Alexandru Macedonski (Romanian pronunciation: [alekˈsandru mat͡ʃeˈdonski]; also rendered as Al. A. Macedonski, Macedonschi or Macedonsky; March 14, 1854 – November 24, 1920) was a Wallachian, later Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades. A forerunner of local modernist literature, he is the first local author to have used free verse, and claimed by some to have been the first in modern European literature. Within the framework of Romanian literature, Macedonski is seen by critics as second only to national poet Mihai Eminescu; as leader of a cosmopolitan and aestheticist trend formed around his Literatorul journal, he was dia

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dbo:abstract
  • Alexandru Macedonski (Romanian pronunciation: [alekˈsandru mat͡ʃeˈdonski]; also rendered as Al. A. Macedonski, Macedonschi or Macedonsky; March 14, 1854 – November 24, 1920) was a Wallachian, later Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades. A forerunner of local modernist literature, he is the first local author to have used free verse, and claimed by some to have been the first in modern European literature. Within the framework of Romanian literature, Macedonski is seen by critics as second only to national poet Mihai Eminescu; as leader of a cosmopolitan and aestheticist trend formed around his Literatorul journal, he was diametrically opposed to the inward-looking traditionalism of Eminescu and his school. Debuting as a Neoromantic in the Wallachian tradition, Macedonski went through the Realist-Naturalist stage deemed "social poetry", while progressively adapting his style to Symbolism and Parnassianism, and repeatedly but unsuccessfully attempting to impose himself in the Francophone world. Despite having theorized "instrumentalism", which reacted against the traditional guidelines of poetry, he maintained a lifelong connection with Neoclassicism and its ideal of purity. Macedonski's quest for excellence found its foremost expression in his recurring motif of life as a pilgrimage to Mecca, notably used in his critically acclaimed Nights cycle. The stylistic stages of his career are reflected in the collections Prima verba, Poezii, and Excelsior, as well as in the fantasy novel Thalassa, Le Calvaire de feu. In old age, he became the author of rondels, noted for their detached and serene vision of life, in contrast with his earlier combativeness. In parallel to his literary career, Macedonski was a civil servant, notably serving as prefect in the Budjak and Northern Dobruja during the late 1870s. As journalist and militant, his allegiance fluctuated between the liberal current and conservatism, becoming involved in polemics and controversies of the day. Of the long series of publications he founded, Literatorul was the most influential, notably hosting his early conflicts with the Junimea literary society. These targeted Vasile Alecsandri and especially Eminescu, their context and tone becoming the cause of a major rift between Macedonski and his public. This situation repeated itself in later years, when Macedonski and his Forța Morală magazine began campaigning against the Junimist dramatist Ion Luca Caragiale, whom they falsely accused of plagiarism. During World War I, the poet aggravated his critics by supporting the Central Powers against Romania's alliance with the Entente side. His biography was also marked by an enduring interest in esotericism, numerous attempts to become recognized as an inventor, and an enthusiasm for cycling. The scion of a political and aristocratic family, the poet was the son of General Alexandru Macedonski, who served as Defense Minister, and the grandson of 1821 rebel Dimitrie Macedonski. Both his son Alexis and grandson Soare were known painters. (en)
  • Alexandru M. Macedonski (14 de marzo de 1854 - 24 de noviembre de 1920) fue un poeta, prosador y dramaturgo, jefe de círculo literario y publicista rumano. Es conocido principalmente por haber promovido el simbolismo francés en Rumanía, siendo también influenciado por las obras de Gérard de Nerval, Charles Baudelaire y los poetas parnasianos. Fue entre los primeros poetas rumanos que usaron el verso blanco y el verso libre. (es)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (* 14. März 1854 in Craiova; † 24. November 1920 in Bukarest) war ein rumänischer Schriftsteller. Er orientierte sich an den Parnassiens, später am französischen Symbolismus. (de)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (également nommé Al A. Macedonski, Macedonschi ou Macedonsky ; 14 mars 1854 - 24 novembre 1920) est un poète, dramaturge et critique littéraire roumain, principalement connu pour avoir fait connaître le symbolisme français dans son pays d'origine, et pour avoir mené le mouvement symboliste roumain au cours de ses premières décennies. (fr)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (Bucareste, 14 de Março de 1854 - Bucareste, 24 de Novembro de 1929) foi um escritor romeno. Entre 1884 e 1913 viveu em Paris. Dirigiu várias revistas literárias e contribuiu para a difusão do simbolismo no seu país. A sua produção poética (em romeno e francês versa principalmente temas esotéricos. (pt)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (ur. 14 marca 1854 w Bukareszcie, zm. 24 listopada 1920 tamże) – rumuński poeta i prozaik, piszący także w języku francuskim. Syn generała Alexandru D. Macedonskiego i Marii z d. Fisența. Przedstawiciel symbolizmu. Zajmował się także krytyką literacką. Macedonski jest autorem opublikowanego w 1913 r. opowiadania Oceania-Pacyfik-Dreadnought, będącego jednym z pierwszych w literaturze rumuńskiej utworów zaliczanych do fantastyki naukowej (pl)
