The Battle off Samar was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Battle off Samar was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history. Adm. William Halsey, Jr. was lured into taking his powerful 3rd Fleet after a decoy fleet, leaving only three escort carrier groups of the 7th Fleet. The escort carriers and destroyer escorts which had been designed to protect slow convoys from submarine attack had been repurposed to attack ground targets, and had few torpedoes as they could normally rely on Halsey's fleet to protect them from any threats from armored warships. A Japanese surface force of battleships and cruisers, battered earlier in the larger battle and thought to have been in retreat, instead turned around unobserved and stumbled upon the northernmost of the three groups, Task Unit 77.4.3 ("Taffy 3"), commanded by Rear Admiral Clifton Sprague. Taffy 3's few destroyers and slower destroyer escorts possessed neither the firepower nor armor to effectively oppose the Japanese force, but nevertheless desperately attacked with 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns and torpedoes to cover the retreat of their slow "jeep" carriers. Aircraft from the carriers of Taffy 1, 2, and 3, including FM-2 Wildcats, F6F Hellcats and TBM Avengers, strafed, bombed, torpedoed, rocketed, depth-charged, fired at least one .38 caliber handgun and made numerous "dry" runs at the attacking force when they ran out of ammunition. Sprague's task unit lost two escort carriers, two destroyers, a destroyer escort and several aircraft. Over a thousand Americans died, comparable to the combined losses of American men and ships at the better known Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. But in exchange for the heavy losses for such a small force, they sank or disabled three Japanese cruisers and caused enough confusion to persuade the Japanese commander, Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita, to regroup and ultimately withdraw, rather than advancing to sink troop and supply ships at Leyte Gulf. In the combined Battle of Leyte Gulf, 10,000 Japanese sailors and 3,000 Americans died. Although the battleship Yamato and the remaining force returned to Japan, the battles marked the final defeat of the Japanese Navy, as the ships remained in port for most of the rest of the war and ceased to be an effective naval force. (en)
  • La batalla de Samar es la acción central de la batalla del Golfo de Leyte, que fue una de las mayores batallas navales de la historia. Se trata de la única batalla de importancia para la cual los estadounidenses no estaban lo suficientemente preparados contra las fuerzas opuestas. Ha sido citado por los historiadores como uno de los mayores errores militares en la historia naval. Tuvo lugar en el mar de Filipinas frente a la isla de Samar -cerca de la isla de Leyte en Filipinas- el 25 de octubre de 1944. El almirante William F. Halsey fue tentado a usar su poderosa Tercera Flota como señuelo y dejó atrás sólo una pantalla de destructores y destructores de escolta para tres grupos de grupos de escolta de la Séptima Flota de los Estados Unidos, que se encontró con una poderosa fuerza japonesa de superficie con acorazados y cruceros. Carente de los buques blindados, ni armas adecuadas contra los buques blindados con excepción de torpedos, la Unidad de Tareas 77.4.3 ("Taffy 3") ideó una defensa improvisada con destructores y destructores de escolta para atacar con armas de 5 pulgadas y torpedos, mientras que los portaaviones atacaron con bombas y cargas de profundidad lanzados desde aviones. (es)
dbo:causalties
  • 1 destroyer escort sunk
  • 1 destroyer damaged
  • 2 destroyers sunk
  • 1,583 killed and missing
  • 2 destroyer escorts damaged
  • 2 escort carriers sunk
  • 23 aircraft lost
  • 3 escort carriers damaged
  • 913 wounded
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1944-10-25 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • American victory
dbo:strength
  • "Taffy 3"
  • 11 destroyers,
  • 2light cruisers,
  • 30 aircraft (in kamikaze attack)
  • 3destroyers,
  • 400 aircraft from Taffy 1, 2, 3
  • 4battleships,
  • 4destroyer escorts,
  • 6escort carriers,
  • 6heavy cruisers,
  • Japanese Center Force
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  • 2 (xsd:integer)
  • 3 (xsd:integer)
  • 23 (xsd:integer)
  • 913 (xsd:integer)
  • 1583 (xsd:integer)
dbp:commander
  • Takeo Kurita (en)
  • Clifton Sprague (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle off Samar (en)
dbp:date
  • 1944-10-25 (xsd:date)
dbp:partof
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  • East of Samar Island (en)
dbp:result
  • American victory (en)
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  • 2 (xsd:integer)
  • 3 (xsd:integer)
  • 4 (xsd:integer)
  • 6 (xsd:integer)
  • 11 (xsd:integer)
  • 30 (xsd:integer)
  • 400 (xsd:integer)
  • 3.0
  • Japanese Center Force (en)
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  • The Battle off Samar was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history. (en)
  • La batalla de Samar es la acción central de la batalla del Golfo de Leyte, que fue una de las mayores batallas navales de la historia. Se trata de la única batalla de importancia para la cual los estadounidenses no estaban lo suficientemente preparados contra las fuerzas opuestas. Ha sido citado por los historiadores como uno de los mayores errores militares en la historia naval. Tuvo lugar en el mar de Filipinas frente a la isla de Samar -cerca de la isla de Leyte en Filipinas- el 25 de octubre de 1944. (es)
rdfs:label
  • Battle off Samar (en)
  • Batalla de Samar (es)
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  • Battle off Samar (en)
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