Arvirargus (or Arviragus) was a legendary, and possibly historical, British king of the 1st century AD. A shadowy historical Arviragus is known only from a cryptic reference in a satirical poem by Juvenal, in which a giant turbot presented to the Roman emperor Domitian (AD 81 – 96) is said to be an omen that "you will capture some king, or Arviragus will fall from his British chariot-pole". The records of Henry Herbert (Master of the Revels) show that a play called Arviragus, was performed at the Court of Charles I on December 26 and 27 1636.

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  • Arvirargus (or Arviragus) was a legendary, and possibly historical, British king of the 1st century AD. A shadowy historical Arviragus is known only from a cryptic reference in a satirical poem by Juvenal, in which a giant turbot presented to the Roman emperor Domitian (AD 81 – 96) is said to be an omen that "you will capture some king, or Arviragus will fall from his British chariot-pole". Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae (1136) presents a legendary Arviragus who is contemporary with the emperor Claudius (41-54 AD). However, Geoffrey's work is highly romanticized and contains little trustworthy historical fact, rendering his account of Arvirargus suspect. According to Geoffrey, Arvirargus is a son of the former king Kimbelinus. He succeeds to the throne of Britain after his elder brother, Guiderius, dies fighting the invading Romans under Claudius. Arviragus puts on his brother's armour and leads the army of the Britons against the Romans. When he learns that Claudius and his commander, Hamo, have fled into the woods, Arvirargus follows him until they reach the coast. The Britons kill Hamo as he tries to flee onto a ship and the place is named Southampton after him. Claudius is able to reassemble his troops elsewhere and he besieges Portchester until it falls to his forces. Following Hamo's death, Arvirargus seeks refuge at Winchester, but Claudius follows him there with his army. The Britons break the siege and attack the Romans, but Claudius halts the attack and offers a treaty. In exchange for peace and tribute with Rome, Claudius offers Arvirargus his own daughter in marriage. They accept each other's terms and Arvirargus aids Claudius in subduing Orkney and other northern lands. In the following spring, Arvirargus weds Claudius' daughter, Genvissa, and names the city of Gloucester after her father. Following the wedding, Claudius leaves Britain in the control of Arvirargus. In the years following Claudius' departure, Arvirargus rebuilds the cities that have been ruined and becomes feared by his neighbours. This causes him to halt his tribute to Rome, forcing Claudius to send Vespasian with an army to Britain. As Vespasian prepares to land, such a large British force stands ready that he flees to another port, Totnes, where he sets up camp. Once a base is established, he marches to Exeter and besieges the city. Arvirargus meets him in battle there and the fight is stalemated. The following morning, Queen Genvissa mediates peace between the two foes. Vespasian returns to Rome and Arvirargus rules the country peacefully for some years. When he finally dies, he is buried in Gloucester, the city he built with Claudius. He is succeeded by his son, Marius. Geoffrey's legendary Arvirargus appears to correspond to some degree to the historical Caratacus, son of Cunobelinus, who, along with his brother Togodumnus, led the initial resistance to the Roman invasion of 43 AD, and went on to be a thorn in Rome's side for nearly a decade after Togodumnus's death. Welsh versions of Geoffrey's Historia call him Gweirydd and his brother Gwydr. Arvirargus is a character in William Shakespeare's play Cymbeline. He and his brother Guiderius had been kidnapped in childhood by Belarius, a nobleman wrongly banished by Cymbeline, and brought up in secret in Wales, but are reunited with their father and sister Imogen in time for the Roman invasion. The records of Henry Herbert (Master of the Revels) show that a play called Arviragus, was performed at the Court of Charles I on December 26 and 27 1636. (en)
  • Argiragus, Arvirargus o Arviragus fue un líder de la tribu celta de los brigantes del siglo II. (es)
