Afro-Mexicans (Spanish: afromexicanos; negros; afrodescendientes) are Mexicans who have a heritage from Sub-Saharan Africa. Also known as Black Mexicans, they are an ethnic group made up of recent immigrants of African descent to Mexico and the descendants of slaves, such as in the communities of the Costa Chica of Oaxaca and Guerrero, Veracruz and in some cities in northern Mexico. The history of blacks in Mexico has been lesser known for a number of reasons: their relatively small numbers, regular intermarriage with other ethnic groups, and Mexico’s tradition of defining itself as a “mestizaje” or mixing culture.

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dbo:abstract
  • El término afromexicano es utilizado para identificar a los mexicanos de ascendencia africana subsahariana, también son llamados afrodescendientes aunque este termino ha entrado en desuso. Los afromexicanos se ubican principalmente en las zonas costeras y en los poblados a las orillas de los ríos en los estados de Guerrero, Oaxaca, Michoacán y Veracruz, a partir de 2015, el INEGI decidió contar a los mexicanos negros por una fuerte presión que ejercieron los activistas e intelectuales, argumentando que los afromexicanos no se identifican con los grupos indígenas ni los mestizos en todos los ámbitos, racial y cultural. Los pobladores originarios migraron de manera forzada, en calidad de esclavos, procedentes de Gambia, Senegal, Guinea, Congo, Guinea Ecuatorial, Angola y Mozambique.En México, los asentamientos más conocidos de afrodescendientes se ubican principalmente en las regiones del Río Papaloapan Oaxaqueño (Acatlán, Cosolapa, Tuxtepec y Loma Bonita), la Costa Chica de Guerrero y Oaxaca, en la región centro-golfo del estado de Veracruz (Yanga, San Juan de la Punta, La Antigua, Rodríguez Clara, Hueyapan, Cosamaloapan), la Costa Grande de Guerrero, la región de la Tierra Caliente en Michoacán, en los Altos y el istmo-costa en Chiapas, así como en el municipio de Múzquiz en el estado de Coahuila. Los estados con mayor población afromexicana, respecto de su población total, son: Guerrero (49 %), Oaxaca (35 %), Veracruz (24 %), Morelos (17 %), Baja California Norte (11 %), Michoacán (9 %) y Yucatán (6 %). Hernández-Díaz indica sobre los mismos que: "es fácil afirmar que en México existe un grupo de personas que son descendientes de las poblaciones que fueron traídas del continente africano o de otras partes del llamado Viejo Mundo, lo que es complicado es su identificación, no es posible afirmar con certeza quiénes son y dónde están." La estimación de los especialistas sobre el tamaño de la población afromexicana en la Costa Chica es de 15.000 a 50.000 en el estado de Guerrero y unos 35.000 en el estado de Oaxaca.En el norte de Oaxaca, la negritud se ha concretado en los llamados "jarochos", lo que también implica una dificultad para su conteo en virtud de las políticas de desintegración identitaria fomentadas por los propios gobiernos. Estas políticas orillan a que muchos individuos no se identifiquen con su origen étnico y cultural remoto e inclusive tampoco con su origen inmediato. (es)
  • Afro-Mexicanen (Spaans: afromexicanos) zijn inwoners van Mexico van Afrikaanse afkomst. (nl)
  • Afro-mexicanos (em espanhol: afromexicanos; negros; afrodescendientes) é um termo usado para identificar os mexicanos de ascendência africana, agora em grande parte assimilados pela população em geral. Afro-mexicanos têm preenchido as zonas costeiras de preferência Guerrero, Oaxaca, Michoacán, Veracruz, Campeche, Quintana Roo e Yucatán. No México, as pessoas de ascendência africana assentamentos conhecidos estão localizados principalmente nas regiões da Costa Chica de Guerrero e Oaxaca, no estado central do Golfo de Veracruz, a Costa Grande de Oaxaca, na região de Tierra Caliente em Michoacan, em Los Altos e o istmo, a Costa de Chiapas, no estado de Quintana Roo, e na cidade de Muzquiz no estado de Coahuila. É fácil dizer que no México há um grupo de pessoas que são descendentes de povos que foram trazidos da África ou de outras partes do chamado Velho Mundo, que é complicada a identificação não é possível dizer com certeza quem são e onde eles estão. " Os especialistas estimam o tamanho da população afro-mexicano na Chica Costa é de 15.000 a 50.000 no Estado de Guerrero e cerca de 35.000 no estado de Oaxaca. Para aqueles que compõem a população negra, eles são todos iguais local que as relações dentro de uma rede de pessoas negras que vai além das fronteiras locais e estaduais. (pt)
