Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón, born Martínez y Campos (Segovia, Spain, December 14, 1831 – Zarauz, Spain, September 23, 1900), was a Spanish officer, who rose against the First Spanish Republic in a military revolution in 1874 and restored Spain's Bourbon dynasty. Later he became Captain-General of Cuba. As soldier and politician, he took part in the wars in Africa, Mexico, Cuba and the last Carlist war.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (Segovia, 14 de diciembre de 1831 – Zarauz, 23 de septiembre de 1900) fue un militar y político español, autor del pronunciamiento militar que provocó la Restauración borbónica en España. (es)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (* 14. Dezember 1831 in Segovia, Spanien; † 23. September 1900 in Zarauz, Spanien) war ein spanischer General. (de)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón, né le 14 décembre 1831 et mort le 23 septembre 1900, est un militaire et homme politique espagnol. L'épisode le plus célèbre de sa vie est le pronunciamiento de Sagonte qui le 29 décembre 1874 entraîna la chute de la Première République espagnole et marqua le début de la Restauration bourbonienne en Espagne. En tant que militaire il participa à des guerres en Afrique, au Mexique, à Cuba, ainsi qu'à la dernière guerre carliste. (fr)
  • Dopo aver combattuto in Marocco (1860), in Messico (1862) e a Cuba (1869), comandò le truppe sostenitrici di Alfonso XII di Spagna contro i carlisti ed i repubblicani, debellandoli nel 1874. Inviato di nuovo a Cuba nel 1876, firmò con i rivoltosi, privi del loro comandante Calixto García Iñíguez, il cosiddetto trattato di Zanjón (1878), che pose fine alla guerra dei dieci anni. Divenuto nel 1879 primo ministro della Spagna, si dimise in fretta, ma nel 1881 fu ministro della guerra. Dimessosi nel 1883, fu capitano generale madrileno (1887) e governò la Catalogna dal 1889. Nel 1895 tornò a Cuba, per trattare, purtroppo invano, con il vecchio rivale Calixto García Iñíguez, tornato in quell'anno all'attacco. (it)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (Segóvia, 14 de dezembro de 1831 — Zarauz, 23 de setembro de 1900) foi um político da Espanha. Ocupou o lugar de presidente do governo de Espanha de 1879 a 1879. (pt)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (Segovia, 14 december 1831 - Zarauz, 23 september 1900) was een Spaans militair en politicus. Hij is het meest bekend voor zijn pronunciamiento van Saguntum, die op 29 december 1874 het einde van de Eerste Spaanse Republiek en de restauratie van de Bourbonmonarchie betekende. Als militair nam hij deel aan oorlogen in Afrika, in Mexico en in Cuba, alsook aan de Derde Carlistenoorlog. (nl)
  • Арсéнио Марти́нес де Кáмпос (исп. Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón; Сеговия, Испания, 14 декабря 1831 — Сараус, Испания, 23 сентября 1900) — испанский генерал и государственный деятель. (ru)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón, born Martínez y Campos (Segovia, Spain, December 14, 1831 – Zarauz, Spain, September 23, 1900), was a Spanish officer, who rose against the First Spanish Republic in a military revolution in 1874 and restored Spain's Bourbon dynasty. Later he became Captain-General of Cuba. As soldier and politician, he took part in the wars in Africa, Mexico, Cuba and the last Carlist war. Martínez Campos received a military education and after 1852 served on Spain's general staff (Estado Mayor). Later on, he was named professor in its academy. In 1860, he was sent to Africa, and also took part in the Mexican 1861 campaign against urban rebels under General Juan Prim, in a joint expedition along with France and Britain. After the Revolution of 1868, Arsenio Martínez Campos requested posting to Cuba, where he fought well against the rebels in 1869 in the Ten Years' War, gaining the rank of Brigadier General. Success in this war commonly was a matter of perception, the Spanish Army after taking serious losses, would take the field in bayonet charges thus technically winning. However, the Cuban rebels would count up the Spanish losses against their own and consider the action a victory in terms of body count and withdraw. The Cubans also knew that movements of Spanish in the field caused the exposure of the susceptible Spanish forces to yellow fever and other tropical diseases; these diseases would hurt the enemy further. Martínez Campos, perceived as too soft to win, was displaced by the ruthless Blas Villate, Count of Balmaceda ; who proceeded with a brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing called, "The Rising Flood of Valmaseda". In 1872, Martínez Campos returned to Spain, where he backed the coup d'état led by Manuel Pavía. Here, he took charge of several brigades to fight the Carlist uprisings with little success. After this, he was put in charge of the Valencian army, fighting Independent forces in Alicante and Cartagena. The chaotic situation in Spain caused him to plot against the Republic and in favour of Alfonso XII, son of the exiled Isabel II. On the 29 December 1874, Martínez Campos led a coup d'état in Sagunto to restore the throne