Balmer jump or Balmer discontinuity is the difference of intensity of the stellar continuum spectrum on both sides of the limit of the Balmer series of hydrogen at 364.6 nm. It is caused by electrons being completely ionized directly from the second energy level of a hydrogen atom (bound-free absorption), which creates a continuum absorption at wavelengths shorter than 364.6 nm.

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  • Skok Balmera – to nagły spadek natężenia (intensywności) widma ciągłego atomu wodoru na granicy serii Balmera, zachodzący na długości fali 364,60 nm (3646 Å). Granica ta odpowiada punktowi zaabsorbowania energii, w którym elektrony pierwotnie znajdujące się na orbitalu 2 (seria L) zostają jonizowane. (pl)
  • Balmer jump or Balmer discontinuity is the difference of intensity of the stellar continuum spectrum on both sides of the limit of the Balmer series of hydrogen at 364.6 nm. It is caused by electrons being completely ionized directly from the second energy level of a hydrogen atom (bound-free absorption), which creates a continuum absorption at wavelengths shorter than 364.6 nm. In some cases the Balmer discontinuity can show continuum emission, usually when the Balmer lines themselves are strongly in emission. Other hydrogen spectral series also show bound-free absorption and hence a continuum discontinuity, but the Balmer jump in the near UV has been the most observed. The strength of the continuum absorption, and hence the size of the Balmer jump, depends on temperature and density in the region responsible for the absorption. At cooler stellar temperatures, the density most strongly affects the strength of the discontinuity and this can be used to classify stars on the basis of their surface gravity and hence luminosity. This effect is strongest in A class stars, but in hotter stars temperature has a much larger effect on the Balmer jump than surface gravity. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Skok Balmera – to nagły spadek natężenia (intensywności) widma ciągłego atomu wodoru na granicy serii Balmera, zachodzący na długości fali 364,60 nm (3646 Å). Granica ta odpowiada punktowi zaabsorbowania energii, w którym elektrony pierwotnie znajdujące się na orbitalu 2 (seria L) zostają jonizowane. (pl)
  • Balmer jump or Balmer discontinuity is the difference of intensity of the stellar continuum spectrum on both sides of the limit of the Balmer series of hydrogen at 364.6 nm. It is caused by electrons being completely ionized directly from the second energy level of a hydrogen atom (bound-free absorption), which creates a continuum absorption at wavelengths shorter than 364.6 nm. (en)
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  • Skok Balmera (pl)
  • Balmer jump (en)
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