Antonio de Guevara (c. 1481 – 3 April 1545) was a Spanish chronicler and moralist. Born in Treceño in the province of Cantabria, he passed some of his youth at the court of Isabella I of Castile. In 1528 he entered the Franciscan order, and afterwards accompanied Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, during his journeys to Italy and other parts of Europe. He held successively the offices of court preacher, court historiographer, Bishop of Guadix and Bishop of Mondoñedo. His earliest work, entitled Reloj de príncipes, published at Valladolid in 1529, and, according to its author, the fruit of eleven years' labour, is a didactic novel, designed, after the manner of Xenophon's Cyropaedia, to delineate in a somewhat ideal way, for the benefit of modern sovereigns, the life and character of an ancient

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Antonio de Guevara (c. 1481 – 3 April 1545) was a Spanish chronicler and moralist. Born in Treceño in the province of Cantabria, he passed some of his youth at the court of Isabella I of Castile. In 1528 he entered the Franciscan order, and afterwards accompanied Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, during his journeys to Italy and other parts of Europe. He held successively the offices of court preacher, court historiographer, Bishop of Guadix and Bishop of Mondoñedo. His earliest work, entitled Reloj de príncipes, published at Valladolid in 1529, and, according to its author, the fruit of eleven years' labour, is a didactic novel, designed, after the manner of Xenophon's Cyropaedia, to delineate in a somewhat ideal way, for the benefit of modern sovereigns, the life and character of an ancient prince, Marcus Aurelius, distinguished for wisdom and virtue. It was often reprinted in Spanish; and before the close of the century had also been translated into Latin, Italian, French and English, an English translation by J Bourchier (London, 1546) and another by Thomas North. There is another version of this text, either earlier or later, Libro Aureo that Guevara did not want published, according to José Luis Alberg, it came out around the same time. That version in its definitive form was published by the great French Hispanist in 1929. It is difficult now to account for the extraordinary popularity of the work. It gave rise to a great literary controversy, the author having tried to claim it as historically accurate, appealing to an imaginary "manuscript in Florence." Other works of Guevara are the Década de los Césares (Valladolid, 1539), or "Lives of the Ten Roman Emperors," in imitation of the manner of Plutarch and Suetonius; and the Epístolas familiares (Valladolid, 1539–1545), sometimes called "The Golden Letters," often printed in Spain, and translated into all the principal languages of Europe. They are in reality a collection of stiff and formal essays which have long ago fallen into merited oblivion. Guevara, whose influence upon the Spanish prose of the 16th century was considerable, also wrote Libro de los inventores del arte de marear (Valladolid, 1539, and Madrid, 1895). In the same year, Guevara wrote a work of crucial importance called “Aviso de privados y doctrina de cortesanos”. In this work, Guevara laid the foundations for the concept of the courtier, and thus, also for the 'court society' described by the seminal and namesake work by Nobert Elias. Guevara, who most certainly had read "Il Cortegiano" (1518) by Baldassare Castiglione—whom Charles V called the greatest courtier of his age—brought a different aspect to the figure of the courtier: while the latter's work was a 'behavioral' guide, Guevara described the practical aspects of men surrounding a monarch and differentiated their duties from those who were part of religious orders, in a famous passage in Chapter 1: "En la Religión si se levanta a media noche, es por loar al Señor en el culto Divino; mas en la Corte infinitas veces trasnochan, no por más de cumplir con el mundo." (As far as religion is concerned, if one wakes up in the middle of night, it is to laud the Lord in the Divine worship. But at the court, they stay awake all night infinite times, for no other reason than to keep up with the world [el mundo: people/the world, i.e. the world that counts]). Besides the above-mentioned controversy, there was another regarding the two chapters on the Danubian Farmer, which appeared in different versions both in the Libro áureo and the Reloj de príncipes in which, it has been argued, the Farmer is a metaphor for the New World indigenous peoples and the Roman Empire is nothing less than the Spanish Empire. Antonio was the cousin of Diego de Guevara. (en)
  • أنطونيو دي جيبارا (بالإسبانية: Antonio de Guevara) مؤرخ وفيلسوف أخلاقي إسباني، وُلد في منطقة كانتابريا في 1481. يعد واحدًا من أشهر الشخصيات المشهورة في عصر النهضة. وبرز كثيرًا بعدما إحصاء أعماله التي نُشرت في القرنين السادس عشر والسابع عشر، ووُجد أنها تقدر بستمائة مرة من إنتاج أوروبا وما نشر بها في ذلك الوقت. وتُوفي في مقاطعة لوغو 3 أبريل 1545. (ar)
  • Fray Antonio de Guevara (Treceño, Cantabria, España, 1480 - Mondoñedo, Lugo, España, 3 de abril de 1545), escritor y eclesiástico español, uno de los más populares del Renacimiento (se ha calculado que sus obras se publicaron durante los siglos XVI y XVII más de 600 veces por toda Europa). (es)
  • Antonio de Guevara (* um 1480 in Treceño, Kantabrien; † 3. April 1545 in Mondoñedo, Provinz Lugo, Spanien) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller aus der Provinz Álava und fantasievoller Historiker. Er schmückte seine wenigen Vorlagen mit erfundenen Darstellungen. (de)
