Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation.Only 12% of the total land area is under cultivation (arable land, orchards and vineyards) but less than one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated; the rest is devoted to dry farming. Some 92 percent of agro products depend on water. The western and northwestern portions of the country have the most fertile soils. Iran's food security index stands at around 96 percent.

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dbo:abstract
  • L'Agriculture de l'Iran bénéficie de terres arables représentant un tiers de la surface totale du pays ; seulement ¼ de ces terres arables sont cultivées. En effet, la nature du sol et les difficultés à procurer une irrigation satisfaisante diminuent la superficie des terres cultivées.La variété climatique du pays permet au pays de produire de nombreuses cultures : céréales (blé, maïs, orge, riz), fruits (dattes, figues, grenades, raisins, melons et pastèques) ainsi que des légumes, du coton, des pistaches, des olives, des épices (safran), du tabac et du thé L'agriculture représente un cinquième du Produit intérieur brut du pays, et emploie une proportion comparable de la population active à la fin du XXe siècle. La plupart des fermes sont petites (donc peu viables économiquement), les techniques de production anciennes. Pour ces raisons, les rendements sont peu élevés, bien que des efforts du gouvernement aient permis d'améliorer un peu la productivité depuis les années 1990, en accord avec les objectifs du gouvernement iranien d'assurer l'autosuffisance alimentaire du pays. L'élevage, la pêche et les forêts sont aussi importantes en Iran. Moutons, chèvres, ânes, chevaux et volailles sont élevés, ainsi que les buffles d'eau et les chameaux dans certaines régions. L'Iran produit également du poisson pour la consommation domestique ou l'export (le produit phare étant le caviar). Les forêts, couvrant un dixième de la surface du pays, permettent également à l'Iran de produire des produits du bois utilisés dans la construction et l'industrie du meuble. (fr)
  • Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation.Only 12% of the total land area is under cultivation (arable land, orchards and vineyards) but less than one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated; the rest is devoted to dry farming. Some 92 percent of agro products depend on water. The western and northwestern portions of the country have the most fertile soils. Iran's food security index stands at around 96 percent. 3% of the total land area is used for grazing and small fodder production. Most of the grazing is done on mostly semi-dry rangeland in mountain areas and on areas surrounding the large deserts ("Dasht's") of Central Iran. The non-agricultural surface represents 53% of the total area of Iran, as follows: * Abb. 39% of the country is covered by deserts, salt flats ("kavirs") and bare-rock mountains, not suited for agricultural purposes. * An additional 7% of Iran's total surface is covered by woodlands. * And 7% is covered by cities, towns, villages, industrial areas and roads. At the end of the 20th century, agricultural activities accounted for about one-fifth of Iran's gross domestic product (GDP) and employed a comparable proportion of the workforce. Most farms are small, less than 25 acres (10 hectares), and are not economically viable, which has contributed to the wide-scale migration to cities. In addition to water scarcity and areas of poor soil, seed is of low quality and farming techniques are antiquated. All these factors have contributed to low crop yields and poverty in rural areas. Further, after the 1979 revolution many agricultural workers claimed ownership rights and forcibly occupied large, privately owned farms where they had been employed. The legal disputes that arose from this situation remained unresolved through the 1980s, and many owners put off making large capital investments that would have improved farm productivity, further deteriorating production. Progressive government efforts and incentives during the 1990s, however, improved agricultural productivity marginally, helping Iran toward its goal of reestablishing national self-sufficiency in food production. (en)
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  • 7459175 (xsd:integer)
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  • 742780106 (xsd:integer)
dbp:date
  • August 2015
dbp:reason
  • This is not a scientific claim, merely a statement from a government official
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rdfs:comment
  • Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation.Only 12% of the total land area is under cultivation (arable land, orchards and vineyards) but less than one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated; the rest is devoted to dry farming. Some 92 percent of agro products depend on water. The western and northwestern portions of the country have the most fertile soils. Iran's food security index stands at around 96 percent. (en)
  • L'Agriculture de l'Iran bénéficie de terres arables représentant un tiers de la surface totale du pays ; seulement ¼ de ces terres arables sont cultivées. En effet, la nature du sol et les difficultés à procurer une irrigation satisfaisante diminuent la superficie des terres cultivées.La variété climatique du pays permet au pays de produire de nombreuses cultures : céréales (blé, maïs, orge, riz), fruits (dattes, figues, grenades, raisins, melons et pastèques) ainsi que des légumes, du coton, des pistaches, des olives, des épices (safran), du tabac et du thé (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Agriculture in Iran (en)
  • Agriculture en Iran (fr)
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