Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with one or more peritrichous flagella and rarely nonmotile. It is a genus of nonfermenting bacteria (in the family Alcaligenaceae). Additionally, some strains of Alcaligenes are capable of anaerobic respiration, but they must be in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; otherwise, their metabolism is respiratory and never fermentative; The genus does not use carbohydrates. Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems. They are occasionally the cause of

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dbo:abstract
  • Alcaligenes es un género microbiológico de bacterias Gram-negativas, aeróbicas, incluidas en el orden Burkholderiales. Las especies de Alcaligenes se usan para la producción industrial de aminoácidos no estándares; A. eutrophus también produce el biopolímero polihidroxibutirato (PHB). (es)
  • Alcaligenes ist eine Gattung gramnegativer Bakterien. (de)
  • Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with one or more peritrichous flagella and rarely nonmotile. It is a genus of nonfermenting bacteria (in the family Alcaligenaceae). Additionally, some strains of Alcaligenes are capable of anaerobic respiration, but they must be in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; otherwise, their metabolism is respiratory and never fermentative; The genus does not use carbohydrates. Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems. They are occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia. Alcaligenes faecalis causes nosocomial septicemia, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in immunocompromised patients. Alcaligenes species have been used for the industrial production of nonstandard amino acids; A. eutrophus also produces the biopolymer polyhydroxybutyrate. They are rods, coccal rods, or cocci, sized at about 0.5-1.0 x 0.5-2.6 μm. They are obligately aerobic, but some can undergo anaerobic respiration if nitrate is present. They tend to be colorless. They typically occur in the soil and water, and some live in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates. Samples from blood, urine, feces, discharge from ears, spinal fluid, and wounds have produced this type of bacteria. Zoonotic infections from ferrets have been recorded. Alcaligenes species have been increasingly recovered over the past decade from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). An experiment recently examined the frequency of correct identification of Alcaligenes species by microbiology labs affiliated with American CF patient care centers. Most (89%) strains of microbial agents in these tests were correctly identified by the referring laboratories as Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. A. faecalis was isolated in 1896 by Petruschky from stale beer. Several strains of the organism have been found since then. This species is motile, flagellated, slender, slightly curved, not spore-forming, slowly growing, nonfermenting, nonencapsulated, Gram-negative aerobe of the family Alcaligenaceae. This species is most commonly found in the alimentary tract as a harmless saprophyte in 5% – 19% of the normal population. Systemic infection with this organism is very uncommon. It has been reported to cause sepsis, meningitis, peritonitis, enteric fever, appendicitis, cystitis, chronic suppurative otitis media, abscesses, arthritis, pneumonitis, and endocarditis. It has been associated with fatal outcomes because these organisms are resistant to commonly used antibiotics. (en)
  • Gli Alcaligenes sono un genere di batteri Gram-negativi, ossidasi positivi ed aerobici. La loro forma è a bastoncello. Le sue specie si possono muovere grazie ad uno o più flagelli, distribuiti uniformemente su tutta la superficie della cellula. Gli Alcaligenes sono stati usati dalle industrie per la produzione amminoacidi non ordinari; l'A. eutrophus produce anche il polimero Poli-β-idrossibutirrato (PHB). (it)
  • アルカリゲネス属はグラム陰性の鞭毛を有する非芽胞形成好気性桿菌。アルカリゲネス科に属し、その基準属である。属名はアルカリと生み出すという意味のギリシア語に因む。基準種はアルカリ大便菌でGC含量は56から70。 一部の種はヒドロゲナーゼを有し水素を利用する水素酸化細菌としてよく研究されている。また、硝酸や亜硝酸を還元して窒素分子とするもの(アルカリゲネス.デニトリフィカンスが代表)もあり、それらは硝酸還元菌に分類される。また、一酸化炭素を酸化する種もある。有機酸塩の有機酸を代謝してアルカリにするため名付けられた。水中、土壌、消化管など自然界に広範に存在する。 (ja)
  • Alcaligenes é um gênero de bactérias gram-negativas aeróbicas da família Alcaligenaceae. (pt)
dbo:class
dbo:family
dbo:kingdom
dbo:order
dbo:phylum
dbo:thumbnail
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  • 4507788 (xsd:integer)
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  • 719767994 (xsd:integer)
dbp:genus
  • Alcaligenes
dbp:genusAuthority
  • Castellani & Chalmers 1919
dbp:imageCaption
  • Alcaligenes faecalis, flagella stain
dbp:imageWidth
  • 240 (xsd:integer)
dbp:subdivision
  • A. aestus
  • A. aquatilis
  • A. cupidus
  • A. defragrans
  • A. denitrificans
  • A. eutrophus
dbp:subdivisionRanks
  • Species
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Alcaligenes es un género microbiológico de bacterias Gram-negativas, aeróbicas, incluidas en el orden Burkholderiales. Las especies de Alcaligenes se usan para la producción industrial de aminoácidos no estándares; A. eutrophus también produce el biopolímero polihidroxibutirato (PHB). (es)
  • Alcaligenes ist eine Gattung gramnegativer Bakterien. (de)
  • Gli Alcaligenes sono un genere di batteri Gram-negativi, ossidasi positivi ed aerobici. La loro forma è a bastoncello. Le sue specie si possono muovere grazie ad uno o più flagelli, distribuiti uniformemente su tutta la superficie della cellula. Gli Alcaligenes sono stati usati dalle industrie per la produzione amminoacidi non ordinari; l'A. eutrophus produce anche il polimero Poli-β-idrossibutirrato (PHB). (it)
  • アルカリゲネス属はグラム陰性の鞭毛を有する非芽胞形成好気性桿菌。アルカリゲネス科に属し、その基準属である。属名はアルカリと生み出すという意味のギリシア語に因む。基準種はアルカリ大便菌でGC含量は56から70。 一部の種はヒドロゲナーゼを有し水素を利用する水素酸化細菌としてよく研究されている。また、硝酸や亜硝酸を還元して窒素分子とするもの(アルカリゲネス.デニトリフィカンスが代表)もあり、それらは硝酸還元菌に分類される。また、一酸化炭素を酸化する種もある。有機酸塩の有機酸を代謝してアルカリにするため名付けられた。水中、土壌、消化管など自然界に広範に存在する。 (ja)
  • Alcaligenes é um gênero de bactérias gram-negativas aeróbicas da família Alcaligenaceae. (pt)
  • Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with one or more peritrichous flagella and rarely nonmotile. It is a genus of nonfermenting bacteria (in the family Alcaligenaceae). Additionally, some strains of Alcaligenes are capable of anaerobic respiration, but they must be in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; otherwise, their metabolism is respiratory and never fermentative; The genus does not use carbohydrates. Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems. They are occasionally the cause of (en)
rdfs:label
  • Alcaligenes (de)
  • Alcaligenes (en)
  • Alcaligenes (es)
  • Alcaligenes (it)
  • アルカリゲネス属 (ja)
  • Alcaligenes (pt)
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  • Alcaligenes (en)
is dbo:genus of
is foaf:primaryTopic of