François Simonet de Coulmier (September 30, 1741 – June 4, 1818) was a French Catholic priest, originally a member of the Premonstratensian canons regular, and an active member of the French legislature at the start of the French Revolution and again during the First French Empire.Coulmier was born at Dijon in 1741. While serving as the pastor of Abbéville, he was elected as a representative of the First Estate in the Estates General, later serving in the National Constituent Assembly.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • François Simonet de Coulmier (September 30, 1741 – June 4, 1818) was a French Catholic priest, originally a member of the Premonstratensian canons regular, and an active member of the French legislature at the start of the French Revolution and again during the First French Empire.Coulmier was born at Dijon in 1741. While serving as the pastor of Abbéville, he was elected as a representative of the First Estate in the Estates General, later serving in the National Constituent Assembly. It is not clear whether or not he was a part of the juring clergy, who swore to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. He again served in the French legislature under Napoleon.After that period, Coulmier became the Director of the Charenton insane asylum, despite his lack of any professional degree in the field of medicine. He was often criticized by the medical establishment for his "overly liberal" methods of treatment, as he favored allowing patients the right to express themselves via art, and discouraged the widespread practices of physical restraint and punishment of asylum inmate in that day. He did not believe in many of the treatment practices which are nowadays termed brutal, including locking patients in a wicker cage, as well as the use of straitjackets and dunking. He also employed treatments that at the time were considered quite advanced, including diet, bleeding and purges. After Napoleon's fall and the restoration of the Bourbons, Coulmier was relieved of his duties, probably because of his revolutionary past.Despite his significant contribution in the field of mental health, today de Coulmier is known primarily for his interactions with the Marquis de Sade, having been the asylum director when Sade was institutionalized. Coulmier provided Sade with writing supplies, permitted Sade's wife to live in the asylum, and allowed Sade to produce a play which featured other asylum residents as actors.In the film Quills, Coulmier was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix; this drew criticism on the part of historians and disabled activists, as the real Coulmier was extremely short, and has been described as a hunchback. Coulmier is also represented in Peter Weiss's famous play The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat as Performed by the Inmates of the Asylum of Charenton Under the Direction of the Marquis de Sade.
  • François Simonet de Coulmiers, né à Dijon le 30 septembre 1741 et mort le 4 juin 1818, est un homme d'Église et homme politique français.
  • François Simonet de Coulmier (Digione, 30 settembre 1741 – 4 giugno 1818) è stato un abate, psicoterapeuta e politico francese, direttore dell'ospizio di Charenton nei primi anni del XIX secolo.In ambito clinico la sua importanza è collegata agli innovativi metodi di trattamento da lui implementati, miranti a permettere al paziente di esprimersi liberamente attraverso le forme artistiche a lui più consone, in contrasto con le credenze mediche in materie dell'epoca, basate sulle punizioni corporali e sulla limitazione della libertà di movimento. L'illuminata amministrazione di Charenton da parte di Coulmier gli costò l'aspra opposizione del mondo medico francese, che lo accusava di non essere un esperto in materia e di usare metodi privi di valore terapeutico effettivo. Coulmier utilizzava tuttavia anche trattamenti più tradizionali, come diete, purghe e salassi. Nel 1814, con la restaurazione della monarchia in Francia, Coulmier fu sostituito, probabilmente a causa dei suoi trascorsi rivoluzionari.Tuttavia, al di là dei suoi contributi innegabili nell'ambito medico, Coulmier è conosciuto essenzialmente per il rapporto di amicizia e stima instaurato con il Marchese de Sade, quando questi era ricoverato presso l'ospizio di Charenton. Coulmier permise alla moglie di De Sade di vivere nell'ospizio, accordando allo scrittore il permesso di produrre e rappresentare opere teatrali, i cui ruoli venivano ricoperti da pazienti dell'ospizio e da attori famosi dell'epoca, attirati dalla possibilità di cimentarsi con il celebre Marchese.
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  • 1741-09-30 (xsd:date)
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  • 1741-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1818-06-04 (xsd:date)
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  • 1818-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1741-09-30 (xsd:date)
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  • Coulmier, Francois Simonet de
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  • French priest and insane asylum Director
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  • French priest and insane asylum Director
  • French priest and insane asylum Director
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  • François Simonet de Coulmiers, né à Dijon le 30 septembre 1741 et mort le 4 juin 1818, est un homme d'Église et homme politique français.
  • François Simonet de Coulmier (September 30, 1741 – June 4, 1818) was a French Catholic priest, originally a member of the Premonstratensian canons regular, and an active member of the French legislature at the start of the French Revolution and again during the First French Empire.Coulmier was born at Dijon in 1741. While serving as the pastor of Abbéville, he was elected as a representative of the First Estate in the Estates General, later serving in the National Constituent Assembly.
  • François Simonet de Coulmier (Digione, 30 settembre 1741 – 4 giugno 1818) è stato un abate, psicoterapeuta e politico francese, direttore dell'ospizio di Charenton nei primi anni del XIX secolo.In ambito clinico la sua importanza è collegata agli innovativi metodi di trattamento da lui implementati, miranti a permettere al paziente di esprimersi liberamente attraverso le forme artistiche a lui più consone, in contrasto con le credenze mediche in materie dell'epoca, basate sulle punizioni corporali e sulla limitazione della libertà di movimento.
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  • Abbé de Coulmier
  • François de Coulmiers
  • François Simonet de Coulmier
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  • Francois Simonet de
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  • Coulmier, Francois Simonet de
  • Francois Simonet de Coulmier
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  • Coulmier
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