Ali Jawdat al-Ayubi (علي جودت الأيوبي, 1886 - March 3, 1969) was Prime Minister of Iraq 1934–1935, 1949–1950, 1957.Ali Jawdat Al-Ayubi was born in Mosul in 1886 while Iraq was under Ottoman rule. His father served as a police sergeant, and upon retirement owned a grocery store. At a young age, Ali was dispatched by his parents from Mosul on a ten-day boat trip to Baghdad, where he stayed in the care of an aunt and attended the Rashidiyeh military school.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • علي جودت الأيوبي وهو أحد السياسيين العراقيين أثناء العهد الملكي في العراق. وشغل منصب رئيس الوزراء في العراق ثلاث مرات من (1934 - 1935م)، ومن (1949 - 1950م)، وأخيراً في عام 1957م. ولد علي الأيوبي في بغداد عام 1896م، وتوفي في بيروت في 3 مارس 1969م.
  • Ali Jawdat al-Ayubi (علي جودت الأيوبي, 1886 - March 3, 1969) was Prime Minister of Iraq 1934–1935, 1949–1950, 1957.Ali Jawdat Al-Ayubi was born in Mosul in 1886 while Iraq was under Ottoman rule. His father served as a police sergeant, and upon retirement owned a grocery store. At a young age, Ali was dispatched by his parents from Mosul on a ten-day boat trip to Baghdad, where he stayed in the care of an aunt and attended the Rashidiyeh military school. Upon graduation, he went by camel and ship to Istanbul where he attended the Military College with other Iraqis, including Jaafar al-Askari, Nuri al-Said, Jamil al-Madfai and Yaseen al-Hashimi. With these latter, he fought during the First World War throughout the Arab lands for independence from Ottoman rule. While in the Ottoman Army, he had been caught singing in the shower and was jailed for two weeks as punishment. Upon establishment in 1921 of the Kingdom of Iraq, with King Feisal the First as its ruler, each served in turn in positions of leadership. Ali Jawdat served as Military Governor for Aleppo and Homs, during the short-lived tenure of the first Arab kingdom in Syria, under King Faisal, and thereafter served in turn as Governor of Hilla, Nejef, Kerbela, Mosul, Diyala, and Basra and variously as Minister of Finance, Minister of the Interior, Foreign Minister and Iraqi Ambassador to the Court of St. James, France and Washington, where he established the first Iraqi embassy in the US. He served three times as Prime Minister (1934, 1949 and 1957), successively under King Faisal the First, King Ghazi the First and King Faisal the Second.The name “Jawdat” was given to him by his teachers and colleagues, and it means “quality” in Arabic. An ardent Arab nationalist, he espoused an inclusionary, non-sectarian vision of Iraq, encompassing its various ethnicities, sects and tribes. He strove to achieve greater autonomy from the influence of Great Britain, as embodied principally in the acquiescent behavior of the Regent, Abdul Ilah and occasionally of his friend Nuri Al Said, and once resigned as Finance Minister in Nuri Pasha's cabinet in protest at a treaty of cooperation with Great Britain to which Nuri agreed.The Iraqi monarchy, represented by King Feisal the Second, was toppled in 1958 in a bloody coup led by Abdel Karim Qasim, driven by months of intensive radio propaganda by Egyptian President Nasser’s Voice of the Arabs. Ali Jawdat survived this coup, but Nuri al-Said and other leaders did not.While Military Governor of Aleppo and Homs in 1919, he met and married Nazik Tahseen, and they had three children, Nizar, Selwa and Nameer. Ali Jawdat lived simply and modestly, and was recognized for his integrity, courage and dedication to Arab nationalism. He died in Beirut on March 3, 1969, shortly after completing his memoire.
  • ʿAlī Jawdat al-Ayyūbī (arabo: علي جودت الأيوبي‎; Mossul, 1886 – Beirut, 1969) è stato un politico iracheno · tre volte Primo ministro del suo Paese.ʿAlī Jawdat al-Ayyūbī nacque allorché il suo Paese era governato dagli Ottomani. Suo padre era sergente della polizia e dopo il suo pensionamento, divenne proprietario di un negozio di drogheria. Da giovane, ʿAlī fu mandato, con un viaggio fluviale durato 10 giorni, presso alcuni parenti che vivevano a Baghdad. Qui egli rimase accudendo una zia e raggiunse con la pubertà l'Accademia Militare al-Rashīdiyye. Dopo aver conseguito il brevetto si recò a Istanbul per frequentare i corsi della locale Accademia Militare con altri iracheni, ivi compreso Ja'far al-'Askari, Nuri al-Sa'id, Jamil al-Midfa'i e Yasin al-Hashimi. Con essi combatté durante la Prima guerra mondiale, nel corso della quale gli Arabi riuscirono a liberarsi dal dominio ottomano ma non da quello francese e britannico che imposero col consenso della Società delle Nazioni Mandati in Siria, Palestina, Transgiordania e Iraq.Dopo la costituzione del Regno d'Iraq nel 1921, con Faysal primo re d'Iraq, ognuno di essi rivestì ruoli importanti nel Regno. ʿAlī Jawdat fu Governatore militare di Aleppo e di Homs, durante il primo breve Regno Arabo di Siria (1918-1920), sempre sotto re Faysal, servendo poi come Governatore di al-Hilla, Najaf, Kerbelāʾ, Mossul, Diyala e Bassora, e poi ancora come ministro delle Finanze, ministro degli Interni, ministro degli Esteri e Ambasciatore d'Iraq presso la corte di San Giacomo, in Francia e a Washington D.C., dove egli inaugurò la prima Ambasciata d'Iraq negli Stati Uniti. Servì infine per tre volte in qualità di Primo ministro (1934, 1949 e 1957), sotto re Ghazi e Faysal II.Il nome “Jawdat” gli fu dato dai maestri e colleghi e significa “qualità” in arabo. Ardente nazionalista, egli ebbe sempre una visione non settaria dell'Iraq, al di là delle sue tante etnie, sette religiose e tribù. Lottò per conseguire la maggior autonomia possibile per la sua patria dal Regno Unito, al contrario dell'atteggiamento acquiescente del Reggente, Abd al-Ilah e talvolta del suo amico Nuri al-Sa'id, tanto che una volta rassegnò le proprie dimissioni dalla carica di ministro delle Finanze, in un governo di Nuri Pascià, in segno di protesta per un Trattato con Londra che Nuri invece perseguiva.La rivoluzione del 14 luglio 1958 non travolse ʿAlī Jawdat al-Ayyūbī, che visse per il resto della sua vita modestamente e con grande semplicità, circondato da una fama d'integrità, di coraggio e di totale dedizione alla causa araba che gli sopravvissero. Morì a Beirut il 3 marzo 1969, poco dopo aver completato le sue Memorie.
