Alan Aylesworth Macnaughton, PC OC QC (July 30, 1903 – July 16, 1999) was a Canadian parliamentarian and Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons from 1963 to 1966. Macnaughton was born in Greater Napanee, Ontario, and educated at Upper Canada College. He studied law at McGill University and began a law practice in Montreal where he served as a Crown Attorney from 1933 to 1942. Macnaughton presided over a House of Commons led by a minority government in which no party had control of the House, resulting in long and bitter debates that made it a challenge for any Speaker to maintain order.

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  • Alan Aylesworth Macnaughton, PC OC QC (July 30, 1903 – July 16, 1999) was a Canadian parliamentarian and Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons from 1963 to 1966. Macnaughton was born in Greater Napanee, Ontario, and educated at Upper Canada College. He studied law at McGill University and began a law practice in Montreal where he served as a Crown Attorney from 1933 to 1942. Macnaughton first won a seat in the Canadian House of Commons in the 1949 election when he was returned as a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Mount Royal. Macnaughton served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee after the 1958 election, and his performance in that position led to the newly elected Liberal government nominating him for the position of Speaker following the 1963 election. Macnaughton presided over a House of Commons led by a minority government in which no party had control of the House, resulting in long and bitter debates that made it a challenge for any Speaker to maintain order. Acrimonious debates included that over the adoption of a new Canadian flag as well as the Munsinger Affair and other scandals. As Speaker, he attempted to bring in procedural reforms to make Parliament more efficient. He established four subcommittees of the Special Committee on Procedure and Organization, each chaired by a member of a different political party. The result of this process were recommendations for new procedures of time allocation in debates, a new committee structure, the abolition of the right to appeal rulings of the Speaker, research budgets for members and other changes most of which were ultimately implemented. During the Flag Debate, Macnaugton set a precedent by allowing the motion to be split into two and allowing separate motions on making the Maple Leaf the new flag and using the Union Flag as a symbol of Canada's membership in the Commonwealth of Nations. This was the first time a Speaker took it upon his own authority to split a motion. Macnaughton did so in the hope of facilitating debate and calming the House. Late in his term as Speaker, he served as a production consultant on the politically-themed CBC Television drama series Quentin Durgens, M.P.. Macnaughton did not contest the 1965 election, and retired from electoral politics. He was succeeded as MP for Mount Royal by Pierre Trudeau. In 1966, Macnaughton was appointed to a seat in the Canadian Senate by Lester B. Pearson, and served in that body until his retirement in 1978. In 1994, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 1967, MacNaughton founded World Wildlife Fund Canada (WWF-Canada), which is the Canadian branch of the global conservation organization, World Wide Fund for Nature (formerly named World Wildlife Fund). (en)
  • Alan Aylesworth Macnaughton (30 juillet 1903 - 16 juillet 1999) fut un avocat et homme politique fédéral du Québec. Né à Napanee en Ontario, il fit une partie de ses études au Upper Canada College avant d'étudier à l'Université McGill où il étudia le droit. Devenu avocat, il pratiqua à Montréal et devint Procureur de la Couronne de 1933 à 1942. Élu député du Parti libéral dans la circonscription de Mont-Royal en 1949, il sera réélu en 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962 et en 1963. Pendant sa carrière de député, il fut Président de la Chambre des communes de 1963 à 1966. Il dut présidé un parlement qui fut dans un cadre de gouvernement minoritaire et où des débats acrimonieux concernant l'adoption de l'Unifolié ou l'Affaire Musinger (en). Pendant sa présidence, Macnaughton fut le premier à utiliser son autorité pour clore une motion lors de l'adoption de l'Unifolié. Il décréta que l'Unifolié sera le nouveau drapeau du Canada et le Red Ensign canadien sera dorénavant utilisé comme symbole du Canada au sein du Commonwealth. Il ne se représenta pas en 1965 et sera remplacé par le futur premier ministre Pierre Elliott Trudeau. En 1966 au Canada, Lester Pearson le nomma au Sénat dans la division sénatoriale de Saurel au Québec, poste qu'il occupa jusqu'en 1978. Il devint officier de l'Ordre du Canada en 1994. En 1967, World Wildlife Fund Canada (WWF-Canada), la branche canadienne de l'organisation World Wide Fund for Nature (anciennement World Wildlife Fund). Il décède à l'âge de 95 ans. (fr)
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  • Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons
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  • Alan Aylesworth Macnaughton, PC OC QC (July 30, 1903 – July 16, 1999) was a Canadian parliamentarian and Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons from 1963 to 1966. Macnaughton was born in Greater Napanee, Ontario, and educated at Upper Canada College. He studied law at McGill University and began a law practice in Montreal where he served as a Crown Attorney from 1933 to 1942. Macnaughton presided over a House of Commons led by a minority government in which no party had control of the House, resulting in long and bitter debates that made it a challenge for any Speaker to maintain order. (en)
  • Alan Aylesworth Macnaughton (30 juillet 1903 - 16 juillet 1999) fut un avocat et homme politique fédéral du Québec. Né à Napanee en Ontario, il fit une partie de ses études au Upper Canada College avant d'étudier à l'Université McGill où il étudia le droit. Devenu avocat, il pratiqua à Montréal et devint Procureur de la Couronne de 1933 à 1942. Élu député du Parti libéral dans la circonscription de Mont-Royal en 1949, il sera réélu en 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962 et en 1963. Il ne se représenta pas en 1965 et sera remplacé par le futur premier ministre Pierre Elliott Trudeau. (fr)
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