The American Basketball League (ABL) was an early professional basketball league. During six seasons from 1925–26 to 1930–31, the ABL was the first attempt to create a major professional basketball league in the United States. Joseph Carr, who was, in 1925, the president of the National Football League, organized the ABL from nine of the best independent pro teams from the East and the Midwest. George Halas of the NFL Chicago Bears was the owner of the Chicago Bruins, and department store magnate Max Rosenblum, a part owner of the NFL's Cleveland Bulldogs, financed the Cleveland Rosenblums. Future NFL (Washington Redskins) owner George Preston Marshall, the owner of a chain of laundries, was owner of the Washington Palace Five. Other teams were the Boston Whirlwinds, Brooklyn Arcadians, Bu

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dbo:abstract
  • The American Basketball League (ABL) was an early professional basketball league. During six seasons from 1925–26 to 1930–31, the ABL was the first attempt to create a major professional basketball league in the United States. Joseph Carr, who was, in 1925, the president of the National Football League, organized the ABL from nine of the best independent pro teams from the East and the Midwest. George Halas of the NFL Chicago Bears was the owner of the Chicago Bruins, and department store magnate Max Rosenblum, a part owner of the NFL's Cleveland Bulldogs, financed the Cleveland Rosenblums. Future NFL (Washington Redskins) owner George Preston Marshall, the owner of a chain of laundries, was owner of the Washington Palace Five. Other teams were the Boston Whirlwinds, Brooklyn Arcadians, Buffalo Bisons, Detroit Pulaski Post Five, Fort Wayne Caseys, and Rochester Centrals. With the exception of 1927–28, the ABL season was divided into two halves, with the winner of the first half playing the winner of the second half for the championship. Five games into the 1926–27 season, the Original Celtics were admitted to replace the Brooklyn franchise, and won 32 of the remaining 37 games, then shifted to New York the following season. For the 1927–28 season, the ABL had an Eastern (New York, Philadelphia, Rochester and Washington) and Western (Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit and Fort Wayne) division, with the two best teams in each division going to playoffs, and a championship between the playoff winners. Playing in Madison Square Garden, the New York Celtics had a 40–9 record in the regular season and won the championship. At season's end, the champions were voted out of the league by the other owners. The ABL played three more seasons and then, with only five teams playing at the end of 1930–31, folded during the Great Depression. After more than two years, the league was reorganized in 1933, but as an East Coast league, with teams in Pennsylvania and New York City metro area. The league did take some measure to help modernize the game. One of the major issues that had plagued basketball was players jumping from team to team. To combat this, players signed contracts with teams, sometimes for amounts like $1,500 a month, not a bad pay for the times. Backboard were mandatory, and new rules, such as three second lane violations, and foul outs were implemented. Another rule the ABL implemented was the collegiate rule, which eliminated the double dribble. This was also done to encourage many of the game's top college stars to play in the league. The 1925–26 season saw Cleveland, the second half winner, defeat Brooklyn, winner of the first half of the season, Three games to none. The Boston Celtics dropped out of the league. The Celtics were one of the top teams at the time, but refused to join the ABL, instead opting to be an "at Large" member. This conflict resulted in Boston dropping out, and refusing to take part in the second half of the season. One of the early stars for the league was Cleveland's Honey Russell whose 7.4 points was the second highest average in the league. Cleveland drew well, bringing in nearly 10,000 fans a game, while Brooklyn could only draw around 2,000 (en)
  • L'American Basketball League est la première ligue de basket-ball professionnel fondée aux États-Unis dès 1925. Elle reste en activité jusqu'en 1953. (fr)
  • La American Basketball League fue la primera liga profesional de baloncesto. Mientras que la National Basketball League fue formada con equipos de ciudades pequeñas, generalmente patrocinados por empresas industriales, la ABL fue más étnica y contaba con equipos de grandes ciudades. Los primeros equipos que dominaron la ABL fueron los Cleveland Rosenblums, New York Celtics, Boston Whirlwinds y Philadelphia Sphas. Los jugadores fueron en general los hijos de la primera generación de inmigrantes, muchos de ellos judíos, italianos e irlandeses. Nat Holman, Harry Boykoff, Bobby McDermott y Harry Litwak fueron las primeras estrellas. La ABL fue durante muchos años la principal liga profesional de baloncesto de los Estados Unidos, pero los equipos eran manejados por promotores con poco dinero. Después de la II Guerra Mundial, los propietarios de terreno en las grandes ciudades cambiaron la situación. La Basketball Association of America fue fundada y los Cleveland Rosenblums se convirtieron en los Cleveland Rebels, los Boston Whirlwinds en los Boston Celtics y los Celtics originales fueron suplantados por los New York Knickerbockers. Eddie Gottlieb, el promotor de los Philadelphia Sphas, mantuvo su operación en Filadelfia (Pensilvania) y a los Sphas en la ABL, mientras que nombró a la franquicia de la NBA con el nombre de los Warriors. En los años 1940, el primer jugador de 7 pies (2.13 metros) en una liga profesional, Elmore Morgenthaler, jugó en los Philadelphia Sphas. Morgenthaler militó en los originales Toronto Huskies de la NBA antes de fichar por los Sphas, donde anotó 21 puntos por partido. La ABL se mantuvo como una liga profesional menor en la costa Este hasta los años 1950. (es)
