Adolfo Bartoli (19 March 1851 – 18 July 1896) was an Italian physicist, who is best known for introducing the concept of radiation pressure from thermodynamical considerations. Born in Florence, Bartoli studied physics and mathematics at the University of Pisa until 1874. He was professor of physics at the Technical Institute of Arezzo from 1876, at the University of Sassari from 1878, at the Technical Institute of Firenze from 1879, at the University of Catania from 1886 to 1893, and at the University of Pavia from 1893. Bartoli died in Pavia in 1896.

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dbo:abstract
  • Adolfo Bartoli (* 19. März 1851 in Firenze; † 18. Juli 1896 in Pavia) war ein italienischer Physiker, der als einer der ersten die Existenz des Strahlungsdrucks theoretisch voraussagte. (de)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (né le 19 mars 1851 à Florence et mort le 18 juillet 1896 (à 45 ans) à Pavie) est un physicien italien surtout connu pour avoir introduit le concept de pression de radiation à partir de considérations thermodynamiques. (fr)
  • Pubblica il primo articolo sull'elettrolisi con Giuseppe Poloni sulla rivista Nuovo Cimento, nel maggio del 1872, e nel 1874 si laurea in Scienze Fisico-Matematiche all'Università di Pisa.L'articolo termina così (i due hanno 21 anni): A lui dobbiamo la prima spiegazione sul comportamento del radiometro di Crookes. Nel 1902, nella commemorazione di Riccardo Felici tenuta all'Accademia dei Lincei, Antonio Roiti cita tre assistenti di Felici, tra i numerosi che ebbe in più di trent'anni di cattedra: sono Luigi Donati, Giuseppe Poloni e Bartoli, che contribuirono al collaudo dell'interruttore di Felici, accomunati anche da alcuni articoli su Nuovo Cimento. (it)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (19 March 1851 – 18 July 1896) was an Italian physicist, who is best known for introducing the concept of radiation pressure from thermodynamical considerations. Born in Florence, Bartoli studied physics and mathematics at the University of Pisa until 1874. He was professor of physics at the Technical Institute of Arezzo from 1876, at the University of Sassari from 1878, at the Technical Institute of Firenze from 1879, at the University of Catania from 1886 to 1893, and at the University of Pavia from 1893. In 1874 James Clerk Maxwell found out that the existence of tensions in the ether, in other words radiation pressure, follows from his electromagnetic theory. In 1876 Bartoli derived the existence of radiation pressure from thermodynamics. He argued that the radiant temperature of a body can be raised by reflecting its light from a moving mirror, and therefore it is possible to transport energy from a colder to a hotter body. To avoid this violation of the second law of thermodynamics, it is necessary that light impart a pressure to the mirror.Therefore, the radiation pressure was also called "Maxwell-Bartoli pressure". Later the radiation pressure played an important role in the work of Albert Einstein in connection with mass–energy equivalence and the photoelectric effect. Einstein lived in Pavia at that time (1895), when Bartoli held the Physics chair at the local University. However, it is unknown whether Einstein was directly influenced by Bartoli. Bartoli died in Pavia in 1896. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1851-3-19
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1896-7-18
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dbp:date
  • October 2016
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  • yes
dct:description
  • Italian physicist (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Adolfo Bartoli (* 19. März 1851 in Firenze; † 18. Juli 1896 in Pavia) war ein italienischer Physiker, der als einer der ersten die Existenz des Strahlungsdrucks theoretisch voraussagte. (de)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (né le 19 mars 1851 à Florence et mort le 18 juillet 1896 (à 45 ans) à Pavie) est un physicien italien surtout connu pour avoir introduit le concept de pression de radiation à partir de considérations thermodynamiques. (fr)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (19 March 1851 – 18 July 1896) was an Italian physicist, who is best known for introducing the concept of radiation pressure from thermodynamical considerations. Born in Florence, Bartoli studied physics and mathematics at the University of Pisa until 1874. He was professor of physics at the Technical Institute of Arezzo from 1876, at the University of Sassari from 1878, at the Technical Institute of Firenze from 1879, at the University of Catania from 1886 to 1893, and at the University of Pavia from 1893. Bartoli died in Pavia in 1896. (en)
  • Pubblica il primo articolo sull'elettrolisi con Giuseppe Poloni sulla rivista Nuovo Cimento, nel maggio del 1872, e nel 1874 si laurea in Scienze Fisico-Matematiche all'Università di Pisa.L'articolo termina così (i due hanno 21 anni): A lui dobbiamo la prima spiegazione sul comportamento del radiometro di Crookes. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Adolfo Bartoli (de)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (fr)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (fisico) (it)
  • Adolfo Bartoli (en)
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  • Adolfo Bartoli (en)
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  • Bartoli (en)
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