Abû Ahmad ʿAlî ibn Ahmad al-Muʿtamid (Arabic: أبو أحمد علي بن أحمد المعتمد‎‎) (877/878 – 13 August 908), better known by his regnal name al-Muktafi bi-Allah (Arabic: المكتفي بالله‎‎, "Content with God Alone"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908. He was the son of the previous Caliph, al-Mu'tadid, by a Turkish slave-girl. In command of ar-Raqqah at the time of his father's death, he at once returned to the Capital, where he became a favorite of the people for his generosity, and for abolishing his father's secret prisons, the terror of Baghdad. During his reign of nearly seven years, the Empire was threatened by various dangers which he bravely met and overcame. Chief was that from the Carmathians, a race of fanatics which had sprung up during the late reign.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • أبو محمد علي المكتفي بالله المعتضد بالله بن الموفق طلحة بن المتوكل العباسي . ابن المعتضد أبي العباس أحمد بن الموفق طلحة بن المتوكل. وأمه أم ولد تركيه اسمها جيجك ولد سنة 236هـ. وبويع بالخلافة بعد وفاة أبيه المعتضد بعهد منه وذلك في ربيع الآخر سنة 289هـ. 15 أبريل 902. ولم يزل خليفة إلى أن توفي في 12 ذي القعدة سنة 295هـ. 13 أغسطس سنة 908. فكانت مدته ست سنوات وستة أشهر و19 يوماً. حارب القرامطة وقاتلهم ببأس وشده وقتل يحيى بن زكوريه القرمطي سنة 290 للهجره وفي سنة291 للهجره قتل كل من الحسين بن زكوريه القرمطي وغلامه الذي لقب المطوق بالنور وابن عمه عيسى بن مهوريه وهؤلاء بحسب السيوطي من مدعى النبوه فظفر بهم وقتلهم. وفي نفس السنة زفت للمكتفي بالله أخبار فتح انطاليه وغنم المسلمون منها امولا كثيره بحسب السيوطي.توفي علي المكتفي بالله في بغداد في12 ذي القعدة 295 للهجره وهو شاب وأخيرا قال الصولي: سمعت المكتفي يقول في علته:والله ما أسى الا على سبعمائة الف دينار صرفتها من مال المسلمين في ابنية ما احتجت إليها وكنت مستغنيا عنها اخاف ان أسأل عنها واني استغفر الله. وهو وأبو محمد المكتفي بالله العباسي الهاشمي البغدادي. (ar)
  • al-Muktafi (arabisch أبو أحمد المكتفي بالله علي بن أحمد المعتمد, DMG Abū Aḥmad al-Muktafī bi-'llāh ʿAlī b. Aḥmad al-Muʿtamid; * 875; † 13. August 908) war der siebzehnte Kalif der Abbasiden (902–908). al-Muktafi, ein Sohn von al-Mutadid (892–902) gilt als der letzte Kalif, der seine Autorität in dem ihm unterstehenden Gebieten durchsetzen konnte. Unter ihm wurde der Machtbereich der Abbasiden noch einmal erheblich ausgeweitet, als 905 mit der Besetzung von Syrien und Ägypten der Sturz der Tuluniden gelang. Zwar wurde im Jahr 904 Nordsyrien von Byzanz angegriffen, doch plünderte die arabische Flotte unter dem Renegaten Leon von Tripolis im Gegenzug erfolgreich die Ägäisgebiete. Mit Thessaloniki konnten die Muslime auch eine der bedeutendsten byzantinischen Städte erobern und plündern. Dem byzantinischen Rebellen Andronikos Dukas gewährte er 906/907 Zuflucht. Unter al-Muktafi gelangten zwar die Hamdaniden in Mossul und im nordsyrischen Aleppo an die Macht, doch erkannten sie die Kalifen in Bagdad als ihre Oberherren an. In Syrien konnten die Abbasiden auch die ismailitische Bewegung entscheidend schwächen, nachdem Aufstände der Beduinen unter Führung von Anhängern der Fatimiden niedergeschlagen worden waren. Allerdings entwickelten sich die ismailitischen Qarmaten von al-Hasa zu einer neuen Bedrohung der abbasidischen Kalifats. Der Nachfolger al-Muktafis wurde dessen Bruder al-Muktadir (908–932). (de)
  • Abû Ahmad ʿAlî ibn Ahmad al-Muʿtamid (Arabic: أبو أحمد علي بن أحمد المعتمد‎‎) (877/878 – 13 August 908), better known by his regnal name al-Muktafi bi-Allah (Arabic: المكتفي بالله‎‎, "Content with God Alone"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908. He was the son of the previous Caliph, al-Mu'tadid, by a Turkish slave-girl. In command of ar-Raqqah at the time of his father's death, he at once returned to the Capital, where he became a favorite of the people for his generosity, and for abolishing his father's secret prisons, the terror of Baghdad. During his reign of nearly seven years, the Empire was threatened by various dangers which he bravely met and