  • Die American Basketball League (ABL) war eine zwischen 1925 und 1955 bestehende US-amerikanische Profiliga für Basketball. Die ABL zählt zu den ersten professionellen Basketball-Ligen überhaupt. Sie zeichnete sich gegenüber Konkurrenzligen mit lokalem Fokus wie der NBL dadurch aus, dass sie überregionale Mannschaften aus großen Städten in den Spielbetrieb einbinden konnte. (de)
  • L'American Basketball League (abbreviata in ABL) fu una lega professionistica di pallacanestro fondata nel 1925, tra le prime e più importanti degli Stati Uniti. (it)
  • A American Basketball League (ABL) foi a primeira divisão de basquetebol profissional de todo o mundo. Enquanto a National Basketball League era formada por equipes menores da cidade geralmente patrocinadas por empresas industriais, a ABL abrigava times maiores e com mais diversidade étnica. Os principais times da ABL foram o Cleveland Rosenblums, o New York Celtics, o Boston Whirlwinds e o Philadelphia Sphas. Os jogadores geralmente eram imigrantes de outros países, principalmente judeus, italianos e irlandeses. As estrelas da época eram Nat Holman, Harry Boykoff, Bobby McDermott e Harry Litwak. A liga foi considerada por muitos anos a principal do basquete dos Estados Unidos, mas os times eram liderados por promotores com pouco ou nenhum dinheiro. Com o surgimento da Basketball Association of America a empresa perdeu popularidade e acabou encerrando suas atividades em 1955. (pt)
dbo:country
dbo:foundingYear
  • 1925-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:participant
  • 40–50?
  • Manchester British-Americans
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 513314 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 732491842 (xsd:integer)
dbp:folded
  • 1955 (xsd:integer)
dbp:sport
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • L'American Basketball League est la première ligue de basket-ball professionnel fondée aux États-Unis dès 1925. Elle reste en activité jusqu'en 1953. (fr)
  • Die American Basketball League (ABL) war eine zwischen 1925 und 1955 bestehende US-amerikanische Profiliga für Basketball. Die ABL zählt zu den ersten professionellen Basketball-Ligen überhaupt. Sie zeichnete sich gegenüber Konkurrenzligen mit lokalem Fokus wie der NBL dadurch aus, dass sie überregionale Mannschaften aus großen Städten in den Spielbetrieb einbinden konnte. (de)
  • L'American Basketball League (abbreviata in ABL) fu una lega professionistica di pallacanestro fondata nel 1925, tra le prime e più importanti degli Stati Uniti. (it)
  • The American Basketball League (ABL) was an early professional basketball league. During six seasons from 1925–26 to 1930–31, the ABL was the first attempt to create a major professional basketball league in the United States. Joseph Carr, who was, in 1925, the president of the National Football League, organized the ABL from nine of the best independent pro teams from the East and the Midwest. George Halas of the NFL Chicago Bears was the owner of the Chicago Bruins, and department store magnate Max Rosenblum, a part owner of the NFL's Cleveland Bulldogs, financed the Cleveland Rosenblums. Future NFL (Washington Redskins) owner George Preston Marshall, the owner of a chain of laundries, was owner of the Washington Palace Five. Other teams were the Boston Whirlwinds, Brooklyn Arcadians, Bu (en)
  • La American Basketball League fue la primera liga profesional de baloncesto. Mientras que la National Basketball League fue formada con equipos de ciudades pequeñas, generalmente patrocinados por empresas industriales, la ABL fue más étnica y contaba con equipos de grandes ciudades. (es)
  • A American Basketball League (ABL) foi a primeira divisão de basquetebol profissional de todo o mundo. Enquanto a National Basketball League era formada por equipes menores da cidade geralmente patrocinadas por empresas industriais, a ABL abrigava times maiores e com mais diversidade étnica. A liga foi considerada por muitos anos a principal do basquete dos Estados Unidos, mas os times eram liderados por promotores com pouco ou nenhum dinheiro. Com o surgimento da Basketball Association of America a empresa perdeu popularidade e acabou encerrando suas atividades em 1955. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • American Basketball League (1925–55) (en)
  • American Basketball League (1925–1955) (de)
  • American Basketball League (1925–1955) (es)
  • American Basketball League (fr)
  • American Basketball League (1925-1953) (it)
  • American Basketball League (pt)
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