Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (German: [dʀɛfs]; November 1, 1865 – July 19, 1935) was a German writer, historian, philosopher, and important representative of German monist thought. He was born in Uetersen, Holstein, in present-day Germany.

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dbo:abstract
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (* 1. November 1865 in Uetersen (Holstein); † 19. Juli 1935 in Achern) war ein deutscher Philosoph, Schriftsteller und wichtiger Vertreter des deutschen Monismus. (de)
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (prononcer [drefs]), né le 1er novembre 1865 à Uetersen (Holstein) et mort le 19 juillet 1935 à Illenau, près d'Achern, région de Bühl, (Bade-Wurtemberg), est un philosophe et écrivain allemand, représentant important de la pensée moniste idéaliste allemande, du mouvement de libre religion (de) et un défenseur de la non-existence historique de Jésus-Christ (fr)
  • Professore di filosofia all'Università di Karlsruhe, scrisse su diversi soggetti, provocando molte polemiche a motivo della sua concezione non ortodossa della religione e per i suoi ripetuti attacchi alla filosofia di Nietzsche. Con Bruno Bauer e Albert Kalthoff, Arthur Drews è il maggior sostenitore della tesi mitologica su Gesù, negando che egli sia mai esistito. Espone questa teoria nell'opera Il mito di Cristo, considerando la figura di Gesù il risultato delle concezioni mistiche e apocalittiche del tempo. Drews attaccò la filosofia di Friedrich Nietzsche nell'articolo Nietzsche è filosofo del Nazionalsocialismo?, sul quotidiano Nordische Stimmen 4 (1934), descrivendo il filosofo come "nemico dei tedeschi", un individualista la cui filosofia sarebbe agli antipodi dei principi nazisti. (it)
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (German: [dʀɛfs]; November 1, 1865 – July 19, 1935) was a German writer, historian, philosopher, and important representative of German monist thought. He was born in Uetersen, Holstein, in present-day Germany. Drews became a professor of philosophy and German language at the Technische Hochschule in Karlsruhe. During his career he wrote widely on the histories of philosophy, religions, and mythology. He was a disciple of Eduard von Hartmann who claimed that reality is the "unconscious World Spirit", also expressed in history through religions and the formation of consciousness in the minds of philosophers. Drews often provoked controversy, in part because of his unorthodox ideas on religion and in part because of his attacks on Nietzsche and passionate support of Wagner. He rose to international prominence with his book The Christ Myth (1909), by amplifying and publicizing the thesis initially advanced by Bruno Bauer, which denies the historicity of Jesus. The international controversy provoked by the "Christ Myth" was an early part of Drews's lifelong advocacy of the abandonment of Judaism and Christianity, both of which he regarded as based on ancient beliefs from antiquity, and shaped by religious dualism. He urged a renewal of faith [Glaubenserneuerung] based on Monism and German Idealism. He asserted that true religion could not be reduced to a cult of personality, even if based on the worship of the "unique and great personality" of a historical Jesus, as claimed by Protestant liberal theologians, which he argued was nothing more than the adaptation of the Great Man Theory of history promoted by Romanticism of the 19th century. Drews was considered a dissenter. Many German academics didn't accept his "dilettantism" (abweichungen von der communis opinio, that is, "straying from common opinions"). Drews was a reformer, and stayed involved in religious activism all his life. He was, in his last few years, to witness and participate in an attempt by the Free Religion Movement to inspire a more liberal form of worship. This was his reason for parting with the German Faith Movement, a venture trying to promote (without success) an awakening of a German Faith, an unusual form of nationalistic and racist faith with Hindu overtones — far removed from the elitist German Idealism Drews expounded in his last book, The German Religion (Deutsche Religion, 1935) which he had hoped to see replace Christianity and what he considered its primitive superstitions. Later, Drews came back to the same subject in The Denial of the Historicity of Jesus in Past and Present (1926), which is a historical review of some 35 major deniers of Jesus historicity, covering the period 1780–1926. (en)