overcame. Chief was that from the Carmathians, a race of fanatics which had sprung up during the late reign. Hostilities prevailed more or less with the Byzantine Greeks, who were not slow to take advantage of the difficulties of the Caliphate. In 285 AH (898 AD) a Byzantine fleet was set on fire, and 3000 sailors decapitated. But there were reverses also. Tarsus was closely besieged by the Greeks, and the governor taken prisoner. Still worse, Egyptian rebels, to spite the Caliph, induced the Tulunid governor of Tarsus to burn the Muslim fleet of fifty vessels at anchor in their port. In consequence the Greeks were able to ravage the coasts at pleasure, both by land and sea, carrying vast numbers away captive. War was kept up with various fortune. Ten golden crosses, each followed by 10,000 men, swept devastation and captivity along the Muslim shores; while, on the other hand, a Muslim fleet under a renegade Greek, and manned by Africans, ravaged the coast opposite Byzantium. In 903, his forces under the command of Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Katib scored a crushing victory over the Carmathians of the Syrian desert. In 904, taking advantage of the feebleness of the Tulunids in Egypt, Muhammad ibn Sulayman invaded Syria and Egypt and ended the Tulunid regime, fully reincorporating these territories into the Caliphate. Thus, after a stormy reign of between six and seven years, al-Muktafi could look around and find the Caliphate more secure than it had been since the days of al-Mu'tasim. One of his last acts was, on the death of the Samanid prince, to recognise the succession of his son in Khurasan, and forward to him a banner mounted by his own hand. In 295 AH (908 AD), he died at the early age of thirty-three, and left the throne to a minor brother, Abdallah ibn al-Mu'tazz. (en)
  • Abû Ahmad “al-Muktafî bi-lah” ʿAlî ben Ahmad al-Muʿtamid, surnommé Al-Muktafî, est né en 878. Il a succédé à Al-Mu`tadid son père comme dix-septième calife abbasside de Bagdad en 902. Il est mort en 908. Son frère Al-Muqtadir, lui a succédé. (fr)
  • Abû Ahmad al-Muqtafî bi-llah (878–908) (Árabe: المكتفى) fue el califa abasí de Bagdad desde 902 hasta su muerte. Fue sucedido por su hermano Al-Muqtadir. Alcanzó gran popularidad por su generosidad, y al abolir las prisiones y la policía secreta implementadas por su padre. Durante su reinado el Califato estuvo amenazado tanto por los bizantinos como, especialmente, por los Cármatas. (es)
  • Califfo a Baghdad dal 902 al 908, era figlio del precedente Califfo, al-Mu'tadid, che lo aveva avuto da una schiava turca di nome Čiček (in arabo Ǧīǧak). Al tempo della morte del padre, si trovava a Raqqa, dove al-Muʿtaḍid lo aveva inviato nell'894/5 perché s'impratichisse nell'arte di governo, destinandolo anche a governare cinque anni dopo per suo conto la Mesopotamia.Tornato nella capitale abbaside, assunse la dignità califfale, col laqab che significa "Colui al quale è sufficiente Iddio", diventando subito assai popolare tra i sudditi per la sua generosità e per aver chiuso le odiate prigioni segrete del padre che erano diventate un vero e proprio incubo terrorizzante a Baghdad, e restituendo ai loro proprietari molti dei loro beni confiscati in precedenza. Durante il suo regno durato circa sette anni, il Califfato fu minacciato più volte ma egli riuscì validamente a stornare i pericoli. Il principale fu quello costituito dai Carmati, un gruppo radicale che era sorto durante l'ultima parte del suo califfato. Le ostilità riguardarono più o meno anche l'Impero bizantino, che non perse tempo a trarre vantaggio dalle difficoltà del Califfato. Nell'898 una flotta bizantina fu data alle fiamme e 3.000 marinai decapitati. Ma vi furono anche sconfitte. Tarso in Cilicia fu stretta da un tenace assedio da parte greca e il suo Governatore preso prigioniero. Peggio ancora andò con i ribelli egiziani che, per colpire il Califfato, indussero il governatore tulunide di Tarso