  • Fray Antonio de Guevara (v. 1480 - 1545) fut prédicateur franciscain, chroniqueur et orateur de Charles Quint. Il rédigea de nombreux discours pour ce dernier et contribua amplement à forger une idéologie propre à l'empire hispanique. Sa vision de l'empire est pacifiste et messianique. Il défend l'idée d'un empire plus spirituel que matériel et prend la défense de l'indigène qu'il perçoit comme un bon sauvage. L'indigène est un homme proche de l'âge d'or qui se doit d'être préservé. Il est tout l'opposé de l'occidental, un être mondain et corrompu. Sa pensée est fortement influencée par le stoïcisme, Érasme et l'utopisme de Thomas More. Ses écrits connaissent un énorme succès en Europe, on estime à 600 le nombre d'éditions de ses œuvres. Un des livres de Guevara, resté longtemps méconnu, retient aujourd'hui l'attention des critiques. Il s'agit du Réveil-matin des courtisans. Cet ouvrage, publié en 1539 sous le titre Aviso de privados y doctrina de cortesanos (Avis pour les favoris et manuel des courtisans), fut baptisé à partir de 1605 Despertador de cortesanos (Le réveille-matin des courtisans). L'ouvrage constitue en effet le premier volet d'une réflexion sur la vie de cour et Guevara poursuit sa réflexion dans le Menosprecio de corte (Le mépris de la cour), où il s'adresse au courtisan qui aurait décidé de se retirer. (fr)
  • 安东尼奥·德·格瓦拉(Fray Antonio de Guevara,1480年-1545年),文艺复兴时期欧洲西班牙帝国圣方济各修道会修士。作为作家和布道者效力于王室宫廷。他非常著名的著作是《君王宝鉴与马可·奥勒留的金书》(1529年),书中有对理想基督教统治者的论述。 (zh)
  • Антóнио де Гевáра (исп. Antonio de Guevara, ок. 1480, Тресеньо, Кантабрия — 3 апреля 1545, Мондоньедо, Луго) — испанский священник, политический деятель, мыслитель и писатель-моралист, причисленный к высокой классике испанской литературы и философии. (ru)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1480-1-1
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1545-4-3
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 298351 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 740540859 (xsd:integer)
dbp:volume
  • 12 (xsd:integer)
dbp:wstitle
  • Guevara, Antonio de
dct:description
  • Spanish writer (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • أنطونيو دي جيبارا (بالإسبانية: Antonio de Guevara) مؤرخ وفيلسوف أخلاقي إسباني، وُلد في منطقة كانتابريا في 1481. يعد واحدًا من أشهر الشخصيات المشهورة في عصر النهضة. وبرز كثيرًا بعدما إحصاء أعماله التي نُشرت في القرنين السادس عشر والسابع عشر، ووُجد أنها تقدر بستمائة مرة من إنتاج أوروبا وما نشر بها في ذلك الوقت. وتُوفي في مقاطعة لوغو 3 أبريل 1545. (ar)
  • Fray Antonio de Guevara (Treceño, Cantabria, España, 1480 - Mondoñedo, Lugo, España, 3 de abril de 1545), escritor y eclesiástico español, uno de los más populares del Renacimiento (se ha calculado que sus obras se publicaron durante los siglos XVI y XVII más de 600 veces por toda Europa). (es)
  • Antonio de Guevara (* um 1480 in Treceño, Kantabrien; † 3. April 1545 in Mondoñedo, Provinz Lugo, Spanien) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller aus der Provinz Álava und fantasievoller Historiker. Er schmückte seine wenigen Vorlagen mit erfundenen Darstellungen. (de)
  • 安东尼奥·德·格瓦拉(Fray Antonio de Guevara,1480年-1545年),文艺复兴时期欧洲西班牙帝国圣方济各修道会修士。作为作家和布道者效力于王室宫廷。他非常著名的著作是《君王宝鉴与马可·奥勒留的金书》(1529年),书中有对理想基督教统治者的论述。 (zh)
  • Антóнио де Гевáра (исп. Antonio de Guevara, ок. 1480, Тресеньо, Кантабрия — 3 апреля 1545, Мондоньедо, Луго) — испанский священник, политический деятель, мыслитель и писатель-моралист, причисленный к высокой классике испанской литературы и философии. (ru)
  • Antonio de Guevara (c. 1481 – 3 April 1545) was a Spanish chronicler and moralist. Born in Treceño in the province of Cantabria, he passed some of his youth at the court of Isabella I of Castile. In 1528 he entered the Franciscan order, and afterwards accompanied Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, during his journeys to Italy and other parts of Europe. He held successively the offices of court preacher, court historiographer, Bishop of Guadix and Bishop of Mondoñedo. His earliest work, entitled Reloj de príncipes, published at Valladolid in 1529, and, according to its author, the fruit of eleven years' labour, is a didactic novel, designed, after the manner of Xenophon's Cyropaedia, to delineate in a somewhat ideal way, for the benefit of modern sovereigns, the life and character of an ancient (en)
  • Fray Antonio de Guevara (v. 1480 - 1545) fut prédicateur franciscain, chroniqueur et orateur de Charles Quint. Il rédigea de nombreux discours pour ce dernier et contribua amplement à forger une idéologie propre à l'empire hispanique. Sa vision de l'empire est pacifiste et messianique. Il défend l'idée d'un empire plus spirituel que matériel et prend la défense de l'indigène qu'il perçoit comme un bon sauvage. L'indigène est un homme proche de l'âge d'or qui se doit d'être préservé. Il est tout l'opposé de l'occidental, un être mondain et corrompu. Sa pensée est fortement influencée par le stoïcisme, Érasme et l'utopisme de Thomas More. Ses écrits connaissent un énorme succès en Europe, on estime à 600 le nombre d'éditions de ses œuvres. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Antonio de Guevara (en)
  • أنطونيو دي جيبارا (ar)
  • Antonio de Guevara (de)
  • Antonio de Guevara (es)
  • Fray Antonio de Guevara (fr)
  • Antonio de Guevara (it)
  • Гевара, Антонио де (ru)
  • 安东尼奥·德·格瓦拉 (zh)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Antonio (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Antonio de Guevara (en)
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of