Sir Apolo Kagwa (standard Luganda orthography spelling Kaggwa) KCMG MBE (1864–1927) is considered Buganda's first and foremost ethnographer. He was appointed prime minister (Katikkiro) of the Kingdom of Buganda by King Mwanga II in 1890, and served in that capacity until 1926. From 1897, Kagwa served as regent until 1914 when the infant King Daudi Chwa came of age.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Sir Apolo Kagwa war ein bugandischer Politiker und Ethnograf. Kagwa diente am Hofe der Kabakas Mutesa und Mwanga II. und wurde unter Mwanga 1890 Premierminister von Buganda. Infolge der ugandischen Religionskonflikte gab es seit 1892 neben dem Protestanten Kagwa mit Stanislaus Mugwanya zusätzlich auch einen katholischen Katikiro. Im Januar 1897 war es unter anderem Kagwa, der Gabriel Kintu bei den britischen Behörden anzeigte, was die erfolglose Rebellion Mwangas gegen die Briten mit auslöste. Da der von den Briten als Nachfolger Mwangas eingesetzte Daudi Chwa II. erst ein Jahr alt war, übernahm Kagwa mit Mugwanya und Zakaria Kizito Kisingiri die Amtsgeschäfte in Buganda. In dieser Rolle war er auch an der Formulierung des Buganda Agreement beteiligt, das die Landverhältnisse in Buganda neu regelte und das ihn selbst stark begünstigte, indem ihm 78 km² Land zugesprochen wurden. In der Folgezeit arbeitete er weiter eng mit den Briten zusammen und setzte sich für die Modernisierung der Landwirtschaft und die Schaffung eines Bildungswesens ein. Seine Verteidigung der Privilegien der Bakungu brachte ihn aber zusehends in Opposition zur britischen Verwaltung wie auch zum Kabaka. Das Amt als Premierminister hatte er bis 1926 inne, als er wegen eines relativ unbedeutenden Konflikts, in dem er von der britischen Verwaltung in seiner Autorität übergangen wurde, sein Amt niederlegte. Kagwa war, nachdem christliche Missionare ihre Arbeit in Uganda aufgenommen hatten, früh zum anglikanischen Glauben übergetreten und in der Church Missionary Society aktiv. So war er auch eine der federführenden Figuren während des Baus der Kathedrale von Namirembe in Kampala. Zur Krönungszeremonie Eduards VII. reiste Kagwa mit seinem Sekretär Ham Mukasa an, der über diese Reise einen Bericht in Luganda verfasste, der auf die Interessen der heimischen Baganda zugeschnitten war, für die Europa ein fernes unbekanntes Land war.
  • Sir Apolo Kagwa (standard Luganda orthography spelling Kaggwa) KCMG MBE (1864–1927) is considered Buganda's first and foremost ethnographer. He was appointed prime minister (Katikkiro) of the Kingdom of Buganda by King Mwanga II in 1890, and served in that capacity until 1926. From 1897, Kagwa served as regent until 1914 when the infant King Daudi Chwa came of age. Apolo Kagwa was an administrative apprentice at the Royal palace of Buganda when the first Christian missionaries arrived in the 1870s. These palace apprentices, referred to as "pages" by European historians of the era, were bright youths from all over the kingdom sent to the palace to train as the next generation of leaders. He was one of the earliest converts to the Protestant faith, and nearly became one of the Uganda Martyrs when King Mwanga II fell out with the Christians a few years later. He was reportedly spared execution because he had already shown himself to be exceptionally capable as an assistant in the Treasury. In 1885–87 the kingdom fell into a religious civil war with Protestants, Catholics and Moslem factions vying for control. Kagwa, still in his twenties, was from early on recognised as the leader of the Protestant faction. A keen rifleman, Kagwa served actively in combat during these wars. The Moslems were in ascendancy in the early part of the war, and Kagwa and other Protestants spent some time in exile in the neighboring kingdom of Ankole. King Mwanga, temporarily deposed, was restored in 1890 with the assistance of the Protestants, and Kagwa was named Katikkiro (Prime Minister). King Mwanga was again deposed in 1897 when he rejected British rule and led an unsuccessful fight for independence. An infant prince, Daudi Chwa, was named King with Kagwa as one of three regents. Kagwa was one of the negotiators of the Uganda Agreement, by which Buganda became a British protectorate with limited internal autonomy. Kagwa authored many books on Buganda, including a general history Bassekabaka ba Buganda, a treatise on laws and customs Empisa z'Abaganda and a collection of folklore Engero z'Abaganda. His history of Buganda included brief histories of the neighboring kingdoms of Bunyoro and Ankole. He was a strong supporter of the establishment of modern education in Uganda. In particular, he was appalled by what he saw as a tendency of the sons of the nation's leaders to grow up spoiled (in contrast to the spartan upbringing his generation received from the palace apprenticeship system). He worked with British missionaries to establish boarding schools, notably King's College Budo, explicitly to keep young noblemen from growing up spoiled. His manuscripts and personal papers are in the Africana collection of the Makerere University library in Kampala. During the later years of his ministry his relationship with the British colonial government was tense; Kagwa believed Buganda's autonomy was being repeatedly encroached upon. He was the first African to receive the honour of knighthood. In 1918 he was made an honorary member of the Order of the British Empire for services in raising and organising native levies and local Defence Corps in the Uganda Protectorate. He had 23 children, including Michael Kawalya Kagwa (who served as Buganda's Katikiro from 1945 to 1950) His grandchildren include Apollo Kironde, Uganda's first Ambassador to the United Nations. And his Great Grand children include Rebecca Kakonge, and James Lule.
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 357404 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageInLinkCount
  • 9 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutLinkCount
  • 27 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 547324982 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:dateOfBirth
  • 1864 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:dateOfDeath
  • 1927 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:hasPhotoCollection
dbpprop:name
  • Kagwa, Apolo
dcterms:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Sir Apolo Kagwa (standard Luganda orthography spelling Kaggwa) KCMG MBE (1864–1927) is considered Buganda's first and foremost ethnographer. He was appointed prime minister (Katikkiro) of the Kingdom of Buganda by King Mwanga II in 1890, and served in that capacity until 1926. From 1897, Kagwa served as regent until 1914 when the infant King Daudi Chwa came of age.
  • Sir Apolo Kagwa war ein bugandischer Politiker und Ethnograf. Kagwa diente am Hofe der Kabakas Mutesa und Mwanga II. und wurde unter Mwanga 1890 Premierminister von Buganda. Infolge der ugandischen Religionskonflikte gab es seit 1892 neben dem Protestanten Kagwa mit Stanislaus Mugwanya zusätzlich auch einen katholischen Katikiro. Im Januar 1897 war es unter anderem Kagwa, der Gabriel Kintu bei den britischen Behörden anzeigte, was die erfolglose Rebellion Mwangas gegen die Briten mit auslöste.
rdfs:label
  • Apolo Kagwa
  • Apolo Kagwa
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:givenName
  • Apolo
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Apolo Kagwa
foaf:surname
  • Kagwa
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects of
is owl:sameAs of
is foaf:primaryTopic of