The Babington Plot was a plot in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth, a Protestant, and put the rescued Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne. It led to the execution of Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland as a direct result of a letter sent by Mary (who had been imprisoned for 18 years since 1568 in England at the behest of Elizabeth) in which she consented directly to the assassination of Elizabeth.

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  • The Babington Plot was a plot in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth, a Protestant, and put the rescued Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne. It led to the execution of Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland as a direct result of a letter sent by Mary (who had been imprisoned for 18 years since 1568 in England at the behest of Elizabeth) in which she consented directly to the assassination of Elizabeth. The long-term goal of the plot was the invasion of England by the Spanish forces of King Philip II and the Catholic League in France, leading to the restoration of the old religion. The plot was discovered by Elizabeth's spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham and used to entrap Mary for the purpose of removing her as a claimant to the English throne. The chief conspirators were Anthony Babington, a young recusant recruited by John Ballard, a Jesuit priest who desired to rescue the Scottish Queen; Robert Poley; Gilbert Gifford, and Thomas Phelippes, a Walsingham spy agent and cryptanalyst. The turbulent Catholic deacon Gifford had been in Walsingham's service since the end of 1585 or the beginning of 1586. Gifford obtained a letter of introduction to Queen Mary from a confidant and spy for her, Thomas Morgan. Walsingham then placed double agent Gifford and spy decipherer Phelippes inside Chartley Castle, where Queen Mary was imprisoned. Gifford organised the Walsingham plan to place Babington's and Queen Mary's encrypted communications into a beer barrel cork which were then intercepted by Phelippes, decoded and sent to Walsingham. Ballard was attempting to recruit Babington in an undeveloped scheme to rescue Mary and place her on the throne of England by killing Elizabeth. Babington sent a coded letter to the imprisoned Mary, which gave his name to the complicated multiple-sided plot. On 7 July 1586, the only Babington letter that was sent to Mary was decoded by Phelippes. Mary responded in code on 17 July ordering the would-be rescuers to assassinate Elizabeth. The response letter also included deciphered phrases indicating her desire to be rescued: "The affairs being thus prepared" and "I may suddenly be transported out of this place". At the Fotheringay trial in October 1586, Elizabeth's Secretary of State William Cecil and Walsingham used the letter against Mary who refused to admit that she was guilty. But she was betrayed by her secretaries Nau and Curle who confessed under pressure that the letter was mainly truthful. (en)
  • Die Babington-Verschwörung (auch Babington-Komplott) ist die Bezeichnung für eine katholische Verschwörung im Jahr 1586, die das Ziel hatte, die protestantische Königin Elisabeth I. zu ermorden und Maria Stuart aus dem Gefängnis in Chartley Manor zu befreien, um sie auf den englischen Thron zu bringen. Die Verschwörer vertrauten darauf, dass Philipp II. von Spanien und die katholische Liga in Frankreich sie unterstützen würden. Obwohl Anthony Babington als Namensgeber genannt wird, gilt als eigentlicher Drahtzieher der Verschwörung John Ballard. Die Babington-Verschwörung führte letztlich zur Hinrichtung Maria Stuarts. (de)
  • La conspiration Babington (en anglais: « Babington Plot »), en 1586, est un complot catholique visant à assassiner la reine protestante Élisabeth Ire pour offrir le trône d'Angleterre à la catholique Marie Ire d'Écosse. Elle conduisit à l'exécution de Marie. L'objectif à long terme était une invasion par les forces espagnoles du roi Philippe II et de la Ligue catholique de France, conduisant à la restauration de la religion catholique en Angleterre. Le chef des conspirateurs était Sir Anthony Babington (1561-1586), un jeune noble catholique. Les nobles catholiques d'Angleterre restèrent pour la plupart fidèles à Elizabeth et refusèrent de soutenir le complot. Les vrais concepteurs de cette intrigue étaient Don Bernardino de Mendoza ambassadeur d'Espagne à Paris et le roi Philippe II à Madrid. (fr)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Die Babington-Verschwörung (auch Babington-Komplott) ist die Bezeichnung für eine katholische Verschwörung im Jahr 1586, die das Ziel hatte, die protestantische Königin Elisabeth I. zu ermorden und Maria Stuart aus dem Gefängnis in Chartley Manor zu befreien, um sie auf den englischen Thron zu bringen. Die Verschwörer vertrauten darauf, dass Philipp II. von Spanien und die katholische Liga in Frankreich sie unterstützen würden. Obwohl Anthony Babington als Namensgeber genannt wird, gilt als eigentlicher Drahtzieher der Verschwörung John Ballard. Die Babington-Verschwörung führte letztlich zur Hinrichtung Maria Stuarts. (de)
  • The Babington Plot was a plot in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth, a Protestant, and put the rescued Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne. It led to the execution of Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland as a direct result of a letter sent by Mary (who had been imprisoned for 18 years since 1568 in England at the behest of Elizabeth) in which she consented directly to the assassination of Elizabeth. (en)
  • La conspiration Babington (en anglais: « Babington Plot »), en 1586, est un complot catholique visant à assassiner la reine protestante Élisabeth Ire pour offrir le trône d'Angleterre à la catholique Marie Ire d'Écosse. Elle conduisit à l'exécution de Marie. L'objectif à long terme était une invasion par les forces espagnoles du roi Philippe II et de la Ligue catholique de France, conduisant à la restauration de la religion catholique en Angleterre. Le chef des conspirateurs était Sir Anthony Babington (1561-1586), un jeune noble catholique. Les nobles catholiques d'Angleterre restèrent pour la plupart fidèles à Elizabeth et refusèrent de soutenir le complot. Les vrais concepteurs de cette intrigue étaient Don Bernardino de Mendoza ambassadeur d'Espagne à Paris et le roi Philippe II à Madr (fr)
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  • Babington Plot (en)
  • Babington-Verschwörung (de)
  • Conspiration de Babington (fr)
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