a dar fuoco alla flotta califfale di cinquanta navi all'ancora in quel porto. Come conseguenza, i greci bizantini riuscirono a razziare le coste a loro piacimento, per terra e per mare, portandosi via un gran numero di prigionieri. La guerra proseguì con alterne fortune. Dieci contingenti, ognuno forte di 10.000 uomini, devastarono le coste musulmane, prendendo prigionieri, mentre dall'altra parte una flotta musulmana, al comando di un rinnegato bizantino e composta da gente dell'Ifriqiya, devastò le coste bizantine. Il regno agitato di al-Muktafī consentì comunque al Califfato, in sei-sette anni di lotte, di riguadagnare quella sicurezza che mancava dai tempi di al-Mu'tasim. Uno dei suoi ultimi atti, alla morte del principe samanide, di riconoscere la successione del figlio sul Grande Khorasan. Nel 908 morì appena compiuti 33 anni e lasciò il trono a un fratello minore, Abd Allah ibn al-Mu'tazz, detto al-Muqtadir. (it)
  • Al-Muktafi (em árabe: المكتفى) foi o califa abássida entre 902 e 908. Ele era filho do califa anterior, al-Mu'tadid, com uma escrava turca. Ele estava no comando de Raca quando seu pai morreu e, imediatamente, voltou para a capital, onde ele se tornou o favorito da população local por conta de sua generosidade e por abolir as prisões secretas do pai, o terror de Bagdá. Durante o seu reinado de quase sete anos, o Califado Abássida foi ameaçado por diversos perigos, que ele conseguiu superar, sendo o principal a aparição dos carmatas, um grupo de fanáticos xiitas ismailitas que emergiram no final de seu reinado e que trariam muitos problemas aos califas posteriores. (pt)
  • Абу́ А́хмад Али́ ибн Абдулла́х аль-Мукта́фи Билла́х (около 876-908) — багдадский халиф из династии Аббасидов. Его считают последним из успешных багдадских халифов. Аль-Муктафи был сыном халифа аль-Мутадида от неизвестной тюркской рабыни. В момент смерти отца в 902 году он находился в военном походе. Вернувшись в столицу, он сумел укрепиться на троне и вернуть под власть халифата Египет, однако именно при нём стали усиливаться карматы. Аль-Муктафи умер в 908 году в возрасте 33 лет, после него престол унаследовал младший брат. [[К:Википедия:Статьи без источников (страна: )]][[К:Википедия:Статьи без источников (страна: )]][[К:Википедия:Статьи без источников (страна: )]]Аль-Муктафи БиллахАль-Муктафи БиллахАль-Муктафи Биллах (ru)
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  • 0908-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 0902-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 0877-12-24 (xsd:date)
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  • Gold dinar of al-Muktafî
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  • --04-05
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  • Abbasid caliph (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Abû Ahmad “al-Muktafî bi-lah” ʿAlî ben Ahmad al-Muʿtamid, surnommé Al-Muktafî, est né en 878. Il a succédé à Al-Mu`tadid son père comme dix-septième calife abbasside de Bagdad en 902. Il est mort en 908. Son frère Al-Muqtadir, lui a succédé. (fr)
  • Abû Ahmad al-Muqtafî bi-llah (878–908) (Árabe: المكتفى) fue el califa abasí de Bagdad desde 902 hasta su muerte. Fue sucedido por su hermano Al-Muqtadir. Alcanzó gran popularidad por su generosidad, y al abolir las prisiones y la policía secreta implementadas por su padre. Durante su reinado el Califato estuvo amenazado tanto por los bizantinos como, especialmente, por los Cármatas. (es)
  • Al-Muktafi (em árabe: المكتفى) foi o califa abássida entre 902 e 908. Ele era filho do califa anterior, al-Mu'tadid, com uma escrava turca. Ele estava no comando de Raca quando seu pai morreu e, imediatamente, voltou para a capital, onde ele se tornou o favorito da população local por conta de sua generosidade e por abolir as prisões secretas do pai, o terror de Bagdá. Durante o seu reinado de quase sete anos, o Califado Abássida foi ameaçado por diversos perigos, que ele conseguiu superar, sendo o principal a aparição dos carmatas, um grupo de fanáticos xiitas ismailitas que emergiram no final de seu reinado e que trariam muitos problemas aos califas posteriores. (pt)
