Apollonius of Ephesus (Greek: Ἀπολλώνιος; fl. 180–210) was an anti-Montanist Greek ecclesiastical writer, probably from Asia Minor. He was thoroughly acquainted with the Christian history of Ephesus and the doings of the Phrygian Montanists. The unknown author of Praedestinatus says he was a Bishop of Ephesus. However, the lack of support from other Christian writers makes this testimony doubtful. He undertook the defense of the Church against Montanus, and followed in the footsteps of Zoticus of Comanus, Julian of Apamaea, Sotas of Anchialus, and Apollinaris of Hierapolis.

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  • Apolonio de Éfeso fue un escritor eclesiástico que escribió una obra, de la que se conservan escasos fragmentos, en la que refutó las teorías de Montano, fundador de una secta cuyos seguidores se llamaban catáfrigas, que tenía gran éxito en Frigia. También expuso detalles acerca de cómo era la vida de los líderes de la secta y las profetisas de la misma, tratando de demostrar que muchas de sus costumbres eran contradictorias con la doctrina cristiana. Eusebio de Cesarea escribe que Apolonio realizó su escrito contra el montanismo 40 años después de la aparición de la secta, por lo que su época de actividad debe situarse hacia finales del siglo II. Es mencionado también por el anónimo autor de la obra Praedestinatus, que dice que Apolonio era obispo de Éfeso. Tertuliano, que al final de su vida estuvo próximo a la secta del montanismo, trató de refutar a Apolonio en el séptimo libro de una obra que no se ha conservado: Acerca del éxtasis. (es)
  • Apollonius of Ephesus (Greek: Ἀπολλώνιος; fl. 180–210) was an anti-Montanist Greek ecclesiastical writer, probably from Asia Minor. He was thoroughly acquainted with the Christian history of Ephesus and the doings of the Phrygian Montanists. The unknown author of Praedestinatus says he was a Bishop of Ephesus. However, the lack of support from other Christian writers makes this testimony doubtful. He undertook the defense of the Church against Montanus, and followed in the footsteps of Zoticus of Comanus, Julian of Apamaea, Sotas of Anchialus, and Apollinaris of Hierapolis. His work is cited by Eusebius, and is praised by St. Jerome, but has been lost, and not even its title is known. It most likely showed the falsity of the Montanist prophecies, recounted the unedifying lives of Montanus and his prophetesses. It also gave currency to the report of their suicide by hanging, and threw light on some of the adepts of the sect, including the apostate Themison, and the pseudo-martyr Alexander. Themison, having evaded martyrdom by means of money, posed as an innovator, addressing a letter to his partisans after the manner of the Apostles, and finally blasphemed Christ and the Church. Alexander, a notorious thief, publicly condemned at Ephesus, had himself adored as a god. Based on Eusebius, it is known that Apollonius spoke in his work of Zoticus, who had tried to exorcise Maximilla, but had been prevented by Themison, and of the martyr-Bishop Thraseas, another adversary of Montanism. He likely gave the signal in it for the movement of opposition to Montanism which the reunion of the first synods developed. At all events, he recalls the tradition according to which Jesus had advised the Apostles not to go far from Jerusalem during the twelve years immediately following His Ascension, a tradition known to Clement of Alexandria from the apocryphal Praedicatio Petri. Moreover, he recounts the restoration to life of a dead man at Ephesus by the Apostle St. John, whose Apocalypse he knew and quotes. He takes rank among the opponents of Montanism with the "Anonymous" of Eusebius, with Miltiades and with Apollinaris. Eusebius says his work constituted "an abundant and excellent refutation of Montanism". St. Jerome qualified it as "a lengthy and remarkable volume". It did not therefore pass unnoticed, and roused some feeling among the Montanists since Tertullian felt it necessary to reply to it. After his six books peri ekstaseos, in which he apologized for the ecstasies into which the Montanist prophetesses fell before prophesying, Tertullian composed a seventh especially to refute Apollonius; he wrote it also in Greek for the use of the Asiatic Montanists. (en)