to Alfonso XII. Later, he was named Captain General of Catalonia after defeating the Carlists there and in Navarre in the Restoration. He was made Captain General (governor) of Cuba in 1876 where his reputation as a noble warrior allowed him to arrange a peace treaty (Paz de Zanjón) with the war weary Cuban rebels in 1878. This treaty granted more autonomy to Cuba, freedom to rebels who had been slaves, and a few years after led to the complete abolition of slavery on the island. Returning to Spain, and after presiding over a conservative government in 1879 as Cánovas's puppet, he was forced to leave the Conservative Party, since he favoured granting total freedom to all races in Spain. He turned to the Liberals. As Minister for War under Sagasta, he founded the Academia Militar General. In 1893, he was named general-in-chief of the African army, and subscribed a peace treaty (Peace of Melilla) with the Sultan of Morocco in 1894. That same year (1893), he suffered an assassination attempt. Two years later, he returned to Cuba, but facing an incorrectly perceived need to toughen measures against the rebels, he refused to order ethnic cleansing and resigned his post. He was replaced with by Valeriano Weyler. Martínez Campo returned to Spain, where he was named president of the Supreme War and Navy Council until his death in 1900. Weyler’s tactics did not lead to victory but instead contributed to the U.S. intervention in the Spanish–American War. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1831-12-14 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1900-9-23
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 30863979 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 719575919 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Spanish general and politician (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (Segovia, 14 de diciembre de 1831 – Zarauz, 23 de septiembre de 1900) fue un militar y político español, autor del pronunciamiento militar que provocó la Restauración borbónica en España. (es)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (* 14. Dezember 1831 in Segovia, Spanien; † 23. September 1900 in Zarauz, Spanien) war ein spanischer General. (de)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón, né le 14 décembre 1831 et mort le 23 septembre 1900, est un militaire et homme politique espagnol. L'épisode le plus célèbre de sa vie est le pronunciamiento de Sagonte qui le 29 décembre 1874 entraîna la chute de la Première République espagnole et marqua le début de la Restauration bourbonienne en Espagne. En tant que militaire il participa à des guerres en Afrique, au Mexique, à Cuba, ainsi qu'à la dernière guerre carliste. (fr)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (Segóvia, 14 de dezembro de 1831 — Zarauz, 23 de setembro de 1900) foi um político da Espanha. Ocupou o lugar de presidente do governo de Espanha de 1879 a 1879. (pt)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (Segovia, 14 december 1831 - Zarauz, 23 september 1900) was een Spaans militair en politicus. Hij is het meest bekend voor zijn pronunciamiento van Saguntum, die op 29 december 1874 het einde van de Eerste Spaanse Republiek en de restauratie van de Bourbonmonarchie betekende. Als militair nam hij deel aan oorlogen in Afrika, in Mexico en in Cuba, alsook aan de Derde Carlistenoorlog. (nl)
  • Арсéнио Марти́нес де Кáмпос (исп. Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón; Сеговия, Испания, 14 декабря 1831 — Сараус, Испания, 23 сентября 1900) — испанский генерал и государственный деятель. (ru)
  • Dopo aver combattuto in Marocco (1860), in Messico (1862) e a Cuba (1869), comandò le truppe sostenitrici di Alfonso XII di Spagna contro i carlisti ed i repubblicani, debellandoli nel 1874. Inviato di nuovo a Cuba nel 1876, firmò con i rivoltosi, privi del loro comandante Calixto García Iñíguez, il cosiddetto trattato di Zanjón (1878), che pose fine alla guerra dei dieci anni. Divenuto nel 1879 primo ministro della Spagna, si dimise in fretta, ma nel 1881 fu ministro della guerra. Dimessosi nel 1883, fu capitano generale madrileno (1887) e governò la Catalogna dal 1889. (it)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón, born Martínez y Campos (Segovia, Spain, December 14, 1831 – Zarauz, Spain, September 23, 1900), was a Spanish officer, who rose against the First Spanish Republic in a military revolution in 1874 and restored Spain's Bourbon dynasty. Later he became Captain-General of Cuba. As soldier and politician, he took part in the wars in Africa, Mexico, Cuba and the last Carlist war. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos (de)
  • Arsenio Martínez Campos (es)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (fr)
  • Arsenio Martínez Campos y Antón (it)
  • Arsenio Martínez Campos (nl)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (pt)
  • Мартинес де Кампос, Арсенио (ru)
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Arsenio (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón (en)
is dbo:commander of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:leader1Name of
is owl:sameAs of
is foaf:primaryTopic of