  • クリスティアン・ハインリッヒ・アルトゥール・ドレフス(Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews、1865年11月1日 - 1935年7月19日)はドイツの哲学者、著作家、ドイツ一元論の典型的人物。彼は近代ドイツのシュレースヴィヒ=ホルシュタイン州ユーテルゼンで生まれた。 彼はカールスルーエ大学の哲学、ドイツ語の教授になった。勤めていた間、彼は広範にかつ様々な事柄について書いており、宗教についての非正統的考えのため、ニーチェ哲学の反復的攻撃のため、しばしば論議を呼んだ。 彼がオープンなナチス支持者であったことはないが、ドレフスによる随筆のいくつかは彼等の思想への幾らかの共感を示唆している。とはいえ反ユダヤ主義は拒絶した。彼は自著Deutsche Religion(1934年)の中でゲルマン主義宗教運動(en:German Faith Movement)への共感を示した。 (ja)
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (ur. 1 listopada 1865 w Uetersen (Holsztyn), zm. 19 lipca 1935 w Achern) – niemiecki filozof. (pl)
  • Артур Древс (нем. Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews; 1 ноября 1865, Итерзен, Германия — 19 июля 1935, Ахерн, Германия) — немецкий философ, писатель и значительный представитель немецкого монизма. Профессор философии Университета Карлсруэ. Известен работами, которые вызывали бурные полемики: неортодоксальные взгляды на религию, инструментальная база немецкого неоязычества, критика философии Ницше. (ru)
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  • 1865-11-01 (xsd:date)
  • 1865-11-1
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  • 1865-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1935-07-19 (xsd:date)
  • 1935-7-19
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dbo:deathYear
  • 1935-01-01 (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • Portrait photograph of Arthur Drews
dbp:institutions
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  • Western Philosophy
dbp:religion
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  • German philosopher (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (* 1. November 1865 in Uetersen (Holstein); † 19. Juli 1935 in Achern) war ein deutscher Philosoph, Schriftsteller und wichtiger Vertreter des deutschen Monismus. (de)
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (prononcer [drefs]), né le 1er novembre 1865 à Uetersen (Holstein) et mort le 19 juillet 1935 à Illenau, près d'Achern, région de Bühl, (Bade-Wurtemberg), est un philosophe et écrivain allemand, représentant important de la pensée moniste idéaliste allemande, du mouvement de libre religion (de) et un défenseur de la non-existence historique de Jésus-Christ (fr)
  • クリスティアン・ハインリッヒ・アルトゥール・ドレフス(Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews、1865年11月1日 - 1935年7月19日)はドイツの哲学者、著作家、ドイツ一元論の典型的人物。彼は近代ドイツのシュレースヴィヒ=ホルシュタイン州ユーテルゼンで生まれた。 彼はカールスルーエ大学の哲学、ドイツ語の教授になった。勤めていた間、彼は広範にかつ様々な事柄について書いており、宗教についての非正統的考えのため、ニーチェ哲学の反復的攻撃のため、しばしば論議を呼んだ。 彼がオープンなナチス支持者であったことはないが、ドレフスによる随筆のいくつかは彼等の思想への幾らかの共感を示唆している。とはいえ反ユダヤ主義は拒絶した。彼は自著Deutsche Religion(1934年)の中でゲルマン主義宗教運動(en:German Faith Movement)への共感を示した。 (ja)
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (ur. 1 listopada 1865 w Uetersen (Holsztyn), zm. 19 lipca 1935 w Achern) – niemiecki filozof. (pl)
  • Артур Древс (нем. Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews; 1 ноября 1865, Итерзен, Германия — 19 июля 1935, Ахерн, Германия) — немецкий философ, писатель и значительный представитель немецкого монизма. Профессор философии Университета Карлсруэ. Известен работами, которые вызывали бурные полемики: неортодоксальные взгляды на религию, инструментальная база немецкого неоязычества, критика философии Ницше. (ru)
  • Christian Heinrich Arthur Drews (German: [dʀɛfs]; November 1, 1865 – July 19, 1935) was a German writer, historian, philosopher, and important representative of German monist thought. He was born in Uetersen, Holstein, in present-day Germany. (en)
  • Professore di filosofia all'Università di Karlsruhe, scrisse su diversi soggetti, provocando molte polemiche a motivo della sua concezione non ortodossa della religione e per i suoi ripetuti attacchi alla filosofia di Nietzsche. Con Bruno Bauer e Albert Kalthoff, Arthur Drews è il maggior sostenitore della tesi mitologica su Gesù, negando che egli sia mai esistito. Espone questa teoria nell'opera Il mito di Cristo, considerando la figura di Gesù il risultato delle concezioni mistiche e apocalittiche del tempo. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Arthur Drews (Philosoph) (de)
  • Arthur Drews (en)
  • Arthur Drews (fr)
  • Arthur Drews (it)
  • アルトゥール・ドレフス (ja)
  • Arthur Drews (pl)
  • Древс, Артур (ru)
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