Behavior modification is based on methodological behaviorism, which refers to limiting behavior-change procedures to behaviors that are observable and was employed briefly during the late 1950s but predominately from the late 1970s to early 1980s. Specifically, behavior was modified through the use of presumed consequences, including positive and negative reinforcement contingencies to increase desirable behavior or by administering extinction and/or punishment to reduce behavior.

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dbo:abstract
  • Según Martin y Pear (2007, p.7) “La modificación de conducta implica la aplicación sistemática de los principios y las técnicas de aprendizaje para evaluar y mejorar los comportamientos encubiertos y manifiestos de las personas y facilitar así un funcionamiento favorable”. La modificación de conducta, a pesar de iniciarse durante la década de 1950, su mayor aplicación tuvo lugar desde mediado de 1970 hasta los primeros años de 1980. Específicamente, se modifica el comportamiento considerando cuáles son los antecedentes y consecuentes de una conducta. Un antecedente es el estímulo o situación que suscita una respuesta. Un consecuente es la "contingencia" o consecuencia positiva o negativa que esa respuesta produce. Una consecuencia positiva (por ejemplo, un elogio por ser generoso) sirve de reforzador, pues incrementa un comportamiento deseable. Una consecuencia negativa o estímulo aversivo (por ejemplo, ante una agresión, una tarjeta amarilla o roja en el fútbol), sirve de castigo, favoreciendo la extinción de esa conducta. (es)
  • Behavior modification is based on methodological behaviorism, which refers to limiting behavior-change procedures to behaviors that are observable and was employed briefly during the late 1950s but predominately from the late 1970s to early 1980s. Specifically, behavior was modified through the use of presumed consequences, including positive and negative reinforcement contingencies to increase desirable behavior or by administering extinction and/or punishment to reduce behavior. In contrast to behavior analysis, analyzing the behavior-environment interactions (including antecedent stimuli) was not considered relevant in behavior modification; it also lacked the conceptual piece (radical behaviorism) initially purposed by B. F. Skinner. Subsequently, applied behavior analysis (ABA) has superseded the early term behavior modification since the 1990s. (en)
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  • behavior modification
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Behavior modification is based on methodological behaviorism, which refers to limiting behavior-change procedures to behaviors that are observable and was employed briefly during the late 1950s but predominately from the late 1970s to early 1980s. Specifically, behavior was modified through the use of presumed consequences, including positive and negative reinforcement contingencies to increase desirable behavior or by administering extinction and/or punishment to reduce behavior. (en)
  • Según Martin y Pear (2007, p.7) “La modificación de conducta implica la aplicación sistemática de los principios y las técnicas de aprendizaje para evaluar y mejorar los comportamientos encubiertos y manifiestos de las personas y facilitar así un funcionamiento favorable”. La modificación de conducta, a pesar de iniciarse durante la década de 1950, su mayor aplicación tuvo lugar desde mediado de 1970 hasta los primeros años de 1980. (es)
rdfs:label
  • Behavior modification (en)
  • Modificación de conducta (es)
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