The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army. The Army Reserve was created as the Territorial Force in 1908 by the Secretary of State for War, Richard Haldane, when the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 combined the previously civilian-administered Volunteer Force, with the mounted Yeomanry (at the same time the Militia was renamed the Special Reserve). Most Volunteer infantry units had unique identities, but lost these in the reorganisation, becoming Territorial battalions of Regular Army infantry regiments. Some, notably the London, Monmouthshire and Hertfordshire Regiments maintained a s

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dbo:abstract
  • The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army. The Army Reserve was created as the Territorial Force in 1908 by the Secretary of State for War, Richard Haldane, when the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 combined the previously civilian-administered Volunteer Force, with the mounted Yeomanry (at the same time the Militia was renamed the Special Reserve). Most Volunteer infantry units had unique identities, but lost these in the reorganisation, becoming Territorial battalions of Regular Army infantry regiments. Some, notably the London, Monmouthshire and Hertfordshire Regiments maintained a separate identity. Its original purpose was home defence, although the establishment of the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve in 1967 involved a restructuring and revised doctrine leading to the provision of routine support for the regular army overseas. Reservists in the past also served as constables or bailiffs, even holding positions of civic duty as overseer of their parish. The more modern Yeomen of the 18th century were cavalry-based units, which were often used to suppress riots (see the Peterloo Massacre). Several units that are now part of the Army Reserve bear the title "militia", reflecting their origins as part of that organisation prior to the formation of the Special Reserve in 1907. During periods of total war, the Army Reserve is incorporated by the Royal Prerogative into Regular Service under one code of Military Law for the duration of hostilities or until de-activation is decided upon. After the Second World War, for example, the Army Reserve - or Territorial Army as it was known then - was not demobilised until 1947. Army Reservists normally have a full-time civilian job or career, which in some cases provides skills and expertise that are directly transferable to a specialist military role, such as NHS employees serving in Reservist Army Medical Services units. All Army Reserve personnel have their civilian jobs protected to a limited extent by law should they be compulsorily mobilised. There is, however, no legal protection against discrimination in employment for membership of the Army Reserve in the normal course of events (i.e. when not mobilised). (en)
  • La Territorial Army (TA) est l'armée de réserve de la British Army. Composée d'environ 35 000 volontaires, elle réunit un quart de la force humaine de l'armée de terre britannique. Les soldats de la TA servent en opération au même titre que les troupes régulières, soit dans des unités de réserve, soit individuellement rattachés aux unités régulières. Plus de mille soldats réservistes sont déployés en opérations extérieures chaque année. Mille de plus servent actuellement dans le Non Regular Permanent Staff (État-Major permanent de l'armée de réserve). L'actuel plus haut gradé de l'armée de réserve est le major-général Simon Lalor TD, assistant du Chief of the Defence Staff. (fr)
  • Il Territorial Army (TA) è una componente del British Army, le forze armate di terra del Regno Unito. (it)
  • 国防義勇軍(こくぼうぎゆうぐん。Territorial Army、TA)とは、イギリス陸軍の予備役組織のひとつである。常備軍の予備役が現役期間終了後の元兵士から構成されているのと異なり、非常勤の志願兵から構成されている。日本においては、予備自衛官等(即応予備自衛官、狭義の予備自衛官、公募予備自衛官、予備自衛官補)のうち、公募された予備自衛官補および彼らが教育・訓練を経て予備自衛官に任官される公募予備自衛官がそれに近い。国家総力戦時には国王大権に基づき常備軍部隊に編入される。その歴史的起源は、コモン・ローに基づいて認められていた民兵と、ヨーマンリーと呼ばれる義勇兵に由来する。現在はイギリス陸軍の総兵力の約1/4を占めている。テリトリアル陸軍。 (ja)
  • 本地陸軍(Territorial Army),缩写TA,,或譯地方自衛隊,是英國陸軍下轄的一支地面預備部隊,同時也是英國軍事組織中最大的預備力量,現編制有30000-35000官兵。本地陸軍不是全職軍人,其成員需在平民職業外每年參與最低19-27天的軍事訓練。該組織最高軍銜是主管預備役和少年團的Greg Smith少將。 (zh)
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  • 1908-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • centre|border|100px
dbo:role
  • Volunteer Reserve
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  • 744927722 (xsd:integer)
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  • Non-ceremonial
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Il Territorial Army (TA) è una componente del British Army, le forze armate di terra del Regno Unito. (it)
  • 国防義勇軍(こくぼうぎゆうぐん。Territorial Army、TA)とは、イギリス陸軍の予備役組織のひとつである。常備軍の予備役が現役期間終了後の元兵士から構成されているのと異なり、非常勤の志願兵から構成されている。日本においては、予備自衛官等(即応予備自衛官、狭義の予備自衛官、公募予備自衛官、予備自衛官補)のうち、公募された予備自衛官補および彼らが教育・訓練を経て予備自衛官に任官される公募予備自衛官がそれに近い。国家総力戦時には国王大権に基づき常備軍部隊に編入される。その歴史的起源は、コモン・ローに基づいて認められていた民兵と、ヨーマンリーと呼ばれる義勇兵に由来する。現在はイギリス陸軍の総兵力の約1/4を占めている。テリトリアル陸軍。 (ja)
  • 本地陸軍(Territorial Army),缩写TA,,或譯地方自衛隊,是英國陸軍下轄的一支地面預備部隊,同時也是英國軍事組織中最大的預備力量,現編制有30000-35000官兵。本地陸軍不是全職軍人,其成員需在平民職業外每年參與最低19-27天的軍事訓練。該組織最高軍銜是主管預備役和少年團的Greg Smith少將。 (zh)
  • The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army. The Army Reserve was created as the Territorial Force in 1908 by the Secretary of State for War, Richard Haldane, when the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 combined the previously civilian-administered Volunteer Force, with the mounted Yeomanry (at the same time the Militia was renamed the Special Reserve). Most Volunteer infantry units had unique identities, but lost these in the reorganisation, becoming Territorial battalions of Regular Army infantry regiments. Some, notably the London, Monmouthshire and Hertfordshire Regiments maintained a s (en)
  • La Territorial Army (TA) est l'armée de réserve de la British Army. Composée d'environ 35 000 volontaires, elle réunit un quart de la force humaine de l'armée de terre britannique. Les soldats de la TA servent en opération au même titre que les troupes régulières, soit dans des unités de réserve, soit individuellement rattachés aux unités régulières. Plus de mille soldats réservistes sont déployés en opérations extérieures chaque année. Mille de plus servent actuellement dans le Non Regular Permanent Staff (État-Major permanent de l'armée de réserve). (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Army Reserve (United Kingdom) (en)
  • Territorial Army (it)
  • Army Reserve (fr)
  • 国防義勇軍 (ja)
  • 本地陸軍 (zh)
rdfs:seeAlso
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  • Army Reserve (en)
  • Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (en)
  • Territorial Army (en)
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