Adam Menelaws, also spelled Menelas (born between 1748 and 1756, presumably in Edinburgh – died 31 August 1831 in Saint Petersburg, Russian: Адам Адамович Менелас) was an architect and landscape designer of Scottish origin, active in the Russian Empire from 1784 to 1831. Menelaws achieved success in the first two decades of the 19th century as the designer of town and country residences and parks of Razumovsky and Stroganov families, and later worked for emperor Alexander I, specializing in Gothic Revival architecture. From 1825 to 1831 Menelaws, then in his seventies, became the first house architect of Nicholas I and de facto the leading architect of the Empire. Except for this final, properly evidenced, stage, life story of Adam Menelaws remains scarcely documented and has been reconstr

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dbo:abstract
  • Adam Menelas (ou Adam Menelaws, Адам Адамович Менелас) est un architecte écossais, qui fit carrière dans la Russie des tsars. Né entre 1748 et 1756, probablement à Édimbourg, il s'éteint le 31 août 1831 à Saint-Pétersbourg. (fr)
  • Fu attivo nell'Impero russo dal 1784 al 1831. Egli ebbe successo nelle prime due decadi del XIX secolo come pittore di paesaggi e delle residenze delle famiglie Razumovskij e Stroganov e successivamente lavorò come architetto per l'imperatore Alessandro I, specializzandosi in architettura neogotica. Dal 1825 al 1831 Menelaws, allora già settantenne, divenne il primo architetto della real casa di Nicola I e di fatto l'architetto guida dell'impero. Salvo che per i suoi ultimi anni, della sua storia si hanno pochi documenti ed è stata ricostruita dai biografia sulla base di pochi dati di archivio e tramite evidenze circostanziali; egli appartiene ancora alla categoria dei "quasi sconosciuti". (it)
  • Ада́м Ада́мович Менела́с (англ. Adam Menelaws; 1753 — 31 августа 1831, Санкт-Петербург) — российский архитектор и паркостроитель. Представитель псевдоготики и классицизма. Родился в Шотландии. В 1784 году приглашен для работы в Россию. Работал каменных дел мастером, а с 1794 года — архитектором. Вначале работал под руководством Ч. Камерона, затем с середины 1785 года и в течение 18 лет в Торжке и Могилёве у Н. А. Львова. С 1798 году архитектор Практической школы земледелия в Царском Селе. После смерти Н. А. Львова в 1803 году, Менелас вёл частное строительство по собственным проектам на Украине, в Подмосковье и в Москве. С 1800 года — архитектор у графов Разумовских, с 1816 года (а может быть, и раньше) — у графов Строгановых в усадьбе Марьино близ Тосно Новгородской губернии. Менелас похоронен в Царском Селе. (ru)
  • Adam Menelaws, also spelled Menelas (born between 1748 and 1756, presumably in Edinburgh – died 31 August 1831 in Saint Petersburg, Russian: Адам Адамович Менелас) was an architect and landscape designer of Scottish origin, active in the Russian Empire from 1784 to 1831. Menelaws achieved success in the first two decades of the 19th century as the designer of town and country residences and parks of Razumovsky and Stroganov families, and later worked for emperor Alexander I, specializing in Gothic Revival architecture. From 1825 to 1831 Menelaws, then in his seventies, became the first house architect of Nicholas I and de facto the leading architect of the Empire. Except for this final, properly evidenced, stage, life story of Adam Menelaws remains scarcely documented and has been reconstructed by biographers based on sketchy archive data and circumstantial evidence; Menelaws still "belongs to the category of almost unknown". (en)
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  • 1753-1-1
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  • 1831-08-31 (xsd:date)
  • 1831-8-31
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  • 1748 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Portrait by Vladimir Borovikovsky
dct:description
  • Scottish architect in Russia (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Adam Menelas (ou Adam Menelaws, Адам Адамович Менелас) est un architecte écossais, qui fit carrière dans la Russie des tsars. Né entre 1748 et 1756, probablement à Édimbourg, il s'éteint le 31 août 1831 à Saint-Pétersbourg. (fr)
  • Fu attivo nell'Impero russo dal 1784 al 1831. Egli ebbe successo nelle prime due decadi del XIX secolo come pittore di paesaggi e delle residenze delle famiglie Razumovskij e Stroganov e successivamente lavorò come architetto per l'imperatore Alessandro I, specializzandosi in architettura neogotica. Dal 1825 al 1831 Menelaws, allora già settantenne, divenne il primo architetto della real casa di Nicola I e di fatto l'architetto guida dell'impero. Salvo che per i suoi ultimi anni, della sua storia si hanno pochi documenti ed è stata ricostruita dai biografia sulla base di pochi dati di archivio e tramite evidenze circostanziali; egli appartiene ancora alla categoria dei "quasi sconosciuti". (it)
  • Adam Menelaws, also spelled Menelas (born between 1748 and 1756, presumably in Edinburgh – died 31 August 1831 in Saint Petersburg, Russian: Адам Адамович Менелас) was an architect and landscape designer of Scottish origin, active in the Russian Empire from 1784 to 1831. Menelaws achieved success in the first two decades of the 19th century as the designer of town and country residences and parks of Razumovsky and Stroganov families, and later worked for emperor Alexander I, specializing in Gothic Revival architecture. From 1825 to 1831 Menelaws, then in his seventies, became the first house architect of Nicholas I and de facto the leading architect of the Empire. Except for this final, properly evidenced, stage, life story of Adam Menelaws remains scarcely documented and has been reconstr (en)
  • Ада́м Ада́мович Менела́с (англ. Adam Menelaws; 1753 — 31 августа 1831, Санкт-Петербург) — российский архитектор и паркостроитель. Представитель псевдоготики и классицизма. Родился в Шотландии. В 1784 году приглашен для работы в Россию. Работал каменных дел мастером, а с 1794 года — архитектором. Вначале работал под руководством Ч. Камерона, затем с середины 1785 года и в течение 18 лет в Торжке и Могилёве у Н. А. Львова. С 1798 году архитектор Практической школы земледелия в Царском Селе. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Adam Menelaws (it)
  • Adam Menelas (fr)
  • Менелас, Адам Адамович (ru)
  • Adam Menelaws (en)
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  • Adam Menelaws (en)
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  • Menelaws (en)
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