dbpedia-owl:activeYearsEndDate
  • 1935-03-04 (xsd:date)
  • 1949-12-10 (xsd:date)
  • 1957-06-20 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:activeYearsStartDate
  • 1934-08-27 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:birthDate
  • 1886-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:birthPlace
dbpedia-owl:birthYear
  • 1886-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:child
dbpedia-owl:deathDate
  • 1969-03-03 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:deathPlace
dbpedia-owl:deathYear
  • 1969-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:monarch
dbpedia-owl:occupation
dbpedia-owl:office
  • Prime Minister of Iraq
dbpedia-owl:orderInOffice
  • 15th, 34th & 43rd
dbpedia-owl:spouse
dbpedia-owl:successor
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 476451 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 585702910 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:birthDate
  • 1886 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:birthPlace
dbpprop:children
dbpprop:dateOfBirth
  • 1886 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:dateOfDeath
  • 1969-03-03 (xsd:date)
dbpprop:deathDate
  • 1969 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:deathPlace
dbpprop:hasPhotoCollection
dbpprop:monarch
dbpprop:name
  • Ali Jawdat Al-Aiyubi
  • Ali Jawdat al-Ayubi
dbpprop:nationality
  • Iraqi
dbpprop:occupation
dbpprop:office
  • Prime Minister of Iraq
dbpprop:order
  • 15 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:placeOfBirth
dbpprop:placeOfDeath
dbpprop:predecessor
dbpprop:shortDescription
  • Prime Minister of Iraq
dbpprop:spouse
dbpprop:successor
dbpprop:termEnd
  • 0001-06-20 (xsd:date)
  • 0001-12-10 (xsd:date)
  • 1935-03-04 (xsd:date)
dbpprop:termStart
  • 1934-08-27 (xsd:date)
dbpprop:wordnet_type
dc:description
  • Prime Minister of Iraq
  • Prime Minister of Iraq
dcterms:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • علي جودت الأيوبي وهو أحد السياسيين العراقيين أثناء العهد الملكي في العراق. وشغل منصب رئيس الوزراء في العراق ثلاث مرات من (1934 - 1935م)، ومن (1949 - 1950م)، وأخيراً في عام 1957م. ولد علي الأيوبي في بغداد عام 1896م، وتوفي في بيروت في 3 مارس 1969م.
  • Ali Jawdat al-Ayubi (علي جودت الأيوبي, 1886 - March 3, 1969) was Prime Minister of Iraq 1934–1935, 1949–1950, 1957.Ali Jawdat Al-Ayubi was born in Mosul in 1886 while Iraq was under Ottoman rule. His father served as a police sergeant, and upon retirement owned a grocery store. At a young age, Ali was dispatched by his parents from Mosul on a ten-day boat trip to Baghdad, where he stayed in the care of an aunt and attended the Rashidiyeh military school.
  • ʿAlī Jawdat al-Ayyūbī (arabo: علي جودت الأيوبي‎; Mossul, 1886 – Beirut, 1969) è stato un politico iracheno · tre volte Primo ministro del suo Paese.ʿAlī Jawdat al-Ayyūbī nacque allorché il suo Paese era governato dagli Ottomani. Suo padre era sergente della polizia e dopo il suo pensionamento, divenne proprietario di un negozio di drogheria. Da giovane, ʿAlī fu mandato, con un viaggio fluviale durato 10 giorni, presso alcuni parenti che vivevano a Baghdad.
rdfs:label
  • Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
  • علي جودت الأيوبي
  • 'Ali Jawdat al-Ayyubi
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Ali Jawdat Al-Aiyubi
  • Ali Jawdat al-Ayubi
is dbpedia-owl:successor of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbpprop:after of
is dbpprop:before of
is dbpprop:predecessor of
is dbpprop:successor of
is owl:sameAs of
is foaf:primaryTopic of