  • Arvirargus ou Arviragus est un roi légendaire de l’île de Bretagne (actuelle Grande-Bretagne), dont l’« histoire » est rapportée par Geoffroy de Monmouth dans son Historia regum Britanniae (vers 1135). Il est le deuxième fils du roi Kimerlin et il succède à son frère ainé Guider. Il est principalement connu pour ses relations (supposées) avec l’empereur romain Claude. (fr)
  • Arvirargo o Arvirago fu un leggendario sovrano della Britannia, di cui parla Goffredo di Monmouth nell'Historia Regum Britanniae e che potrebbe essere la trasfigurazione di un personaggio storico del I secolo d.C. Uno certo Arvirago viene menzionato dal poeta romano Giovenale in una sua satira, in cui viene detto che un rombo gigante presentato all'imperatore Domiziano (81-96) è un presagio che "tu catturerai alcuni re, o Arvirago cadrà dal suo carro britannico". In Goffredo di Monmouth (XII secolo) Arvirago è contemporaneo dell'imperatore Claudio (41-54). Figlio di re Cymbeline di Britannia, Arvirargo sale sul trono dopo la morte del fratello maggiore, Guiderio, morto combattendo contro gli invasori romani. Arvirago indossa l'armatura del fratello e guida l'esercito britannico contro i romani. Arvirago insegue fino alla costa il generale di Claudio, Hamo, che viene ucciso mentre cerca rifugio su una nave (il luogo da allora fu chiamato Southampton). Claudio riesce però a riorganizzare le truppe e poi assedia e conquista Portchester. Intanto Arvirago si rifugia a Winchester, ma Claudio lo insegue con l'esercito, ne segue uno scontro, dopo il quale Claudio offre un trattato di pace: Arvirago pagherà un tributo a Roma e Claudio gli darà in moglie la figlia Genvissa. A questo punto Arvirago aiuta l'imperatore romano a conquistare le isole Orkney e altre terre del nord. La primavera successiva Arvirago sposa la figlia di Claudio e in onore del suocero battezza una città col nome diGloucester. Dopo il matrimonio, Claudio lascia la Britannia sotto il controllo del cognato. Un anno dopo, il sovrano britannico ricostruisce molte delle città che erano andate distrutte, ma comincia anche a inimicarsi molte tribù. Per questo motivo è costretto a sospendere il pagamento del tributo a Roma e allora Claudio invia nell'isola un esercito al comando del generale Vespasiano. Una volta sbarcato, il condottiero romano marcia su Exeter e l'assedia. Arvirago attacca i nemici. Dato che i due eserciti vengono però a trovarsi in una situazione di stallo, il mattino seguente la regina Genvissa riesce a far giungere il marito e il generale romano a un accordo. Vespasiano torna in patria, mentre Arvirago regna in pace per un anno. Una volta morto viene sepolto a Gloucester e gli succede il figlio Mario. Arvirago corrisponde in molti punti alla figura storica di Carataco, figlio di Cunobelino, che, prima insieme al fratello Togodumno e poi da solo, guidò per un decennio la resistenza britannica contro i romani. La versione gallese dell'opera di Goffredo di Monmouth chiama i due fratelli Gweirydd e Gwydr. Arvirargo è anche protagonista di un'opera di William Shakespeare, il Cymbeline: lui e suo fratello Guiderio erano stati rapiti da bambini da Belario, un nobile che era stato bandito ingiustamente da re Cymbeline, che li portò segretamente in Galles. Al tempo dell'invasione romana si riunirono col padre e con la sorella Imogen. John Whitehead ha ipotizzato nel suo Guardian of the Grail che Arvirago e Genvissa andrebbero identificati con Re Artù e Ginevra. (it)
  • Arvirargus was volgens de legende, zoals beschreven door Geoffrey van Monmouth koning van Brittannië. Hij was de zoon van koning Cymbeline, en volgde zijn broer koning Togodumnus op toen die sneuvelde in de Slag bij Medway in 43 n.Chr. tegen de Romeinen onder leiding van keizer Claudius. Hij regeerde van 43 - 57 n.Chr. Het is zeer wel mogelijk, gezien de overeenkomsten, dat Arvirargus dezelfde persoon is als Caratacus, die ook als zoon van Cymbeline wordt genoemd. Toen zijn broer Togodumnus sneuvelde nam Arvirargus diens wapenrusting, en leidde het Britse leger in de slag tegen de Romeinen. Toen hij vernam dat Claudius en diens opperbevelhebber Hamo in de bossen gevlucht waren, achtervolgde Arvirargus hen tot aan de kust. Hamo werd door de Britten gedood