The Atlas LV-3B, Atlas D Mercury Launch Vehicle or Mercury-Atlas Launch Vehicle, was a man-rated expendable launch system used as part of the United States Project Mercury to send astronauts into low Earth orbit. It was derived from the SM-65D Atlas missile, and was a member of the Atlas family of rockets.

Property Value
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  • 3.048
dbo:MeanOfTransportation/height
  • 28742.64
dbo:MeanOfTransportation/mass
  • 117936.0
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  • 1360.0
dbo:Rocket/mass
  • 117936.0
dbo:abstract
  • Le lanceur Atlas LV-3B, Atlas D Mercury ou Mercury-Atlas, était un lanceur américain utilisé pour le lancement les vaisseaux spatiaux avec équipage du Programme Mercury. Il est dérivé du missile balistique SM-65 Atlas et a donné naissance à la grande famille des fusées Atlas. Neuf Atlas LV-3B ont été lancées dont deux vols d'essais suborbitaux non habités et quatre vols habités de la capsule Mercury. Les lancements de cette fusée ont été effectués à partir du site de lancement 14 de la base de lancement du Cap Canaveral en Floride. Le premier lancement, Mercury-Atlas 1 (en), a eu lieu le 29 juillet 1960 et est un vol d'essai suborbital. La fusée a subi une défaillance structurelle peu après le lancement, elle n'a donc pu atteindre sa trajectoire prévue. Un autre échec a eu lieu lors du lancement en vol orbital de Mercury-Atlas 3 (en). Une panne du système de guidage responsable de l’exécution des commandes de lacet et de roulis ont nécessité la destruction du véhicule. La capsule s'est séparée à l'aide de la tour de sauvetage et a été récupérée à 1,8 kilomètre (1,1 mile) de la tour de lancement. D'autres lancements de cette fusée étaient prévus, mais ils ont dû être annulés car les premières missions Mercury ont atteint tous les objectifs fixés au programme. Le dernier lancement de la fusée LV-3B a eu lieu le 15 mai 1963 lors de la mission Mercury-Atlas 9 (en). (fr)
  • O Atlas LV-3B, ou Veículo de lançamento Atlas D-Mercury ou ainda Veículo de lançamento Mercury-Atlas, foi um veículo de lançamento descartávelcertificado para voos tripulados. Esse foguete, foi usado como parte do Programa Mercury, para voos suborbitais e orbitais tripulados. Ele fazia parte da família Atlas de foguetes e foi criado a partir do míssil SM-65 Atlas. O seu primeiro voo ocorreu em 29 de julho de 1960, num voo de teste suborbital, o Mercury-Atlas 1. (pt)
  • «Атлас LV-3B» (от англ. Atlas LV-3B) — американская ракета-носитель лёгкого класса, семейства Атлас. (ru)
  • The Atlas LV-3B, Atlas D Mercury Launch Vehicle or Mercury-Atlas Launch Vehicle, was a man-rated expendable launch system used as part of the United States Project Mercury to send astronauts into low Earth orbit. It was derived from the SM-65D Atlas missile, and was a member of the Atlas family of rockets. The Atlas D missile was the natural choice for Project Mercury since it was the only launch vehicle in the US arsenal that could put the spacecraft into orbit and also had a large number of flights to gather data from. In addition, the Atlas's stage-and-a-half design with all engines firing at liftoff and no upper stages made it easier to verify and test that all systems were operating correctly prior to launch. But its reliability was far from perfect and Atlas launches ending in explosions were an all-too common sight at Cape Canaveral. Thus, significant steps had to be taken to man-rate the missile and make it safe and reliable unless NASA wished to spend several years developing a dedicated launch vehicle for manned programs or else wait for the next-generation Titan II ICBM to become operational. Shortly after being chosen for the program in the spring of 1959, the Mercury astronauts were taken to watch the second D-series Atlas test, which exploded a minute into launch. This was the fifth straight complete or partial Atlas failure and the booster was at this point nowhere near reliable enough to carry a nuclear warhead or an unmanned satellite, let alone a human passenger. Plans to man-rate Atlas were effectively still on the drawing board and Convair estimated that 75% reliability would be achieved by early 1961 and 85% reliability by the end of the year. (en)
dbo:countryOrigin
dbo:diameter
  • 3.048000 (xsd:double)
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  • 2 (xsd:integer)
dbo:finalFlight
  • 1963-05-15 (xsd:date)
dbo:height
  • 28.742640 (xsd:double)
dbo:launchSite
dbo:lowerEarthOrbitPayload
  • 1360000.000000 (xsd:double)
dbo:maidenFlight
  • 1960-07-29 (xsd:date)
dbo:manufacturer
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  • 117936000.000000 (xsd:double)
dbo:rocketFunction
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  • 1 (xsd:integer)
dbo:status
  • Retired
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  • 7 (xsd:integer)
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  • 9 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:caption
  • An Atlas D LV-3B launching Mercury-Atlas 6
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • O Atlas LV-3B, ou Veículo de lançamento Atlas D-Mercury ou ainda Veículo de lançamento Mercury-Atlas, foi um veículo de lançamento descartávelcertificado para voos tripulados. Esse foguete, foi usado como parte do Programa Mercury, para voos suborbitais e orbitais tripulados. Ele fazia parte da família Atlas de foguetes e foi criado a partir do míssil SM-65 Atlas. O seu primeiro voo ocorreu em 29 de julho de 1960, num voo de teste suborbital, o Mercury-Atlas 1. (pt)
  • «Атлас LV-3B» (от англ. Atlas LV-3B) — американская ракета-носитель лёгкого класса, семейства Атлас. (ru)
  • Le lanceur Atlas LV-3B, Atlas D Mercury ou Mercury-Atlas, était un lanceur américain utilisé pour le lancement les vaisseaux spatiaux avec équipage du Programme Mercury. Il est dérivé du missile balistique SM-65 Atlas et a donné naissance à la grande famille des fusées Atlas. Neuf Atlas LV-3B ont été lancées dont deux vols d'essais suborbitaux non habités et quatre vols habités de la capsule Mercury. Les lancements de cette fusée ont été effectués à partir du site de lancement 14 de la base de lancement du Cap Canaveral en Floride. (fr)
  • The Atlas LV-3B, Atlas D Mercury Launch Vehicle or Mercury-Atlas Launch Vehicle, was a man-rated expendable launch system used as part of the United States Project Mercury to send astronauts into low Earth orbit. It was derived from the SM-65D Atlas missile, and was a member of the Atlas family of rockets. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Atlas LV-3B (fr)
  • Atlas LV-3B (pt)
  • Атлас LV-3B (ru)
  • Atlas LV-3B (en)
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  • Atlas LV-3B (en)
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