Ancient Chinese coinage includes some of the earliest known coins. These coins, used as early as the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC), took the form of imitations of the cowrie shells that were used in ceremonial exchanges. The Spring and Autumn period also saw the introduction of the first metal coins; however, they were not initially round, instead being either knife shaped or spade shaped. Round metal coins with a round, and then later square hole in the center were first introduced around 350 BC. The beginning of the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), the first dynasty to unify China, saw the introduction of a standardised coinage for the whole Empire. Subsequent dynasties produced variations on these round coins throughout the imperial period. At first, distribution of the coinage was lim

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Les premières monnaies chinoises sont les monnaies en usage avant l'unification du pays réalisée par la dynastie Qin (秦 ; pinyin : qín ; EFEO : Ts'in) (de -221 à -206). Sont utilisés les cauris marins puis les cauris en os et en métal, les monnaies pondérales, les monnaies en forme de bêches ou de couteaux et les monnaies rondes. La Chine est l'un des premiers pays au monde à avoir utilisé la monnaie. Durant la fin du Néolithique, des cauris servent pour les échanges (XXIe siècle av. J.-C.), copiés par la suite en pierre, en coquillage, en os puis en bronze. (fr)
  • Ancient Chinese coinage includes some of the earliest known coins. These coins, used as early as the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC), took the form of imitations of the cowrie shells that were used in ceremonial exchanges. The Spring and Autumn period also saw the introduction of the first metal coins; however, they were not initially round, instead being either knife shaped or spade shaped. Round metal coins with a round, and then later square hole in the center were first introduced around 350 BC. The beginning of the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), the first dynasty to unify China, saw the introduction of a standardised coinage for the whole Empire. Subsequent dynasties produced variations on these round coins throughout the imperial period. At first, distribution of the coinage was limited to use around the capital city district but by the beginning of the Han Dynasty, coins were widely used for such as when paying tax, salaries and fines. Ancient Chinese coins are markedly different from coins produced in the west. Chinese coins were manufactured by being cast in molds, whereas western coins were typically cut and hammered or, in later times, milled. Chinese coins were usually made from mixtures of metals such copper, tin and lead, from bronze, brass or iron: precious metals like gold and silver were uncommonly used. The ratios and purity of the coin metals varied considerably. Most Chinese coins were produced with a square hole in the middle. This was used to allow collections of coins to be threaded on a square rod so that the rough edges could be filed smooth, and then threaded on strings for ease of handling. Official coin production was not always centralised, but could be spread over many mint locations throughout the country. Aside from officially produced coins, private coining was common during many stages of history. Various steps were taken over time to try to combat the private coining and limit its effects and making it illegal. At other times private coining was tolerated. The coins varied in value throughout the history. Some coins were produced in very large numbers – during the Western Han, an average of 220 million coins a year were produced. Other coins were of limited circulation and are today extremely rare – only six examples of Da Quan Wu Qian from the Eastern Wu Dynasty (222–280) are known to exist. Occasionally, large hoards of coins have been uncovered. For example, a hoard was discovered in Jiangsu containing 4,000 Tai Qing Feng Le coins and at Zhangpu in Shaanxi, a sealed jar containing 1,000 Ban Liang coins of various weights and sizes, was discovered. (en)