  • Afro-Mexicans (Spanish: afromexicanos; negros; afrodescendientes) are Mexicans who have a heritage from Sub-Saharan Africa. Also known as Black Mexicans, they are an ethnic group made up of recent immigrants of African descent to Mexico and the descendants of slaves, such as in the communities of the Costa Chica of Oaxaca and Guerrero, Veracruz and in some cities in northern Mexico. The history of blacks in Mexico has been lesser known for a number of reasons: their relatively small numbers, regular intermarriage with other ethnic groups, and Mexico’s tradition of defining itself as a “mestizaje” or mixing culture. According to The Atlantic Slave Trade and estimated 200,000 enslaved Africans disembarked in New Spain. From the beginning, the slaves, who were mostly male, intermarried with indigenous women. In some cases Spanish colonists had unions with female slaves. Spanish colonists created an elaborate racial caste system, classifying people by racial mixture. This system broke down in the very late colonial period; after Independence, the legal notion of race was eliminated. The creation of a national Mexican identity, especially after the Mexican Revolution, emphasized Mexico’s indigenous and European past; it passively eliminated the African ancestors and contributions. Though Mexico had a significant number of African slaves during colonial times, most of the African-descended population were absorbed into the surrounding Mestizo (mixed European/indigenous) and indigenous populations through unions among the groups. Evidence of this long history of intermarriage with Mestizo and indigenous Mexicans is also expressed in the fact that in the 2015 census, 64.9% (896,829) of Afro-Mexicans also identified as indigenous. It was also reported that 9.3% of Afro-Mexicans speak an indigenous language. About 1.2% of Mexico's population has significant African ancestry, with 1.38 million recognized during the 2015 Intercensus Estimate. Numerous Afro-Mexicans in the 21st century are naturalized black immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean. The 2015 Intercensus Estimate was the first time in which Afro-Mexicans could identify themselves as such and was a prelimminary effort to include the identity before the 2020 census. The question asked on the survey was "Based on your culture, history and traditions, do you consider yourself black, meaning Afro-Mexican or Afro-descendant?" and came about following various complaints made by civil rights groups and government officials. (en)
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  • Performance of the Danza de los Diablos, associated with the Afro-Mexican population of the Costa Chica.
  • Musicians accompanying the dancers. Among the instruments used are the quijada and bote drum, both characteristic of the Costa Chica.
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  • ManosAlmaOaxaca047.JPG
  • ManosAlmaOaxaca051.JPG
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  • Black Seminole Indians
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  • 220 (xsd:integer)
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  • Afro-Mexicanen (Spaans: afromexicanos) zijn inwoners van Mexico van Afrikaanse afkomst. (nl)
  • El término afromexicano es utilizado para identificar a los mexicanos de ascendencia africana subsahariana, también son llamados afrodescendientes aunque este termino ha entrado en desuso. Los afromexicanos se ubican principalmente en las zonas costeras y en los poblados a las orillas de los ríos en los estados de Guerrero, Oaxaca, Michoacán y Veracruz, a partir de 2015, el INEGI decidió contar a los mexicanos negros por una fuerte presión que ejercieron los activistas e intelectuales, argumentando que los afromexicanos no se identifican con los grupos indígenas ni los mestizos en todos los ámbitos, racial y cultural. Los pobladores originarios migraron de manera forzada, en calidad de esclavos, procedentes de Gambia, Senegal, Guinea, Congo, Guinea Ecuatorial, Angola y Mozambique.En México (es)
  • Afro-mexicanos (em espanhol: afromexicanos; negros; afrodescendientes) é um termo usado para identificar os mexicanos de ascendência africana, agora em grande parte assimilados pela população em geral. Afro-mexicanos têm preenchido as zonas costeiras de preferência Guerrero, Oaxaca, Michoacán, Veracruz, Campeche, Quintana Roo e Yucatán. É fácil dizer que no México há um grupo de pessoas que são descendentes de povos que foram trazidos da África ou de outras partes do chamado Velho Mundo, que é complicada a identificação não é possível dizer com certeza quem são e onde eles estão. " (pt)
  • Afro-Mexicans (Spanish: afromexicanos; negros; afrodescendientes) are Mexicans who have a heritage from Sub-Saharan Africa. Also known as Black Mexicans, they are an ethnic group made up of recent immigrants of African descent to Mexico and the descendants of slaves, such as in the communities of the Costa Chica of Oaxaca and Guerrero, Veracruz and in some cities in northern Mexico. The history of blacks in Mexico has been lesser known for a number of reasons: their relatively small numbers, regular intermarriage with other ethnic groups, and Mexico’s tradition of defining itself as a “mestizaje” or mixing culture. (en)
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  • Afromexicano (es)
  • Afro-Mexicanen (nl)
  • Afro-mexicanos (pt)
  • Afro-Mexicans (en)
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  • Afro-Mexicans (en)
  • (Afromexicanos ) (en)
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