  • Александру Мачедонски (рум. Alexandru Macedonski; 14 марта 1854, Бухарест — 24 ноября 1920, там же) — румынский поэт, прозаик, драматург, литературный критик. Известен прежде всего тем, что он способствовал распространению французского символизма в его родной стране, и руководил румынским движением символистов во время его ранних лет. Был предтечей местной модернистской литературы, он является первым румынским автором использовавшим свободный стих, а некоторые утверждали, что стал первым в современной европейской литературе. В рамках румынской литературы, Мачедонски рассматривается критиками как второй национальный поэт после Михая Эминеску, как лидер в космополитической и эстетических тенденций формировавшихся вокруг его журнала Literatorul, он был диаметрально противоположен от традиционализма Эминеску и его школы. Учился за границей и в Бухаресте. (ru)
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  • 1920-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1866-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1854-03-14 (xsd:date)
  • 1854-3-14
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  • 1920-11-24 (xsd:date)
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  • Duna, Luciliu, Sallustiu (en)
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  • First page of Cartea de aur, 1902
  • First page of Excelsior, 1895
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  • Alexandru Macedonski - prima pagina - Cartea de aur.JPG
  • Alexandru Macedonski - prima pagina - Excelsior.jpg
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  • 200 (xsd:integer)
dbp:occupation
  • poet, novelist, short story writer, literary critic, journalist, translator, civil servant
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  • Alexandru Macedonski Signature.jpg
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  • 230 (xsd:integer)
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  • Wallachian-born Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Alexandru M. Macedonski (14 de marzo de 1854 - 24 de noviembre de 1920) fue un poeta, prosador y dramaturgo, jefe de círculo literario y publicista rumano. Es conocido principalmente por haber promovido el simbolismo francés en Rumanía, siendo también influenciado por las obras de Gérard de Nerval, Charles Baudelaire y los poetas parnasianos. Fue entre los primeros poetas rumanos que usaron el verso blanco y el verso libre. (es)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (* 14. März 1854 in Craiova; † 24. November 1920 in Bukarest) war ein rumänischer Schriftsteller. Er orientierte sich an den Parnassiens, später am französischen Symbolismus. (de)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (également nommé Al A. Macedonski, Macedonschi ou Macedonsky ; 14 mars 1854 - 24 novembre 1920) est un poète, dramaturge et critique littéraire roumain, principalement connu pour avoir fait connaître le symbolisme français dans son pays d'origine, et pour avoir mené le mouvement symboliste roumain au cours de ses premières décennies. (fr)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (Bucareste, 14 de Março de 1854 - Bucareste, 24 de Novembro de 1929) foi um escritor romeno. Entre 1884 e 1913 viveu em Paris. Dirigiu várias revistas literárias e contribuiu para a difusão do simbolismo no seu país. A sua produção poética (em romeno e francês versa principalmente temas esotéricos. (pt)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (ur. 14 marca 1854 w Bukareszcie, zm. 24 listopada 1920 tamże) – rumuński poeta i prozaik, piszący także w języku francuskim. Syn generała Alexandru D. Macedonskiego i Marii z d. Fisența. Przedstawiciel symbolizmu. Zajmował się także krytyką literacką. Macedonski jest autorem opublikowanego w 1913 r. opowiadania Oceania-Pacyfik-Dreadnought, będącego jednym z pierwszych w literaturze rumuńskiej utworów zaliczanych do fantastyki naukowej (pl)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (Romanian pronunciation: [alekˈsandru mat͡ʃeˈdonski]; also rendered as Al. A. Macedonski, Macedonschi or Macedonsky; March 14, 1854 – November 24, 1920) was a Wallachian, later Romanian poet, novelist, dramatist and literary critic, known especially for having promoted French Symbolism in his native country, and for leading the Romanian Symbolist movement during its early decades. A forerunner of local modernist literature, he is the first local author to have used free verse, and claimed by some to have been the first in modern European literature. Within the framework of Romanian literature, Macedonski is seen by critics as second only to national poet Mihai Eminescu; as leader of a cosmopolitan and aestheticist trend formed around his Literatorul journal, he was dia (en)
  • Александру Мачедонски (рум. Alexandru Macedonski; 14 марта 1854, Бухарест — 24 ноября 1920, там же) — румынский поэт, прозаик, драматург, литературный критик. Известен прежде всего тем, что он способствовал распространению французского символизма в его родной стране, и руководил румынским движением символистов во время его ранних лет. Был предтечей местной модернистской литературы, он является первым румынским автором использовавшим свободный стих, а некоторые утверждали, что стал первым в современной европейской литературе. В рамках румынской литературы, Мачедонски рассматривается критиками как второй национальный поэт после Михая Эминеску, как лидер в космополитической и эстетических тенденций формировавшихся вокруг его журнала Literatorul, он был диаметрально противоположен от традицион (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Alexandru Macedonski (en)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (de)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (es)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (fr)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (pl)
  • Alexandru Macedonski (pt)
  • Мачедонски, Александру (ru)
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  • Alexandru Macedonski (en)
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  • Macedonski (en)
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