Adamant and similar words are used to refer to any especially hard substance, whether composed of diamond, some other gemstone, or some type of metal. Both adamant and diamond derive from the Greek word αδαμαστος (adamastos), meaning "untameable". Adamantite and adamantium (a metallic name derived from the Neo-Latin ending -ium) are also common variants.

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  • Adamant and similar words are used to refer to any especially hard substance, whether composed of diamond, some other gemstone, or some type of metal. Both adamant and diamond derive from the Greek word αδαμαστος (adamastos), meaning "untameable". Adamantite and adamantium (a metallic name derived from the Neo-Latin ending -ium) are also common variants. Adamantine has, throughout ancient history, referred to anything that was made of a very hard material. Virgil describes Tartarus as having a screeching gate protected by columns of solid adamantine (Aeneid book VI). Later, by the Middle Ages, the term came to refer to diamond, as it was the hardest material then known, and remains the hardest non-synthetic material known. It was in the Middle Ages, too, that adamantine hardness and the lodestone's magnetic properties became confused and combined, leading to an alternate definition in which "adamant" means magnet, falsely derived from the Latin adamare, which means to love or be attached to. Another connection was the belief that adamant (the diamond definition) could block the effects of a magnet. This was addressed in chapter III of Pseudodoxia Epidemica, for instance. Since the word diamond is now used for the hardest gemstone, the increasingly archaic term "adamant" has a mostly poetic or figurative use. In that capacity, the name is frequently used in popular media and fiction to refer to a very hard substance. (en)
  • Adamant, Adamas, Adamantit, Adamantium und ähnliche Wörter bezeichnen fiktive, sehr harte Metalle, Minerale, Kristalle oder (Halb-)Edelsteine. Ebenso wie Diamant und Adamantan, lässt sich das Wort „Adamant“ vom griech. ἀδάμας (adámas), welches etwa „unbezwingbar“ bedeutet, ableiten. Als Adamant wurden vorwiegend Diamanten und Saphire sowie Eisen, Eisenlegierungen mit Magnetit bzw. Eisenstahl bezeichnet. Harte Eisenlegierungen und Eisen mit geringem Kohlenstoffanteil waren insbesondere in der Antike so selten, dass sie als besonders wertvoll angesehen wurden. Später entdeckte man, dass Edelsteine ebenso hart sind und übertrug diesen Begriff auf die härtesten Edelsteine. Diamanten und Saphire konnte man jedoch nicht immer genau unterscheiden, sodass sowohl der Diamant als auch der Saphir als „Adamas“ bezeichnet wurden. In der Antike wurde „Adamant“ vorwiegend auf Metalle bezogen, im Mittelalter sprach man von einem Mineral. In der heutigen Zeit wird der Begriff Adamant vorwiegend in der Unterhaltungsliteratur sowie in Computer- und Pen-&-Paper-Rollenspielen als Synonym für besonders robuste Metalle verwendet. (de)
  • Adamantino è un termine usato per indicare le qualità tipiche del diamante, in particolare la durezza e la purezza ma spesso trasportate anche sulle qualità morali di una persona come la fermezza, l'integrità o la irreprensibilità. La parola deriva dal termine latino adamantinus o adamas che veniva usate per indicare appunto il diamante.Un sinonimo può essere anche diamantino anch'esso usato per indicare oggetti splendidi o fulgidi. Virgilio nell'Eneide descrive Tartaro come il posto infernale dove gli dei avevano imprigionati i Titani. L'ingresso era sorvegliato dall'Idra e protetto da colonne adamantine. Per adamantino si intendeva un materiale talmente duro che niente poteva tagliarlo. (it)
  • Adamant is een term die verwijst naar een hard materiaal, opgebouwd uit diamant, andere edelstenen of een harde metaalsoort. Zowel het woord adamant als diamant komen van het Griekse woord αδαμας (adamas), wat ontembaar betekent.Sinds diamant exclusief voor het hardste materiaal wordt gebruikt, heeft adamant, en de bijvoeglijke vorm adamantine voornamelijk een poëtische en figuratieve rol. De afgeleide woorden adamantium en adamantite zijn ook gangbaar. (nl)
  • O adamantino (do latim adamantĭnus, do αδαμας, que significa "indomável") é um material mitológico e fictício extraído da natureza (ou forjado do amálgama de metais duros, gemas ou diamantes) que tem a qualidade de ser indestrutível depois de solidificado. Por extensão de sentido, o adjetivo adamantino é atribuído a objetos ou pessoas marcados pela firmeza, integridade ou incorruptibilidade. Adamantita e adamantium também são variantes comuns.Eram feitos de adamantino: * o elmo de Héracles * o desenho do Medo no escudo de Héracles * as correntes que prendiam Prometeu * as correntes com que Hefesto prendeu Ares e Afrodite, nus na cama * sandálias feitas por Hefesto para Hera * a faca, presente de Hefesto, com que Perseu matou a Medusa (pt)
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  • Adamant is een term die verwijst naar een hard materiaal, opgebouwd uit diamant, andere edelstenen of een harde metaalsoort. Zowel het woord adamant als diamant komen van het Griekse woord αδαμας (adamas), wat ontembaar betekent.Sinds diamant exclusief voor het hardste materiaal wordt gebruikt, heeft adamant, en de bijvoeglijke vorm adamantine voornamelijk een poëtische en figuratieve rol. De afgeleide woorden adamantium en adamantite zijn ook gangbaar. (nl)
  • Adamant and similar words are used to refer to any especially hard substance, whether composed of diamond, some other gemstone, or some type of metal. Both adamant and diamond derive from the Greek word αδαμαστος (adamastos), meaning "untameable". Adamantite and adamantium (a metallic name derived from the Neo-Latin ending -ium) are also common variants. (en)
  • Adamant, Adamas, Adamantit, Adamantium und ähnliche Wörter bezeichnen fiktive, sehr harte Metalle, Minerale, Kristalle oder (Halb-)Edelsteine. Ebenso wie Diamant und Adamantan, lässt sich das Wort „Adamant“ vom griech. ἀδάμας (adámas), welches etwa „unbezwingbar“ bedeutet, ableiten. Als Adamant wurden vorwiegend Diamanten und Saphire sowie Eisen, Eisenlegierungen mit Magnetit bzw. Eisenstahl bezeichnet. (de)
  • Adamantino è un termine usato per indicare le qualità tipiche del diamante, in particolare la durezza e la purezza ma spesso trasportate anche sulle qualità morali di una persona come la fermezza, l'integrità o la irreprensibilità. La parola deriva dal termine latino adamantinus o adamas che veniva usate per indicare appunto il diamante.Un sinonimo può essere anche diamantino anch'esso usato per indicare oggetti splendidi o fulgidi. (it)
  • O adamantino (do latim adamantĭnus, do αδαμας, que significa "indomável") é um material mitológico e fictício extraído da natureza (ou forjado do amálgama de metais duros, gemas ou diamantes) que tem a qualidade de ser indestrutível depois de solidificado. Por extensão de sentido, o adjetivo adamantino é atribuído a objetos ou pessoas marcados pela firmeza, integridade ou incorruptibilidade. Adamantita e adamantium também são variantes comuns.Eram feitos de adamantino: (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Adamant (en)
  • Adamant (de)
  • Adamantino (it)
  • Adamant (nl)
  • Adamantino (pt)
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