The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. This century marked the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its aspects. By the year 400 Greek philosophy, art, literature and architecture had spread far and wide, with the numerous independent Greek colonies that had sprung up throughout the lands of the eastern Mediterranean.

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  • The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. This century marked the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its aspects. By the year 400 Greek philosophy, art, literature and architecture had spread far and wide, with the numerous independent Greek colonies that had sprung up throughout the lands of the eastern Mediterranean. Arguably the most important series of political events in this period were the conquests of Alexander, bringing about the collapse of the once formidable Persian Empire and spreading Greek culture far into the east. Alexander dreamed of an east/west union, but when his short life ended, his vast empire was plunged into civil war as his generals each carved out their own separate kingdoms. Thus began the Hellenistic age, a period characterized by a more absolute approach to rule, with Greek kings taking on royal trappings and setting up hereditary successions. While a degree of democracy still existed in some of the remaining independent Greek cities, many scholars see this age as marking the end of classical Greece. In India, the Mauryan Empire was founded in 322 BC by Chandragupta Maurya, who had overthrown the Nanda Dynasty and rapidly expanded his power westwards across central and western India, taking advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal westward by the armies of Alexander. China in the 4th century BC entered an era of constant warfare known as the Warring States period. The period saw the rapid rise of large states (such as Chu) over smaller ones thanks to technological advancement. Though the period has usually been characterized by historians as being excessively violent compared to the Spring and Autumn period it was also punctured by several cultural and social growth through the expansion of several different sects of Confucianism and Taoism. (en)
  • القرن الرابع قبل الميلاد يبدأ من أول يوم في العام 400 ق م وينتهي بانتهاء آخر يوم من العام 301 ق م، ويدخل هذا القرن ضمن الحقبة أو العصر أو الفترة الزمنية التابعة للعصور الكلاسيكية القديمة. (ar)
  • Das 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. begann am 1. Januar 400 v. Chr. und endete am 31. Dezember 301 v. Chr. (de)
  • El siglo IV a. C. comenzó el 1 de enero de 400 a. C. y terminó el 31 de diciembre de 301 a. C., también llamado el "siglo de Alejandro Magno". (es)
  • Voir aussi : Liste des siècles, Chiffres romains Le IVe siècle av. J.-C. commence le 1er janvier -400 et finit le 31 décembre -301. (fr)
  • Il IV secolo a.C. inizia nell'anno 400 a.C. e termina nell'anno 301 a.C. incluso. (it)
  • 紀元前4世紀(きげんぜんよんせいき)は、西暦による紀元前400年から紀元前301年までの100年間を指す世紀。 (ja)
  • De 4e eeuw v.Chr. (van de christelijke jaartelling) is de 4e periode van 100 jaar, dus bestaande uit de jaren 400 tot en met 301 v.Chr. De 4e eeuw v.Chr. behoort tot het 1e millennium v.Chr. (nl)
  • VI wiek p.n.e. V wiek p.n.e. IV wiek p.n.e. III wiek p.n.e. II wiek p.n.e. (pl)
  • Milénios: segundo milénio a.C. - primeiro milénio a.C. - primeiro milénio d.C. Séculos: Século V a.C. - Século IV a.C. - Século III a.C. (pt)
  • 前400年至前301年的这一段期间被称为前4世纪。 (zh)
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  • القرن الرابع قبل الميلاد يبدأ من أول يوم في العام 400 ق م وينتهي بانتهاء آخر يوم من العام 301 ق م، ويدخل هذا القرن ضمن الحقبة أو العصر أو الفترة الزمنية التابعة للعصور الكلاسيكية القديمة. (ar)
  • Das 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. begann am 1. Januar 400 v. Chr. und endete am 31. Dezember 301 v. Chr. (de)
  • El siglo IV a. C. comenzó el 1 de enero de 400 a. C. y terminó el 31 de diciembre de 301 a. C., también llamado el "siglo de Alejandro Magno". (es)
  • Voir aussi : Liste des siècles, Chiffres romains Le IVe siècle av. J.-C. commence le 1er janvier -400 et finit le 31 décembre -301. (fr)
  • Il IV secolo a.C. inizia nell'anno 400 a.C. e termina nell'anno 301 a.C. incluso. (it)
  • 紀元前4世紀(きげんぜんよんせいき)は、西暦による紀元前400年から紀元前301年までの100年間を指す世紀。 (ja)
  • De 4e eeuw v.Chr. (van de christelijke jaartelling) is de 4e periode van 100 jaar, dus bestaande uit de jaren 400 tot en met 301 v.Chr. De 4e eeuw v.Chr. behoort tot het 1e millennium v.Chr. (nl)
  • VI wiek p.n.e. V wiek p.n.e. IV wiek p.n.e. III wiek p.n.e. II wiek p.n.e. (pl)
  • Milénios: segundo milénio a.C. - primeiro milénio a.C. - primeiro milénio d.C. Séculos: Século V a.C. - Século IV a.C. - Século III a.C. (pt)
  • 前400年至前301年的这一段期间被称为前4世纪。 (zh)
  • The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. This century marked the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its aspects. By the year 400 Greek philosophy, art, literature and architecture had spread far and wide, with the numerous independent Greek colonies that had sprung up throughout the lands of the eastern Mediterranean. (en)
rdfs:label
  • 4th century BC (en)
  • القرن 4 ق م (ar)
  • 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (de)
  • Siglo IV a. C. (es)
  • IVe siècle av. J.-C. (fr)
  • IV secolo a.C. (it)
  • 紀元前4世紀 (ja)
  • 4e eeuw v.Chr. (nl)
  • IV wiek p.n.e. (pl)
  • Século IV a.C. (pt)
  • IV век до н. э. (ru)
  • 前4世纪 (zh)
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