Ali Abu Hassun, also Abu al Hasan Abu Hasun or Abu Hasun, full name Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ibn Muhammad, was a Regent of the Crown of Morocco for the Wattasid dynasty, during the 16th century. In 1545, he succeeded Sultan Ahmad who had been taken prisoner by his southern rivals the Saadians. Ali Abu Hassun became regent for Ahmad's young son Nasir al-Qasiri. Upon his accession, he decided to pledge allegiance to the Ottomans in order to obtain their support.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • أبو حسون علي بن محمد الشيخ الوطاسي (? - توفي 24 شوال 961 هـ 22 شتنبر 1554م) آخر سلطان للمغرب من الوطاسيين، حكم سنة 1554. (ar)
  • Bou Hassoun, eigentlich Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ben Muhammad (arabisch أبو الحسن علي بن محمد, DMG Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Muḥammad, genannt أبو حسون / Abū Ḥassūn oder بو حسون / Bū Ḥassūn; † 1554), war Regent der marokkanischen Dynastie der Ouattasiden (1524–1554). Unter Abu l-Abbas Ahmad (1524–1549) verloren die Ouattasiden weiter an Einfluss gegenüber den Portugiesen, Marabuts, Bruderschaften und vor allem den Saadiern im Süden. Allerdings gelang es seinem Onkel Bou Hassoun als energischem Regenten, ein Bündnis mit religiösen Bruderschaften und den Osmanen zu bilden und die Saadier bei ihrem Vorstoß nach Norden aufzuhalten. Auf Grund der Bedrohung wurde sogar ein Frieden mit Portugal geschlossen. Allerdings geriet Abu l-Abbas Ahmad bei seinem Feldzug gegen die Saadier im Jahre 1527 in deren Gefangenschaft. Erst durch die Abtretung von Meknès konnte Bou Hassoun 1547 die Freilassung seines Neffen erreichen. Trotz aller Anstrengungen konnte er im Jahr 1549 nicht die Eroberung von Fès durch die Saadier verhindern. Bou Hassoun floh zunächst nach Spanien und kam sogar ins Deutsche Reich, um Karl V. zu einer Intervention in Marokko zu bewegen. Als er später nach Algier kam, fand er aber Unterstützung bei den Osmanen. So konnte Bou Hassoun im Jahr 1554 Fes erobern und die Saadier besiegen. Allerdings fiel er noch im gleichen Jahr gegen die Saadier unter Muhammad ech-Cheikh. (de)
  • Abû al-Hassan Abû Hassûn `Alî ben Muhammad, Abû Hassûn `Alî ou Bou Hassoun, ne régna pas mais intervint à deux reprises, en 1526 et en 1554, dans l'histoire de la famille des Banû Wattas. (fr)
  • Abu Hassun ibn Muhammad (arab. أبو الحسن أبو حسون علي بن محمد – Abu al-Hassan Abu Hassun Ali ibn Muhammad, zm. 1554) – regent Wattasydów w Maroku, syn sułtana Muhammada asz-Szajcha al-Mahdiego i stryj ostatniego wattasydzkiego sułtana Abu al-Abbasa Ahmada. Za panowania Abu al-Abbasa Ahmada w latach 1524-1549 słaba pozycja dynastii Wattasydów w Maroku uległa dalszemu osłabieniu wobec wpływów Portugalczyków, marabutów, bractw islamskich, a na południu także rosnącego w siłę rodu Saadytów. Mimo to Abu Hassunowi udało się zawrzeć przymierze z religijnymi bractwami i zajmującymi tereny Algierii Osmanami i w ten sposób opóźnić ekspansję Saadytów na północ. Z powodu zagrożenia ze strony tych ostatnich zawarto nawet pokój z okupującą marokańskie porty Portugalią. Sam sułtan Abu al-Abbas Ahmad dostał się do saadyckiej niewoli w 1527 roku i Abu Hassun dopiero poprzez odstąpienie Meknesu w 1547 roku zdołał doprowadzić do uwolnienia bratanka. Mimo wszelkich nie udało mu się jednak powstrzymać w 1549 roku zdobycia Fezu i obalenia dynastii przez saadyckiego szejka Muhammada asz-Szajcha. Po tym wydarzeniu Abu Hassun uciekł do Hiszpanii. Próbował nakłonić cesarza Karola V Habsburga do wymarszu na Maroko. Ostatecznie znalazł jednak wsparcie u Osmanów w Algierze. Z ich pomocą udało mu się na krótko odzyskać Fez w 1554 roku, jednak jeszcze w tym samym roku zginął z ręki Muhammada asz-Szajcha, co ostatecznie położyło kres panowaniu Wattasydów. (pl)
  • Abû Hasûn `Alî ou Abû al-Hassan Abû Hassûn `Alî ben Muhammad ou também Mulei Bohaçum (em árabe: أبو الحسن أبو حسون علي بن محمد), foi um rei de Marrocos da Dinastia Oatácida, reinou algum tempo (mezes?) em 1526. Sucedeu a seu irmão Mohammed al-Burtuqâlî, por via de sucessão habitual nesta dinastia. Mas o filho d'Al-Burtuqali conseguiu afastá-lo do poder com um golpe de estado organizado por Mulei Abrahem, alcaide de Xexuão. Em 1554, seu sobrinho tendo sido vencido pelos Saadianos ( 1549 ), Abû Hasûn `Alî, agora "rei" de Beles, recuperou o poder em Fez. Em consideração da ajuda que recebeu dos otomanos cedeu-lhes Beles que tornou-se um centro de pirataria, antes que Filipe II de Espanha, recupere o território para a Espanha (6 de setembro de 1564). Em Setembro desse mesmo ano de 1554 depois de apenas quatro meses de ocupação do Reino, morreu na batalha de Tadla contra Mohammed ech-Cheikh, que recuperou o poder definitivamente. (pt)