  • Abû Ahmad ʿAlî ibn Ahmad al-Muʿtamid (Arabic: أبو أحمد علي بن أحمد المعتمد‎‎) (877/878 – 13 August 908), better known by his regnal name al-Muktafi bi-Allah (Arabic: المكتفي بالله‎‎, "Content with God Alone"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908. He was the son of the previous Caliph, al-Mu'tadid, by a Turkish slave-girl. In command of ar-Raqqah at the time of his father's death, he at once returned to the Capital, where he became a favorite of the people for his generosity, and for abolishing his father's secret prisons, the terror of Baghdad. During his reign of nearly seven years, the Empire was threatened by various dangers which he bravely met and overcame. Chief was that from the Carmathians, a race of fanatics which had sprung up during the late reign. (en)
  • أبو محمد علي المكتفي بالله المعتضد بالله بن الموفق طلحة بن المتوكل العباسي . ابن المعتضد أبي العباس أحمد بن الموفق طلحة بن المتوكل. وأمه أم ولد تركيه اسمها جيجك ولد سنة 236هـ. وبويع بالخلافة بعد وفاة أبيه المعتضد بعهد منه وذلك في ربيع الآخر سنة 289هـ. 15 أبريل 902. ولم يزل خليفة إلى أن توفي في 12 ذي القعدة سنة 295هـ. 13 أغسطس سنة 908. فكانت مدته ست سنوات وستة أشهر و19 يوماً. (ar)
  • al-Muktafi (arabisch أبو أحمد المكتفي بالله علي بن أحمد المعتمد, DMG Abū Aḥmad al-Muktafī bi-'llāh ʿAlī b. Aḥmad al-Muʿtamid; * 875; † 13. August 908) war der siebzehnte Kalif der Abbasiden (902–908). al-Muktafi, ein Sohn von al-Mutadid (892–902) gilt als der letzte Kalif, der seine Autorität in dem ihm unterstehenden Gebieten durchsetzen konnte. Unter ihm wurde der Machtbereich der Abbasiden noch einmal erheblich ausgeweitet, als 905 mit der Besetzung von Syrien und Ägypten der Sturz der Tuluniden gelang. Zwar wurde im Jahr 904 Nordsyrien von Byzanz angegriffen, doch plünderte die arabische Flotte unter dem Renegaten Leon von Tripolis im Gegenzug erfolgreich die Ägäisgebiete. Mit Thessaloniki konnten die Muslime auch eine der bedeutendsten byzantinischen Städte erobern und plündern. Dem b (de)
  • Califfo a Baghdad dal 902 al 908, era figlio del precedente Califfo, al-Mu'tadid, che lo aveva avuto da una schiava turca di nome Čiček (in arabo Ǧīǧak). Al tempo della morte del padre, si trovava a Raqqa, dove al-Muʿtaḍid lo aveva inviato nell'894/5 perché s'impratichisse nell'arte di governo, destinandolo anche a governare cinque anni dopo per suo conto la Mesopotamia.Tornato nella capitale abbaside, assunse la dignità califfale, col laqab che significa "Colui al quale è sufficiente Iddio", diventando subito assai popolare tra i sudditi per la sua generosità e per aver chiuso le odiate prigioni segrete del padre che erano diventate un vero e proprio incubo terrorizzante a Baghdad, e restituendo ai loro proprietari molti dei loro beni confiscati in precedenza. (it)
  • Абу́ А́хмад Али́ ибн Абдулла́х аль-Мукта́фи Билла́х (около 876-908) — багдадский халиф из династии Аббасидов. Его считают последним из успешных багдадских халифов. Аль-Муктафи был сыном халифа аль-Мутадида от неизвестной тюркской рабыни. В момент смерти отца в 902 году он находился в военном походе. Вернувшись в столицу, он сумел укрепиться на троне и вернуть под власть халифата Египет, однако именно при нём стали усиливаться карматы. Аль-Муктафи умер в 908 году в возрасте 33 лет, после него престол унаследовал младший брат. (ru)
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  • علي المكتفي بالله (ar)
  • Al-Muktafi (en)
  • Al-Muktafi (de)
  • Al-Muqtafi (es)
  • Al-Muktafi (fr)
  • Al-Muktafi (it)
  • Al-Muktafi (pt)
  • Аль-Муктафи Биллах (ru)
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  • Al-Muktafi (en)
  • أبو أحمد "المكتفي بالله" علي بن أحمد المعتمد (en)
  • Abû Ahmad “al-Muktafî bi-lah” ʿAlî ibn Ahmad al-Muʿtamid (en)
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