  • Apolônio de Éfeso (em latim: Apollonius Ephesus) (fl. 180-210) foi um escritor eclesiástico grego anti-montanista, provavelmente da Ásia Menor. (pt)
  • Аполло́ний Эфе́сский (греч. Απολλώνιος Εφέσου; конец II — начало III веков) — христианский церковный писатель, автор сочинения против монтанистов. Краткие сведения о нём приводят Евсевий Кесарийский и Иероним Стридонский. Согласно Евсевия Аполлоний был родом из Малой Азии. Иероним пишет, что известность он получил при императорах Коммоде и Септимии Севере. Анонимный автор V века называет Аполлония епископом Эфеса, но историками этот факт подвергается сомнению. Согласно Евсевия труд Аполлония против монтанистов был написан через 40 лет после начала проповеднической деятельности Монтана то есть около 212 года. Иероним называет сочинение «значительным и пространным томом», при этом Евсевий цитирует из него семь небольших отрывков и не говорит об общем объёме сочинения. В своей полемике с монтанистами Аполлоний обличает не только их расхождения с христианским вероучением, но и обличает пороки их пророков и исповедников. Труд Аполлония изучал Тертуллиан, посвятивший ему 7-й том трактата «Об экстазе», котором пытался опровергнуть выдвинутые против монтанистов обвинения. Сочинение Аполлония включено в 5-й том Patrologia Graeca. (ru)
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  • 201-0-0
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  • 300-0-0
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  • Greek eccelesiastical writer (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Apolônio de Éfeso (em latim: Apollonius Ephesus) (fl. 180-210) foi um escritor eclesiástico grego anti-montanista, provavelmente da Ásia Menor. (pt)
  • Apollonius of Ephesus (Greek: Ἀπολλώνιος; fl. 180–210) was an anti-Montanist Greek ecclesiastical writer, probably from Asia Minor. He was thoroughly acquainted with the Christian history of Ephesus and the doings of the Phrygian Montanists. The unknown author of Praedestinatus says he was a Bishop of Ephesus. However, the lack of support from other Christian writers makes this testimony doubtful. He undertook the defense of the Church against Montanus, and followed in the footsteps of Zoticus of Comanus, Julian of Apamaea, Sotas of Anchialus, and Apollinaris of Hierapolis. (en)
  • Apolonio de Éfeso fue un escritor eclesiástico que escribió una obra, de la que se conservan escasos fragmentos, en la que refutó las teorías de Montano, fundador de una secta cuyos seguidores se llamaban catáfrigas, que tenía gran éxito en Frigia. También expuso detalles acerca de cómo era la vida de los líderes de la secta y las profetisas de la misma, tratando de demostrar que muchas de sus costumbres eran contradictorias con la doctrina cristiana. Eusebio de Cesarea escribe que Apolonio realizó su escrito contra el montanismo 40 años después de la aparición de la secta, por lo que su época de actividad debe situarse hacia finales del siglo II. Es mencionado también por el anónimo autor de la obra Praedestinatus, que dice que Apolonio era obispo de Éfeso. Tertuliano, que al final de su (es)
  • Аполло́ний Эфе́сский (греч. Απολλώνιος Εφέσου; конец II — начало III веков) — христианский церковный писатель, автор сочинения против монтанистов. Краткие сведения о нём приводят Евсевий Кесарийский и Иероним Стридонский. Согласно Евсевия Аполлоний был родом из Малой Азии. Иероним пишет, что известность он получил при императорах Коммоде и Септимии Севере. Анонимный автор V века называет Аполлония епископом Эфеса, но историками этот факт подвергается сомнению. Сочинение Аполлония включено в 5-й том Patrologia Graeca. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Apollonius of Ephesus (en)
  • Apolonio de Éfeso (es)
  • Apollonio di Efeso (it)
  • Аполлоний Эфесский (ru)
  • Apolônio de Éfeso (pt)
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  • Apollonius of Ephesus (en)
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