  • Ali Abu Hassun, also Abu al Hasan Abu Hasun or Abu Hasun, full name Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ibn Muhammad, was a Regent of the Crown of Morocco for the Wattasid dynasty, during the 16th century. In 1545, he succeeded Sultan Ahmad who had been taken prisoner by his southern rivals the Saadians. Ali Abu Hassun became regent for Ahmad's young son Nasir al-Qasiri. Upon his accession, he decided to pledge allegiance to the Ottomans in order to obtain their support. Ahmad came back after two years, and was able to rule from 1547 and 1549, until 1549 when Fez and then Tlemcen were conquered by his southern Saadian rivals under their leader Mohammed ash-Sheikh. Sultan Ahmad lost his life that year, and Ali Abu Hassun again became Regent, but as his country was occupied by the Saadians, he was offered asylum in Ottoman Algiers. Following the reconquest of the Kingdom of Tlemcen over the Saadians in 1549, Ali Abu Hassun was able with the help of the Ottomans under Salah Rais to reconquer Fes in 1554. Ali Abu-Hassun was put in place as Sultan of Fez, supported by Janissaries. Ali Abu Hassun soon paid off the Turkish troops, and gave them the base of Peñon de Velez, which the Moroccans had reconquered in 1522. The reconquest of Fes was short-lived however. Ali Abu Hassun was vanquished and killed by the Saadians at the Battle of Tadla in September 1554. Mohammed ash-Sheik was able to recapture the city of Fez and became the undisputed ruler of Morocco, establishing the Saadian dynasty as the sole ruler of the country. He then started negotiations with Spain to oust the Ottomans. (en)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1554-1-1
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 29315996 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 735093936 (xsd:integer)
dbp:after
dbp:before
dbp:title
dbp:years
  • 1547 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • أبو حسون علي بن محمد الشيخ الوطاسي (? - توفي 24 شوال 961 هـ 22 شتنبر 1554م) آخر سلطان للمغرب من الوطاسيين، حكم سنة 1554. (ar)
  • Abû al-Hassan Abû Hassûn `Alî ben Muhammad, Abû Hassûn `Alî ou Bou Hassoun, ne régna pas mais intervint à deux reprises, en 1526 et en 1554, dans l'histoire de la famille des Banû Wattas. (fr)
  • Bou Hassoun, eigentlich Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ben Muhammad (arabisch أبو الحسن علي بن محمد, DMG Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Muḥammad, genannt أبو حسون / Abū Ḥassūn oder بو حسون / Bū Ḥassūn; † 1554), war Regent der marokkanischen Dynastie der Ouattasiden (1524–1554). (de)
  • Abu Hassun ibn Muhammad (arab. أبو الحسن أبو حسون علي بن محمد – Abu al-Hassan Abu Hassun Ali ibn Muhammad, zm. 1554) – regent Wattasydów w Maroku, syn sułtana Muhammada asz-Szajcha al-Mahdiego i stryj ostatniego wattasydzkiego sułtana Abu al-Abbasa Ahmada. (pl)
  • Abû Hasûn `Alî ou Abû al-Hassan Abû Hassûn `Alî ben Muhammad ou também Mulei Bohaçum (em árabe: أبو الحسن أبو حسون علي بن محمد), foi um rei de Marrocos da Dinastia Oatácida, reinou algum tempo (mezes?) em 1526. Sucedeu a seu irmão Mohammed al-Burtuqâlî, por via de sucessão habitual nesta dinastia. Mas o filho d'Al-Burtuqali conseguiu afastá-lo do poder com um golpe de estado organizado por Mulei Abrahem, alcaide de Xexuão. (pt)
  • Ali Abu Hassun, also Abu al Hasan Abu Hasun or Abu Hasun, full name Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ibn Muhammad, was a Regent of the Crown of Morocco for the Wattasid dynasty, during the 16th century. In 1545, he succeeded Sultan Ahmad who had been taken prisoner by his southern rivals the Saadians. Ali Abu Hassun became regent for Ahmad's young son Nasir al-Qasiri. Upon his accession, he decided to pledge allegiance to the Ottomans in order to obtain their support. (en)
rdfs:label
  • علي أبو حسون (ar)
  • Bou Hassoun (de)
  • Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ben Muhammad (fr)
  • Ali Abu Hassun (it)
  • Abu Hassun ibn Muhammad (pl)
  • Abu al-Hasan Abu Hasun Ali ben Muhammad (pt)
  • Ali Abu Hassun (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Ali (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Ali Abu Hassun (en)
is dbo:commander of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of