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dbp:c
  • 董卓
  • 一刀平五千
  • 三百
  • 三銖
  • 上林三官五銖
  • 中布六百
  • 中泉三十
  • 么布二百
  • 么泉一十
  • 乾亨通寶
  • 乾亨重寶
  • 乾元重寶
  • 乾封泉寶
  • 乾德元寶
  • 五分
  • 五行大布
  • 五銖
  • 保大元寶
  • 元寶
  • 光天元寶
  • 兩柱五銖
  • 兩銖
  • 十二銖
  • 半兩
  • 周元通寶
  • 咸平元寶
  • 咸康元寶
  • 唐國通寶
  • 嘉祐元寶
  • 四出五銖
  • 四柱五銖
  • 四銖
  • 壯布七百
  • 壯泉四十
  • 大唐通寶
  • 大布衡千
  • 大曆元寶
  • 大泉二千
  • 大泉五十
  • 大泉五千
  • 大泉五百
  • 大泉當千
  • 大統五銖
  • 大蜀通寶
  • 大齊通寶
  • 天德通寶
  • 天成元寶
  • 天漢元寶
  • 天福元寶
  • 天禧通寶
  • 天策府寶
  • 天聖元寶
  • 太和五銖
  • 太夏眞興
  • 太平百錢
  • 太平通寶
  • 太清豐樂
  • 太貨六銖
  • 契刀五百
  • 女錢
  • 孝建
  • 宋元通寶
  • 定平一百
  • 對錢
  • 小布一百
  • 小泉直一
  • 差布五百
  • 布幣
  • 布泉
  • 常平五銖
  • 幼布三百
  • 幼泉二十
  • 序布四百
  • 康定元寶
  • 廣政通寶
  • 建中通寶
  • 建武五銖
  • 得壹元寶
  • 慶歷重寶
  • 斾比當伒
  • 明道元寶
  • 景和
  • 景德元寶
  • 景祐元寶
  • 榆莢
  • 次布九百
  • 永光
  • 永安一十
  • 永安一千
  • 永安一百
  • 永安五百
  • 永安五銖
  • 永平五銖
  • 永平元寶
  • 永通泉貨
  • 永通萬國
  • 永隆通寶
  • 沈充五銖
  • 沈郎五銖
  • 涼造新泉
  • 淳化元寶
  • 漢元通寶
  • 漢興
  • 男錢
  • 當兩
  • 白錢五銖
  • 皇宋通寶
  • 直一
  • 直百
  • 直百五銖
  • 祥符元寶
  • 祥符通寶
  • 第布八百
  • 綖環五銖
  • 至和元寶
  • 至和通寶
  • 至道元寶
  • 蜀五銖
  • 蟻鼻錢
  • 西魏五銖
  • 豐貨
  • 貨布
  • 貨泉
  • 赤仄五銖
  • 通寶
  • 通正元寶
  • 郡國五銖
  • 郢爰
  • 重寶
  • 錢牌
  • 鑿邊五銖
  • 開元通寶
  • 開平元寶
  • 開平通寶
  • 陳五銖
  • 随五銖
  • 雞目
  • 順天元寶
  • 鬼臉錢
  • 鵝眼
dbp:hp
  • míng
  • yuán
  • liǎng
  • qián
  • dāo
  • nèi
  • wài
  • méng
  • chuān
  • jīn
  • huà
  • quán
  • yòu
  • zhào
  • zhōng
  • zuǒ
  • bàn liǎng
  • bái
  • bái qián wǔ zhū
  • bù quán
  • bùbì
  • bǎo dà yuán bǎo
  • chà bù wǔbǎi
  • chángpíng wǔ zhū
  • chén wǔ zhū
  • chì zè wǔ zhū
  • chún huà yuánbǎo
  • cì bù jiǔbǎi
  • de yī yuánbǎo
  • duì qián
  • dà bù héng qiān
  • dà lì yuánbǎo
  • dà qí tōng bǎo
  • dà shǔ tōng bǎo
  • dà táng tōng bǎo
  • dà tǒng wǔ zhū
  • dàquán dāng qiān
  • dàquán wǔbǎi
  • dàquán wǔqiān
  • dàquán wǔshí
  • dàquán èrqiān
  • dì bù bābǎi
  • dìngpíng yībǎi
  • dāng liǎng
  • dǒngzhuō
  • fēng huò
  • guāng tiān yuánbǎo
  • guǎng zhèngtōng bǎo
  • guǐ liǎn qián
  • gān hēng zhòng bǎo
  • gān hēngtōng bǎo
  • huáng sòng tōng bǎo
  • huò bù
  • huòquán
  • hàn xìng
  • hàn yuán tōng bǎo
  • jiàn wǔ wǔ zhū
  • jiàn zhōng tōng bǎo
  • jiā yòu yuánbǎo
  • jìn
  • jùn guó wǔ zhū
  • jī mù
  • jǐng dé yuánbǎo
  • jǐng hé
  • jǐng yòu yuánbǎo
  • kāipíng tōng bǎo
  • kāipíng yuánbǎo
  • kāiyuán tōng bǎo
  • kāngdìng yuánbǎo
  • liáng zào xīnquán
  • liǎng zhù wǔ zhū
  • míngdào yuánbǎo
  • mǐn
  • niè
  • nán qián
  • nǚ qián
  • pèi bǐ dāng jìn
  • qián dé yuánbǎo
  • qián fēng quán bǎo
  • qián pái
  • qián yuán zhòng bǎo
  • qiān fēng quán bǎo
  • qiān yuán zhòng bǎo
  • qì dāo wǔbǎi
  • qìnglì zhòng bǎo
  • shuǐ
  • shàng lín sān guān wǔ zhū
  • shén chōng wǔ zhū
  • shén láng wǔ zhū
  • shí'èr zhū
  • shùn tiān yuánbǎo
  • shǔ wǔ zhū
  • suí wǔ zhū
  • sì chū wǔ zhū
  • sì zhū
  • sìzhù wǔ zhū
  • sòng yuán tōng bǎo
  • sān zhū
  • sānbǎi
  • tang guó tōng bǎo
  • tiān cè fǔ bǎo
  • tiān dé tōng bǎo
  • tiān shèng yuánbǎo
  • tiān xǐ tōng bǎo
  • tiānchéng yuánbǎo
  • tiānfú yuánbǎo
  • tiānhàn yuánbǎo
  • tài huò liù zhū
  • tài hé wǔ zhū
  • tài píng tōng bǎo
  • tài qīng fēng lè
  • tài xiàzhēnxìng
  • tàipíng bǎi qián
  • tōng bǎo
  • tōng zhèng yuánbǎo
  • wǔ fēn
  • wǔ zhū
  • wǔháng dà bù
  • xiào jiàn
  • xián kāng yuánbǎo
  • xián píng yuánbǎo
  • xiáng fú tōng bǎo
  • xiáng fú yuánbǎo
  • xiǎo bù yībǎi
  • xiǎoquán zhí yī
  • xù bù sìbǎi
  • xīwèi wǔ zhū
  • yuánbǎo
  • yán huán wǔ zhū
  • yòu bù sānbǎi
  • yòu quán èrshí
  • yú jiá
  • yīdāo píng wǔqiān
  • yǎo bù èrbǎi
  • yǎo quán yīshí
