The Appomattox Campaign was a series of American Civil War battles fought March 29 – April 9, 1865 in Virginia that concluded with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to the Union Army (Army of the Potomac, Army of the James and Army of the Shenandoah) under the overall command of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. In the following eleven weeks after Lee's surrender, the American Civil War ended as other Confederate armies surrendered and Confederate government leaders were captured or fled the country.

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dbo:abstract
  • Der Appomattox-Feldzug (29. März - 9. April 1865) war eine Serie von Kämpfen während des Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges, an deren Ende die Kapitulation der Nord-Virginia-Armee, der wichtigsten Armee der Konföderierten Staaten von Amerika, stand. Diese Kapitulation wird gemeinhin als das Ende des Bürgerkrieges angesehen, obwohl die letzte konföderierte Armee ihren Kampf erst Mitte Juni aufgab. (de)
  • The Appomattox Campaign was a series of American Civil War battles fought March 29 – April 9, 1865 in Virginia that concluded with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to the Union Army (Army of the Potomac, Army of the James and Army of the Shenandoah) under the overall command of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. In the following eleven weeks after Lee's surrender, the American Civil War ended as other Confederate armies surrendered and Confederate government leaders were captured or fled the country. As the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign (also known as the Siege of Petersburg) ended, Lee's army was outnumbered and exhausted from a winter of trench warfare over an approximately 40 mi (64 km) front, numerous battles, disease, hunger and desertion. Grant's well-equipped and well-fed army was growing in strength. On March 29, 1865, the Union Army began an offensive that stretched and broke the Confederate defenses southwest of Petersburg and cut their supply lines to Petersburg and the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Union victories at the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, 1865 and the Third Battle of Petersburg, often called the Breakthrough at Petersburg, on April 2, 1865, opened Petersburg and Richmond to imminent capture. Lee ordered the evacuation of Confederate forces from both Petersburg and Richmond on the night of April 2–3 before Grant's army could cut off any escape. Confederate government leaders also fled west from Richmond that night. The Confederates marched west, heading toward Danville, Virginia or Lynchburg, Virginia as an alternative. Lee planned to resupply his army at one of those cities and march southwest into North Carolina where he could unite his army with the Confederate army commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston. Grant's Union Army pursued Lee's fleeing Confederates relentlessly. During the next week, the Union troops fought a series of battles with Confederate units, cut off or destroyed Confederate supplies and blocked their paths to the south and ultimately to the west. On April 6, 1865, the Confederate Army suffered a significant defeat at the Battle of Sailor's Creek, Virginia, where they lost about 7,700 men killed and captured and an unknown number wounded. Nonetheless, Lee continued to move the remainder of his battered army to the west. Soon cornered, short of food and supplies and outnumbered, Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. (en)
  • La Campagne d'Appomattox (29 mars - 9 avril 1865) est une série de batailles en Virginie, qui aboutissent à la reddition du général confédéré Robert E. Lee de l'Armée de la Virginie du Nord qui symbolise la fin effective de la guerre de Sécession américaine. (fr)
  • La campagna di Appomattox (29 marzo - 9 aprile 1865) include una serie di battaglie combattute, durante la guerra civile americana, in Virginia, che culminarono con la resa dell'Armata Confederata della Virginia Settentrionale, comandata dal generale Robert Edward Lee, e con l'effettiva fine del conflitto. Fu preceduta, il 25 marzo 1865, dalla disastrosa sconfitta confederata nella battaglia di Fort Stedman, che concluse l'assedio di Petersburg. Questo attacco finale tentò di rompere l'assedio e causò un gran numero di morti nelle file confederate. Lee sapeva che Grant si sarebbe presto mosso per distruggere le ultime linee di rifornimento confederate, la South Side Railroad, e che questo avrebbe definitivamente condannato la sua Armata. (it)
  • アポマトックス方面作戦(アポマトックスほうめんさくせん、英:Appomattox Campaign)は、南北戦争の1865年3月と4月に、バージニア州で行われた一連の戦闘である。南軍将軍ロバート・E・リーの北バージニア軍が降伏し、南北戦争を実質的に終わらせることになった。 (ja)
  • De Appomattoxveldtocht vond plaats van 29 maart tot 9 april 1865 in de staat Virginia tijdens de Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog. Het was een serie van veldslagen die culmineerde in de overgave van de Army of Northern Virginia, onder leiding van Robert E. Lee, en betekende het einde van de Amerikaanse burgeroorlog. (nl)
  • A Campanha de Appomattox foi uma série de batalhas travadas entre 29 de março e 9 de abril de 1865 no estado sulista da Virgínia, que culminou com a rendição dos exércitos confederados sob comando do general Robert E. Lee. Esta campanha marcou em efetivo o fim da Guerra Civil Americana. Após a conclusão da campanha em Richmond e Petersburg (vencida pelas forças do Norte), o exército do general Lee estava exausto e havia drasticamente encolhido (devido as perdas em combate, doenças e as deserções) após semanas de luta em trincheiras no meio do inverno. Na batalha de Five Forks em 1 de abril, o exército da União, comandado pelo tenente-general Ulysses S. Grant, tomou as últimas grandes linhas ferroviárias ainda em controle das forças sulistas em Petersburg. Grant ordenou então um ataque final contra as fortificações inimigas na região. No dia seguinte, o exército nortista conseguiu quebrar as