Albert Londe (26 November 1858 – 11 September 1917) was an influential French photographer, medical researcher and chronophotographer. He is remembered for his work as a medical photographer at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, funded by the Parisian authorities, as well as being a pioneer in X-ray photography. During his two decades at the Salpêtrière, Albert Londe developed into arguably the most outstanding scientific photographer of his time. Londe also published six journals. Albert Londe's 12-lens camera of 1891 was illustrated in the journal 'La Nature', 1893.

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  • Albert Londe (* 26. November 1858 in La Ciotat, Frankreich; † 11. September 1917 in Rueil, auf dem Schloss de Bréau nahe Paris, Frankreich) war ein französischer Fotopionier im Bereich der medizinischen Forschung, Röntgen- und Chronofotografie. (de)
  • Albert Londe (né le 26 novembre 1858 à La Ciotat et mort le 11 septembre 1917) est un photographe français, pionnier de la photographie médicale et précurseur du cinéma. (fr)
  • Albert Londe (1858-1917) foi um fotógrafo e cientista francês especializado na área médica. É lembrado por seu trabalho como fotógrafo médico no hospital de Salpêtrière em Paris, bem como por ter sido um pioneiro na Fotografia de Raio X. Em 1878 o neurologista Jean-Martin Charcot (que foi professor de alunos como Sigmund Freud, por exemplo) contratou Londe como um fotógrafo médico no Salpêtrière. Em 1882 Londe desenvolveu um sistema para fotografar os movimentos físico e muscular dos pacientes, incluindo aqueles provocados por ataques epilépticos. Realiza este tendo uma câmera com nove lentes que eram acionadas por energia eletromagnética, juntamente com o uso de um metrônomo, que tem a capacidade de cronometrar sequencialmente a liberação dos obturadores. Esta configuração realizada em uma sucessão rápida gerava fotos em uma placa de vidro. Alguns anos mais tarde Londe desenvolveu uma câmera com então doze lentes para fotografar o mesmo movimento. Juntamente com Étienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904), Londe executou diversas experiências fotográficas em relação ao movimento, enquanto que a disposição de seu laboratório no Salpêtrière era similar a renomada Station Physiologique de Marey. (pt)
  • Albert Londe (26 November 1858 – 11 September 1917) was an influential French photographer, medical researcher and chronophotographer. He is remembered for his work as a medical photographer at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, funded by the Parisian authorities, as well as being a pioneer in X-ray photography. During his two decades at the Salpêtrière, Albert Londe developed into arguably the most outstanding scientific photographer of his time. In 1878 neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot hired Londe as a medical photographer at the Salpêtrière. In 1882 Londe devised a system to photograph the physical and muscular movements of patients (including individuals experiencing epileptic seizures). This he accomplished by using a camera with nine lenses that were triggered by electromagnetic energy, and with the use of a metronome he was able to sequentially time the release of the shutters, therefore taking photos onto glass plates in quick succession. A few years later Londe developed a camera with twelve lenses for photographing movement. Londe's camera was also used for medical studies of muscle movement in subjects performing actions as diverse as those of a tightrope-walking and blacksmithing. The sequence of twelve pictures could be created for durations from 1/10 of a second to several seconds. Although the apparatus was used primarily for medical research, Londe noted that it was portable, and he used it for other subjects - for example, horses and other animals and ocean waves. General Sobert developed, in conjunction with Londe, a chronophotographic device used to study ballistics. Londe's pictures were used as illustrations in several books, most notably those by Paul Richer, that were widely read by the medical and artistic fraternity. With Étienne-Jules Marey (1830–1904), Londe performed many photographic experiments of movement, and the layout of his laboratory at the Salpêtrière was similar to Marey's renowned Station Physiologique. In 1893 Londe published the first book on medical photography, titled La photographie médicale: Application aux sciences médicales et physiologiques. In 1898 he published Traité pratique de radiographie et de radioscope: technique et applications médicales. Londe also published six journals. Albert Londe's 12-lens camera of 1891 was illustrated in the journal 'La Nature', 1893. (en)
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  • 1858-11-26 (xsd:date)
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1917-9-11
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  • 738553802 (xsd:integer)
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  • French photographer (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Albert Londe (* 26. November 1858 in La Ciotat, Frankreich; † 11. September 1917 in Rueil, auf dem Schloss de Bréau nahe Paris, Frankreich) war ein französischer Fotopionier im Bereich der medizinischen Forschung, Röntgen- und Chronofotografie. (de)
  • Albert Londe (né le 26 novembre 1858 à La Ciotat et mort le 11 septembre 1917) est un photographe français, pionnier de la photographie médicale et précurseur du cinéma. (fr)
  • Albert Londe (26 November 1858 – 11 September 1917) was an influential French photographer, medical researcher and chronophotographer. He is remembered for his work as a medical photographer at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, funded by the Parisian authorities, as well as being a pioneer in X-ray photography. During his two decades at the Salpêtrière, Albert Londe developed into arguably the most outstanding scientific photographer of his time. Londe also published six journals. Albert Londe's 12-lens camera of 1891 was illustrated in the journal 'La Nature', 1893. (en)
  • Albert Londe (1858-1917) foi um fotógrafo e cientista francês especializado na área médica. É lembrado por seu trabalho como fotógrafo médico no hospital de Salpêtrière em Paris, bem como por ter sido um pioneiro na Fotografia de Raio X. Em 1878 o neurologista Jean-Martin Charcot (que foi professor de alunos como Sigmund Freud, por exemplo) contratou Londe como um fotógrafo médico no Salpêtrière. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Albert Londe (de)
  • Albert Londe (fr)
  • Albert Londe (en)
  • Albert Londe (pt)
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  • Albert Londe (en)
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  • Londe (en)
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