Battle of Daugavpils (also known as the Battle of Dyneburg) was the final battle in the Polish-Soviet campaign of 1919. A joint Polish and Latvian force, operating under Polish Staff orders known as "Operation Winter", attacked the Red Army garrison in Dunaburg, or Daugavpils, from 3-5 Jan. 1920. From the Polish perspective it was a part of the Polish-Bolshevik War, while in Latvia it is referred to as a part of Latvian War of Independence.

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dbo:abstract
  • Battle of Daugavpils (also known as the Battle of Dyneburg) was the final battle in the Polish-Soviet campaign of 1919. A joint Polish and Latvian force, operating under Polish Staff orders known as "Operation Winter", attacked the Red Army garrison in Dunaburg, or Daugavpils, from 3-5 Jan. 1920. From the Polish perspective it was a part of the Polish-Bolshevik War, while in Latvia it is referred to as a part of Latvian War of Independence. The Polish commander of the 1st Legions Infantry Division and 3rd Legions Infantry Division, general (later Marshal of Poland) Edward Rydz-Śmigły had been occupying the left bank of the Dvina since Aug. The Latvian Foreign Minister had met with Pilsudski in Wilno in Oct. 1919, and asked for assistance at Dunaburg. The Poles wanted to prevent the Soviet XVth and XVIth armies from consolidating at this juncture, and readily agreed. A final agreement was reached on 30 Dec. 1919, and a military alliance was signed between the governments of Poland and Latvia. General Rydz-Śmigły was given the command over a small Operational Group composed of his 1st Legions Infantry Division, as well as the 3rd Legions Infantry Division and several minor Latvian auxiliary forces. In addition, the force included Renault FT tanks of the 2nd company, 1st Tank Regiment, commanded by the French Capt. Jean Dufour. The battle for the city and its surroundings took place under harsh weather conditions, the area was covered with more than 1 metre (3.3 ft) of snow and the temperature dropped below −25 °C (−13 °F), which permitted the Poles to cross the frozen Dvina. The Polish 3rd Legionary Division stormed the Daugavpils fortress, while the 1st Infantry Division attacked from the north. The Red garrison retreated to the west where they surrendered to the Latvians. On 5 Jan. 1920, Dunaburg was turned over to the Latvian Republic. Thanks to that, the inter-war relations between Poland and Latvia were good, although Latvia refused to join Poland in its continued struggle against Soviet Russia. The problems that precluded the Polish and Latvian governments from expanding their relationship were the opposition from Lithuania (which was hostile towards Poland after the Polish-Lithuanian War) and a dispute about six Latvian rural municipalities and the city of Grīva with a big percentage of Polish inhabitants (south to the Daugava River).Several forms of alliance were proposed by Poland, such as Latvia joining the Międzymorze federation of Poland. It chose to join the Baltic Entente instead. (en)
  • La bataille de Daugavpils eut lieu du 28 septembre 1919 au 15 janvier 1920 durant la guerre soviéto-polonaise. Elle faisait partie de l'opération Hiver, une opération conjointe polono-lettone. (fr)
  • Bitwa pod Dyneburgiem (operacja Zima, operacja dyneburska, wyprawa dyneburska) – bitwa wojsk polsko-łotewskich z Armią Czerwoną, stoczona w styczniu 1920 w rejonie miasta Dyneburg nad Dźwiną, zakończona jego zdobyciem. (pl)
  • Битва за Двинск (другие названия — Битва под Динабургом, Операция «Зима», динабургская операция, бои за Даугавпилс) — сражения польско-латвийских войск с Красной армией в январе 1920 в районе города Двинск (современный Даугавпилс). Часть советско-польской войны и латвийской войны за независимость. В результате боёв Двинск отошёл к Латвии. (ru)
dbo:causalties
  • Unknown
dbo:combatant
  • 22pxLatvian SSR
  • 22pxRSFSR,
  • Republic of Latvia
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dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Decisive Polish-Latvian victory
dbo:strength
  • Unknown
  • 10,000 Latvians
  • 30,000 Poles
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dbo:wikiPageID
  • 2085967 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 733691892 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Renault FT tanks of the Polish 2nd Tank Regiment preparing for the battle
dbp:casualties
  • Unknown
dbp:commander
  • Unknown
dbp:date
  • 3 (xsd:integer)
dbp:wordnet_type
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • La bataille de Daugavpils eut lieu du 28 septembre 1919 au 15 janvier 1920 durant la guerre soviéto-polonaise. Elle faisait partie de l'opération Hiver, une opération conjointe polono-lettone. (fr)
  • Bitwa pod Dyneburgiem (operacja Zima, operacja dyneburska, wyprawa dyneburska) – bitwa wojsk polsko-łotewskich z Armią Czerwoną, stoczona w styczniu 1920 w rejonie miasta Dyneburg nad Dźwiną, zakończona jego zdobyciem. (pl)
  • Битва за Двинск (другие названия — Битва под Динабургом, Операция «Зима», динабургская операция, бои за Даугавпилс) — сражения польско-латвийских войск с Красной армией в январе 1920 в районе города Двинск (современный Даугавпилс). Часть советско-польской войны и латвийской войны за независимость. В результате боёв Двинск отошёл к Латвии. (ru)
  • Battle of Daugavpils (also known as the Battle of Dyneburg) was the final battle in the Polish-Soviet campaign of 1919. A joint Polish and Latvian force, operating under Polish Staff orders known as "Operation Winter", attacked the Red Army garrison in Dunaburg, or Daugavpils, from 3-5 Jan. 1920. From the Polish perspective it was a part of the Polish-Bolshevik War, while in Latvia it is referred to as a part of Latvian War of Independence. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Battle of Daugavpils (en)
  • Bataille de Daugavpils (fr)
  • Bitwa pod Dyneburgiem (pl)
  • Бои за Двинск (ru)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
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foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Battle of Daugavpils (en)
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