The 405-line monochrome analogue television broadcasting system was the first fully electronic television system to be used in regular broadcasting. It was introduced with the BBC Television Service in 1936, suspended for the duration of World War II, and remained in operation in the UK until 1985. It was also used between 1961 and 1982 in Ireland, as well as from 1957 to 1973 for the Rediffusion Television cable service in Hong Kong.

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  • Le 405 lignes est un standard de télévision qui fut officiellement adopté par la BBC en février 1937 à l'issue en 1936 du rapprochement entre les compagnies EMI et Marconi. Après la guerre de 1939-1945, alors que d'autres pays, tels la France ou l'Allemagne s'orientaient vers des définitions plus élevées, le 405 lignes britannique fut reconduit définitivement et ne fut abandonné qu'en 1983 après l'achèvement complet des nouveaux réseaux de BBC1 et ITV en 625 lignes UHF en couleurs PAL, initiés dès 1969. Peu gourmand en bande de fréquences, ce standard permit la diffusion de deux réseaux nationaux dans la bande VHF là où les autres pays, en 625 lignes ou en 819 lignes ne pouvaient en exploiter qu'un seul.La République d'Irlande adopta également ce standard pour le lancement de sa première chaîne, RTE (Radio Telefís Éireann) au début des années 1950. * Portail de la télévision Portail de la télévision * Portail des télécommunications Portail des télécommunications (fr)
  • The 405-line monochrome analogue television broadcasting system was the first fully electronic television system to be used in regular broadcasting. It was introduced with the BBC Television Service in 1936, suspended for the duration of World War II, and remained in operation in the UK until 1985. It was also used between 1961 and 1982 in Ireland, as well as from 1957 to 1973 for the Rediffusion Television cable service in Hong Kong. Sometimes called the Marconi-EMI system, it was developed in 1934 by the EMI Research Team led by Sir Isaac Shoenberg. The figure of 405 lines had been chosen following discussions over Sunday lunch at the home of Alan Blumlein. The system used interlacing; EMI had been experimenting with a 243 line all-electronic interlaced system since 1933. In the 405 system the scanning lines were broadcast in two complementary fields, 50 times per second, creating 25 frames per second. The actual image was 377 lines high and interlaced, with additional unused lines making the frame up to 405 lines to give the slow circuitry time to prepare for the next frame; in modern terms it would be described as 377i. At the time of its introduction the 405-line system was referred to as "high definition", which it was compared to earlier systems, although of lower definition than 625-line and later standards. (en)
  • El Sistema de televisión de 405 líneas fue el primer sistema de televisión completamente electrónico utilizado en emisiones regulares y de uso mayoritariamente en el Reino Unido e Irlanda. En la actualidad, ha sido descontinuado. (es)
  • Il sistema di trasmissione televisiva analogica a 405 linee è stato il primo sistema utilizzato per trasmissioni regolari e non a carattere sperimentale. Fu introdotto dalla BBC nel 1936 e, sospeso durante la seconda guerra mondiale, rimase in uso nel Regno Unito fino al 1985. Fu utilizzato anche in Irlanda, Hong Kong e Nuova Zelanda. A volte chiamato sistema Marconi-EMI, fu inventato nel 1934 da Alan Dower Blumlein del centro ricerche EMI. Il sistema a 405 linee, monocromatico, è stato il primo a utilizzare la tecnica dell'interlacciamento: le 405 linee di scansione venivano trasmesse in due semiquadri complementari, dando origine così a una cadenza di ripresa di 25 fotogrammi al secondo. Delle 405 linee, 377 erano usate per l'immagine. All'epoca della sua introduzione, il sistema fu denominato ad "alta definizione", in relazioni ai primitivi sistemi di televisione meccanica, ma non c'è alcuna relazione con la moderna alta definizione. (it)
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  • El Sistema de televisión de 405 líneas fue el primer sistema de televisión completamente electrónico utilizado en emisiones regulares y de uso mayoritariamente en el Reino Unido e Irlanda. En la actualidad, ha sido descontinuado. (es)
  • The 405-line monochrome analogue television broadcasting system was the first fully electronic television system to be used in regular broadcasting. It was introduced with the BBC Television Service in 1936, suspended for the duration of World War II, and remained in operation in the UK until 1985. It was also used between 1961 and 1982 in Ireland, as well as from 1957 to 1973 for the Rediffusion Television cable service in Hong Kong. (en)
  • Il sistema di trasmissione televisiva analogica a 405 linee è stato il primo sistema utilizzato per trasmissioni regolari e non a carattere sperimentale. Fu introdotto dalla BBC nel 1936 e, sospeso durante la seconda guerra mondiale, rimase in uso nel Regno Unito fino al 1985. Fu utilizzato anche in Irlanda, Hong Kong e Nuova Zelanda. A volte chiamato sistema Marconi-EMI, fu inventato nel 1934 da Alan Dower Blumlein del centro ricerche EMI. (it)
  • Le 405 lignes est un standard de télévision qui fut officiellement adopté par la BBC en février 1937 à l'issue en 1936 du rapprochement entre les compagnies EMI et Marconi. Après la guerre de 1939-1945, alors que d'autres pays, tels la France ou l'Allemagne s'orientaient vers des définitions plus élevées, le 405 lignes britannique fut reconduit définitivement et ne fut abandonné qu'en 1983 après l'achèvement complet des nouveaux réseaux de BBC1 et ITV en 625 lignes UHF en couleurs PAL, initiés dès 1969. Peu gourmand en bande de fréquences, ce standard permit la diffusion de deux réseaux nationaux dans la bande VHF là où les autres pays, en 625 lignes ou en 819 lignes ne pouvaient en exploiter qu'un seul.La République d'Irlande adopta également ce standard pour le lancement de sa première c (fr)
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  • 405-line television system (en)
  • Sistema de televisión de 405 líneas (es)
  • 405 lignes (fr)
  • 405 linee (it)
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