The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and possibly shortened World War II in Europe. After capturing the Siegfried Line, the 9th Armored Division of the U.S. First Army had advanced unexpectedly quickly towards the Rhine. They were very surprised to see one of the last bridges across the Rhine still standing. The Germans had wired the bridge with about 2,800 kilograms (6,200 lb) of demolition charges. When they tried to blow it up, only a portion of the explosives detonated. U.S. forces captured the bridge and rapidly expanded their first bridgehead across the Rhine, two weeks before Operation Plunder. The GIs' actions prevented the Germans from regrouping east of the Rhine and consolidating th

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dbo:abstract
  • De Slag om Remagen was een slag tussen eenheden van de Verenigde Staten en nazi-Duitsland tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. De gevechten vonden plaats in en rondom de Duitse stad Remagen en dan vooral om de Ludendorffbrug. De gevechten resulteerden in de verovering van de Ludendorffbrug door de Amerikanen, waardoor de westerse geallieerden in staat waren om de eerste belangrijke oversteek over de rivier de Rijn, de laatste natuurlijke verdedigingslinie van de Duitsers, te maken. Met de brug konden pantsereenheden de Rijn voor het eerst oversteken, wat eerst alleen gedaan kon worden door kleine infanterie verkenningspatrouilles per boot of soms per pontonbrug. De gevechten begonnen op 7 maart 1945 toen de Amerikanen de stad Remagen binnenrukten. Ze namen de Ludendorffbrug intact in ondanks de Duitse pogingen om de brug via diverse methodes te vernietigen, zoals luchtaanvallen per straalvliegtuigen of om per kikvorsmannen explosieven aan te brengen deze werden ruim voor het bereiken van de brug ontdekt. Tevens zijn er op 17 maart 1945 elf V2-raketten afgevuurd door de (SS-Werfer-Abteilung 500 zie Wiki) vanuit Nederlandse Overijssel eelerberg nabij Hellendoorn en vanuit landgoed Mataram bij Dalfsen. Geen enkele raket trof de brug wel enkele huizen in de omgeving van de brug werden getroffen hierbij zijn zes Amerikaanse soldaten omgekomen. In Hellendoorn werden de behaalde successen in Remagen door de Duitse militairen breed uit gemeten. De Duitsers spraken er openlijk over dat de raketten tegen het geallieerde front in Remagen werden ingezet. Het verhaal deed de ronde dat Adolf Hitler aan de commandant van de eenheid zijn persoonlijke felicitaties had verstuurd. De gevechten eindigden op 25 maart 1945 toen de Amerikaanse eenheden vanuit hun bruggenhoofden uitbraken en verder Duitsland binnenrukten, waardoor de kans van Duitsland om het bruggenhoofd te vernietigen verkeken was. Op 17 maart 1945 stortte de brug vanwege structurele problemen in nadat zes Amerikaanse divisies de brug over waren gestoken en een bruggenhoofd hadden gevormd en hierdoor op 25 maart in staat waren verder Duitsland in te gaan. (nl)
  • The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and possibly shortened World War II in Europe. After capturing the Siegfried Line, the 9th Armored Division of the U.S. First Army had advanced unexpectedly quickly towards the Rhine. They were very surprised to see one of the last bridges across the Rhine still standing. The Germans had wired the bridge with about 2,800 kilograms (6,200 lb) of demolition charges. When they tried to blow it up, only a portion of the explosives detonated. U.S. forces captured the bridge and rapidly expanded their first bridgehead across the Rhine, two weeks before Operation Plunder. The GIs' actions prevented the Germans from regrouping east of the Rhine and consolidating their positions. The battle for control of the bridge caused both the American and German forces to employ new weapons and tactics in combat for the first time. Over the next 10 days, the Germans used virtually every weapon at their disposal to try to destroy the bridge. This included infantry and armor, howitzers, mortars, floating mines, mined boats, a railroad gun, and a giant 540mm super-heavy mortar. To protect the bridge against aircraft, the Americans positioned the largest concentration of anti-aircraft weapons during World War II leading to "the greatest antiaircraft artillery battles in American history." The Americans counted 367 different German Luftwaffe aircraft attacking the bridge over the next 10 days. The Americans claimed to have shot down nearly 30% of the aircraft dispatched against them. The German air offensive failed. On 14 March, German Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered Schutzstaffel (SS) General Hans Kammler to fire V2 rockets to destroy the bridge. This marked the first time the missiles had been used against a tactical objective and the only time they were fired on a German target. The 11 missiles launched killed six Americans and a number of German citizens in nearby towns, but failed to damage the bridge. When the Germans sent a squad of seven naval demolition swimmers wearing Italian underwater breathing apparatus, the Americans were ready. For the first time in combat, they had deployed the top-secret Canal Defence Lights which successfully detected the frogmen in the dark, and they were all killed or captured. The sudden capture of a bridge across the Rhine was front page news in American newspapers. The unexpected availability of a bridgehead on the eastern side of the Rhine more than two weeks in advance of the planned crossing allowed Allied high commander Dwight Eisenhower to alter his plans to end the war. The Allies were able to rapidly transport five divisions across the Rhine into the Ruhr, Germany's industrial heartland. The bridge had endured months of aircraft bombing, direct artillery hits, near misses, and deliberate demolition attempts. It finally collapsed at 3:00 PM on 17 March. Twenty-eight American Engineers were killed and 63 were wounded. But by then U.S. Army combat engineers had finished building a tactical steel treadway bridge and a heavy duty pontoon bridge followed by a Bailey bridge across the Rhine. Over 25,000 troops crossed into Germany before the Americans broke out of the bridgehead on 25 March 1945. This was 18 days after the bridge had been captured. German and American military authorities agreed that capturing the bridge shortened the war. The Ludendorff Bridge was not rebuilt following World War II. (en)
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  • 1945-03-25 (xsd:date)
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  • Allied victory
  • * Allies secure intact bridge over Rhine
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  • 7th Army
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  • --03-08
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  • Allied Bridgehead Forces
  • German Bridgehead Forces
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  • The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and possibly shortened World War II in Europe. After capturing the Siegfried Line, the 9th Armored Division of the U.S. First Army had advanced unexpectedly quickly towards the Rhine. They were very surprised to see one of the last bridges across the Rhine still standing. The Germans had wired the bridge with about 2,800 kilograms (6,200 lb) of demolition charges. When they tried to blow it up, only a portion of the explosives detonated. U.S. forces captured the bridge and rapidly expanded their first bridgehead across the Rhine, two weeks before Operation Plunder. The GIs' actions prevented the Germans from regrouping east of the Rhine and consolidating th (en)
  • De Slag om Remagen was een slag tussen eenheden van de Verenigde Staten en nazi-Duitsland tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. De gevechten vonden plaats in en rondom de Duitse stad Remagen en dan vooral om de Ludendorffbrug. Op 17 maart 1945 stortte de brug vanwege structurele problemen in nadat zes Amerikaanse divisies de brug over waren gestoken en een bruggenhoofd hadden gevormd en hierdoor op 25 maart in staat waren verder Duitsland in te gaan. (nl)
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  • Battle of Remagen (en)
  • Slag om Remagen (nl)
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