toen hij trachtte zijn schip te bereiken, en die plaats wordt sindsdien Southampton genoemd. Claudius slaagde erin zijn troepen weer bijeen te krijgen, en belegerde Porchester totdat deze stad viel. Na de dood van Hamo zocht Arvirargus onderdak in Winchester, maar Claudius' leger achtervolgde hem. Na een belegering vielen de Britten Claudius aan, maar die bood een wapenstilstand aan. In ruil voor vrede en belastingen voor Rome verkreeg Arvirargus Claudius' dochter als echtgenote. Toen zij het over de condities eens waren hielp Arvirargus Claudius met diens verovering van landen in het noorden. In de daaropvolgende lente werd het huwelijk tussen Arvirargus en Genvissa, de dochter van Claudius, voltrokken. Arvirargus noemde de stad Gloucester naar zijn bruid. Claudius verliet Britannia, en liet het land onder het bestuur van Arvirargus achter. Die maakte een aanvang met het herstellen van steden. Arvirargus raakte gevreesd bij zijn buurlanden, en voelde zich dermate bedreigd dat hij Claudius' hulp inriep. Als Vespasianus niet met een leger ter ondersteuning zou komen, zouden de betalingen aan Rome worden stopgezet. Toen Vespasianus arriveerde en aan land wilde komen, stond daar een dermate grote overmacht aan Britten dat hij uitweek naar een andere haven, die van Totnes. Vanuit zijn legerplaats in Totnes rukte Vespasianus op naar Exeter en belegerde die stad. Arvirargus en Vespasianus raakten na strijd in een impasse, die door koningin Genvissa de volgende ochtend werd doorbroken. Vespasianus vertrok naar Rome, en Arvirargus regeerde het land nog enkele jaren in vrede. Na zijn dood werd hij begraven in Gloucester, de stad die hij samen met Claudius had gesticht. Hij werd opgevolgd door zijn zoon Marius. (nl)
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  • Argiragus, Arvirargus o Arviragus fue un líder de la tribu celta de los brigantes del siglo II. (es)
  • Arvirargus ou Arviragus est un roi légendaire de l’île de Bretagne (actuelle Grande-Bretagne), dont l’« histoire » est rapportée par Geoffroy de Monmouth dans son Historia regum Britanniae (vers 1135). Il est le deuxième fils du roi Kimerlin et il succède à son frère ainé Guider. Il est principalement connu pour ses relations (supposées) avec l’empereur romain Claude. (fr)
  • Arvirargus (or Arviragus) was a legendary, and possibly historical, British king of the 1st century AD. A shadowy historical Arviragus is known only from a cryptic reference in a satirical poem by Juvenal, in which a giant turbot presented to the Roman emperor Domitian (AD 81 – 96) is said to be an omen that "you will capture some king, or Arviragus will fall from his British chariot-pole". The records of Henry Herbert (Master of the Revels) show that a play called Arviragus, was performed at the Court of Charles I on December 26 and 27 1636. (en)
  • Arvirargo o Arvirago fu un leggendario sovrano della Britannia, di cui parla Goffredo di Monmouth nell'Historia Regum Britanniae e che potrebbe essere la trasfigurazione di un personaggio storico del I secolo d.C. Uno certo Arvirago viene menzionato dal poeta romano Giovenale in una sua satira, in cui viene detto che un rombo gigante presentato all'imperatore Domiziano (81-96) è un presagio che "tu catturerai alcuni re, o Arvirago cadrà dal suo carro britannico". John Whitehead ha ipotizzato nel suo Guardian of the Grail che Arvirago e Genvissa andrebbero identificati con Re Artù e Ginevra. (it)
  • Arvirargus was volgens de legende, zoals beschreven door Geoffrey van Monmouth koning van Brittannië. Hij was de zoon van koning Cymbeline, en volgde zijn broer koning Togodumnus op toen die sneuvelde in de Slag bij Medway in 43 n.Chr. tegen de Romeinen onder leiding van keizer Claudius. Hij regeerde van 43 - 57 n.Chr. Het is zeer wel mogelijk, gezien de overeenkomsten, dat Arvirargus dezelfde persoon is als Caratacus, die ook als zoon van Cymbeline wordt genoemd. (nl)
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  • Arvirargus (en)
  • Argiragus (es)
  • Arvirargus (fr)
  • Arvirargo (it)
  • Arvirargus (nl)
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  • male (en)
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  • Arvirargus (en)
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