  • yǐ bí qián
  • yǐng yuán
  • yǒng
  • yǒng píng wǔ zhū
  • yǒng píng yuánbǎo
  • yǒng tōng quán huò
  • yǒng tōng wànguó
  • yǒng'ān wǔ zhū
  • yǒng'ān wǔbǎi
  • yǒng'ān yībǎi
  • yǒng'ān yīqiān
  • yǒng'ān yīshí
  • yǒnglóng tōng bǎo
  • zhuàng bù qībǎi
  • zhuàng quán sìshí
  • zhì dào yuánbǎo
  • zhì hé tōng bǎo
  • zhì hé yuánbǎo
  • zhí bǎi
  • zhí bǎi wǔ zhū
  • zhí yī
  • zhòng bǎo
  • zhōng bù liùbǎi
  • zhōng quán sānshí
  • zhōuyuán tōng bǎo
  • zhū
  • záo biān wǔ zhū
  • É yǎn
dbp:l
  • centre
  • gold
  • inside
  • left
  • outside
  • right
  • water
  • white
  • Adult Coin, Forty
  • Adult Spade, Seven Hundred
  • Baby Coin, Ten
  • Baby Spade, Two Hundred
  • Chicken Eye
  • Chiselled Rim
  • Ding Ping One Hundred
  • Everlasting Circulation in Ten Thousand Kingdoms
  • Five Zhu – 3.25 grams
  • Four Corner five zhu
  • Four Pillar
  • Four Zhu
  • Fringe or Thread Ring
  • Goose Eye
  • Graduate Spade, Eight Hundred
  • Great Qi currency
  • Great Xia, Zhenxing [period]
  • Inscribed Knife Five Hundred
  • Juvenile Coin, Twenty
  • Juvenile Spade, Three Hundred
  • Large Coin Five Hundred
  • Large Coin Worth a Thousand
  • Large Coin, Five Thousand
  • Large Coin, Two Thousand
  • Large Spade, Weight One Thousand
  • Liang Made New Coin
  • Lord Shen's
  • Lower Spade, Nine Hundred
  • Male Cash
  • Matched Coins
  • Middle Coin, Thirty
  • Middle Spade, Six Hundred
  • Money Spade
  • Obtain Unity
  • One Knife Worth Five Thousand
  • Ordered Spade, Four Hundred
  • Servant Spade, Five Hundred
  • Small Coin, Value One
  • Small Spade, One Hundred
  • Spade Coin
  • Tai Qing, Prosperous and Happy
  • Taihe [period] Wu Zhu
  • Taiping One Hundred Cash
  • The Coin of Abundance
  • The Constant and Regular Wu Zhu
  • The Female Coin
  • The Inaugural Currency
  • The Large Coin Six Zhu
  • Three Zhu – 1.95 grams
  • Three hundred
  • Two Pillar
  • Two Zhu
  • Value One
  • Value One Hundred
  • Value One Hundred Wu Zhu
  • Wealth/Money Coin
  • White Coin
  • Worth Two
  • Xiaojian period
  • Yong An [period] Wu Zhu
  • [Jing He period title]
  • [Yong Guang period title]
  • a manacle
  • The Large Coin of the Five Elements [metal, wood, water, fire, and earth]
dbp:links
  • no
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Les premières monnaies chinoises sont les monnaies en usage avant l'unification du pays réalisée par la dynastie Qin (秦 ; pinyin : qín ; EFEO : Ts'in) (de -221 à -206). Sont utilisés les cauris marins puis les cauris en os et en métal, les monnaies pondérales, les monnaies en forme de bêches ou de couteaux et les monnaies rondes. La Chine est l'un des premiers pays au monde à avoir utilisé la monnaie. Durant la fin du Néolithique, des cauris servent pour les échanges (XXIe siècle av. J.-C.), copiés par la suite en pierre, en coquillage, en os puis en bronze. (fr)
  • Ancient Chinese coinage includes some of the earliest known coins. These coins, used as early as the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC), took the form of imitations of the cowrie shells that were used in ceremonial exchanges. The Spring and Autumn period also saw the introduction of the first metal coins; however, they were not initially round, instead being either knife shaped or spade shaped. Round metal coins with a round, and then later square hole in the center were first introduced around 350 BC. The beginning of the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), the first dynasty to unify China, saw the introduction of a standardised coinage for the whole Empire. Subsequent dynasties produced variations on these round coins throughout the imperial period. At first, distribution of the coinage was lim (en)
rdfs:label
  • Ancient Chinese coinage (en)
  • Anciennes monnaies chinoises (fr)
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