defesas confederadas na Terceira batalha de Petersburg, o que obrigou Lee a ordenar uma evacuação de suas forças da área e também da capital confederada de Richmond, na virada da noite do dia 2 para o dia 3 de abril de 1865. Lee esperava recuar o mais rápido possível e juntar suas tropas com as forças confederadas estacionadas na Carolina do Norte, mas o exército do general Grant manteve uma perseguição implacável. No dia 6 de abril, o exército do general Lee sofreu outra derrota na Batalha de Sayler's Creek, mas eles ainda assim tentaram continuar com a retirada para o oeste a fim de escapar do inimigo. Por fim, em tremenda inferioridade numérica, as forças confederadas (exauridas e sofrendo com a falta de suprimentos) acabaram sendo praticamente encurraladas. Frente a essa situação, o general Lee e seus homens finalmente decidem se render ao Norte, no prédio de Appomattox Court House, em 9 de abril de 1865. (pt)
  • Аппоматтоксская кампания (The Appomattox Campaign) представляет собой серию сражений с 29 марта по 9 апреля 1865 года, которые произошли в Вирджинии во время американской гражданской войны. Кампания началась со сдачи Петерсберга и завершилась капитуляцией Северовирджинской армии генерала Ли. Под конец осады Петерсберга армия Ли сильно сократилась и серьезно пострадала за время зимней окопной войны. 1 апреля в сражении при Файв-Фокс федеральная армия перерезала последнюю линию снабжения армии и Грант приказал провести генеральный штурм по всей линии фронта. 2 апреля в Третьем сражении при Петерсберге федералам удалось прорвать оборону противника, после чего в ночь на 3 апреля Ли приказал эвакуировать Петерсберг и Ричмонд. Ли надеялся отступить на юго-запад и соединиться с другими частями армии Юга в Северной Каролине, но Грант организовал преследование и 6 апреля Северовирджинская армия потерпела серьезное поражение в сражении на Сайлерс-Крик. В итоге, окруженный и отрезанный от баз снабжения, Ли согласился капитулировать 9 апреля у Аппоматтокса. (ru)
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  • 10,780
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  • 1865-04-09 (xsd:date)
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  • *Surrenderof theArmy of Northern Virginia
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  • Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee, opposing commanders in the Appomattox Campaign.
dbp:casualties
  • Entire confederate Army of Northern Virginia disbanded: Gen. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House .
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  • Der Appomattox-Feldzug (29. März - 9. April 1865) war eine Serie von Kämpfen während des Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges, an deren Ende die Kapitulation der Nord-Virginia-Armee, der wichtigsten Armee der Konföderierten Staaten von Amerika, stand. Diese Kapitulation wird gemeinhin als das Ende des Bürgerkrieges angesehen, obwohl die letzte konföderierte Armee ihren Kampf erst Mitte Juni aufgab. (de)
  • La Campagne d'Appomattox (29 mars - 9 avril 1865) est une série de batailles en Virginie, qui aboutissent à la reddition du général confédéré Robert E. Lee de l'Armée de la Virginie du Nord qui symbolise la fin effective de la guerre de Sécession américaine. (fr)
  • アポマトックス方面作戦(アポマトックスほうめんさくせん、英:Appomattox Campaign)は、南北戦争の1865年3月と4月に、バージニア州で行われた一連の戦闘である。南軍将軍ロバート・E・リーの北バージニア軍が降伏し、南北戦争を実質的に終わらせることになった。 (ja)
  • De Appomattoxveldtocht vond plaats van 29 maart tot 9 april 1865 in de staat Virginia tijdens de Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog. Het was een serie van veldslagen die culmineerde in de overgave van de Army of Northern Virginia, onder leiding van Robert E. Lee, en betekende het einde van de Amerikaanse burgeroorlog. (nl)
  • The Appomattox Campaign was a series of American Civil War battles fought March 29 – April 9, 1865 in Virginia that concluded with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to the Union Army (Army of the Potomac, Army of the James and Army of the Shenandoah) under the overall command of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. In the following eleven weeks after Lee's surrender, the American Civil War ended as other Confederate armies surrendered and Confederate government leaders were captured or fled the country. (en)
  • La campagna di Appomattox (29 marzo - 9 aprile 1865) include una serie di battaglie combattute, durante la guerra civile americana, in Virginia, che culminarono con la resa dell'Armata Confederata della Virginia Settentrionale, comandata dal generale Robert Edward Lee, e con l'effettiva fine del conflitto. (it)
  • A Campanha de Appomattox foi uma série de batalhas travadas entre 29 de março e 9 de abril de 1865 no estado sulista da Virgínia, que culminou com a rendição dos exércitos confederados sob comando do general Robert E. Lee. Esta campanha marcou em efetivo o fim da Guerra Civil Americana. (pt)
  • Аппоматтоксская кампания (The Appomattox Campaign) представляет собой серию сражений с 29 марта по 9 апреля 1865 года, которые произошли в Вирджинии во время американской гражданской войны. Кампания началась со сдачи Петерсберга и завершилась капитуляцией Северовирджинской армии генерала Ли. Под конец осады Петерсберга армия Ли сильно сократилась и серьезно пострадала за время зимней окопной войны. 1 апреля в сражении при Файв-Фокс федеральная армия перерезала последнюю линию снабжения армии и Грант приказал провести генеральный штурм по всей линии фронта. 2 апреля в Третьем сражении при Петерсберге федералам удалось прорвать оборону противника, после чего в ночь на 3 апреля Ли приказал эвакуировать Петерсберг и Ричмонд. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Appomattox Campaign (en)
  • Appomattox-Feldzug (de)
  • Campagne d'Appomattox (fr)
  • Campagna di Appomattox (it)
  • アポマトックス方面作戦 (ja)
  • Appomattoxveldtocht (nl)
  • Campanha de Appomattox (pt)
  • Аппоматтоксская кампания (ru)
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