died at the age of 76.
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  • Benjamin Disraeli (* 21. Dezember 1804 in London; † 19. April 1881 in Mayfair), 1. Earl of Beaconsfield seit 1876, war ein konservativer britischer Staatsmann und erfolgreicher Romanschriftsteller. Zwei Mal, 1868 und 1874 bis 1880 bekleidete er das Amt des britischen Premierministers.
  • بينجامين دزرائيلي (بالإنجليزية: Benjamin Disraeli) سياسي بريطاني (21 ديسمبر 1804-19 أبريل 1881). تولى رئاسة الوزارة في بريطانيا مرتين: من 27 فبراير إلى 1 ديسمبر 1868. من 20 فبراير 1874 إلى 21 أبريل 1880.بنجامين دزرائيلي Benjamin Disraeli (و.(1881 - 1804 هو لورد بيكونسفيلد السياسي البريطاني، وزعيم حزب المحافظين، ورئيس وزراء بريطانيا.
  • 初代ビーコンズフィールド伯爵、ベンジャミン・ディズレーリ(英: Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS、1804年12月21日 - 1881年4月19日)はイギリスの政治家、小説家、貴族。ユダヤ人でありながら保守党内で上り詰めることに成功し、ダービー伯爵退任後に代わって保守党首となり、二期にわたって首相(在任:1868年、1874年 - 1880年)を務めた。庶民院の過半数を得られていなかった第一次内閣は短命の選挙管理内閣に終わったが、庶民院の過半数を制していた第二次内閣は「トーリー・デモクラシー(Tory democracy)」と呼ばれる一連の社会政策の内政と帝国主義の外交を行って活躍した。自由党のウィリアム・グラッドストンと並んでヴィクトリア朝の政党政治を代表する人物である。また、小説家としても活躍した。野党期の1881年に死去し、以降ソールズベリー侯爵が代わって保守党を指導していく。
  • Бе́нджамин Дизраэ́ли (с 1876 года граф Би́консфилд; англ. Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield,; 21 декабря 1804, Лондон — 19 апреля 1881, там же) — английский государственный деятель Консервативной партии Великобритании, 40-й и 42-й премьер-министр Великобритании в 1868, и с 1874 по 1880 гг., член палаты лордов с 1876 года, писатель, один из представителей «социального романа».
  • 第一代比肯斯菲爾德伯爵本傑明·迪斯雷利,KG,PC,FRS(英语:Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield,1804年12月21日-1881年4月19日),英国保守党政治家、作家和贵族,曾两次担任首相。他在保守党的现代化过程之中扮演了中心角色,因为他确立了它的政策,建立了它和民众之间广阔的接触范围。迪斯雷利为人铭记,不但是因为他的声音在国际事务中极具分量,也是因为他曾经和自由党代表人威廉·尤尔特·格莱斯顿展开政治斗争、提出了一国保守主义或“托利党民主主义”。因为他的政策,世人将保守党和大英帝国的荣誉与力量联系在一起。时至今日,他仍然是唯一一位犹太裔英国首相。迪斯雷利生于伦敦。他的父亲和教友发生争执后脱离犹太教。迪斯雷利也在12岁时受洗为圣公宗教徒。1837年,迪斯雷利在遭遇多次失败后,成功入选下议院。1841年,保守党上台执政,但是,新任首相罗伯特·皮尔爵士没有赋予迪斯雷利任何职位。1846年,皮尔提出废除谷物法,取消针对入口谷物的关税,遭到部分保守党党员反对,他因此带领追随者与保守党决裂。迪斯雷利在下议院猛烈批评皮尔。皮尔派脱离保守党后,保守党在议会内只余下几个有资历的党员,因此,迪斯雷利成为了保守党的重要人物,不过,不少人仍然厌恶迪斯雷利。德比勋爵在19世纪50、60年代曾三次组成政府,在他执政期间,迪斯雷利曾经担任财政大臣和下议院领袖。他也在这段时间里,和自由党的威廉·尤尔特·格莱斯顿结为仇敌。1868年,德比因病退休,迪斯雷利继任为首相,不过很快就因为败选下台。他此后一直充任反对党成员,直到保守党在1874年取得多数议席为止。他是维多利亚女王的好友,1876年获女王册封为比肯斯菲爾德伯爵。迪斯雷利在第二个任期内,将集中力放在由于奥斯曼帝国缓慢衰落而引起的近东问题上面。迪斯雷利设法大量购入苏伊士运河公司的股票。1878年,他带领英国代表团在俄国战胜奥斯曼后参与柏林会议,成功制造了有利于英国的局面。他的对俄外交胜利使他跻身欧洲出色政治家的行列。虽然,公众欣赏迪斯雷利在柏林展现出的外交手腕,但是,往后的形势逐渐变得不利于保守党。阿富汗和南非的战事令他失去不少公众支持。他不愿在农业歉收、廉价美国谷物入侵的情况下恢复谷物法,触怒了英国农民。而格莱斯顿则发起了大规模的宣传,最终带领自由党在1880年大选中击败了保守党。迪斯雷利在此后的几个月里,一直带领保守党充任反对党。他在1826年以后都有创作小说。他在出版了最后一部已完成小说《恩迪弥翁》之后,就以76岁之龄病逝。
  • Benjamin Disraeli (21 décembre 1804 - 19 avril 1881) est un homme politique et auteur britannique, nommé deux fois premier ministre du Royaume-Uni. Il joue un rôle central dans la création du parti conservateur moderne dont il formalise la doctrine.
  • Ha fatto parte del Partito Conservatore ed è stato Primo ministro del Regno Unito due volte: dal 27 febbraio al 3 dicembre 1868 e dal 20 febbraio 1874 al 23 aprile 1880.Pur distinguendosi per essere uno dei principali protezionisti del partito conservatore dopo il 1844, le relazioni di Disraeli con altre importanti figure del suo partito, in particolare con lord Derby, furono il frutto particolare che lo portò a tanta fama.
  • Benjamin Disraeli (Londen, 21 december 1804 – Mayfair, 19 april 1881) was een Britse staatsman van conservatieven huize en de belangrijkste politieke rivaal van William Ewart Gladstone. Hij was tweemaal premier, in 1868 en van 1874-1880.
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1. hrabia Beaconsfield KG (ur. 21 grudnia 1804 w Londynie jako Benjamin D'Israeli, zm. 19 kwietnia 1881 tamże) – brytyjski polityk należący do Partii Konserwatywnej, premier Wielkiej Brytanii (w latach 1868 i 1874-1880). Jego pierwsza kadencja była krótka, natomiast podczas drugiej kadencji znacznie umocnił swoją pozycję i wprowadził wiele znaczących reform.
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1.º Conde de Beaconsfield KG, PC, FRS (Londres, 21 de dezembro de 1804 – Londres, 19 de abril de 1881) foi um político Conservador britânico, escritor, aristocrata e Primeiro-Ministro do Reino Unido em duas ocasiões. Ele teve papel central na criação do Partido Conservador moderno, definindo suas políticas e ampla divulgação.
  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British Conservative politician, writer and aristocrat who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad outreach.
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  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • بينجامين دزرائيلي
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • ベンジャミン・ディズレーリ
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • Benjamin Disraeli
  • Дизраэли, Бенджамин
  • 本傑明·迪斯雷利
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